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C

Cape Canaveral, 53, 216, 588; see also Cape 

Kennedy and Kennedy Space Center

Cape Kennedy, 54, 55; see also Cape 

Canaveral and Kennedy Space Center

Cassini probe, 613

Centaur upper stage, 48, 52, 585

Central Aerohydrodynamic Institute, see 

TsAGI

Central Building of the Soviet Army, 396



Central Committee, xli, xlii, 3, 4, 12, 22, 

60, 63, 65, 66, 68, 69, 77-78, 84, 86, 

88, 92, 107, 133-139, 171, 172, 180, 

184, 185, 186, 189, 191, 192, 215, 217, 

220, 222, 225, 232, 236, 240, 247, 248, 

251-255, 257-258, 260, 263, 267-269, 

274-276, 279, 281, 283, 287, 288, 290, 

292, 305-306, 310, 318, 333-335, 359, 

366, 374, 382, 383, 387, 389, 390, 397, 

431, 453, 454, 472, 500, 501, 504, 522, 

524, 528, 531, 533, 539, 548, 556, 567, 

573, 595, 596, 607

628


Index

Central Committee Defense Department, 

22, 135, 253, 333

Central Committee Presidium/Politburo, 

3, 68, 86, 88, 106, 107, 114, 133-134, 

137, 171, 177, 179, 232, 236, 239, 240, 

248, 256, 257, 258, 266, 272, 275, 302, 

318, 359, 362, 364-367, 390, 396, 397, 

402, 447, 472-473, 523, 524, 531, 540, 

541, 548, 568, 572, 575

Central Design Bureau of Experimental 

Machine Building (TsKBEM), see 

TsKBEM and OKB-1

Central Design Bureau of Machine Building 

(TsKBM), see OKB-52

Central Directorate of Space Assets, see 

TsUKOS

Central Specialized Design Bureau, see 



TsSKB

Chaffee, Roger B., 55



Chayka attitude control system (for Soyuz), 

509-511


Chechnya, 594

Chelomey, Vladimir N., xxiv, xxviii, 12, 13, 

19-24, 27, 29, 32, 67, 71, 72, 75, 77, 

81, 82-83, 86, 104, 106-108, 155, 169, 

176-178, 180, 184, 191, 213-214, 222, 

226, 243-248, 256-258, 262, 263, 265-

267, 276, 283, 291, 299, 303, 308, 310, 

311, 317, 318, 319, 334, 339, 344, 383, 

409, 434, 455, 463, 464, 484, 496, 532, 

538, 542, 551, 552, 556, 565-566

Cherkasov, Aleksandr V., 207

Chernyshev, Nikolay G., 102

Chertok, Boris Ye., ix-xx, xxi-xxvi, xxxi-

xxxii, 172324114188189194



223291350352, 353360, 369

384385396424456470479

521538580584597613622

623624; and Apollo missions, xli, 171, 

215, 231; at Kapustin Yar, 70-71; and 

N1-L3 human lunar program, 82-88, 

101-115, 136-144, 171-186, 238-241, 

254-255, 257-265, 269-274, 304, 307-

308, 357-358, 380-383, 395, 407-408, 

602-606; see also N-1 launches; and 

N-1 control system, 117-132; and N-1 

engine testing/KORD, 79-80, 141-144, 

145-152; and first N-1 launch, 189-210; 

and second N-1 launch, 211-215, 217-

237; and third N-1 launch, 376-377, 

380, 387-389, 392, 398; and fourth 

N-1 launch, 409-447; and termination 

of N-1 program, 521-557, 569-580; 

and origins of Energiya-Buran, 521-

559, 569-580; and Zond/L1 program, 

156, 168, 169-170; and Mars inter-

planetary missions, 339, 344-345; and 

Venera program, 215-216; and human 

Mars missions, 222-227; and origins 

of DOS/Salyut program, 243-277; and 

preparations for launch of DOS-1/

Salyut(-1), 279-319; and launch of 

DOS-1/Salyut(-1), 321-322; and reentry 

of DOS-1/Salyut(-1), 405-406; and 

launch of DOS-2, 484; and launch 

of DOS-3/Kosmos-557, 485-496; and 

loss and recovery of Salyut-7, 513-519; 

and reentry of Salyut-7, 405-406; and 

Kosmos-212/213 mission, 156-170; and 

Soyuz-2/3 mission, 472-482; and Soyuz-

4/5 mission, 171, 186-188, 482-483; 

and Soyuz-6/7/8 mission, 238, 249-253, 

483-484; and Soyuz-10 mission, 322-

338; and Soyuz-11 mission, 339-395, 

484; and Soyuz-11 disaster investiga-

tion, 395-404; and Soyuz-12 mission, 

404; and Soyuz-15 mission, 496-498, 

506; and Soyuz-23 mission, 499-501; 

and Soyuz-25 mission, 501-503; and 

Soyuz T-6 mission, 508-511; and Soyuz 

T-8 mission, 512-513; and death of 

Aleksey Isayev, 384-387, 389-392; and 

death of Konstantin Bushuyev, 597; and 

Mir space station, 406-407, 598-601, 

609-610; and development and testing 

of flight control systems for missiles and 

spacecraft, 449-520; and development 

of Soyuz rendezvous systems, 467-472; 

and development of digital computers 

for spacecraft, 505-508; and Hero of 

Socialist Labor award, 167-168; and N. 

N. Ostryakov honorary prize, 451; and 

time in Germany, 351-353; and Taming 



the Fire movie, 559-569; and future of 

space exploration, 611-624

Chertok, Mikhail B. (son of Boris Chertok), 

506, 511, 622

Chertok, Valentin B. (son of Boris Chertok), 

351, 622

Chile, 406

China, xli, 153, 184, 193, 276, 465, 601, 

614, 615-616, 621

Chinese Engineering Academy, 601

Chinese space program, 153, 306, 601, 614, 

615-616, 621

Chizhikov, Boris S., 342, 365

629


Rockets and People: Moon Race

Chizhikov, Semyon G., 120, 173, 293, 337, 

365, 384, 385, 386, 461

Chkalovskiy airfield, 169

Chrétien, Jean-Loup, 509

Churkin, Anatoliy V., 443

circumlunar program (piloted), see 7K-L1 

and Zond circumlunar project

Civil War (Russian), 374

Clubb, Jerry, 45

Cold War, ix, x, xi, xiii, xiv, xli, 2, 5, 7, 241, 

414, 537, 583, 593, 618

Collins, Michael, 57

Cologne, 604

Command and Measurement Complex 

(KIK), 35, 36, 159, 167, 285, 299, 323, 

325, 326, 354, 371, 372, 393, 460, 475, 

488, 510, 518

Commission on Military-Industrial Affairs

see VPK


Communist Party Congresses, 257, 259, 

382, 501, 539, 560, 599

Communist Party of the Soviet Union 

(CPSU), xi, xli, 22, 137, 215, 253, 276, 

412, 501, 539

computers on spacecraft, see digital 

computing

Congress, see U.S. Congress

Cosmonaut(s) Training Center (TsPK), 395, 

403, 480; see also Star City



Cosmonaut Vladimir Komarov (tracking 

ship), 36



Cosmonaut Yuriy Gagarin (tracking ship), 36

Cosmonautics: Encyclopedia (book), 48-49, 

332-333


Cosmonautics Day, 156, 589

“cosmopolitanism”, 413; see also “Doctors’ 

Plot”

Council of Chief Designers, 64, 67, 88, 190, 



261, 415, 456, 526, 541, 551, 552, 554-

555, 563, 572, 609

Council of Ministers, xvii, 3, 4, 12, 33, 60, 

63, 66, 77, 78, 86, 88, 109, 133-136, 

184, 186, 189, 215, 240, 251, 254, 274, 

276, 281, 452-453, 504, 531, 533, 573, 

607, 618

CPSU, see Communist Party of the Soviet 

Union

Crimea, 156, 168-170, 176, 251, 322, 370, 



376, 396, 474, 491, 504

cryogenic rocket engines, see liquid-hydrogen–

liquid-oxygen rocket engines

Cuba, 495

Cuban Missile Crisis, xix, 226, 339

D

D-2 submarine-launched ballistic missile 

system, 30

D-4 submarine-launched ballistic missile 

system, 30

D-5 submarine-launched ballistic missile 

system, 30

D-5U submarine-launched ballistic missile 

system, 30

D-9 submarine-launched ballistic missile 

system, 30

D-19 submarine-launched ballistic missile 

system, 31

Dalniy airfield (or Lastochka), 341; see also 

Krayniy

Darevskiy, Sergey G., 299, 311, 312, 340, 



470, 472, 473

DARPA, see Defense Advanced Research 

Projects Agency

Dashkov, Aleksandr A., 593

DC-3 aircraft, 523

Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency 

(DARPA), 41

Defense Council, 134, 176, 177, 318-319, 

571-572, 607

De Gaulle, Charles, 354

Degtyarenko, Georgiy N., 195235, 236, 

388, 405, 417, 419, 420, 421, 431, 433, 

436, 439, 443-445, 513, 534

Degtyarenko, Zoya S., 165, 469, 476, 478, 

483

Delta launch vehicle, 585



Delta navigation system, 485

Dementyev, Petr V., 198, 264, 274, 397, 

418, 420, 433, 529, 531-532

Demin, Lev S., 497

Denisov, Yuriy S., 458

Department of Defense, see U.S. 

Department of Defense

digital computers/control systems, 13, 54, 

96, 124, 129-130, 175, 202, 245, 262, 

317, 384, 423, 427-429, 433, 434, 435, 

440, 442, 446, 447, 450, 498, 504, 506-

513, 519, 537, 547

Dnepr Dam, xv

Dnepropetrovsk, 15, 24, 25, 78, 107, 134, 

458

Dobrovolskiy, Georgiy T., xxiv, 340, 363



367-368, 369-371, 376, 379-380, 386, 

394-395, 400, 404, 484

“Doctors’ Plot,” 110

Dora concentration camp, xiii

630


Index

Dorofeyev, Boris A., 193, 194, 200, 203, 



205, 217, 229, 235, 300, 377, 409, 417, 

419, 420, 424, 428, 431, 433-436, 439-

441, 445, 526, 541, 602

Dorofeyeva, Z. F., 194

DOS (Long-Duration Orbital Station) pro-

gram, xxiv, xxvii, 12, 254-256, 261-263, 

266-269, 271, 273, 279-290, 310, 316, 

318, 321-322, 347, 381-383, 408, 410, 

420, 536-537, 542, 552-556

DOS-1/Salyut(-1), xi, xix, 12, 23, 297, 406; 

and preparations for launch of, 279-319; 

and naming of, 306; and launch of, 

321-322; and missions to, 323-404; and 

reentry, 405-406; see also Salyut(-1)

DOS-2, 12, 279-280, 283-288, 291, 298, 

321, 381-383, 484, 491

DOS-3/Kosmos-557, xxv, 12, 283-288, 381, 

463, 484-496, 548

DOS-4/Salyut-4, 12, 283-288, 381, 496, 

537, 538, 551; see also Salyut-4

DOS-5/Salyut-6, 12, 283, 286, 381, 503-

505, 551, 554, 556; see also Salyut-6

DOS-5-2/Salyut-7, 405, 505, 510, 515; see 

also Salyut-7

DOS-6 space station concept, 283, 286, 

381, 556


DOS-7K (space station + ferry), 12, 410

DOS-A space station concept, 284-288

Douglas Aircraft Corporation, 54, 523

DS-P1-I satellite, 27

DS-P1-Yu satellite, 27

Dubov, Igor A., 159

Dudnikov, Vyacheslav N., 458

Dulnev, Lev I., 593

Dyadin, Georgiy, xvii

Dymshits, Veniamin E., 109-110

Dzhanibekov, Vladimir A., 509-511, 

517-519


Dzhezkazgan, 215

E

East Germany, see GDR

Ehricke, Krafft A., 611-612

Einstein, Albert, 280

Eisenhower, Dwight D., 42-43, 227

electrochemical generators (EKhG), 95, 

122-123, 127-132, 218, 221, 435-438, 

447, 570


Electron Microscope Factory, 461

Elektron satellites, 10

Elektropribor (NPO Elektropribor and fac-

tory), 26, 463

Elyasberg, Pavel Ye., 165

Energiya launch vehicle, xi, xxvii, 50, 51, 

71, 235, 594, 597-598, 606, 607, 608, 

618; origins of, 521-581; launches of, 

576-577, 597-598

Energiya-Buran reusable space transporta-

tion system, xix, xxv, 50, 597, 603, 608-

609; origins of, 521-581

Energiya Rocket-Space Corporation, see 

RKK Energiya

Energomash (KB/NPO Energomash), 34, 

523, 525, 526, 533, 574, 580, 606; see 

also OKB-456

EPAS, see Apollo-Soyuz Test Project

ESA (European Space Agency), 618

ESTEC (European Space Research and 

Technology Center), 608

EU-15 engine test stand, 141, 199, 418

EU-16 engine test stand, 141, 199, 418

European Space Agency, see ESA

Experimental-Design Bureau-1, see OKB-1

Explorer 1 satellite, 40, 584

Eydis, Arkadiy I., 22, 257, 265



F

F-1 rocket engine, 141

Factory No. 1 (at Kuybyshev), 17; see also 

Progress Factory

Factory No. 22 (at Fili), xix, 243

Factory No. 84 (at Khimki), 523-524

Factory No. 293 (at Khimki), 523-525

Factory No. 301 (at Khimki), 28; see also 

Lavochkin

Factory No. 586 (at Dnepropetrovsk), 25, 

77-78; see also Yuzhmash

Factory of Experimental Machine Building 

(ZEM), 244, 269, 290, 292, 337, 411, 

422, 427, 454, 533

Fadeyev, G. A., 195 

Farmakovskiy, Sergey F., 463

Favorskiy, Viktor V., 8

Feoktistov, Konstantin P., xvi, xxvii, 85, 159, 

165, 166, 248-249, 254, 259, 263, 266, 

269, 284-285, 287, 305, 309, 311, 317, 

334, 335, 343, 346, 348, 357-359, 361, 

364, 378, 397-398, 403, 458, 469, 478, 

483, 487-488, 548, 593 

Fili, xix, 19, 107, 213, 243-244, 246, 248, 

255, 256, 262, 267, 279, 292, 295, 381, 

389, 551, 598

Fili branch of OKB-52, see OKB-52 Branch 

No. 1


Filin, Boris, 200, 419

631


Rockets and People: Moon Race

Filin, Vyacheslav M., xvi, xxvii, 269, 580

Filipchenko, Anatoliy V., 239, 249, 252

Finogeyev, Vladilen P., 118-119, 121, 176, 

180, 207, 217, 218, 317, 493, 529

Fletcher, James C., 555

Flight Control Center, see TsUP

Flight-Research Institute (LII), 468

Fokin, Yuriy V., 216

Foton spacecraft, 19

France, 276, 359, 508-510, 607, 618

Frolov, Sergey F., 397

Frolov, Yevgeniy A., 258-260, 397

Frumkin, Yuriy M., 85, 269, 458

Frumson, Viktor I., 602

Fruntz, Aleksandr S., 498

Frunze Motor Factory, 528

fuel cells, see electrochemical generators 

(EKhG)


G

Gagarin, Yuriy A., 156, 167, 504; and 



Vostok(-1) mission, ix, x, xix, xxi, xxvi, 

xxx, xlii-xliii, 2, 45, 47, 66, 168, 302, 

314, 317, 349, 450, 472, 519, 585; and 

death of, 540

Galin, Yevgeniy N., 220, 298

Gallay, Mark L., 470, 471-472, 482

Galunskiy, N. P., 424

Ganin, N. N., 195

Gansvindt, Igor N., 226, 518

Gasparyan, Arkadiy I., 235

Gaushus, Ernest V., 455-456498

Gaydukov, Lev, xvii

GDL (Gas Dynamics Laboratory), 574

GDR (German Democratic Republic or 

East Germany), 231

Gemini spacecraft/program, 43, 156, 437, 

585

Geofizika Design Bureau/Factory, 13, 28, 



33, 127, 221, 311, 461, 462; see also 

TsKB-589


Geondzhan, Georgiy G., 297

Georgadze, Mikhail P., 168

George C. Marshall Space Flight Center, 

43-45


geptil, see UDMH

German rocket technology, ix-x, xi, xii, 

xiii, 71, 227, 611; see also the V-2 and 

Wasserfall

German scientists, xiii, 39, 44-45, 51, 57, 

351, 585


Germany, xiii, xvii, xix, 351-353, 365, 407, 

414, 425, 525, 562, 563, 604, 618

Gestapo, 43

Gimbel, John, ix

GIPKh, see State Institute of Applied 

Chemistry

GIRD (Group for the Study of Reactive 

Motion), 561

GKOT, see State Committee for Defense 

Technology

GKRE, see State Committee for Radio 

Electronics

Gladkiy, V. F., 194195

glasnost, xi, xxi, xxix

Glazkov, A. G., 122

Glazkov, Yuriy N., 501

Glenn, John H., 585

Global Meteorological Space System 

(GMKS), 36

global missiles, 9, 61, 71; see also GR-1

Globalstar satellite system, 76-77

GLONASS, 616, 620

Glushko, Valentin P., xxix, xxx, 23, 25, 27, 



34, 48-49, 6281, 344, 390, 397, 473, 

500, 512, 549, 597-598; fight with 

Korolev over propellants and engines, 

xxiii, 48-50, 60-62, 66-72, 81, 82-83, 

89-90, 107, 147-148, 155, 176, 214, 

232, 266, 544, 562-566, 571, 574; rela-

tionship with Mishin, 74, 276, 522-523, 

525, 562, 565; appointment to head 

NPO Energiya and cancellation of N-1, 

xxv, 521-581, 595-596, 605-606; death 

of, 579-580, 594

Goberman, Iosif M., 319

GOGU (main operations control group), 

157, 159, 322, 326, 371, 375, 377, 393, 

474-475, 478, 479, 487, 503

Golovanov, Yaroslav K., xvi

Golubkina, Yekaterina S. “Katya” (Boris 

Chertok’s wife), 107-108, 351384, 389, 

391-392, 624

Golunskiy, Nikolay P., 209-210

Gorbachev, Igor O., 522, 562, 567

Gorbachev, Mikhail S., xi, 607

Gorbatenko, Konstantin F., 302, 314, 361, 

365, 370


Gorbatko, Viktor V., 239, 249, 252, 501

Gordeyev, Vladimir G., 463

Gorshkov, Leonid A., 593

Gosplan (State Planning Commission), 86, 

109, 137, 191, 272, 273, 414



Gossnab, 109

GR-1 global missile, 9, 459; see also global 

missiles

632


Index

Grabin, Vasiliy G., 337, 458

Great Britain, 276

Great Terror (Stalinist purges), xiii, xxiii, 

102, 523, 561

Grechko, Andrey A., 176-177

Grigoryev, Mikhail G., 561, 567

Grishin, Lev A., 69-70

Grissom, Virgil I. “Gus,” 55

Ground Forces, see Soviet Army

GRU (Main Intelligence Directorate), 22, 

266


Grushin, Petr D., 390, 397, 399, 525

GSKB Spetsmash (State Union Design 

Bureau of Special Machine Building), 

35, 92


GTsP (State Central Firing Range), see 

Kapustin Yar

Gubanov, Boris I., xvi, xxvii

GUKOS (Main Directorate of Space Assets), 

8, 250, 266, 296; see also military space 

forces and TsUKOS

Gurovskiy, Nikolay N., 327

Guskov, Gennadiy Ya., 456, 570

Gutskov, Boris Ye., 419

H

H-1 rocket engine, 42

Hamilton, William R., 465

Harford, James, xvi

Heavy Interplanetary Ship, see TMK

Hendrickx, Bart, xviii

Hero of Socialist Labor, xxvi, 18, 19, 25, 29, 

31, 33, 150, 167-169, 390, 538

Hitler, Adolf, 48, 285

Houston, xxxi, 43, 155, 262

Hubble Space Telescope, 589, 613-614

human lunar projects, see N1-L3 program, 

L1 program, UR-700 program, LK-1 

program


Hungary, 280

Huntsville, 39, 42-43



Hyperboloid of Engineer Garin (novel), 591

I

IBM company, 51, 54



Igla rendezvous system, 122, 129, 160, 163, 

225, 249-251, 257, 297, 300, 304, 321, 

323-326, 331, 358, 375, 469, 475-477, 

481, 483, 497-502, 506, 509-510, 512-

513, 517, 570

IKI, see Institute of Space Research

Il-2 fighter-bomber, 166

Il-18 airplane, 293, 306, 322, 350, 370, 478

Ilin, Yu. P., 195

India, 614, 621

Innelaur, Viktor, 364

Institute Nordhausen, 67

Institute of Applied Mathematics (IPM), 

126, 536


Institute of Atomic Energy, 60

Institute of Machine Science, 571

Institute of Military Acceptance, 36-37

Institute of Space Research (IKI), 226-227, 

377-378

Institute Rabe, xvii



Interdepartmental Scientific-Technical 

Council on Space Research, see 

MNTS-KI

International Space Station (ISS), x, xxiv, 



xxv, 57, 214-215, 241-242, 248, 323, 

381, 407, 578, 600-601, 609, 613, 614, 

621

Iosifyan, Andronik G., 33, 82, 119, 149-



152, 205, 220, 234-236, 279, 418, 

429-430, 436, 439, 456, 461, 473, 493, 

501, 539

IP-1 tracking station, 441

IPM, see Institute of Applied Mathematics

Iraq, 592, 594

Iridium satellite system, 76

IS (Satellite Destroyer), 20, 27, 276

Isaakyan, Aleksandr V., 299

Isanin, Nikolay N., 223

Isayev, Aleksey M., xxv, xxvii, 30, 34, 62, 89, 

91, 147, 247, 473, 522, 561-569; and 

death of, 384-387, 389-392, 396

Isayeva, Alevtina D., 384

Ishlinskiy, Aleksandr Yu., 463

ISS, see International Space Station

Istomin, Lev A., 435

Italy, 280

Ivanchenkov, Aleksandr S., 312, 509

Ivannikov, A. N., 195

Ivanov, M. N., 580

Ivanovskiy, Oleg G., xxvii

Iyevlev, Vitaliy M., 59

Izvestiya (newspaper), xi, xii

J

J-2 rocket engine, 53

Japan, 164, 241, 276, 614

Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL), 43

Johnson, Lyndon B., 42, 46, 52-53, 66

Jupiter (planet), 73, 242, 586, 587, 590, 

614

Jupiter C missile, 40, 584



633

Rockets and People: Moon Race

K

Kaktus gamma-ray altimeter, 298

Kalashnikov, Viktor A., 13, 117, 120, 148, 

173, 195, 255, 331, 333, 410, 455, 456, 

495, 534


Kalinin, Aleksey F., 456

Kaliningrad, 291, 390, 396, 549; see also 

Podlipki

Kalmykov, Valeriy D., 82-85, 198

Kalygin, Anatoliy P., 533

Kamanin, Nikolay P., xvi, xxx, 166, 188

189, 227, 304, 362, 363, 378, 398, 468-

472, 478, 480

Kamchatka, 326, 371

Kapustin Yar, 35, 70, 250-251, 302, 316, 

388, 450

Karas, Andrey G., 230, 266, 285, 308, 316, 

323, 324, 330, 397, 469, 473, 474, 478, 

480, 481, 553

Karashtin, Vladimir, M., 580

Kardashev, Nikolay S., 608

Karev, A. T., 188

Karlovy Vary International Film Festival, 

568

Karmishin, Aleksandr V., 200-201



Karpov, Yuriy S., 117, 173, 255, 293, 302, 

455-456, 460

Kartukov, Ivan I., 298, 

Kasho, Aleksandr S., 194



Kaskad attitude-control system, 485

Katkov, Georgiy F., 256, 301

Kazakhstan, 215, 348, 353, 354

Kazakov, Vasiliy A., 397, 399

Kazan, 67, 471, 534, 562-563

KB Energomash, see Energomash

KB Geofizika, see Geofizika Design Bureau/

Factory


KB Khimavtomatiki, 50, 574

KB Khimmash, 34, 79, 386; see also OKB-2

KB Lavochkin, 9-10, 28-29; see also NPO 

Lavochkin

KB Salyut, 484; see also OKB-23

KB Yuzhnoye, 24-27, 492; see also 

OKB-586

KDU (correcting engine unit), 164



Keldysh, Mstislav V., 47, 54, 59, 60, 61, 

64, 72, 77, 88-90, 99, 104, 106-108, 

112-114, 125-127, 129-132, 135-139, 

172, 177, 180, 185, 190-193, 216-217, 

220-222, 224-225, 232, 252-254, 264, 

266, 271-274, 284, 286, 287, 306-307, 

309, 317-318, 340, 357-359, 365-367, 

377, 378, 396-403, 408, 417, 462, 468, 

473-474, 478, 480, 523, 526, 531-532, 

536, 549, 559, 572, 597, 606

Keldysh Institute of Applied Mathematics, 

see M. V. Keldysh Institute of Applied 

Mathematics

Kemurdzhian, Aleksandr L., 594

Kennedy, John F., x, xxi, 44, 46, 47, 48, 52, 

66, 434, 586

Kennedy Space Center, 53, 54, 588

Kerimov, Kerim A., xvi, xxvii, 160-161, 

163-164, 166, 186, 188, 189, 190, 220, 

249-250, 266, 271, 293, 296, 298-299, 

305, 308, 309, 323-325, 329, 340-342, 

344-346, 348, 359, 362, 364, 365, 369

370, 392, 394-395, 478, 480

KGB (Committee for State Security), 468, 

492

Kharchev, Vasiliy I., 231



Khariton, Yuliy B., 368

Kharkov, 26, 107, 317, 428-434

Khaspekov, Viktor G., 142, 527

Khazanov, Boris A., 335

Khazanov, Isaak B., 255, 291, 333, 335, 

336, 337, 411, 454, 458

Khimki, 28, 60, 67, 112, 389, 523, 534, 

574, 575


Khitrik, Mikhail S., 121-122, 176, 180-181, 

389, 422, 429, 493

Khodakov, Vladimir N., 377

Khodarev, Yuliy A., 378

Khomyakov, Mikhail S., 194195, 310-311, 

533, 580

Khorunov, Vyacheslav P., 456

Khrabrovitskiy, Daniil Ya., 389, 522, 

559-569

Khrunichev Factory, see M. V. Khrunichev 



Factory

Khrunov, Yevgeniy V., 186, 188, 482

Khrushchev, Nikita S., xli, xliii, 22, 47, 63, 

66, 69, 71, 73, 77, 78, 81, 86, 90, 106, 

107, 109-110, 113-114, 125, 133-135, 

138-139, 155, 176, 236-237, 239, 275, 

434, 572 

Khrushchev, Sergey N., xvi, xxvii

Khrustalev, Vladimir A., 105, 456, 461-462, 

473


Khudyakov, Sergey A., 436

Khvastunov, Andrey G., 294, 340-341, 379

Kiev, 107, 127, 237, 293, 349, 454, 463

Kievpribor Factory, 107, 454

KIK, see Command and Measurement 

Complex


634

Index

Kirilenko, Andrey P., 134, 366

Kirill, Metropolitan, 613

Kirillov, Anatoliy S., 203, 205, 208, 229, 

232, 296, 369, 416-417, 419, 431, 434, 

439, 473


Kirlyuk, Georgiy A., 344

Kislovodsk, 253, 266, 411

Kisunko, Grigoriy V., xxvii, 84

Kizim, Leonid D., 513-514

Klyucharev, Viktor M., 154, 188, 193, 195

225, 255, 291, 292, 336, 411, 416, 533, 

554

Knyazev, Dmitriy A., 255, 461



Koktebel, 386, 389

Kolodin, Peter I., xxiv, 314, 340, 363, 367



Kolos generator, 299

Kolyako, Yakov P., 93195, 533, 602

Komarov, Vladimir M., xix, xlii, 11, 140, 

156, 167, 170, 393, 398, 467, 468, 482, 

564

Komarova, Larisa I., 456, 464



Komissarov, Boris A., 323, 434, 531, 532, 

540, 544, 551-552

Komissarov, Oleg D., 393, 443

Kommunar Factory, 428, 429

Konopatov, Aleksandr D., 50, 473, 574, 576 

KONRID system, 142-143



Kontakt rendezvous radar system, 122, 127, 

128, 129, 304, 307, 375, 570

KORD (Engine Operation Monitoring) 

system, xxiii, 94, 111-112, 120, 142, 

144, 145-149, 206-209, 217, 220, 230, 

292, 424, 426, 433, 442, 446, 527

Korolev (city), xix; see also Kaliningrad and 

Podlipki


Korolev, Sergey P., x-xii, xvi, xviii-xx, xxii, 

xxv, xxvii, xxviii, xli, xliii, 3-4, 13, 15, 

17, 22, 24, 25, 27, 28, 29, 45, 47, 49, 

52, 57, 153, 154, 166, 186, 190, 198, 

200, 203, 220, 227, 228, 232, 234, 243, 

246, 269, 275, 276, 281, 303, 304, 307, 

310, 344, 349, 351, 357, 375, 398, 403, 

409, 410, 412, 425, 437, 452-455, 458-

460, 463, 466, 471, 473, 479, 481, 493, 

504, 522, 524, 526, 534, 535, 537, 538, 

541, 557, 558, 560, 561, 562, 565, 567, 

571, 578-579, 581, 593, 596, 604; and 

N-1 rocket and human lunar program

53-54, 59-99, 101-115, 118, 120, 121, 

125, 126, 129, 131, 140, 141, 142, 145, 

147, 150, 155, 176, 184, 193, 209, 214, 

222, 545; and fight with Glushko over 

propellants and engines, xxiii, 48-50, 

60-62, 66-72, 81, 82-83, 88-90, 107, 

147-148, 155, 176, 214, 232, 266, 544, 

559, 562-566, 568, 571, 572, 574, 605; 

and personal life, 352-353; and Mars 

expeditions, 224, 594; and last days and 

death of, xlii, 4, 135, 256, 261, 390, 

411, 569

Koroleva, Nataliya S., 350, 351, 352

Koroleva, Nina I., 147

Korund closed-loop communications system, 

16

Korzhenevskaya, V. N. 194



Korzhenevskiy, Eduard I., 194, 500

Kosberg, Semyon A., 62, 147

Kosmos-2 launch vehicle, 26-27

Kosmos-186/188 mission, 11, 156, 468

Kosmos-212/213 mission, 11, 156-166, 169, 

468


Kosmos-238 mission, 11, 468

Kosmos-300, 239

Kosmos-379, 269, 486

Kosmos-398, 486

Kosmos-496, 404

Kosmos-557, xxv, 12, 491

Kosmos-573, 404

Kosmos-670, 506

Kosmos-772, 506

Kosmos-869, 506

Kosmos-1001, 506

Kosmos-1074, 506

Kostin, Petr Timofeyevich, 316

Kosyakov, Viktor V., 195, 222

Kosygin, Aleksey N., 133, 177, 272, 319, 

334, 359, 390

Kovalenok, Vladimir V., 501, 518

Kovtunenko, Vyacheslav N., 27, 491-492

Kozhevnikova, Nina I., 477, 498

Kozlov, Dmitriy I., 15, 17-18, 104, 139, 

193, 195196, 215, 269, 310, 348, 360, 

420, 429, 445, 455, 464, 529, 535

Krasavtsev, Vyacheslav G., 253

Krasnoyarsk, 15, 335

Krasnoyarsk-26, 10, 15

Krasnoyarsk Machine Building Factory, 27

Kravets, Vadim G., 160, 511

Krayniy airfield, 341, 350 

Krayushkin, Mikhail V., 173, 265, 456, 

459-460

Krechet TV system, 298

Kremlin, 66, 77, 168, 188, 190, 221, 240, 

251, 276, 340, 343, 366-367, 439, 453, 

504, 529, 560, 606

635


Rockets and People: Moon Race

“Kremlin line,” 110, 125, 173, 213, 247, 

253, 385-386, 473, 521, 522, 539

Kremlin Palace of Congresses (Great 

Kremlin Palace), 188, 367, 482

Kremlin Wall, 396

Krichevskiy, Vladimir G., 164

Kriss, Petr Zh., 122



Kristall module, 599

Krutovskikh, Sergey A., 13, 456

Krylov, Nikolay I., 197, 198, 233, 234, 370, 

567


Kryukov, Sergey S., xxvii, 93, 172, 352; and 

design and work on N-1, 60, 72, 74, 

93-94, 136, 139, 195, 220, 259, 603; 

and work at NPO Lavochkin, 29, 344, 

345, 347

KTDU (correcting braking engine unit), 

165, 384

Kubasov, Valeriy N., xxiv, 239, 249, 252

593; and planned Soyuz-11 mission, 314, 

340, 360-363, 364, 367, 368

Kudryavtsev, Vadim V., 574

Kunavin, Yuriy N., 120, 148, 446

Kuntsevo, 416

Kupriyanchik, Petr N., 117, 218, 456

Kurchatov, Igor V., 59-61, 368, 576

Kurkova, Serafina P., 149



Kurs rendezvous radar, 499-500, 513

Kurushin, Aleksandr A., 198, 296, 308, 310, 

344, 346, 347, 435, 440, 473

Kuryer missile, 178

Kutakhov, Pavel S., 394-395

Kuybyshev, xxiii, 9-10, 15, 17, 71-72, 74, 

94, 112, 139, 142, 143, 148, 198, 201, 

202, 253, 266, 268, 269, 299, 317, 348, 

420, 427, 430, 432, 445, 527, 528, 535, 

604; see also Samara

Kuznetsov, Nikolay D., xxiii, 61, 67, 71, 

73-74, 81, 90, 91, 111, 119, 120, 141-

143, 145, 147-148, 175, 176, 177, 198, 

202, 209, 230-232, 234, 236, 250, 258, 

264, 266, 273-274, 309, 390, 418, 426, 

432, 433, 444, 445, 527-529, 531, 565, 

571, 579, 604-605

Kuznetsov, Viktor I., 91, 124-125, 257, 264, 

297, 456, 461-465, 525, 540, 570, 571



Kvant module, 598, 599

Kvant-2 module, 599


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