P rominent t ajik f igures of the

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Adviser on the Tajikistan Accord Project at Conciliation Resources of

London (2000-01).

Abdullaev's contributions include Po Puti Velikogo Oktiabria (On

the Path of the Great October) edited with Nazarshoh Nazarshoev,

1988; Oruzhiem Pechatnogo Slova (With the Printed Word as a

Weapon, 1989); Politics of Compromise: The Tajikistan Peace Proc-

ess, edited with Catherine Barnes, 2001; Politika kompromissaMirny

protsess v Tadzhikistane (Politics of Compromise: The Tajikistan

Peace Process) edited with Catherine Barnes, 2001; and Exiles of

Bolshevism, Central Asian Emigration in 1918-1932 (in press).

Abdullaev has been a Fulbright Scholar (1994), Research Fellow at

the Kennan Institute for Advanced Russian Studies (1995), a British

Academy Visiting Fellow (1996), and a Sumitomo Bank Fellow (2001-


Abdullo, Ghani

Tajik poet and playwright Ghani Abdullo, Rashid Abdullo's brother,

was born on March 11, 1912, to a family of laborers in Samarqand.

Abdullo received his early education in the traditional schools of

Samarqand. He joined the CPSU in 1963.

Abdullo graduated from the Samarqand Pedagogical Institute in

1932. Soon after graduation, Abdullo joined the Education Commis-

sariat of the Republic of Tajikistan, working in the public education

sector in Dushanbe. Still later, he became the Secretary of the Union of

Writers of Tajikistan, then the leader of the Literature Division of the

Lahuti Theater. Like his brother, Rashid, he was imprisoned by Stalin's

regime, but unlike his brother, he survived the torture.

Ghani Abdullo's literary career began in the early 1930s as a lyrical

poet. His early works, in Uzbeki, include Satrhoi Sokhtmon (The Levels

of the Building, 1932) and Bo Nomi Vedding (Vedding by Name, 1933);

both works were published in Tashkent. Abdullo's Tajik poetry appears

under the title of Sado (Sound, 1935); he also published a story entitled

"Du Sohil" ("Two Shores," 1935), as well as several works on literary

criticism, including one dealing with the works of Jalol Ikromi (1933).

Ghani Abdullo's later career is that of a playwright who wrote about

contemporary issues and the history of the Tajiks, especially the

struggles of the Soviets in World War II. His contributions include

Vodii Bakht (The Realm of Luck, 1934), Rustam va Suhrob (Rustam and

Iraj Bashiri



Suhrab, 1935), and Shurishi Vose' (The Vose' Uprising,  1936). It is not,

however, until 1956 and 1957 that his Sharafi Inson (Man's Honor) and

Surudi Kuhsor (The Song of the Mountains) appeared on the Tajik stage.

Then, a year later, his Tufon (Storm) brought the life of V. I. Lenin to

the Tajik theater for the first time. His other plays, including Hurriat

(Freedom) and Mo az Bomi Jahon (We, From the Roof of the World,

1965) were staged shortly thereafter.

Ghani Abdullo was a People's Distinguished Artist of Tajikistan. He

joined the Union of Writers of Tajikistan in 1934 and was awarded the

Rudaki State Prize for literature in 1972. He passed away in Dushanbe

in 1984.

Abdullo, Rashid

Tajik poet, journalist, and translator, Rashid Abdullo was born into a

family of laborers in Samarqand in 1910. He was Ghani Abdullo's

brother. Rashid received his early education in traditional Samarqand


Abdullo graduated from the Faculty of Literature of the Uzbekistan

Academy of Education in 1932. Thereafter, he became the Secretary of

Baroi Adabiyoti Sotsialisti and Tojikistoni Surkh in Dushanbe. He also

served as the Director of the Literary Division of the Republic, and the

Director of the Censors of Dushanbe Film Studio. Later on, the

Tajikistan Central Komsomol Committee recommended that Abdullo be

assigned to the education center of the Vakhsh Rural District as an

instructor. His tasks included the elimination of illiteracy in the region.

Rashid Abdullo's poetry appears in the literary journals of the 1930s.

His story entitled "Qodir" ("Qodir"), depicts the feelings of a youth

upon taking control of a tractor for the first time; it was published in

1933 by the Tajikistan government press. His collection of poetry

appeared in 1935, followed in 1936 by Vakhsh (Vakhsh) which depicts

the Soviets' recovery of the Vakhsh marshes for cultivation.

As a translator, Abdullo brought some of the works of Lermontov

and Nazim Hikmat into Tajiki.

Rashid Abdullo joined the Union of Writers of Tajikistan in 1934. In

1937, he was accused of slander, a charge that placed him in Stalin's

prisons. He died in prison shortly after that.

Prominent Tajik Figures of the Twentieth Century



Abdullo, Safar

Tajik researcher and literary critic Safar Abdullo was born in 1955 in

the village of Artuch, in the Panjakent region of Zarafshan.

Abdullo graduated from Tajikistan State University in 1978 with a

degree in Tajiki language and literature. Subsequently, he worked







Institute of Language and Literature of the Academy















International Literature Institute

(1984-1990), and the Institute of Oriental


















Abdullo moved to Kazakhstan in 1993, where he headed the Iran

Section of the Academy of Sciences of Kazakhstan. He also was part of

the faculty of the Farabi University in Alma-Ata (present-day Almaty).

Abdullo's contributions include Hamosahoi  Milli dar Shi'ri Ruz

(National Epics in Contemporary Poetry, 1986) and Nuri Sukhan ( The

Light of Speech).


See Abdullozoda, Sherzod.

Abdulloev, Ahmad

Tajik literary critic Ahmad Abdulloev, also referred to as Ahmad

Abdullo, was born into a scholarly family in the village of Bibishirin in

the Boisun district of Surkhan Dariya province, on March 15, 1936.

Abdulloev graduated from the Dushanbe Pedagogical Institute in

1957 and started work at the Rudaki Institute of Language and Lit-

erature of the Academy of Sciences of Tajikistan in 1962.

Abdulloev's research, which deals with Perso-Tajik literature, in-

cludes analyses and appreciation of the works of medieval Tajik writers.

In this context, he has contributed the following: Adib Sobiri Tirmidhi

(Adib Sobir of Termez, 1969), Zahir Foryobi (Zahir of Fariab, 1974),

and Adabiyoti Forsu Tojik dar Nimai Avvali Asri Yozdah ( Persian and

Tajik Literatures of the First Half of the 11


 Century, 1979). He

received his doctorate degree in philology in 1984.

As part of his effort to understand the language, culture, and lit-

erature of pre-Mongol Central Asia, Abdulloev researched the works of

Unsuri, Farrukhi, and Manuchihri. In the works of the latter, he looked

for artistic innovations.

Iraj Bashiri



Other contributions of Abdulloev include Romontizmi Ustuvor va

Mailhoi Reolisti (Solid Romanticism and Realist Tendencies, 1979),

Sino va Raviyahoi Nazmi Zamoni U (Avicenna and the Poetic Trends of

His Time, 1980), and Oghozi Shi'ri Tojik (The Dawn of Tajik Poetry,


Abdulloev joined the Union of Writers of Tajikistan in1984.

Abdulloev, Ibodullo

Tajik music conductor Ibodullo Ermurodovich Abdulloev was born

into a farmer's family in the village of Qaraqchiqum in the Konibodom

district of northern Tajikistan, on December 9, 1918. He joined the

CPSU in 1944.

Abdulloev began his career at the Leninabad Music School in 1930

as a teacher of violin. From 1934 to 1939, he studied at the Moscow

State Conservatory Music School. He participated in the war effort from

1939 to 1946. For a while, thereafter, he was the violin player for the

symphony orchestra attached to the Aini Theater for the Academy of

Opera and Ballet. In 1950, after he graduated from the Moscow State

Conservatory, he returned to Dushanbe and continued his work there. In

1970, he became the Artistic Director and Chief Conductor of the Aini

Theater for the Academy of Opera and Ballet. The following are

examples of works performed under his direction: music for

Tchaikovsky's Kuli Quvon (Swan Lake, 1950), music for Sh.

Sayfuddinov's opera Pulod va Gulru (Pulad and Gulru, 1957), music

for S. A. Balasanian's Shurishi  Vose' (The Vose' Uprising, 1958), and

music for a number of other works.

Beginning in 1950, Abdulloev began teaching music, first at the

music schools and, after 1968, as part of the staff of the Dushanbe

Pedagogical Institute for the Arts. He is recognized as one of the main

promoters of symphonic music in the region. Abdulloev he was rec-

ognized as a Distinguished Artist of Tajikistan in 1968, and as a

People's Artist of the Republic in 1974.

Abdulloev, Khairullo

Tajik music composer Khairullo Abdulloev was born on February 1,

1930, in Kulab, in southern Tajikistan. Abdulloev began his career

under the supervision of his father. Between 1943 and 1948, he was the

ghizhzhak (xylophone) player for the Kulab Theater for Dramatic Arts.

Prominent Tajik Figures of the Twentieth Century



Abdulloev graduated from the Dushanbe Pedagogical Institute of

Music in 1953, and from the Moscow State Music Conservatory in

1958. From 1958 to 1960, he was a teacher at the Dushanbe Peda-

gogical School of Music. Between 1960 and 1965, he was music editor

for Tajikistan Television. From 1965 to 1967, he was the Head of the

Music Hall of the Center for People's Creative Arts in Dushanbe. In

1968, he became the Chief Music Editor for Tajikistan Television.

Abdulloev is the author of a 1956 volume on three major instru-

ments: violin, violin cello, and piano. His other works include Sadoi

Osio (The Voice of Asia, 1957), Ba V. I. Lenin (To V. I. Lenin, 1965),

Nolai Tahmina (Tahmina's Lament, 1967), and Dostoni Simfoni (The

Story of the Symphony, 1972).

Abdulloev, Ziyodullo

Tajik poet Ziyodullo Abdulloev, also referred to as Ziyo Abdullo,

was born into a farming family in the village of Khishtkupruk of

Qabodion on December 10, 1948.

Abdulloev graduated from the Dushanbe Pedagogical Institute in

1971. He worked for a number of years thereafter as a teacher, reporter

for Komsomoli Tojikiston, and a copy editor for Sadoi Sharq. In 1983,

he joined the literary and artistic staff of the Union of Writers of


Abdulloev's first poems appeared early in the 1970s. His early contri-

butions are published in two volumes: Iftikhori Zamon (The Pride of

Ages, 1982) and Daryo (The River, 1985). His other works include Kafi

Khok (The Foam of the Earth, 1982), Forugh (Light, 1990), as well as

an interpretation of Abdurahmon Mushfiqi's Zeri Tegh (Under the

Sword, 1991), Majmuai Dastajam'i (Group Collection, Moscow, 1998),

and Tajovuze Nur (Encroachment of Light).

The themes of Abdulloev's poetry include patriotism, the labor of the

farmers, and the praises of the beautiful scenery of Tajikistan.

Abdulloev joined the Union of Writers of the Soviet Union in 1984.

Abdullokhujaev, Zaki

Tajik physician and contagious disease specialist Zaki Yaqubovich

Abdullokhujaev was born into a family of builders on February 12,

1929, in Khujand.

Abdullokhujaev graduated from the Tajikistan State Medical In-

stitute Named After Ibn Sina in 1950 and, in 1955, defended his post-

Iraj Bashiri



graduate thesis. From 1955 to 1960, he was an intern and an Assistant

Professor in the Department of Contagious Diseases at the same in-

stitute. In 1965, he defended his dissertation on The Process of Oxidi-

zation and the Establishment and Oxygen Balance in Hepatitis. He

became a physician in 1967, and a professor in 1969. From 1967 to

1968, he was the Acting Director of the Dushanbe Institute of Epide-

meology. In 1968, he became the Director of the Department of Chil-

dren's Contagious Diseases. He also became the Director of the Chil-

dren's Division of the Ministry of Health and Well-being of the


Abdullokhujaev has published a noteworthy number of studies in

relation to contagious diseases including Tashkhis u Mu'olijai Bimorii

Botkin dar Bachagon (How to Diagnose and Treat Hepatitis in Chil-

dren, 1970) and Tarzu Usulhoi Mu'olijai Ba'zi Bimorihoi Vaznini

Bachagon (Methods and Principles for Treating Grave Cases of Chil-

dren's Diseases, 1972).

Abdullozoda, Roziullo

Tajik intellectual Roziullo Abdullozoda was born in Uroteppa in

1912. He completed the Tashkent Economics Institute in 1930 and the

Dushanbe Pedagogical Institute in 1941. In subsequent years, he taught

Tajiki language and literature in Uroteppa and Panjakent high schools.

Abdullozoda's early articles were published in Omuzgor, Jumhuriyyat,

Javononi Tojikiston, Sadoi Sharq, Firuza, and Ilm va Hayot. Abdullo-

zoda joined the Union of Writers of Tajikistan in 1959. Contributions of

Abdullozoda include Zarbulmasal va Hikmat dar Osori Aini (Apho-

risms and Philosophical Thought in the Works of Aini, 1958),

Muntakhabi Ash'ori Lutfi (Selected Works of Lutfi, 1959), Ash'ori Noili

Shirzoda (The Poems of Noil Shirzada, 1961), and Pandi 'Oqil (The

Advice of the Wise, 1982). Yodi az Guzashtagon (In Memory of the

Departed), a collection of poetry published in 1983, contains a number

of Abdullozoda' s poems.

Abdullozoda, Sherzod

Tajik historian Sherzod Abdullozoda, also referred to as Abdulloev,





in the


village of Niknom


of Panjakent on September 26, 1946.

He graduated from Middle School in 1964.

Abdullozoda graduated from the Tajikistan State University Faculty

of Oriental Studies with a degree in Arabic Language and Literature in

Prominent Tajik Figures of the Twentieth Century



1970. Between 1979 and 1983, he completed his post-graduate studies.

In 1983, he defended his dissertation entitled Oqibathoi Ijtimoii Inqilobi

Ilmio Tekhniki az Didgohi Ilohiyyoti Islomi (The Social Consequences

of Scientific Revolution from the Point of View of Islamic Theology). In

1992, he was appointed as the Director of the Department of Philosophy

and Religion of the same institute.

Abdullozoda's contributions include Islomi Muosir dar Arsai Siosat

va Ideologia (Contemporary Islam in the Arena of Politics and Ideol-

ogy, Dushanbe, 1990); Ma'orifparvari va Ozodfikri (Freethinking and

Educational Development, Dushanbe, 1994). The latter work deals with

the philosophical and religious thought of Tajik intellectual Ahmad

Donish. Abdullozoda's










ba Islom-

shinosi (An Introduction to the Study of Islam, Dushanbe, 1998); and

Asoshoi Dinshinosi (The Bases of the Study of Religion, Dushanbe,


Abdullozoda has traveled to Iran and the republics of the former

Soviet Union.

Abdumannonov, Abdurahmon

Tajik literary critic Abdurahmon Abdumannonov was born into a

family of farmers in the village of Boghiston of Tashkent on April 6,


Abdumannonov graduated from Tajikistan State University in 1968.

From 1972 to 1975, he was a Scientific Worker at the Institute of

Oriental Studies of the Academy of Sciences of Tajikistan. From 1975

to 1978, he was the Chief Scientific Editor and Chief Editor of the Tajik

Soviet Encyclopedia. In 1979, he became the Chief Scientific Worker of

the Rudaki Institute of Language and Literature at the Academy of

Sciences of Tajikistan.

Abdumannonov's research deals with the works of the Iranian poet

Malak al-Shu'ara Bahar and the question of "new Persian poetry."

Abdumannonov has written several essays about this subject. He is also

one of the authors of the six-volume Ta'rikhi Adabiyoti Sovetii Tojik:

Inkishofi Zhonrho (The History of Soviet-Tajik Literature: Development

of the Genres). He is also interested in the realist elements in the poetry

of the Perso-Tajik peoples, especially the inception and development of

socialist realism in contemporary Tajik literature.

Iraj Bashiri



Abdumannonov has written extensively on the works of such Tajik

greats as Aini, Lahuti, Payrav, Tursunzoda, Ikromi, Shukuhi, Ansori,

Sherali, Gulrukhsor, Gulnazar, and others.

Abdumannonov became a member of the Union of Writers of the

Soviet Union in 1984.

Abdurahmonov, Fozil

Tajik morphologist and physician Fozil Abdurahmonovich

Abdurahmonov was born into a family of workers of Konibodom on

December 5, 1930. He joined the CPSU in 1957.

Abdurahmonov graduated from the Pediatrics Department of the Taji-

kistan State Medical Institute in 1952. From 1955 to 1962, he was the

Director of Dushanbe Pedagogical Institute of Medicine No. 1. He re-

ceived his doctorate degree in medicine in 1969. In the same year he

also became a professor, the Director of the Department of Normal

Anatomy, and the Dean of the Faculty of Pediatrics.

Abdurahmonov has written a number of scientific studies including a

monograph on Raghoi Khunguzari Sifoq (The Blood Circulating Veins

of the Peritoneum, 1974).

Abdurahmonov was decorated with the Order of the Red Banner and

several other medals.

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