Chapter I. Romanticism in american literature of the XIX century

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Late romanticism


1.1. The creation and impact of dark romanticism………………………
1.2. Dark Romanticism Poe, Hawthorne, and Melville……………………..
2.1. Writing style and themes of Herman Melville………………………..
2.2. The analysis of "Moby Dick" written by Herman Melville………………

“We need to lay a solid foundation for schooling today.
Because we lost a lot of time. "


Due to the reforms in language teaching and learning in Uzbekistan in recent years, knowledge of foreign languages ​​has become a priority for all professionals. One of the current issues is to educate the younger generation in the spirit of love and devotion to the motherland, national pride, high morals and spirituality, pride in our ancient and rich heritage, national and universal values ​​through the teaching of foreign languages. Radical reforms in the world education system raise the problem of creating the necessary conditions for students to learn foreign languages ​​perfectly, to express themselves in all areas with knowledge of a foreign language, to develop their oral and written speech in a foreign language.
Organizations such as UNESCO, UNICEF, the European University Association, the European Network for Higher Education Quality are involved in the development of students' thinking in a foreign language, the ability to speak fluently, the formation of intellectual activity, the assessment of their readiness. is being used. The development of these issues in general trends plays an important role in the formation of modern and foreign language skills in the younger generation and serves to increase the creative abilities of students in connection with the problems of modern education.2
American romantics are the creators of US national literature. This primarily distinguishes them from their European counterparts. While in Europe at the beginning of the 19th century, national literatures secured for themselves qualities that had developed over almost a millennium and became their like the nation, was still being defined by specifically national characteristics.
“Who reads American books?” - Sidney Smith defiantly asked in 1820 from the pages of the Edinburgh Review. This was all the more offensive question because the young overseas republic already had its own writers - the enlighteners of the 18th century, and at the beginning of the 19th century Washington Irving entered literature and Fenimore Cooper made his mark with his first novel . The arrogance that sounds in the question of the Englishman Smith is explained by the fact that in the New World, not only at the beginning of the 19th century, but also later, several decades later, the book market was dominated mainly by the works of English writers and literature translated from other European languages.
The twenties of the 20th century were marked by a revival of attention to the work of the American novelist Herman Melville. Since that time, the " Melville boom" has grown into the " Melville industry", demonstrating the wide methodological range of foreign literary criticism of the 20th century. Psychoanalytic, mythopoetic, structuralist, neo-critical , neo-positivist and other interpretations of Melville’s most mysterious novel “Moby Dick, or the White Whale”, in the variety of their assessments and conclusions, as one researcher aptly noted, seem to echo the chapter “Doubloon” from this work. However, the problem of interpreting this novel will never lose its significance, no matter how much has already been written about it in world American studies. The wealth of literary, historical and mythological material in Moby Dick encourages readers and researchers to return to it again and again.
Moby Dick by Herman Melville (1819–1891) is considered the greatest American novel of the 19th century. At the center of this unique work, written contrary to all the laws of the genre, is the pursuit of the White Whale. A fascinating plot, epic sea scenes, descriptions of bright human characters in harmonious combination with the most universal philosophical generalizations make this book a true treasure of world literature.
The novel "Moby Dick, or the White Whale" (1851) is at the center of the writer's work. This is Melville's masterpiece; moreover, it is a synthesis of the entire ideological and artistic experience of American romantic prose.
"Moby Dick" is an adventure, sea, whaling, social, fantasy, moral, epic and philosophical novel at the same time. Moreover, one cannot be separated from the other here; the text does not break up into adventure, fantasy, morality-descriptive and philosophical pieces, but represents a kind of monolith in which various types of narrative intertwined and grew through each other. In this work we will take a closer look at Melville's work “Moby Dick, or the White Whale” as romantic poetry.
The purpose of this work is to study Moby Dick from the point of view of romantic poetics.
To achieve the goal, the following tasks were set:
- consider the work of Herman Melville as a writer - a romantic, a classic of American literature;
- explore romanticism in works of American literature of the 19th century;
- reveal the work “Moby Dick” from the point of view of romantic poetry.
The relevance of the topic lies in the fact that the work of Herman Melville remains to this day not fully researched and understood, and the problems that he considered in his works have not lost their urgency to this day.
The novelty of the research lies in the fact that, despite the existing dozens of biographies and monographs, hundreds of articles and publications, thematic collections and collective works devoted to various aspects, the problem of romantic poetics in the work of Herman Melville has been studied quite superficially.
Practical value of the work. The results of the work can be used by high school students in schools, lyceums, colleges and institutes when studying the work of Herman Melville.

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