The Central Asian Heritage Group


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The Central Asian Heritage Group                                                                                                                      ...
2
 
 
 
William Dirks 
Translation 
 
Temur Davronov 
Review / Amendments 
 
Eduardo Real 
Makeup / Database Programming 
 

 
The Central Asian Heritage Group                                                                                                                      ...
3
 
“b”la-:  v.i. ~b gapir- to insert a "b" 
before each vowel (a kind of pig 
Latin). 
“j”la-: v.i. ~b gapir- to pronounce 
initial "y" as "j"; to insert a "j" before 
each vowel (a kind of pig 
Latin)."j"lovchilar ling.Ozbeks that 
speak Qipchaq dialects, i.e., that 
pronounce initial "y" as "j". 
+ki: introduces subordinate clauses 
(Persian). that. oqibat shunday 
bo'ldi~... the result was such that... u 
aytdi~... he said that...+la poet.with (s. 
ila). 
-chi: and?, well?; and, so. Endi-~? and 
now? siz-~? and what about you? 
ayt-~! Say it!; Tell! yozsang-~! So 
write! 
-da: conj. particle (emphatic particle) 
well, but, right; and, and then; even if, 
even though. to'g'ri-~! Well, that's 
right! That's sure right! xatni 
bukladi-~, kitobning ichiga soldi He 
folded the letter and (right away) 
slipped it inside the book.-de coll.s. 
-da. 
-e: particle indicating surprise, joy, 
emphasis, etc. yo'g'-e! No way! 
qo'ying-e! Aw, come on! 
-ey: -o!-ku coll.emphatic particle. 
bor-~! There are! u ochmagan-~! But 
he didn't open it!. 
-oq: just, exactly; as soon as. hozirdan~ 
right now. uyga kelib~ as soon as he 
came home. 
-u (-yu): and; emphatic particle. 
keldiyu ketdi He came and he went. 
yeru ko'k heaven and earth.-ya (after 
vowels)huh?, what?, -oh!. 
-yoq: s. -oq.-yu (after vowel)and; but, 
yet. kecha-~ kunduz night and day. 
kitob o'qiydi-~, ma'nosiga tushunmadi 
He reads books, but doesn't understand 
the meaning.-yu (after vowel)emphatic 
particle (s. -seni qara-~! Well look at 
you! bo'ldi-~! That's enough already! 
nima bo'ldi-~ What the heck 
happened? 
?gavan": (Russian) harbor. 
ituzum bot.solanum, black-berried 
nightshade. 
a 1: and (what about)...?, but what 
about...? ~ qizlar-chi? And what about 
the girls? 
a 2: interjection used as an intensifier; 
huh? right?. qarang-~, qanday bahor! 
Will you just look, what a spring! u 
juda quv Ekan-~! He's really slick, isn't 
he? men ham boraman, ~? I'm going 
too, right? 
a'lam: arch.      (Arabic) head mufti 
(interpreter of Islamic law). 
a'lo: (Arabic) superb, excellent, high in 
quality. ~ deb bil-/~ ko'r- to like better, 
to prefer. 
a'lochi: straight-A student; exemplary 
(worker, etc.). 
a'mol: obs. (Arabic) activity, activities, 
work. 
a'rof: (Arabic) ~da qolgan left not 
knowing what to do; between the Devil 
and the deep blue sea. 
a'yon(lar): obs. (Arabic) officials, 
notables. 
a'zam: obs. (Arabic) great, revered. 
vazir(i) ~ the grand vizier. 
a'zo: (Arabic) organ, part; member. ~i 
badan the entire body. 
a'zolik: membership. 
abad: (Arabic) eternity; eternal. to ~ 
for all eternity. 
abaditylashtir-: v.t.  to immortalize. 
abadiy: (Arabic) eternal. 
abadiya: obs. (Arabic) saodati ~ eternal 
happiness. 
abadiyan lit. rare: (Arabic) forever, for 
all time. 
abadiyat lit. rare: (Arabic) eternity. 
abadiylash: immortalization. 
abadiylik: eternalness, eternity. 
abadulobod: arch.      (Arabic) forever, 
until the end of time. 
abajur: (Russian) lampshade. 
abas: obs. (Arabic) vain, useless. 
abbat: (Russian) abbot. 
abbosiy: (Arabic) Abbasid. 
abbreviatura: (Russian) abbreviation. 
abdol: obs. (Arabic) pious, ascetic; 
dervish, vagabond. 
abdolvash: obs. (Arabic) dervish-like, 
simple. 
aberratsiya: (Russian) aberration. 
aberratsiyon: (Russian) aberrant, 
unusual. 
abgor: (Persian) in deplorable 
condition, ruined, abject. ~ qil- to ruin 
utterly. 
abgorlik: abstr. of abgor; abject or 
deporable condition.abira 
lit.great-grandchild (s. Evara). 
abiturient: (Russian) freshman in 
secondary school. 
abjad: (Arabic) enumeration system in 
which each letter of the Arabic 
alphabet indicates a number from 
1-1000 (~ hisobi or hisobi ~ 
enumeration using this system. 
abjaq: ~ bo'l-/~i chiq- to be smashed to 
bits, to be totally destroyed or ruined. ~ 
qil-/~ini chiqar- to smash to bits, to 
destroy, to bust. 
abjaqla- rare: v.t.  to smash to bits, to 
ruin. [abjaqlan-] 
abjir: quick, adept, dexterious. 
abjirlik: adeptness, quickness. 
ablah: (Arabic) idiot. 
ablahlarcha: idiotic(ally). 
ablahlik: idiocy. 
ablahona: s. ablahlarcha. 
ablaq: (Arabic) dappled. 
abonement: (Russian) subscription (s. 
obuna). 
abonent: (Russian) subscriber (s. 
obynachi). 
abort: (Russian) abortion (s. ~ qil- to 
perform an abortion 
abortiv: (Russian) adj. of abort; 
abortive; stunted. 
abr: obs. (Persian) cloud (s. ~i nayson 
spring raincloud. ~i navbahor early 
spring cloud. chun ~i navbahor just 
like an early spring cloud. 
abraziv(lar): (Russian) abrasive(s). 
abrishim: arch.    (Persian) silk (s. 
ipak); silk material. 
abro' poet.: (Persian) brow (s. qosh). 
abro'kamon poet.: (Persian) arched 
eyebrows. 
absenteizm: (Russian) absenteeism. 

 
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absolyut: (Russian) the absolute
absolute. aholining ~ o'sishi absolute 
population growth. 
absolyutizm: (Russian) absolutism. 
abstrakt: (Russian) abstract. 
abstraktlashtir-: v.t.  to make abstract. 
[abstraktlashtiril-] 
abstraktlik: abstractness. 
abstraktsionist: (Russian) abstract 
artist. 
abstraktsionizm: (Russian) abstract art. 
abstraktsiya: (Russian) abstraction. 
abstsess: (Russian) abscess. 
abstsissa: (Russian) abscissa. 
abxaz: Abkhazian. 
abzal: (Persian) harness, gear (for 
riding animals). 
abzalla-: v.t.  to saddle, to harness. 
[abzallan-, abzallat-] 
abzats: (Russian) indention; 
paragraph.acha dial.grandmother; 
great-grandmother; mother.achchiq 
miya bot.sophora. 
achchiq-chuchuk: salad made of 
thinly sliced onions and tomatoes; ups 
and downs, good and bad times; 
caustic, biting, sarcastic. dunyoning 
~lari ups and downs of life, good and 
bad times.achchiq-tirsiq dial.s. 
achchiq-tizziq. 
achchiq-tizziq: biting, caustic 
(language). 
achchiq: sour, bitter; (spicy) hot; 
strong-tasting, sharp; biting, cutting; 
caustic, scathing; painful, 
heart-rending; anger, wrath; pains, 
difficulties, sorrows. tili ~ 
sharp-tongued. ~i chiqdi/~i ~ choy 
strong or bitter tea. ~ qil- to be cross or 
angry. ~i bilan crossly, angrily. ~ kul- 
to laugh viciously. ~ini tarqat- to vent 
one's anger. ~idan tush- to calm down. 
achchiqlan-: v.i.  to lose one's temper. 
[achchiqlanish-, achchiqlantir-] 
achchiqlash-: v.i.  to get angry at one 
another, to exchange angry words. 
achchiqlik: abstr. of achchiq. 
achchiqmag'iz: having a bitter pit or 
stone (e.g., apricot) 
achchiqtosh: alum. 
achi-: v.i.  to go sour, to go bad; to 
sting, to burn; to use harsh or sarcastic 
language. ~b-bijib yotibdi to be piled 
all over, to have piles and piles of. 
yuragi ~di to suffer pangs of remorse. 
miyasi ~b ket- to go out of one's mind, 
to have one's head spin. miyasi ~ qol- 
to go out of one's mind. [achin-, achit-, 
achish-] 
achimsiq: sour, acrid. 
achin-: v.i.  to pity, to feel sorry for; to 
feel distressed for, to feel hurt and 
angry for. [achinish-, achintir-] 
achinarli: pitiful, pathetic, deplorable. 
achinishli rare: s. achinarli. 
achipti: a type of knucklebones game. 
achish-: v.i.  to sting, to burn. ichi 
~yapti to have hunger pains; to feel 
pity. yuragi ~di to feel pity. [achishtir-] 
achit-: v.t.  caus. of jon(ni) ~- to cause 
physical pain. miyani ~- to cause a 
headache, to make s.o. go out of one's 
head. yurakni ~- to make feel pity. 
achitma: fermented, leavened. 
achitqi: leavening, yeast, culture, 
ferment. 
achom: children's speech, hug. ~ qil- 
to give a hug. 
achom-achom: a children's game 
wherein an adult catches a running 
child up in his arms. 
achomla-:  children's speech; v.t.  to 
hug. [achomlash-] 
ad'yutant: (Russian) aide-de-camp. 
ada: dad, father. ~si form of address 
used by women to their husbands. 
adab: (Arabic) proper behavior, 
decency, conduct, manners. ~ ber- to 
teach good manners. ~ini ber- to scold, 
to chew out, to work over. ~ini ye- to 
be taught a lesson. ~ saqla- to behave 
properly, to use the proper manners. 
adabiy: (Arabic) literary. 
adabiy-publitsistik: pertaining to 
journalism on literature and current 
affairs?? [literaturno-publitsisticheskiy] 
adabiyot: (Arabic) literature. 
adabiyotchi: scholar of literature; 
writer. 
adabiyotchilik: writing, authorship. 
adabiyotshunos: (Persian) scholar of 
literature. 
adabiyotsunoslik: literary studies. 
adabli: well-mannered, polite, 
well-behaved. 
adablilik: good breeding, 
well-manneredness. 
adabsiz: ill-mannered, impolite, rude, 
uncivil, lewd. 
adabsizlik: poor manners, bad 
behavior; impoliteness. 
adad: (Arabic) unit, piece, number. 
adadsiz: innumerable. 
adak-chechak: s. atak-chechak. 
adam: obs. (Arabic) lack, dearth. ~ 
qil-/ayla- to do away with, to eliminate. 
adaptatsiya: (Russian) adaptation. 
adash 1: having the same name as s.o. 
else. 
adash 2: missing its match (of a pair); 
mistakenly, in error. 
adash-: v.i.  to get lost, to go astray; to 
err, to make a mistake; to lose, to be 
separated from; to be mixed up or 
jumbled, lost. [adashtir-, adashtiril-] 
adashtir-: v.t.  caus. of adash-; to lead 
astray. 
addoiy: arch.    (Arabic) your humble 
servant (lit., 'who invokes (your) 
blessings'- used by the writer of a 
letter). 
adekvat: (Russian) identical, 
coincident. ~ tarjima accurate 
translation. 
adekvatlik: identicalness; accuracy. 
adi-badi: ~ aytish- to wrangle. ~ 
aytmay w/o carrying on. 
adib: (Arabic) writer. 
adiba: (Arabic) fem. of adib. 
adiblik: asbtr. of adib; authorship. 
adibona: in a literary manner. 
adigey: Adigey.?? 
adil: (Arabic) straight; just. ~ qomat 
upright, comely figure. qomatini ~ tut- 
to straighten one's figure. 
adillik: abstr. of adil; justice, fairness. 
adip: piping, trim, border material. 

 
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adipla-: to sew on piping or trim. 
adir-gazalar: hilly area; hills. 
adir: hills, slopes, heights. 
adirli: hilly. 
adirlik: hills, hilly area. 
adl: (Arabic) justice, fairness. ~ tur- to 
uphold justice or truth. 
adl-insof: justice and compassion. 
adliya: arch.    (Arabic) justice (s. 
yustitsiya). 
administrativ: (Russian) 
administrative. 
administrator: (Russian) administrator. 
administratorlik: abstr. of ~ qil- to 
administer, to serve as an 
administrator. 
administratsiya: (Russian) 
administration. 
admiral: (Russian) admiral. 
admirallik: abstr. of ~ unvoni title of 
admiral. 
adno: obs. (Arabic) lowest, worst, 
lowliest. 
ado: (Arabic) end, completion, 
fulfilment. ~ bo'l- to be finished, to be 
done; to be done in (by s.t.), to be worn 
down (by s.t.). ~ bo'lgur! Drop dead! ~ 
yet-/~ qil- to carry out, to complete, to 
fulfill; to wear out, to do in. 
adolat: (Arabic) justice. ~ axtar-/izla- 
to strive for justice. 
adolatli: just, fair. 
adolatparvar: (Persian) supporting or 
nurturing justice. 
adolatparvarlik: patronage of justice. 
adolatsiz: unjust. 
adolatsizlik: injustice. 
adovat: (Arabic) enmity, hostility. ~ 
qil-/et- to harbor enmity. 
adovatchilik: s. adovat. 
adovatli: hostile, full of enmity. 
adovatsiz: cordial, free of enmity. 
adovatsizlik: lack of enmity, cordiality. 
adoyi: (Persian) ~ tamom bo'l- to be 
done in or completely worn down (by 
s.t.). 
adras: (Persian) a mixed cotton and 
silken material. 
adrasbof: (Persian) weaver of adras. 
adres: (Russian) address. ~ stoli/~lar 
daftari address book. ~iga directed at 
one's person. 
adresant: (Russian) sender. 
adresat: (Russian) addressee. 
adreslan-: to be addressed. 
adsorbtsiya: (Russian) adsorption. 
advokat: (Russian) lawyer. 
advokatlik: abstr. of advokat. 
advokatura: (Russian) lawyer work, 
lawyering; lawyers. 
adyol: (Russian) blanket. 
aErochana: (Russian) propeller-driven 
sled. 
aErodinamik: (Russian) aerodynamic. 
aErodinamika: (Russian) 
aerodynamics. 
aErodrom: (Russian) aerodrome. 
aErofotos'yomka: (Russian) aerial 
photograph. 
aEroklub: (Russian) flying club. 
aEromexanika: (Russian) airplane 
mechanics. 
aEronavigatsiya: (Russian) aerial 
navigation. 
aEroplan: arch.    (Russian) aeroplane. 
aEroport: (Russian) airport. 
aErostat: (Russian) balloon. 
aErostatika: (Russian) aerostatics. 
aErovokzal: (Russian) airport terminal. 
afandi (Ott.): sir, gentleman, esquire; 
teacher; nickname for Xo'ja Nasriddin; 
silly person, fool, knucklehead; joke, 
tale. 
affiks: (Russian) affix 
affrikat: (Russian) affricative. 
afg'on 1: Afghan. 
afg'on 2 lit.: (Persian) cries, wailing, 
lamentation. 
afg'oniy: (Persian) Afghan. 
afif: obs. (Arabic) pure, chaste. 
afifa: obs. (Arabic) fem. of afif. 
afisha: (Russian) poster, 
announcement. 
afkor: arch.    (Arabic) thought(s). ~i 
omma/umum/umumiya public opinion. 
Aflotun: Plato. ~ miya genius (lit., 
with a brain like Plato's). 
aforistik: (Russian) aphoristic. 
aforizm: (Russian) aphorism. 
afsar: (Persian) crown. 
afsona: (Persian) legend; (tall) tale. ~ 
bo'l- to be a legend. ~ to'qi- to weave a 
tale. 
afsonachi: storyteller. 
afsonaviy: (Persian) fantastic; 
fictitious, made-up; unbelievable. 
afsonavor: (Persian) unbelievable, 
fantastic. 
afsun: (Persian) spell, sorcery, 
witchcraft, magic. (s. jodu). 
afsunchi: s. afsungar. 
afsungar: (Persian) sorcerer, witch, 
caster of spells (s. jodugar). 
afsunkor: (Persian) s. afsungar. 
afsunla-: v.t.  to cast a spell on, to 
bewitch. 
afsus: (Persian) sorry, regret; alas, 
unfortunately, regrettably, too bad. ~ki 
unfortunately,... ~ ye-/~li regrettable, 
lamentable. 
afsuslan-: v.i.  to feel sorry, to regret. 
aft: (Persian) face; countenance, 
appearance. ~iga kel- to regain one's 
former self. ~ing qursin Damn you. 
aft-angor: a person's face and 
appearance. 
aft-bashara: face, looks; inner 
thoughts. 
aft-bosh: s. aft-bashara. 
aftidan: apparently. 
aftoda: arch.    (Persian) destitute, 
helpless. 
aftodahol: (Persian) destitute, helpless; 
on one's deathbed. 
afv: (Arabic) forgiveness, pardon. ~ 
Et-/~ Etasiz Excuse me,... ~ umumiy 
general amnesty. 
afyun: (Arabic) opium. 

 
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afzal: (Arabic) better, superior, more 
desired. ~ ko'r-/sana-/hisobla-/bil- to 
consider superior, to prefer. 
ag'ana-: s. ag'na-. 
ag'dar-: v.t.  to topple, to fell; to tip 
over, to empty (dish); to turn inside 
out; to turn over (in plowing); to heap 
(blame). birovga bo'hton ~- to slander. 
yil ~- to figure s.o.?s age according to 
the 12-year animal cycle. ko'ngli ~ildi 
to feel sick to one's stomach. ko'nglini 
~- to turn one's stomach, to make 
nauseated. o'ziga ~- to attract or divert 
to o.s.??; to shunt towards, to get 
possession of? [ag'daril-, ag'darish-, 
ag'dart-] 
ag'dar-to'ntar: topsy-turvy. 
ag'dargich: tipple, dumper; release 
mechanism?? [sbrasyvatel'] 
ag'darma: reversible; self-unloading; 
self-unloading cart. ~ Etik boots with 
outer leather faced inward. ~ qilib 
haydash plowing to turn over the soil 
[vspashka v razval]?? 
ag'na-: v.i.  to toss and turn, to writhe; 
to topple, to fall or roll over. [ag'nat-, 
ag'natil-, ag'natish-, ag'nash-]ag'ray- 
coll.s. angray-. 
ag'yor: obs. (Arabic) others, strangers; 
rival(s). 
agar(da/chi): (Persian) if; had...; 
should... ~-magar if, should it happen 
that... 
agent: (Russian) agent. 
agentlik: abstr. of agent; spying; 
agency. 
agentura: (Russian) intelligence 
service; agents. 
agglyutinativ: (Russian) agglutinative. 
agglyutinatsiya (Russian): 
agglutination. 
agitator: (Russian) political agitator, 
campaigner, propagandizer. 
agitatorlik: abstr. of ~ qil- to work as a 
propagandizer. 
agitatsiya: (Russian) political agitation, 
campaigning. 
agitatsiyon: (Russian) adj. of 
agitatsiya. 
agitbrigada: (Russian) political 
agitation brigade. 
agitkollektiv: (Russian) political 
agitation collective. 
agitpoezd: (Russian) political agitation 
train. 
agitpunk: (Russian) (= agitatsiya 
punkti) political agitation center. 
agnostik: (Russian) agnostic. 
agnostitsizm: (Russian) agnosticism. 
agrar: (Russian) agrarian. 
agrarchi: ?? [agrarnik] 
agregat: (Russian) unit, assembly; 
aggregate. 
agressiv: (Russian) aggressive. 
agressivlik: aggressiveness; 
aggression. 
agressiya: (Russian) aggression. 
agressiyachi: aggressor. 
agressiyachilik: abstr. of agressiyachi; 
aggression. 
agressor: (Russian) aggressor. 
agressorlik: abstr. of agressor; 
aggression. 
agribiologik: (Russian) agrobiological. 
agrikul"tura: (Russian) agriculture. 



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