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- GW ISSN 0001 - 0545 B 20004 F fieedmfa Indivicka/sf (left) Ukrainians and Afghans in Denmark protesting against Russian
- Verlagspostamt: Miinchen 2 January - February 1985 Vol. XXXVI. No.
- The Forgotten Holocaust in Afghanistan . . 20 Ex-prisoner on Trial for Memoirs . . . 21 Victims of Russian T e r r o r ...............................22
- ABN A c tiv itie s.............................................................28 News and V iew s.............................................................34
- THE PATH TRODDEN BY SAINTS
GW ISSN 0001 - 0545
B 20004 F
(left) Ukrainians and Afghans in Denmark protesting against Russian
occupation of their countries.
(right) Ukrainians in Great Britain demonstrating against genocide and
persecution of freedom fighters of their fatherland.
Verlagspostamt: Miinchen 2
January - February 1985
Vol. XXXVI. No.
C O N T E N T S :
Three More Victims of Russian Terror .
The Situation in Ukraine and in the Empire
Z. Karpyshyn (USA)
Developments in Europe and the USSR . . 12
Dr. A. I lie (Croatia)
Croats are not Y u g o s la v s ...............................16
V. Berko (Slovakia)
The Political Situation in Slovakia . . . 19
Father Paul Marx
The Forgotten Holocaust in Afghanistan . . 20
Ex-prisoner on Trial for Memoirs . . . 21
Victims of Russian T e r r o r ...............................22
Statement of the European Freedom Council 24
Eric Brodin (USA)
‘1984’ for Over 25 Years in Cuba . . . 26
Slava Stetsko, M.A.
ABN A c tiv itie s.............................................................28
News and V iew s.............................................................34
From Behind the Iron Curtain . . . . 42
Book R e v ie w s .............................................................46
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THE PATH TRODDEN BY SAINTS
Rev. Werenfried van Straaten’s sermon during a requiem for the late Patriarch
Josyf Slipyj, which was held in St. Michael’s Church in Munich on Sunday,
October 21, 1984.
According to an old legend, Andrew the apostle blessed the hills around
Kyiv and prophesied victory for Christianity in Ukraine. We know for certain
that St. Clement, the third successor of St. Peter was banished by the Emperor
Trajan to the Crimea, where he died a martyr and exercized an indelible in
fluence on the Church in Ukraine. 500 years later, the banished Pope Martin I
died a martyr’s death on the Ukrainian coast for the unity of the Church.
Martyrdom for Christian unity has remained the glorious characteristic of
the Ukrainian Church. It was the first Eastern Church to renew the union with
Rome following the Great Schism with the Orient and it has repeatedly sealed
its loyalty to the Apostolic See with rivers of blood and mountains of corpses.
This witness through blood reached its zenith after the Second World War,
when Stalin and the Moscow Patriarch forcibly integrated the Ukrainians unit
ed with Rome into the Orthodox Church. Countless faithful, hundreds of priests
and practically every bishop lost their lives through this unecumenical use of
force, which those responsible in the Moscow Patriarchate still regard as having
been a glorious page in the history of the Orthodox Church.
Archbishop Josyf Slipyj survived the atrocities. Not through compromise
but through maintaining unswerving loyalty. Even when he was offered the
Patriarchal Seat in Moscow with the proviso that he renounce the union with
Rome and the primacy of the Pope, he remained faithful and continued on his
way of the cross which was to last 18 years.
At the beginning of the Vatican Council his seat remained empty, while the
representatives of Patriarch Alexej, who was in part responsible for the persecu
tion, were present. There was a storm of protest.
Pope John X X III intervened personally. The unbending witness to his faith
was set free on February 9th, 1963. From that day onwards he ran his Church
in the catacombs and in exile from Rome up until September 7th of this year
when he died at the age of 92 in the shadow of St. Sophia’s Cathedral which he
When the then Archbishop, Metropolitan of Lviv and sole survivor of
the Ukrainian bishops (ten of them had been murdered or had died early in So
viet gaols) was freed after an unjust, inhuman and arbitrarily prolonged im
prisonment of 18 years and exiled to Rome, he received me straight away. From
that moment onwards I was his admirer, his helper, his comrade-in-arms and
He was a Prince of the Church with an iron character. His shattered and
weakened body concealed an unbroken spirit. He was a brilliant theologian,
a born scholar, and amongst all the Uniates, perhaps the most stubborn and able
advocate of a pure Byzantine Rite. That made him a link with the Orthodox
Church and the predestined leader of all the oriental Churches united with
Rome. But he was a wholehearted spiritual leader also, who had left behind him
the beneficial traces of this activity as a priest in countless camps all over the
Soviet Union. Each time when his influence became known, he was moved to
another prison. Thus he had become a well-known symbol everywhere, outside
Western Ukraine too and throughout the Soviet Union, not only for the
dispersed Catholics but also for the genuine Orthodox Church which was to be
found less among the prelates of the Moscow Patriarchate and more in the ca
tacombs and concentration camps of Siberia. And because there exists alongside
this holy Orthodox Church an unholy, Soviet dominated Orthodox Church, he
finally also became an involuntary obstacle to an ecumenical rapprochement
with Moscow’s official Church because it will never be possible for Rome to buy
peace with the Russian Orthodox Church by betraying five million martyrs and
faithful belonging to the Ukrainian Catholic Church.
Cardinal Slipyj worked like a giant during his final 21 years in exile. Sub
sequent generations will come to honour what he achieved for his exiled Church
in the free world. I personally can testify to the way in which he begged, urged
and requested me and “Aid to the Church in Need” to provide every con
ceivable and possible assistance for his persecuted, bleeding and struggling
Church in his homeland. He lived and died for this Ukrainian Church, in the
East and in the West.
To assure the continuation of this Church and only for that reason he accept
ed the title of Patriarch in 1975 at the request of the Ukrainian synod of bishops
and in expectation of legal confirmation by the Pope. As a faithful son of the
Church who had to suffer more and longer than anybody this century for unity
with the Apostolic See, he repeatedly sought this formal confirmation in letters
and discussions and finally with the utmost vigour in his spiritual testament. He
constantly explained to the ecclesiastical diplomats who were afraid of the
atheist reaction that in the Eastern Church neither the Popes nor the world
councils had ever created patriarchs of the individual branch Churches. He
tirelessly drew attention to the fact that endowing such branch Churches with
a patriarchal crown was always the fruit of mature Christian consciousness in
God’s people. Many did not understand this point. Even the dying martyr was
not granted his wish, although it was not for his personal glory but for the
existence of his Church that he sought it.
May what he wrote in his spiritual testament about this central problem
remain forever in your thoughts:
“The Patriarchate which was the vision of your faithful souls has be
come a living reality for you and will remain so in future. In a short while the
Patriarch for whom you are praying will depart this earthly life. The visible
symbol, the personification of the Patriarchate in his person will no longer exist.
But in your consciousness and in your thoughts a living and real Ukrainian
Church bearing a Patriarch’s crown will continue to exist. That is why it is my
last wish that you pray as before for the Patriarch of Kyiv, Halyc and all
Rus, even if you have no name to include. The time will come when the Al
mighty will send our Church a Patriarch and reveal his name. We already have
As we add our “fiat” at the passing of our beloved Patriarch Josyf Slipyj
to-day, let us hope that the precious Ukrainian wheat seed which fell on Roman
soil forty days ago will not be wasted but will yield fruit in abundance. It is
written that “the soul of this just man is in God’s hands. He tried him and found
God sent him trials. He was led along a way of the cross, the like of which
hardly any Cardinal before him had to follow. He did so with exemplary
loyalty, without hate towards his persecutors, but also without evading the con
sequences in instances where compromise or escape could have made life easier.
He followed the Lord faithfully. Because “where Christ was, there also His
servant should be”.
He suffered unspeakably while a witness to Christ as a prisoner in the Soviet
Union, just as the Lord had prophesied: “And you shall be my witnesses in Je
rusalem and in all Judea and Samaria and to the end of the earth” (Acts 1,8).
There were other names on the signposts along his path, not Jerusalem or Judea,
but Lviv, Kyiv, Siberia, Krasnojarsky Kraj, Jenisseijsk, Polar regions, Mor
dovia ... and they did indeed reach “to the end of the earth”. He had to be
a witness for his silent Church, condemned to death, a man robbed of all physic
al and mental strength and who had realized that his path “to the end of the
earth” had been a death sentence (cf. spiritual testament, p. 6.). “In the eyes of
the fools he appeared to be dead.”
He suffered greatly from having his shining figure so systematically obscured
by the half light of deceit and slander in the interest of peaceful co-existence, to
the extent that Christ’s accusation, “Jerusalem, Jerusalem you murder the
prophets and stone those who were sent to you,” could also apply to the pre
sent day Church. “That is how he lost his life in this world, but kept it for
He suffered even more under the cross which was perhaps the greatest in his
life when he was freed but his Church had no freedom. This happened against
his will as he expressly intimated in writing from solitary confinement in Kyiv.
He was prevented from continuing to bear the heavy cross along with his Church,
(cf. spiritual testament p. 9.) “God tried him and found him worthy.”
He suffered terribly in Rome, more than in Siberia, he told me, when he
learnt how much his persecuted priests in Ukraine were in despair on account
of the Orthodox synod which had taken place in Moscow in June 1971. There
the Vatican delegate had learnt without uttering a protest of the triumphant
nullification declaration of the centuries old union between Rome and the Unit
ed Ukrainian Church. “God tested him like gold in a melting pot, God accepted
him like a burnt offering.”
His bitter fate reminds us all that all our efforts to save the menaced Church
would remain unfruitful, if we did not possess the additional stream of grace
attributable to anonymous prayer and to the silently carried crosses of hidden
saints. The Church draws its strength from people like these. Looked at in this
light, the Patriarch’s fate will at some stage represent the victory of the blessed
cross. That could be the only reason why God allowed it to happen.
Christ’s having been obedient up to his death on the cross cannot be com
prehended by reason alone. We have to submit to that wisdom which reason
regards as being foolish.
Jesus Christ and all the martyrs who shared his fate have preceded your
Patriarch along the hard path which he chose freely. It is the path trodden by
saints down the ages. They were deprived of their rights just like God’s own Son
who assumed the role of a slave and remained obedient up to His death on the
cross. This cross of obedience is the basic law of Christianity. Despite all the
praiseworthy and necessary efforts at giving human rights more weight within
the Church, we should not be under any illusions and never forget that we must
endeavor to be defenceless disciples of the One who died without rights and who
seeks to continue not only His life but also His death in each one of us. For
such a giant in the history of the Church as Josyf Slipyj to submit to this law
is a sign of true holiness and an example for all those who walk bent under the
heavy and sometimes incomprehensible burden of obedience to the Church.
As we wait in hope for the signs and miracles, which we trust God may
work through him very soon to save the Ukrainian Church, we can already dare
to say, “Corona aurea super caput eius!” “Blessed are those who are persecuted
for righteousness’ sake, for theirs is the kingdom of heaven. Blessed are you
when men revile you and persecute you and utter all kinds of evil against you
falsely on my account. Rejoice and be glad, for your reward is great in heaven.”
(Mt. 5, 10-12).
Therefore listen to your Patriarch with respect and childlike obedience. He
is not dead. His soul is in God’s hands and no further suffering can affect him.
The hour has come where he will be glorified with the Son of Man. A voice was
heard from the heavens saying, “I have glorified and will continue to glorify.”
Your Patriarch shines like a bright light. He passes judgement on the pagans
and rules over the nations.
Yes indeed, listen to him because he continues to preach in his testament, the
magnificent and at the same time moving document which he has left behind as
his final legacy. If this legacy is not repeatedly read, weighed up, taken to heart,
acquiesced to, carried out and lived by every Ukrainian family, by every
Ukrainian priest and by every Ukrainian bishop, then I fear the Ukrainian
Church has not been worthy of such a shepherd. That ought not to be the case.
Therefore you, the flock of Josyf Slipyj, listen to his voice, trust in his inter
cession, carry out his legacy and above all preserve your Christian family life,
your language and your beautiful liturgy.
Your liturgy! I experienced it as never before on September 12th and 13th,
when I took part deeply moved in the Parastas, the Liturgija and Panachyda
for your Patriarch. Under the golden mosaic of the Cathedral which he him
self had built like a hymn in stone at God’s feet, I felt as if I were in heaven. We
were not alone. The many saints who had protected the Patriarch throughout
his life glinted on the iconostasis, on the vaulted ceiling and on the walls. Clothed
in scarlet cloaks and wearing shining mitres with a touch of God’s splendour
about them, metropolitans, cardinals, bishops, archimandrites, priests and monks
stood around the mortal remains of the iron-hard martyr who was permitted
to outlive Stalin and his weak servant Alexej, so as to build up through God’s
power everything which they had destroyed in the service of Satan.
The pain felt by the thousand-strong congregation finds an outlet in the
sombre Alylujas and in the heart-rending laments of the cantors who repeatedly
break out into the Hospody pomyluj with voices full of tears. The wood of
shame which the deceased carried for so long for his Church and his nation and
on which he died victorious is revered a hundredfold everytime when the cele
brants and the congregation profess their belief in the Blessed Trinity and the
victory of Jesus Christ by making the threefold sign of the cross with expansive
gestures. Incense rises up over the martyred body as a belated tribute to this
man deeply stirred by God who all through his long life carried with him and
radiated the divine grace which he had received at baptism and at ordination.
Occasionally the tempo and the rythm of the singing increase and the pitch
rises. No longer is it a suppliant beseeching, it has become a crying out and a
demand for God’s mercy. No longer is it intercession for the soul of the Patri
arch, but rather the soul of an oppressed and betrayed people despairingly
seeking help. It sounds like a last appeal to the pastoral care of the dead martyr,
who is already in God’s presence. Protect your poor nation, give our priests
holiness and strength, awaken in our bishops the willingness to preserve your
legacy and to defend it, provide the diplomats with supernatural vision, and
prevent them from further exchanging truth and justice for an illusory gain.
And enlighten your Slav friend, the Pope from Poland, so that he may find a
way of leading us all to peace, justice and freedom...
When the final Hospody pomyluj has died away, silence reigns in the golden
cathedral. Now that the powerful voice of the Patriarch is forever silent, may
God grant that silence will not reign in the One, Holy, Catholic and Apostolic
Church. God grant that sufficient faithful disciples may be found to repeat
continually the teachings which he, just like Moses, put before his people as far
as the borders of the promised land. And let those teachings be stamped indelibly
on the hearts of the Ukrainian people.
Then the Almighty will hasten the day which his faithful servant Josyf Sli-
pyj was not permitted to see, the day when justice will reign. Then your strong
and courageous Patriarch will bless your Ukrainian nation from heaven, just as
once upon a time Andrew the Apostle blessed your homeland from the hills
around Kyiv. Because the Lord says, “I myself will seek out my sheep and look
after them... I will pick you out of all races and collect you together from all
countries and bring you back to your homeland... Then you will live in the
country I have given you and be my people and I will be your God.”
“In you I embrace in the charity of Christ all the people of your homeland,
together with their history, culture, and the heroism with which they have
lived their faith...”
“Our meeting today, taking place as it does on the threshold of the solemn
celebration of the Millennium of Christianity in Kyiv and the entire Ukraine,
carries our minds and hearts back through the centuries of your glorious history
of faith... I came to know and appreciate this precious heritage of the Ukrainian
(The Holy Father’s Message to the Ukrainian Community in Canada
at Sts. Volodymyr and Olha Cathedral, September 16, 1984 in Winnipeg.)
Three More Victims
It has been noticeable that for quite
some time now the Russian authorities and
the KGB have been tightening the screw
in Ukraine. Their recent actions in the
most important of the non-Russian re
publics were aimed specifically at dealing
a death blow to the human and national
rights movement in Ukraine.
As a result of this crackdown on all
dissent and opposition three prominent
Ukrainian political prisoners, Oleksa TY-
KHYJ, Yurij LYTVYN and Valerij
MARCHENKO, all active campaigners
for national rights in Ukraine, have died
since the spring of 1984, as a direct re
sult of ill-treatment and inadequate me
dical attention. Others have been forced to
In addition four former members of the
Organisation of Ukrainian Nationalists
(OUN) and the Ukrainian Insurgent Army
(UPA), which fought against the Nazis
and then actively opposed the reimposi
tion of Soviet Russian rule, Olexander
PALYHA, Mykhajlo LEVYCKYJ, Nil
YAKOBCHUK and Vasyl BODNAR,
were rounded up and shot as “traitors”
and “war criminals”, as was reported by
Radio Kyiv on 2nd October, 1984. Ac
cording to “Radianska Volyn’” (Soviet
Volyn’) their trial took place on 17th
August, 1984. A report in "Radianska
Ukraina” (Soviet Ukraine) No. 221, of
27th September, 1984, states that another
member of OUN and UPA, FILONYK,
was also put on trial and sentenced to
death by firing squad. Many similar in
cidents have occurred in past years as well.
At the same time the anti-nationalist
and anti-religious propaganda campaign
in Ukraine has also been greatly stepped
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