P rominent t ajik f igures of the


Download 2.89 Mb.

bet9/49
Sana18.04.2017
Hajmi2.89 Mb.
1   ...   5   6   7   8   9   10   11   12   ...   49

Bobosharifov, Sodirkhon

Tajik singer, composer, and musicologist Sodirkhon Bobosharifov,

also referred to as Sodirkhon, was born in Khujand in 1847. He is one

of the most distinguished masters of classical Tajik music known as



Shashmaqom. He was born into a family of retailers of the Qushbegi

district of Khujand. Recognizing the musical talent of his son, Sodirov's

father took him to Buzurg Khontura, one of the most famous musicians

in Khujand. He learned how to play the dutar and sing from Buzurg

Khontura, and how to play the tambourine from the poet Koshif. In

time, Bobosharifov's musical abilities made him one of the most popu-

lar singers of classical songs. His voice was resounding and melodious,

with a wide diapason. Furthermore, he could "travel" from high pitches

to low and vice versa with ease, especially when performing the

"Ushshoq," "Ufor," and "Shahnoz" modes. His compositions were



Prominent Tajik Figures of the Twentieth Century

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     

59

based on the sonnets of Hafizi Shirazi and the poems of Kamali



Khujandi, Khusravi Dihlavi, Abdurrahmani Jami, and Alisher Navo'i.

Bobosharifov's repertoire was rich and varied. He was particularly

skillful in the performance of "Ushshoq," "Ufor," "Gulyor," "Dilkha-

rosh," "Talqin," "Chorgohi Munojot," "Munojot," "Sigohi Du," "Sigohi

Se," and other modes.

During early years of the Soviet rule, Bobosharifov served as a

teacher of music. Later on, various foreign firms recorded his music. A

selection of his compositions was published in Tajikistan in 1946.

Bobosharifov died in Khujand in 1931.

Bobosodiqova, Guljahon

Tajik politician Guljahon Boboevna Bobosodiqova was born on No-

vember 8, 1937, in Uroteppa to a family of state officials. She joined

CPSU in 1960.

Bobosodiqova graduated from Tajikistan State University in 1959

with a degree in physics and mathematics. Bobosodiqova started her po-

litical career in 1961 as the secretary of the Komsomol Committee in

Dushanbe. Thereafter, she occupied a number of positions including

Deputy Chair of the Organizational Committee of the Communist Party

of Tajikistan (1972-75), Member of the Central Committee of the Com-

munist Party of Tajikistan, and Representative to the Supreme Soviet of

both the USSR and Tajikistan.

Bobosodiqova has organized seminars for women's access to educa-

tion, headed projects dealing with education for girls, and served as

project head for the "Convention on the Liquidation of Discrimination

Against Women," "The School of Law Education for Women," and

"Women and Modernity." She is the President of the Association of

Women with University Degrees.

Bobosodiqova has received three Orders of the Red Banner of Labor

and the Order of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of Tajikistan.



Bobozoda, Sajo'atullo

Tajik poet Sajo'atullo Sa'dulloevich Bobozoda was born in Hissar in

1961.

Bobozoda graduated from Tajikistan State University with a degree



in physics in 1983, and proceeded to teach in high schools. No one,

other than his wife and Ziyo Abdullo, was aware of his talent as a poet.

He was a disciple of the poetic school of Bozor Sobir. Many of


Iraj Bashiri

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     

60

Bobozoda's poems, which are centered on social issues, were published



after his death and were received with great enthusiasm. A collection,

entitled Kafani Koghazin (Paper Shroud), containing 119 complete and

10 incomplete poems, was published in 1992. A number of articles

attributed to him have appeared in Kaihoni Havoi and Qandi Porsi.

Bobozoda died in Hissar in 1990.

Boimatov, Kamoliddin

Tajik mathematician Kamoliddin Hamroevich Boimatov was born in

the village of Dombra in Vose' on June 24, 1950. He joined the CPSU

in 1981.


Boimatov graduated from the Department of Mechanics and Mathe-

matics of Moscow State University in 1971. Thereafter, he worked for a

while at the Mathematics Division of the Institute of Mathematics of the

Academy of Sciences of Tajikistan. From 1971 to 1974, he was a post-

graduate student at Moscow University. In 1974, he worked at both the

Institute of Mathematics and the Accounting Division of the Academy

of Sciences of Tajikistan. From 1981 to 1986, he was the Acting

Director of the Academy; thereafter, he was the Division Director. He

received his doctorate degree in mathematics in 1982.

Boimatov's research deals with functions resolution and differential

equations. He prepared the principles for the new operational specter

theories with very important results.

Boimatov received the Lenin Komsomol Prize in 1976.

Boqi, Mirzoamon

Tajik poet and journalist Mirzoamon Boqi was born in the village of

Irazbolo of Maschoh in the Zarafshan province in 1945.

He graduated from Tajikistan State University in 1971 and worked

until 1973 in the literary department of Sado va Simoi Tojikiston. In

1974, he was employed by the Omuzgor weekly journal. His work is

heavily influenced by Iranian intellectuals. The themes of his stories in-

clude the fate of humanity, the secrets of the universe, and philosophies

dealing with the issues of life and death. His contributions include

Hamosai Modar va Kudak (Epic of Mother and Child, 1980) and

Tarjimai Andarzhoi Tolstoi (Translation of Tolstoy's Advice, 1990).


Prominent Tajik Figures of the Twentieth Century

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     

61

Boqi, Mullo

Tajik author and journalist Mullo Boqi Maschohi was born in the

village of Postghu of Maschoh in the Zarafshan province in 1932.

Boqi graduated from Uroteppa Pedagogical Institute in 1952, and

from the State University of Khujand with a degree in Tajiki language

and literature in 1966. Between 1967 and 1970, he worked at the Shah-

rak Radio Station. In 1970, he joined the Union of Soviet Journalists,

and from then until 1988, worked at Haqiqati Leninobod. His first story,

entitled "Bars Kokulak," was published in 1969. His main themes

include criticism of the social and administrative degeneration of the

Soviet system. His other works include Bahodur  Dilvarzin (Bahodur



Dilvarzin, 1976), Rohi Bardavom (Unending Road, 1979), and Ranghoi

Ruzigor (The Colors of the Firmament, 1989).

Boqi Maschohi died in Dushanbe in 1995.



Boqieva, Muslima

Tajik singer Muslima Boqieva was born on November 7, 1933, in

Bukhara. Although early on she worked among the havaskoron amateur

group of Bukhara, her career did not begin until 1953, when she entered

the company of the Ensemble of Rubob Players of the Tajik State Phil-

harmonic Society. Her repertoire includes a wide range of international

songs in Tajiki, Azeri, Russian, Turkmeni, and other languages. As a

member of the ensemble, she traveled to Iran (1957) and Afghanistan

(in 1963 and 1973) to perform concerts. Singing lyrics like "Ai Mash'ali

Sharq" ("O Flame of the East"), "Gul ba Bogh" ("Flower in the Gar-

den"), "Jomi Mai" ("Cup of Wine"), "Savghot" ("Souvenir"), and "Pak-

htachinon Misaroyand" ("Cotton Pickers Compose") is her forté. She

participated in the Tajik Decade of Art and Literature in Moscow and in

the sixth Youth Festival also in Moscow in 1957).



Bozor Sobir

See Sobirov, Bozor.



Bukhari

See Rahimi, Muhammadjon.



Burhon Farrukh

See Mahkamov, Burhon.



Iraj Bashiri

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     

62

Burhon Ghani

See Ghaniev, Burhon.

Burhonov, Asliddin

Tajik actor and movie director Asliddin Badriddinovich Burhonov

was born on January 8, 1915, in Bukhara. From his early childhood,

Burhonov performed as a part of the havaskoron amateur group of

Bukhara and Ghizhduvon. He joined the CPSU in 1945.

In 1933, he joined the Lahuti State Academy of Dramatic Arts, play-

ing in roles of resolute men who fought for freedom, as well as loyal

and thoughtful men of foresight. A versatile and talented actor, he

played both dramatic and comic roles skillfully and naturally. The roles

he has performed include Rizo in Muboriza (Struggle), by A. Usmonov,

1933; Ferdinand in Makr va Muhabbat (Cunning and Love), by Schiller,

1937; Khushvaqt in Tuhmat (Slander), by S. Saidmurodov and I.

Isma'ilov, 1938; Salim and Safar in Kaltadoroni Surkh (The Red Club

Wielders, 1941) and in Dar Otash (In the Fire, 1944), both by S.

Ulughzoda; Hajir and Suhrob in Rustam va Suhrob (Rustam and



Suhrab), by Pirmuhammadzoda and V. Volkenstein, 1941-1945; Hoji

Vaqqos in Aruse Panj 'Suma' (The Five-"Sum" Bride), by M. Urdubodi,

1943; Koba in Khonlar (The Khans), by S. Burqun, 1951; Qori

Ishkamba in Margi Sudkhur (The Death of the Money Lender), by S.

Aini, 1953; and Rudaki in Rudaki (Rudaki), by S. Ulughzoda, 1958.

Burhonov was the first actor to play V. I. Lenin on the Tajik stage.

The play, entitled Odami Miltiqdor (Man with a Rifle, 1948), was writ-

ten by N. Pogodin. Later on, he again played that role in N. Pogodin's



Soli 1919 - Faromushnashavanda (The Unforgettable Year of 1919,

1960).


Burhonov also had expertise in classical Western dramatic arts.

Among his contributions in this regard are Muallimi 'Ishq (Teacher of



Love), by M. Mirshakar; Arusi Panj "Suma" (The Five-"Sum" Bride), by

M. Urdubodi; and Gavhari Shabcharogh (The Brilliant Jewel) and



Rudaki (Rudaki), by S. Ulughzoda.

In the 1970's, Burhonov played the main roles in Antigona (Anti-



gona), by Sofokl, 1971; Dasti Dusti (Hand of Friendship), by M. Naz-

arov, 1974; and Faryodi 'Ishq (The Cry of Love), by Gh. Abdullo, 1975.



Prominent Tajik Figures of the Twentieth Century

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     

63

In 1941, Burhanov began contributing to the Tajik Cinema. Among



his contributions is: Az Gang to Kreml (From the Ganges to the

Kremlin, 1975).

He also dubbed Lenin's speeches into Tajiki in Odami Miltighdor

(Man with a Rifle), Lenin dar Soli 1918 (Lenin in 1918), and a number

of other films. Beginning in 1972, Burhonov began teaching his art at

the State Institute for Dramatic Arts.

In 1965, he became a People's Artist of the Soviet Union. Burhonov

received a number of awards both at the local (Tajik) and the all Union

levels including the Order of Lenin, three Orders of the Badge of

Honor, and the Order of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of

Tajikistan. Burhonov died in Dushanbe in December 1997.



Burhonov, Muzaffar

Tajik ballet artist Muzaffar Aslievich Burhonov was born on July 3,

1941, in Dushanbe.

Son of Asliddin Burhonov, he graduated first from the Leninabad

Academy of Choreography in 1961 and later from the Moscow State

Institute of Ballet in 1970. In 1961, he became the soloist and Ballet

Master of the Aini Theater for the Academy of Opera and Ballet.

Burhonov is a talented artist; there is something new and fresh in

each of the characters that he creates. He participated, alongside Malika

Sobirova, in the International Festival of Ballet Artists in Bulgaria, in

1964, a performance that garnered them a silver medal. The roles he

created include Borband in Korsar (Karsar), by Adan, 1961; Shohzoda

Zigfrid in Kuli Quvon (Swan Lake), by P. Tchaikovsky, 1962; Lenin in

Bo Rohi Ra'di Ghurron (On the Way of the Raging Thunder), by Q.

Qaroev, 1963; Zafar and Qodir in Afsonai Kuhsor (The  Legend of the



Highlands) and Pisari Vatan (Son of the Motherland), both by U. Ter-

Osipov, 1964, 1967; Avbosh in Khonum va Avbosh (The Lady and the



Rogue), by D. Shostakovich, 1967; Romeo in Romeo va Julietta

(Romeo and Juliet), by S. Prokofiev, 1968; Bazil' in Don-Kikhot (Don



Quixote), by L. Minkus; Majnun in Laili va Majnun (Layli and

Majnun), by Balasanian, 1970; Teymurmalik and Chingiz Khon in

Teymurmalik (Taimurmalik), by M. Ashrafi, 1972; and others.

Burhonov has also directed some of the above-mentioned works,

 

in-


cluding Pisari Vatan, Laili va Majnun, and Teymurmalik. While per-

forming these roles, Burhonov traveled to Bulgaria, Canada, Italy, Iran,

Turkey, and Mongolia.


Iraj Bashiri

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     

64

In 1971, he became a People's Artist of Tajikistan. He also is the re-



cipient of the Badge of Honor, and the Order of the Presidium of the

Supreme Soviets of Tajikistan, Belarus, and Ukraine. Burhonov left

Tajikistan for Poland in 1993,.

Buri Karim

See Karimov, Buri.



Buzurgzoda, Lutfullo

Tajik linguist and literary critic Lutfullo Buzurgzoda was born in

Isfara in 1909. He received his early education in Isfara and Kazan, and

his higher education in Samarqand and Leninabad. He joined the CPSU

in 1942.

For a while, he was an editor as well as a Lecturer at the Dushanbe

Pedagogical Institute. At the same time, he was in charge of the Tajiki-

stan division of the Academy of Sciences of the Soviet Union. In 1941,

he volunteered to join the war effort and was killed.

Buzurgzoda was accomplished in linguistics, stylistics, and folklore ;

in each field, he has left contributions. These include Shivai Tojikoni

Chilgazi (The Speech of the Tajiks of Chilgaz, 1936), Zada dar Zaboni

Adabii Tojik (Stress in the Tajiki Language, 1937), Shivai Leninobodi

(The Speech of the People of Leninabad, 1937), Shivai Vorukh (The



Speech of the People of Vorukh ), Dar Borai Shivai Tojikoni Sukh

(Concerning the Speech of the Tajiks of Sukh), Ba'zi Khususiyyathoi



Zaboni Aholii Samarqand (Some Peculiarities of the Speech of Samar-

qandis, 1939), Ocherki Mukhtasari Dialektologiai Shivahoi Tojikii

Vodii Zarafshon (A Brief Study of the Dialects of the Speech of the

People of the Zaravshan Region, 1939), Fonetikai Zaboni Adabii Tojik

(The Phonetics of Literary Tajiki, 1940), In'ikosi Shurishi Vose' dar



Folklor (The Reflection of the Vose' Uprising in Folklore, 1941), Mor-

fologiyai Zaboni Tojiki (Tajik Morphology, 1942), Sintaksisi Zaboni

Tojiki (Tajiki Syntax, 1942), and others.

Buzurgzoda died on 12 November, 1943.



65

D

Dahri

See Jalilov, Rahim.



Davlatov, Davlatali

Tajik politician Davlatali Davlatov was born in Khujand in 1947.

He graduated from the Tajikistan State University with a degree in

Oriental Studies. From 1986 to 1973, he served as an interpreter to

Soviet military advisors assigned to Egypt and Syria. He also worked at

the Department of Oriental Studies of the Academy of Sciences of Taji-

kistan. In 1980, Davlatov successfully defended his thesis at the Insti-

tute of Oriental Studies of the Academy of Sciences of the Soviet

Union, and joined the Central Committee of the Communist Party of

Tajikistan. From 1993 to 1995, he served as an advisor to and press sec-

retary of the President of the Republic. In November 1995, he was pro-

moted to State Adviser to the President. His office deals with interethnic

issues, as well as with public associations. In 1988, the Department of

Public Relations, Culture, and Information was placed within his juris-

diction.

Dehoti, Abdusalom

Tajik author and poet Abdusalom Pirmuhammadzoda Dehoti was

born into a merchant family in Samarqand on March, 14, 1911. His

early education was in old-method schools followed by middle school

in Samarqand in 1930 and higher education in 1931. He joined the

CPSU in 1941.

From 1931 to 1934, he worked at Haqiqati Uzbekistan. In 1935, he

moved to Dushanbe and worked for the State Publications of Tajikistan.

After a stint (1935-38) at Baroi Adabiyoti Sotsiolisti, he became the

President of the Union of Writers of Tajikistan (1938-40). Between

1940 and 1951, he was the Assistant Editor of Sharqi Surkh (later Sadoi

Sharq). These early activities were followed by a position as Advisor to

the Institute of Communist History (1953-58), and as the Chief Editor

of Tojikiston (1953-1961).


Iraj Bashiri

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     

66

Dehoti's early works, influenced by the works of Sadriddin Aini (es-



pecially Odina), were published in Ovozi Tojik and Rahbari Donish as

early as 1929. "Hamidai Siyohbakht" ("Unlucky Hamida") and

"Ajinaho" ("The Fairies") are cases in point. Dehoti's first collection of

poetry, entitled Manzarahoi Sigona (The Three Views, 1932), was fol-

lowed by Taronahoi Mihnat (Songs of Labor) in 1934.

Dehoti's works as a playwright began with Khisrav va Shirin

(Khosrow  and Shirin, 1936) for which he cooperated with Mirzo

Tursunzoda. From there the two went on to write Shurishi Vose' (The



Vose' Uprising, 1940), the play that formed the basis for the Tajik opera

of the same name. Their use of local color, especially using the folklore

of the people of the region, helped build a more authentic character for

Vose' than otherwise would have been possible. Dehoti's Nur dar



Kuhiston (Light in the Highlands, 1947) depicts the lives of teachers in

the Gharm region carrying out their duties in spite of Basmachi threats.

Although his quatrains gained Dehoti a great deal of fame, his son-

nets and mathnavis (odes) on social issues were of no less importance.

In general, he projected a balanced view of the social issues of Soviet

culture in Tajikistan.

Dehoti joined the Union of Writers of Tajikistan in 1934. He re-

ceived two Orders of Red Banner of Labor, 2 Badge of Honor, and sev-

eral Orders of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of Tajikistan.

Dehoti died on 31 January 1962 in Dushanbe. His collected works,

in five volumes, appeared in 1965/66.

Dihqoni Faqir

See Valizoda, Saidali.



Dinorshoev, Muso

Tajik philosopher and linguist Muso Dinorshoev was born on No-

vember 7, 1934, in the Darband district of Tajikistan. Dinorshoev re-

ceived his early education in the Russian school of Sangvor. He com-

pleted his early education at the Kofarnihon Pedagogical School (1949-

1953). He joined the CPSU in 1965.

Between 1954 and 1959, Dinorshoev attended the National State

University of Tajikistan and graduated summa cum laude with a degree

in history and philosophy. Currently, he is the Director of the Institute

of Philosophy and Law at the Academy of Sciences of Tajikistan.



Prominent Tajik Figures of the Twentieth Century


Do'stlaringiz bilan baham:
1   ...   5   6   7   8   9   10   11   12   ...   49


Ma'lumotlar bazasi mualliflik huquqi bilan himoyalangan ©fayllar.org 2017
ma'muriyatiga murojaat qiling