ﺔﻳﺪﻳﺮﺗﺎﻤﻟا is one of the main schools of Sunni Islam


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Maturidi

Maturidiyya (Arabic: 

ﺔﻳﺪﻳﺮﺗﺎﻤﻟا ) is one of

the main schools of Sunni Islam

theology. It was formalized by Abu

Mansur Al Maturidi and brought the

beliefs already present among the

majority of Sunnis under one school of

systematic theology (kalam). It is

considered one of the orthodox Sunni

creeds alongside the Ash'ari school.

[1]

Māturīdism has been the predominant



theological orientation among the Sunni

Muslims of Persia prior to its conversion

to Shiaism in the 16th century, Hanafis,

and the Ahl al-Ray (people of reason) and

enjoyed a preeminent status in the

Ottoman Empire and Mughal India.

Outside the old Ottoman and Mughal

empires, the majority of Turkic tribes,

Central Asian, and South Asian Muslims

also believe in Maturidi theology. There

have also been Arab Maturidi scholars.

[2]


The Maturidi school prioritizes the

traditions of Sufism.

[3]

Beliefs


The Maturidi view holds that:

All attributes of God are eternal and

not separated from God.

[4]


Ethics have an objective existence and

humans are capable of recognizing it

through reason.

[5]


Although humans are intellectually

capable of realizing God, they need

revelations and guidance of Prophets,

because human desire can divert the

intellect and because certain

knowledge of God has been specially

given to these Prophets (e.g. the Quran

was revealed to Muhammad, who was



given this special knowledge from God

and only through Muhammad did this

knowledge become accessible to

others).


[6]

Humans are free in determining their

actions within scope of God-given

possibilities. Accordingly, God has

created all possibilities, but humans

are free to choose.

[7]

The Quran is the uncreated word of



God, however when it takes form (in

sound or letters) it is created.

The Six articles of faith.

[8]


Religious authorities need reasonable

arguments to prove their claims.

[9]

Support of science and falsafa.



[10]

The Maturidis state that iman (faith)

does not increase nor decrease

depending on one's deeds; it is rather

taqwa (piety) which increases and

decreases. The Ash'aris say that faith

itself increases or decreases

according to one's actions.

[11]

Maturidism holds, that humans are



creatures endowed with reason, that

differentiates them from animals.

Further, the relationship between people


and God differs from that of nature and

God; humans are endowed with free-will,

but due to God's sovereignty, God creates

the acts the humans choose, so humans

can perform them. Ethics can be

understood just by reason and do not

need prophetic guidance. Maturidi also

considered hadiths as unreliable, when

they are in odd with reason.

[12]


 However,

the human mind alone could not grasp

the entire truth, thus it is in need of

revelation in regard of mysterious affairs.

Further, Maturidism opposes

anthropomorphism and similitude, while

simultaneously does not deny the divine


attributes. They must be either

interpretated in the light of Tauhid or be

left out.

[13]


List of Ash'aris and Maturidis

Athari


Mu'tazili

Islamic schools and branches

2016 international conference on

Sunni Islam in Grozny

An article from a Turkish site

See also


External links

(in French) Biography of Imâm Al

Mâturîdî (by at-tawhid.net)

The Place of Reason in the Theologies

of al-Maturidi and al-Ash'ari

(Dissertation)

1. "Maturidiyah" . Britanicca.



Encyclopædia Britannica. Retrieved

12 July 2016.

2. Thomas Pierret, Religion and State in



Syria: The Sunni Ulama from Coup to

Revolution , Cambridge University

Press, p. 102

References



3. Marlène Laruelle Being Muslim in

Central Asia: Practices, Politics, and

Identities BRILL, 11.01.2018

ISBN 9789004357242 p. 21

4. Cenap Çakmak Islam: A Worldwide



Encyclopedia [4 volumes] ABC-CLIO

2017 ISBN 978-1-610-69217-5 page

1014

5. Oliver Leaman The Biographical



Encyclopedia of Islamic Philosophy

Bloomsbury Publishing 2015

ISBN 978-1-472-56945-5 page 311

6. Cenap Çakmak Islam: A Worldwide

Encyclopedia [4 volumes] ABC-CLIO

2017 ISBN 978-1-610-69217-5 page

1014

7. Cenap Çakmak Islam: A Worldwide



Encyclopedia [4 volumes] ABC-CLIO

2017 ISBN 978-1-610-69217-5 page

1014

8. Oliver Leaman The Qur'an: An



Encyclopedia Taylor & Francis 2006

ISBN 978-0-415-32639-1 page 41

9. Ulli Roth, Armin Kreiner, Gunther

Wenz, Friedo Ricken, Mahmut Ay,

Roderich Barth, Halis Albayrak,

Muammer Esen, Engin Erdem,

Hikmet Yaman Glaube und Vernunft

in Christentum und Islam. Stuttgart:

Kohlhammer Verlag 2017 ISBN 978-

3-170-31526-6 page 83

10. Ulli Roth, Armin Kreiner, Gunther

Wenz, Friedo Ricken, Mahmut Ay,

Roderich Barth, Halis Albayrak,

Muammer Esen, Engin Erdem,

Hikmet Yaman Glaube und Vernunft

in Christentum und Islam

Kohlhammer Verlag 2017 ISBN 978-

3-170-31526-6 page 83

11. Cenap Çakmak Islam: A Worldwide



Encyclopedia [4 volumes] ABC-CLIO

2017 ISBN 978-1-610-69217-5 page

1015

Article "Kalam" in The Encyclopedia of

Islam, 1st edition.

Retrieved from

"

https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?



title=Maturidi&oldid=939084215

"

12. Rico Isaacs, Alessandro Frigerio



Theorizing Central Asian Politics: The

State, Ideology and Power Springer,

2018 ISBN 9783319973555 p. 108

13. Mohammad Sharif Khan,



Mohammad Anwar Saleem Muslim

Philosophy and Philosophers PH

Publishing, 1994

ISBN 9788170246237 p. 30

  Last edited 1 month ago by Vami IV  

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