Ecology Review a is all the members of the same species that inhabit a particular area


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Ecology Review


A _____ is all the members of the same species that inhabit a particular area.

  • A _____ is all the members of the same species that inhabit a particular area.

  • 2. The _____ of an organism is its total role in the community.

  • 3. An _______ possesses both biotic and abiotic components.



1. The _____is the primary source of all Energy on the Earth.

  • 1. The _____is the primary source of all Energy on the Earth.

  • 2. Organisms that make their own food are called _____.

  • 3. Organisms that hunt and kill their food are called _______.

  • 4. Organisms that break down dead organisms and return some of the nutrients back to the soil are called ____.



1. Competition is most intense between closely related species that (1) are similar in appearance                 

  • 1. Competition is most intense between closely related species that (1) are similar in appearance                 

  • (2) use the same resources

  • (3) have different beak size                   

  • (4) use different resources

  • 2. Omnivores eat

  • (1) only producers    

  • (3) producers and consumers  

  • (2) only consumers 

  • (4) only other omnivores



1. Which group represents a population?

  • 1. Which group represents a population?

  • 1. all the vertebrates living in NY State. 2. all the Homo sapiens living in NY State. 3. all the plant and animal species found in NY State. 4. all the flowering plants found in NY State

  • 2. A student measured some abiotic factors present in an aquarium in a biology laboratory. Which data did the student most likely record?

  • 1. the weight and color of each type of scavenger. 2. the number of each type of green plant and each type of snail. 3. the size and number of each species of fish. 4. the temperature and oxygen content of the water.



Which diagram at the right  best represents an ecosystem?



Which is an abiotic factor that functions as a limiting factor for the autotrophs in the ecosystem shown?



The diagram shows organisms in and around a pond.



All the red-winged blackbirds living in a marsh are

  • (1.) a community

  • (2.) a succession

  • (3.) an ecosystem

  • (4.) a population



The diagram shows a milkweed plant and some of the insects that live on it or visit it. Which term best describes the group of organisms in the diagram?

  • The diagram shows a milkweed plant and some of the insects that live on it or visit it. Which term best describes the group of organisms in the diagram?

  • 1. biosphere      

  • 2. habitat 3. community     

  • 4. biome



Which group contains only abiotic factors?



Because turkey vultures feed mainly on animal that they have not killed, they are known as

  • Because turkey vultures feed mainly on animal that they have not killed, they are known as

  • predators      

  • omnivores

  • scavengers    

  • 4. autotrophs



Although three different bird species all inhabit the same type of tree in an area, competition between the birds rarely occurs. The most likely explanation for this lack of competition is that these birds 

  • (1.) are unable to interbreed 

  • (2.) have a limited supply of food 

  • (3.) share food with each other 

  • (4.) have different ecological niches



Which processes are involved in the water cycle? 

  • (1.) respiration and photosynthesis, only

  • (2.) transpiration and excretion, only 

  • (3.) respiration, photosynthesis, evaporation,     and condensation, only 

  • (4.) respiration, photosynthesis, transpiration, excretion, evaporation, and condensation



Barnacles often attach themselves to whales and receive free transportation to parts of the ocean. The whales are not affected by this activity. This is an example of

  • (1.) mutualism

  • (2.) saprophytism

  • (3.) commensalism

  • (4.) parasitism



Several years after a building had been torn down and the ground cleared, grasses began to grow in that area. After 10 years, small bushes replaced the grasses. This pattern of plant growth is known as 

  • (1.) cover cropping 

  • (2.) land use management 

  • (3.) ecological succession

  • (4.) biological control



algae→ minnow → lake trout → hawk

  • algae→ minnow → lake trout → hawk

  • Which organism has the greatest energy?

  • 2. Describe one effect that an increase in the minnow population would have on the ecosystem.

  • 3. Why are the algae an important part of this food web

  • 4. What do the arrows represent?



Which organisms would contain the greatest amount of available energy? 

  • Which organisms would contain the greatest amount of available energy? 

  • (1.) rabbits and deer 

  • (2.) grasses and shrubs 

  • (3.) hawks  

  • (4.) lice

  • 2. The primary consumers include 

  • (1.) insects and seed-eating birds 

  • (2.) rabbits and snakes 

  • (3.) rats and frogs 

  • (4.) spiders and coyotes



Which level of this pyramid would contain producer organisms? 

  • Which level of this pyramid would contain producer organisms? 

  • 2. If birds eat insects that feed on corn, which pyramid level would birds occupy? 

  • 3. As one progresses from level D to level A in this pyramid, what happens to the amount of energy?



Which statement best describes a direct result of a decrease in the rabbit population due to disease?

  • Which statement best describes a direct result of a decrease in the rabbit population due to disease?

  • 1. The hawk population will increase. 2. The grass population will increase. 3. The cricket population will decrease. 4. The frog population will be eliminated.



Energy stored in organic molecules is passed from producers to consumers. This statement best describes an event in

  • Energy stored in organic molecules is passed from producers to consumers. This statement best describes an event in

  • 1. the process of photosynthesis. 2. natural selection. 3. a food chain. 4. ecological succession.



Which factor promotes competition between organisms in an ecosystem?

  • (1.) cycling of materials 

  • (2.) limited resources 

  • (3.) presence of saprophytes 

  • (4.) decomposition of organic matter













The diagrams best illustrates 

  • The diagrams best illustrates 

  • (1.) ecological succession 

  • (2.) organic evolution 

  • (3.) the effects of acid rain 

  • (4.) a food chain 45. 



If no human intervention or natural disaster occurs, by the year 2050

  • If no human intervention or natural disaster occurs, by the year 2050

  • this area will most likely be a 

  • (1.) pond 

  • (2.) field 

  • (3.) forest 

  • (4.) desert



Which material cycle relies least on the processes of photosynthesis, transpiration, evaporation, respiration, and condensation?

  • Which material cycle relies least on the processes of photosynthesis, transpiration, evaporation, respiration, and condensation?

  • oxygen cycle     

  • water cycle

  • nitrogen cycle   

  • carbon cycle



Types of Symbiosis

  • Types of Symbiosis

  • A tapeworm lives in the digestive tract of a human.

  • 2. Bees pollinating flowers.

  • 3.A flea sucks blood from the skin of a dog.

  • 4. Barnacles found on the surfaces of whales.







Bacteria of decay are important components of an ecosystem because they

  • Bacteria of decay are important components of an ecosystem because they

  • (1) recycle organic matter (2) are involved in photosynthesis (3) absorb solar energy (4) slow the spread of disease



1. Which substance is the major cause of the loss of our stratospheric ozone shield?  

  • 1. Which substance is the major cause of the loss of our stratospheric ozone shield?  

  • (1.) CFC's  (2.) oxygen 

  • (3.) acid rain  (4.) carbon dioxide

  • 2. Give an example of a negative effect of ozone depletion.



1. Which is NOT an expected effect of global warming? 

  • 1. Which is NOT an expected effect of global warming? 

  • (1.) Melting of polar ice caps.

  • (2.) Flooding of coastal areas. 

  • (3.) Increased crop yields. 

  • (4.) Alteration of rainfall patterns

  • 2. What are two possible causes of global warming?



There is ample evidence to suggest a direct relationship between global warming and increased 

  • There is ample evidence to suggest a direct relationship between global warming and increased 

  • (1.) ozone concentration 

  • (2.) carbon dioxide concentration 

  • (3.) acid rain

  • (4.) CFC's





Which practice would most likely deplete a non-renewable natural resource?

  • Which practice would most likely deplete a non-renewable natural resource?

  • (1) harvesting trees on a tree farm (2) burning coal to generate electricity in a power plant (3) restricting water usage during a period of water shortage (4) building a dam and a power plant to use water to generate electricity





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