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Qosimov, Karim

Tajik composer Karim Qosimov was born in Leninabad on April 10,

1938.

Qosimov graduated from the Leninabad Music School in 1962, and



from the Faculty of Language and Literature of the Dushanbe Peda-

gogical Institute. From 1962 to 1972, he acted at the Aini Academy

Theater for Opera and Ballet. Between 1973 and 1975, he was a singer

at the Drama and Music Theater of the district of Nov. Then, from 1975

to 1978, he was a singer for the concert group at the Aini Academy

Theater for Opera and Ballet. In 1978, he joined the Tajikistan Com-

mittee for Radio and Television.

Qosimov became a People's Artist of Tajikistan in 1977. He also re-

ceived the Honorary Order of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of

Tajikistan.



Qosimov, Muhammadjon

Tajik actor Muhammadjon Qosimov was born into a family of

bookbinders in the village of Rishton on May 9, 1907. His limited edu-


Iraj Bashiri

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     

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cation began in traditional schools and was continued in technical

schools in Quqand and Tashkent. He joined the CPSU in 1948.

In 1929, he established a drama core in Quqand. From 1931 to the

end of his life, he was an actor at the Lahuti State Academy of Dramatic

Arts. Because he did not have a professional education, Qosimov

learned from the experiences of his peers. During the first six years of

his career, he created the following characters: Arslon and Sarimsoq in

Du Komunist (Two Communists) and Otash Mizanam (I Shall Set On

Fire), by K. Yashin; Haidarbek in Dukhtari Chupon (The Shepherd's

Daughter), by Validov, and others.

Qosimov's success, however, is mostly in the creation of major dra-

matic and tragic characters. The characters he creates achieve sublime

humane levels. They include Rahimbek in Kaltadoroni Surkh (The Red



Club Wielders), by S. Ulughzoda, 1941; Otello and Lir in Otello

(Othello) and Shoh Lir (King Lear), by W. Shakespeare, 1939, 1957;

Hokimi Shahr in Revizor (The Inspector), by N. Gogol', 1946, 1952;

and many others.

He was similarly successful in creating comic characters: Karimov

in Shodiona (Merry Making), by M. Zokirov, 1950; Ta'rifkhujaev in



Ta'rifkhujaev by A. Dehoti and B. Rahimzoda, 1953; and others.

Qosimov participated in a number of productions in the Russian

Theater Named After Mayakovskii. These include Soati Burji Kreml

(The Kremlin Tower Clock) and Odami Miltiqdor (Man with a Rifle), by

N. Pogodin, as well as Soli Faromushnashavandai 1919 (The Unfor-

gettable Year of 1919), by V. Vishnevskii, in which he played the role

of Stalin.

Qosimov began playing in motion pictures in 1942. There, too, he

created a number of unforgettable roles, including, Hofiz in Pisari Toji-



kiston (The Son of Tajikistan, 1942); Ismoilbek in Zastava dar Kuhho

(Mountain Frontier Post, 1953); Azimshoh in Dokhunda (Dakhunda,

1956); and many others.

Qosimov also tried his hand at directing motion pictures. His contri-

butions in this regard include Dar Otash (In the Fire), by S. Ulughzoda;

Ovozi Amerika (Voice of America), by B. Lavreniev; and others.

Qosimov became a People's Artist of the Soviet Union in 1941. He

was one of the most influential figures in Tajik theater. He received two

Orders of Lenin, two Orders of the Red Banner of Labor, and the

Honorary Order of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of Tajikistan.


Prominent Tajik Figures of the Twentieth Century

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     

251


Qosimov died in Dushanbe on July 5, 1971.

Qosimov, Nizom

Tajik poet Nizom Jahongirovich Qosimov, also referred to as Nizom

Qosim, was born into a farming family in Qurghonteppa on September

16, 1958.

Qosimov graduated from Tajikistan State University with a degree in

Tajik language and literature in 1979. Thereafter, he worked at Pioniri



Tojikiston, Javononi Tojikiston, Tojikistoni Shavravi, the weekly Adabi-

yot va San'at, and the monthly Sadoi Sharq. In 1987, he joined the staff

of the Adib State Publications. For several years, he worked in the

Ministry of Education of Tajikistan.

Qosimov's poetic career started when he was a student in 1979. De-

scription of nature, patriotism, and liberty are some of the themes of his

verses. He is one of the successful followers of Bozor Sobir's literary

school. "Khushai Shi'r" ("Bunches of Poetry," 1984), "Khuni Sitora"

("The Blood of the Star," 1987), and a new interpretation of the "Ruboi-

yyoti Umari Khayyam" ("The Quatrains of Omar Khayyam," 1998), are

among his major contributions. Qosimov's Amir Ismoil (Amir Isma'il,

music by Tolib Shahidi) and Rustam va Suhrab (Rustam and Suhrab,

music by Talab Sattor) were recently staged in Dushanbe at the Aini

State Theater for Opera and Ballet.

Qosimov joined the Union of the Writers of the Soviet Union in

1987.

Qosimova, Mukarrama

Tajik linguist Mukarrama Nabievna Qosimova was born into a fam-

ily of workers in Konibodom on January 16, 1933. She joined the CPSU

in 1956.


Qosimova graduated from the Department of History and Philology

of the Tajikistan State University in 1955. From 1959 to 1966, she was

a teacher, senior instructor, Assistant Professor, and Professor at the

same institute. Between 1966 and 1968, and again from 1974 to 1977,

she was the Dean of the Faculty of Philology of Tajikistan State Univer-

sity. She received her doctorate in linguistics in 1981, and became a

professor in 1982. In 1986, she became the Head of the Department of

Tajiki Language at Tajikistan State University.



Iraj Bashiri

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     

252


Qosimova's research deals with some of the major linguistic prob-

lems of Tajiki. Her monograph entitled Sintaksi Jumlahoi Soddai Asri



Yozdah (The Syntax of Simple Sentences in the Prose Works of the Elev-

enth Century) is regarded to be a major accomplishment. Her other

contributions include Matni Kelasiki (Classical Text), Dushanbe, 1971);



Praktikum az Zaboni Tojiki (Practical Work Based on the Tajiki Lan-

guage, Dushanbe, 1976); Jumlahoi Payravi Sharti dar Zaboni Adabii

Tojik (Conditional Sentences in Literary Tajiki Language, Stalinabad,

1931); and Straktura va Semantikai Jumlahoi Soddai Asri Yozdah (The



Structure and Semantic Aspects of Simple Sentences in the Prose Works

of the Eleventh Century, Dushanbe, 1986).

Qosimova was recognized as a Distinguished Contributor to Educa-

tion in Tajikistan in 1967. She is a recipient of the Red Banner of Cour-

age and the 100

th

 Anniversary of the Birth of Lenin Prize.



Prominent Tajik Figures of the Twentieth Century

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     

253


Qurbon Ali

See Urmonov, Qurbonali.



Qurbonaliev, Mardon

Tajik physicist and chemist Mardon Qurbonaliev was born in the

village of Galaobod in Kuibishev on January 2, 1938.

After graduating from the Faculty of Physics and Mathematics of

Tajikistan State University, he worked at the same institute. In 1982, he

became the Director of the Department of Solid Substances of the same

Faculty. He received his doctorate degree in chemistry in 1983.

Qurbonaliev's research deals with the physics and mechanics of

polymers. He was the first to discover the basic rules governing defor-

mation of polymers under stress in liquids. He also explained the role of

solvents in the organization of serial polymers. Qurbonaliev's research

opened new vistas in resolving industrial problems, especially with re-

gard to cotton products.

Qurbonov, Suhrob

Tajik painter Suhrob Usmonovich Qurbonov was born into a family

of workers in Qurghonteppa on July 2, 1946. He joined the CPSU in

1973.


Qurbonov graduated from the Moscow State Institute for Painting in

1971. From 1971, he has been involved in the creation of a series of

monumental works that appear in the Minutka Teahouse (1973), the

fresco in the Political Culture Center (1974), gobelins for the Firdowsi

State Library and the State Circus building (1978-1980), decorative

composition called The Poets in the Union of Writers of Tajikistan

(1981), mosaics for the building of the hydropower station in Norak

(1981), Davidani Aspi Ozod (The Running of the Free Horse), Bo Fikr



Vujud Doshtam (I Existed With Thought), Zamini Man (My Land), and

others


Qurbonov also has participated in a long series of exhibitions lo-

cally, as well as internationally in Moscow, Rumania, Czechoslovakia,

Germany Mongolia, India, Afghanistan, Iran, and Turkey. His paintings

depict historical, social, and cultural events in sincere and realistic

terms. His main contributions include Sokhtmoni Norak (The Norak

Building), Poizdi Avvalin (The First Train), Muhoriba (War), Dugo-

naho (Friends), Javononi Tojikiston (Tajikistan's Youth), Tui (Celebra-


Iraj Bashiri

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     

254


tion), Khotira (Memory), Lenin, Revolutsia va Rassom ( Lenin, Revolu-

tion and the Painter), and many others.

Qurbonov became a People's Artist of Tajikistan, and of the Soviet

Union in 1986. He has been the Head of the Union of Artists of Tajiki-

stan since 1982. He received of the Lenin Komsomol Prize in 1977.

Qurbonov has traveled to Germany, America, Finland, Switzerland,

Russia, Kuwait, Afghanistan, Iran, Hungary, Poland, and Bulgaria.



Qurbonova, Hadisa

Tajik poet Hadisa Qurbonova, also referred to as Hadisa, was born in

Khavaling, Kulab, on February 17, 1940. She grew up in an orphanage.

She joined the CPSU in 1977.

Qurbonova graduated from the Tajikistan State University in 1963,

and from the Absentee (correspondence) Division of the Moscow In-

stitute of Polygraphy in 1965. From 1963 to 1965, she worked at the

Irfon Publishers, and between 1965 and 1967, she worked at Pioniri



Tojikiston. From 1967 until 1973, she was the Editor of the State Com-

mittee for Radio and Television. In 1973, she served as an Editor for the

State Committee on Polygraphy and Books.

Qurbonova's early poetry appeared in the 1960s in various collec-

tions. Her own collections include Paimon (Pact, 1972); Shukrona

(Thanksgiving, 1980); Nuri Oktiobr (The Light of October, 1981); Dar-



gohi Oftob (The Threshold of the Sun, 1986); and Dunioi Javoni (The

Youth World, 1967).

Patriotism, love of family, pure love, and friendship and peace form

the core meaning of her poetry. The following plays are based on the

lives of her contemporaries: Munisa (Munisa,1976); Duroha (Fork in



the Road, 1978); and Mash'ali Jovid (Eternal Flame, 1984).

Qurbonova joined the Union of Writers of the Soviet Union in 1978.



255

R

Rabiev, Abdurofe'

Tajik author and journalist Abdurofe' Rabiev was born in the village

of Mihnatabad in the Vakhsh district of the Qurghonteppa province on

November 7, 1951.

Rabiev graduated from Tajikistan State University with a degree in

journalism in 1970. In 1975, he graduated from Moscow University

with a degree in Persian and Tajiki languages and literatures. In 1987,

he received a degree from the Moscow Advanced School of Dramatic

Arts. For a while, he worked in the literature division of the Committee

on Radio and Television of the Republic, and contributed to the weekly

Adolat.

Rabiev contributed many articles and stories focusing on the lives of

workers, farmers, and technicians. He is known to have traveled all

around the republic, pad in hand, recording materials for literary reflec-

tion. His characters, therefore, live and act like actual people engaged in

building a new life.

Rabiev's first stories were published in a collection entitled Obkhiz

(Waterlogged, 1978). His main themes deal with ethics and culture, on

the one hand, and the preservation of ancient traditions of the Tajiks and

the promotion of Tajik nationalism among the youth of Tajikistan, on

the other hand. His other contributions include "Aspi Okharin" ("The

Last Horse," 1982), "Mahabbat va Javonmardi" ("Love and Chivalry,"

1984), 'Qissai Ruzgori Sohibdilon" ("The Story of the True Friends,"

with Otakhon Latifi, 1985), "Intizori" ("Waiting," 1986), and "Dustonro

Namifarushnad" ("Friends Are Not for Sale," 1988).

Rabiev joined the Union of Writers of the Soviet Union in 1983.



Rabiev, Muhammad

Tajik author and playwright Muhammad Rabiev was born into a

merchant family of Samarqand on May 2, 1913. He joined the CPSU in

1941.


Rabiev graduated from the Dushanbe Labor Institute in 1934. Soon

after, he joined the Khorugh City Theater Company as an actor. Be-

tween 1941 and 1945, he participated in the war effort. After the war, he


Iraj Bashiri

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     

256


worked at the Ministry of Education of Tajikistan and at Kino Studio

(TajikFilm). He was the Director of the Aini Opera and Ballet Theater

between 1957 and 1960. His plays, which deal with historical and

revolutionary themes, include Du Gul (Two Flowers, 1941); Sahvi



Rustam (Rustam's Error, 1948); Sa'odat (Good Fortune, 1949); Dilbar

(Ravisher, 1954); Shuhrati Nik (Good Reputation, 1956); Gulhoi Kanori



Shahr (Flowers on the Outskirts of Town, 1963); and Oftob Baroiton

Miros Ast (The Sun Is Your Heritage, 1965). A selection of his best

pieces was presented in Naqshi Zindagi (The Design of Life) in 1984.

Rabiev joined the Union of Writers of the Soviet Union in 1963. He

was decorated with many medals. Rabiev died in Dushanbe on May 20,

1983.

Rabi'i, Sa'dullo

Tajik poet Sa'dullo Rabi'i was born in Varzob in 1883. He received

his early education in Hissar. Early in life, influenced by the poetry of

Mirzo Bedil and So'ib, he began composing verses which he eventually

published as a collection entitled Hisori 'Ishq (The Love Barrier, 1920).

The volume consists of some 200 ghazals, 30 marsiyyas, 32 mukham-



mases, 11 ruba'is, and 2 stories. He also left an incomplete story in

verse that consists of 1183 verses.

His other works include "Berigod" ("Brigade," 1932), "Moskva"

("Moscow," 1935), and "Qalami Man" ("My Pen," 1985).

Rabi'i joined the Union of the Writers of Tajikistan in 1934. A

victim of Stalin's purges in Central Asia, Rabi'i died in 1939.



Rahim Hoshim

See Hoshimov, Rahim.



Rahim Jalil

See Jalilov, Rahim.



Rahimboev, Abdullo

Tajik politician Abdullo Rahimboev was born to a family of mer-

chants in Khujand on June 14, 1896. He was one of the major founders

of Soviet rule in Central Asia. He received his early education first in

the traditional schools, then in the new-method schools (1908-1917).


Prominent Tajik Figures of the Twentieth Century

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     

257


Rahimboev graduated from the Tashkent Seminary in 1917, became

a teacher in Khujand, and began his political activities among the Mus-

lim workers of Khujand. In 1919 and 1920, he was the Secretary of the

Communist Party of Khujand and Head of the Communist Party of

Samarqand. Between 1920 and 1923, he was Secretary of the Central

Committee of the Communist Party of Turkistan and was also a mem-

ber of the People's Committee dealing with the affairs of the peoples of

Russia. From 1923 to 1924, he was the First Secretary of the Commu-

nist Party of Bukhara and Second Secretary of the Central Committee of

the Communist Party of Turkistan. From 1925 to 1927, he studied

Marxism in Communist Courses at the Academy of Sciences of the

USSR. Between 1928 and 1933, he was Head of the State Publications

of the Peoples of the Soviet Union and the Head of the Committee

dealing with the Minorities in the Soviet Union. From 1933 to 37, he

was Head of the Soviet of the People's Commissariat. Rahimboev was a

victim of Stalin's purges, and died in Khujand on May 7,

 

1938. He was



decorated with the Order of Lenin and the Order of the Red Star.

Rahimi, Muhammadjon

Tajik poet Muhammadjon Vahhobovich Rahimi, also referred to as

Bukhari, was born on May 3, 1901, into a family of goldsmiths in

Bukhara. He received his early education in the traditional schools of

Bukhara. He served the government of Tajikistan in various capacities,

including the Directorship of the Literature Foundation. He joined the

CPSU in 1943.

Rahimi early works depicted the atrocities of the Manghit Amirs of

Bukhara. His first poems were published between 1924 and 1928 in the

newspapers of both Samarqand and Dushanbe. His first collection of

lyrical poetry was published in 1940. His main contributions include

"Chishmai Nur" ("The Fountain of Light"), "Kishvari Zarrin" ("The

Golden Land"), "Haikali az Nur" ("A Statue Made from Light," 1971,

and a body of poetry collected and published between 1978 and 1982

under the title of "Ash'ori Muntakhab" ("Selected Poems").

Rahimi joined the Union of Writers of the Soviet Union in 1934. He

received two Orders of the Red Banner of Labor, two Badges of Honor,

and the Honorary Order of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of

Tajikistan.

Rahimi died in Dushanbe on August 23, 1968.



Iraj Bashiri

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     

258


Rahimov, Abdullo

Tajik philosopher Abdullo Rahimov was born into a farming family

in the village of Hait of Gharm on June 1, 1932. He joined the CPSU in

1952.


Rahimov graduated from the Kulab Pedagogical Institute in 1957.

From 1957 to 1959, he was the Director of Middle School #1. From

1959 to 1962, he did post-graduate studies and in 1963, he became a

Senior Scientific Worker in the Philosophy Division of the Academy of

Sciences of Tajikistan. From 1963 to 1972, he was the Prorector of the

Kulab Pedagogical Institute; in 1972 and 1973, he was Assistant Profes-

sor of the Department of Philosophy and Scientific Communism of the

Tajikistan Institute of Agriculture. In 1973, he became Assistant Profes-

sor and Head of the Department of Philosophy and Scientific Commu-

nism of the Ibn Sina Medical Institute where he remained until 1978.

He became a doctor of philosophy in 1979, and a professor in 1980.

Rahimov's research deals with problems arising from the transfor-

mation--physical and spiritual--in Tajik villages during the socialist era.

His contributions include Sotsial'no-ekonomicheskoe preobrazovania v



tadzhikskoi derevne (Economical and Sociological Changes in Rural

Tajikistan, Dushanbe, 1968); and Problema cheloveka v filosofii (Man-

kind's Dilemma in Philosophy, Dushanbe, 1970).


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