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Jalilov, Abduhamid

Tajik historian Abduhamid Jalilov was born into a worker's family in

the village of Mahram in Khonibodom on May 25, 1926. He joined the

CPSU in 1947.

Jalilov graduated from the Leninabad Pedagogical Institute with a

degree in history in 1948. From 1953 to 1966, he was a Laboratory

Technician, then a Junior, and later a Senior Scientific Worker at the In-

stitute of History. In 1966, he became the Head of the Department of

World History in the Middle Ages at Tajikistan State University. He re-

ceived his doctorate degree in history in 1976 and became a professor in

1978.


Jaliliov's research deals with the problems of Soviet Sughdology,

history, and the history of Tajik civilization in the Middle Ages. He is

one of the authors of the multi-volume Ta'rikhi RSS Tojikiston (History

of the Peoples of SSR of Tajikistan). His other contributions include

Sogd nakanune arabskogo nashestvia i bor'ba sogdiitsev protiv arab-

skikh zavoevatelei v pervoi polovine VIII v. (Sughdia Before the Arab

Invasion and the Struggle of the Sughdians Against Arab Invaders at

the Beginning of the 8

th

 Century, Stalinabad, 1961); Iz Istorii kul'turnoi

zhizni predkov tadzhikskogo naroda i tadzhikov v rannem srednevekov'e

(From the History of the Ancestors of the Tajiks and the Tajiks of the



Middle Ages, Dushanbe, 1973); and Iz Istorii polozhenia zhenshchin

Srednei Azii do i posle rasprostranenia islama (From the History of the

Condition of Central Asian Women Before and After the Spread of

Islam, Dushanbe, 1974).

Jalilov was recognized as a Distinguished Contributor to Tajik Edu-

cation in 1976 and to Soviet Education in 1979.

Jalilov, Manzur

Tajik geologist Manzur Rahimovich Jalilov was born in Khujand on

June 12, 1932. He joined the CPSU in 1962.

Jalilov graduated from Tajikistan State University in 1956. From

1956 to 1957, he was a Scientific Worker at the Institute of Geology of

the Academy of Sciences of Tajikistan. In 1967, he became the Director



Prominent Tajik Figures of the Twentieth Century

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     

127


of the Paleography and Stratigraphy Division of the same institute. He

received his doctorate degree in geology and mineralogy in 1976 and

became a Corresponding Member of the Academy of Sciences of Taji-

kistan in 1981.

Jalilov's research deals with the remains of the soft-bodied animals

of the Chalk Era in Central Asia. He has created the basis for the study

of the Stratigraphy of the Gastropods of the Chalk Era in southern Taji-

kistan and has determined their sex. His contributions include Melovie



briukhonogie ioga-vostoka Srednei Azii (Chalk Gastropods of South-

eastern Central Asia, Dushanbe, 1977).

Jalilov is a recipient of the Red Banner of Courage, the Badge of

Honor, and the Honorary Order of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet

of Tajikistan.

Jalilov, Rahim

Tajik novelist, poet, and playwright Rahim Jalilov, also referred to

as Rahim Jalil, was born on June 3, 1909, into the family of shoemakers

in Khujand. He received his early education in Khujand where he later

taught until 1931. He joined the CPSU in 1943.

Between 1931 and 1951, he worked for a number of newspapers, in-

cluding Korgari Khujand, Haqiqati Leninobod, Tojikistoni Surkh, and

Sharqi  Surkh. His poetic career is recorded under the penname Dahri;

the first collection of his poetry appeared under the title of Mawjhoi



Muzaffariyyat (Waves of Victory) in 1933. Thereafter, he wrote satirical

stories and published a collection of short stories entitled Arezu (Desire)

in 1936. Jalilov's first novel, Gulru (Gulru) was published in 1941. In it,

following Aini's style, he presented a new portrayal of Tajik woman.

After the war, he rewrote a more complete Gulru and published it under

the title of Odamoni Jovid (Eternal People). He also contributed a num-

ber of stories dealing with the heroism of the Red Army. One such vol-

ume was called Hikoyahoi Zamoni Jang (Stories of the War Days,

1944). In 1956, he published a long novel entitled Angisht Kanon (The

Coal Miners), in installments. The same work was republished as a

complete novel in 1959 under the title of Shurob (Shurob). The second

volume of Shurob was published in 1964. In 1961, he published his first

musical play called Sobhi Sahro (The Morning of the Prairie), and in

1963 another play called Dili Sho'ir (The Heart of the Poet), which

dealt with the life of Kamol Khujandi.



Iraj Bashiri

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     

128


Jalilov's other works include Shi'rho va Hikoyaho (Poems and

Stories, 1939), Hissa va Qissa ( Fables and Stories, 1941), Pushaimoni

(Repentance, 1960), Ilhom (Inspiration, 1973), Dukhtari Marmarin

(Marble Girl, 1975), Bozgasht az Bihisht (Return From Paradise,

1976), Gardishi Falak (The  Passage of Time, 1982), and Hizor Sho'ir

(A Thousand Poets, 1976).

Jalilov was a People's Writer of Tajikistan, as well as a recipient of

the Rudaki State Prize in 1970. He also received the Order of Lenin,

Orders of the Red Banner of Labor, the Badge of Honor, the Order of



Dusti (Friendship) of the Republic of Tajikistan.  Jalilov died in

Khujand in 1988.



Jalolov, Obid

Tajik linguist Obid Jalolovich Jalolov was born into a poor farming

family in Chust, Uzbekistan, in 1907. He joined the CPSU in 1939.

After graduating from the Tashkent Scientific Institute in 1924, he

went to Dushanbe and worked at the University and at various newspa-

pers and journals. From 1939 to 1942, he was Assistant Professor of

Tajiki Language and Associate Director of Research of the Stalinabad

State Pedagogical Institute. He received his doctorate degree in philoso-

phy in 1956 and became a professor in 1958. Between 1946 and 1959,

he was the Director of the Dialectology Division, Institute of Languages

and Literature, Academy of Sciences of Tajikistan and from 1959 to

1969, he was a Senior Scientific Worker in the same institute.

Jalolov has published the following three scientific articles: "Mu-

nosibati Shevai Chust va Zaboni Adabi" ("The Relationship Between

the Chust and the Literary Language," 1949); "Kategoriai Jam' va Ba'zi

Mas'alahoi Zaboni Tojiki" ("The Plural Category and Some Tajiki Re-

lated Questions," 1961); and "Guruhi Lahjahoi Raioni Yovon" ("The

Group of Yavon Dialects," 1967).

Jalolov died in Dushanbe in 1969.

Jamshedov, Parvonakhon

Tajik educator Parvonakhon Jamshedov was born in the village of

Tang in the district of Shughnan, Badakhshan, on March 20, 1943.

Between 1950 and 1960, he completed middle school in Shughnan. In

1961, he entered the Dushanbe Pedagogical Institute but, in 1962, he

joined the Soviet Army. He joined the CPSU in 1965.



Prominent Tajik Figures of the Twentieth Century

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     

129


Jamshedov graduated from the Dushanbe Pedagogical Institute in

1968. In the same year he began teaching English at the same institute.

In 1969, he served as the Dean of Reading Activities. From 1972 to

1974, he was a post-graduate student at the Leningrad Linguistics In-

stitute, where he defended his dissertation entitled Fe'l: Zamonhoi Da-

vomdor dar Zabonhoi Tojiki va Angelisi ( Verb: Continuous Temporals

in Tajiki and English Languages). From 1974 to 1981, he was the Dean

of the Faculty of Foreign Languages. From 1981 to 1991, he was the

Head of the Faculty of Foreign Languages and Typology of the

Dushanbe Pedagogical Institute. In 1990, he taught a two-month course

at the University of Utrecht, in the Netherlands. Between 1991 and

1995, he carried out research at the School of Oriental and African

Studies (with a four-month teaching stint) at the University of Madison,

Wisconsin, USA. Since 1995, he has served as the Head of the Depart-

ments of Foreign Languages at Khorugh and at the Dushanbe Pedagogi-

cal Institute. In 1997, he successfully defended his dissertation, entitled



Problemhoi Tipologiai Fe'l (Verb Typology Problems), at the Institute

of Linguistics of the Academy of Sciences of the Russian Federation.

He received his professorship in the same year.

Jamshedov's scholarship covers a wide range of topics including, on

the one hand, compilation of the cultural relics of Tajikistan and, on the

other hand, leadership of the instructors of the English language.

Jamshedov's contributions include Semantika vidov v raznosytemnikh

yazika (Semantic Aspects of Language Diffusion, Dushanbe, 1989);

Problemi glagol'noi tipologii (Problems of Verb Typology, Dushanbe,

1987); Gramatikai Muqoisavii Zabonhoi Tojiki va Angelisi (Compara-



tive Grammar of the Tajiki and English Languages, Dushanbe, 1978);

Safarnoma (Travelogue, Dushanbe, 1997); Az Somonion to Zamoni

Hozira (From the Samanids to the Present, Dushanbe, 2001); and The

Roof of the World, Dushanbe, 2001).

Jamshedov was recognized as a Distinguished Contributor, to Edu-

cation and for Renowned Service (1999). He is a recipient of the Red

Banner of Courage, as well as the 100

th

 Anniversary of the Birth of



Lenin Prize.

Jamshedov has traveled to the United States, Canada, Iran, Russia,

India, Germany, Cuba, Holland, and Singapore.


Iraj Bashiri

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     

130


Javharzoda, Abdullo

Tajik author and social critic Abdullo Javharzoda, also referred to as

Suhaili, was born on October 6, 1900, into a scholarly family in Uro-

teppa. Little is known about his early education. During the early years

of Soviet rule in the region, he served his community as a teacher. Later

on, he continued his education, in absentia, at the Dushanbe Pedagogi-

cal Institute. Then, between 1925 and 1957, he served various State

publications. He joined the CPSU in 1949.

The themes of Javharzoda's verses are diverse. Some deal with the

beauty of the Soviet nation, a beauty that was taking shape right before

his eyes. He depicts people's reaction to the new life, as well as the

pleasure that they drew from their experience. Another theme reveals

the drawbacks of life under the traditional Islamic system. In this re-

gard, outdated customs and superstitions are highlighted and con-

demned. Still another theme focuses on the Basmachi movement and its

impact on Soviet society.

Javharzoda's first collection of poems, Taronahoi Zafar (Songs of

Victory) appeared in 1933. Kambaghal (Poor) and Fathnoma (Victory

Song) followed in 1935, and Guldasta (Minaret) appeared in 1939. His

other contributions include Gulshani Afrukhta (Flaming Rose Garden,

Stalinabad, 1959) and Devoni Suhaili (Suhaili's Collected Poems,

Dushanbe, 1986).

Javharzoda joined the Union of Writers of the Soviet Union in 1935.

He was decorated with a number of medals. He died in Dushanbe on

July 11, 1964.

Jum'a Odina

See Odinaev, Jum'aboi.



Juraev, Abdulhamid

Tajik mathematician Abdulhamid Juraev was born on October 10,

1932, in the city of Isfara in northern Tajikistan. He joined the CPSU in

1966.


After he graduated from Tajikistan State University in 1956, he be-

came a candidate of physical-mathematical sciences in 1966, a doctor of

physical-mathematical sciences in 1967, and a professor in 1968. He

became a Corresponding Member of the Academy of Sciences of Taji-

kistan in 1969 and an Academician in 1973. Juraev is the honorary Di-


Prominent Tajik Figures of the Twentieth Century

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     

131


rector of the Mathematical Institute of the Academy of Sciences of Ta-

jikistan, and has been the President of the Mathematical Society of Ta-

jikistan since 1966. Since 1983, he has served on the editorial board of

the American journal, Complex Variables Theory and Application.

Juraev has taught at the German universities of Darmstadt (1975),

Bonn (1981), Stuttgart (1986), and Berlin (1982-1997), as well as uni-

versities in Finland, Japan, Austria, and the United States. Juraev's pub-

lications include mathematical papers published in most of the countries

mentioned above, as well as five monographs published in Russia,

England, and the United States.

Juraev is a fellow of the Alexander von Humboldt Foundation, DFG-

Deutsch Forshung Gemeinshaft. He won the Ibn Sina State Prize in

2001. He also received the Badge of Honor, the Red Banner of Cour-

age, the 100

th

 Anniversary of the Birth of Lenin Prize, and the Honorary



Order of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of Tajikistan.

Juraev has traveled to Germany, Japan, the United States, Austria,

and Finland.

Juraev, Qandil

Tajik geographer Qandil Sharifovich Juraev was born in the village

of Shuli of Gharm, on January 9, 1927. He joined the CPSU in 1952.

Juraev graduated from the Dushanbe Pedagogical Institute in 1948

and taught as a senior teacher of geography and natural sciences, and

later was appointed the Dean of the same Institute. Between 1975 and

1980, he was the Head of the Supreme Soviet of Tajikistan. He received

his doctorate degree in geography and became a Corresponding Mem-

ber of the Academy of Sciences of Tajikistan in 1973. He became a pro-

fessor in 1974. In 1983, Juraev became the Head of the Department of

Economic Geography of the Soviet Union.

Juraev's research deals with the economic problems and geography

of implementing productive forces in Tajikistan. His contributions in-

clude Ahamiyyati Iqtisodii Obhoi Tojikiston (The Economic Importance



of the Water Resources of Tajikistan, Dushanbe, 1971) and Ocherkhoi

Tabiat va Iqtisodiyoti Khojagii Qishloqi RSS Tojikiston (Studies About

the Nature and Economics of Agriculture in SSR of Tajikistan,

Dushanbe, 1973).

Juraev became a People's Singer of Tajikistan in 1946. He was rec-

ognized as a Distinguished Contributor to Science in Tajikistan in 1977.



Iraj Bashiri

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     

132


He also received the Badge of Honor, the Red Banner of Courage, the

100


th

 Anniversary of Lenin Prize, and the Honorary Order of the Pre-

sidium of the Supreme Soviet of Tajikistan.

Juraev passed away, no date is available.



Juraev, Sharif

Tajik singer and composer Sharif Juraev, also known affectionately

as Akasharif, was born in the village of Lichak in Qala'-i Khum,

Badakhshan, in 1896. Orphaned at an early age, he had to work for the

feudal lord Mazhab Issatshoh without pay. Then, in Qarotegin, he

learned about music and how to play the tambourine from Mirzo Ghu-

lom. In 1922, he moved to Qurghonteppa and from there, in 1924, to

Gharm.


From 1924 to 1935, he was Head of the Red Teahouse of Gharm. In

1935, Juraev was invited to Dushanbe to sing, as well as to collect folk

lyrics. He selected and completed some of the best songs of the Kuhis-

tan region. His contributions include "Jononi Man" ("My Beloved"),

"Jurajon"  ("Dear Friend"), "Intikhob Mekunem" ("We Choose"), "Ka-

jmakajak"  ("Serpentine"), "Bulbulon" ("Nightingales"), "Anor Ovar-

dam"  ("I Brought Pomegranate"), among others. He is skillful in play-

ing the modes "Navo," "Iroq," "Dugoh," and others.

Juraev participated in the celebration of the first Decade of Tajik Art

in Moscow in 1941. He also participated in the Decade of Tajik Litera-

ture and Art in Moscow in 1957. Towards the end of his life, he trained

a number of students, including A. Nazriev, Z. Nozimov, I. Kobuliev,

and others.

Juraev received the Badge of Honor and the Honorary Order of the

Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of Tajikistan. He died in Dushanbe on

October 2, 1966.



133

K

Kabilov

See Qobilov, Narimon.

Kabirova, Lutfi

Tajik actor Lutfi Rahimjonovna Kabirova was born into a worker's

family in Samarqand on October 10, 1932.

After graduating from the Dushanbe School of Music in 1949, she

entered the Vocal Division of the Moscow Conservatory. In 1954, she

joined the Aini Theater for Opera and Ballet. Here she created a series

of impressive roles including, Niso in Bakhtiyor va Niso (Bakhtiar and

Niso), by S. Balasanian, 1954; Gulru in Pulod va Gulru (Pulod and

Gulru), by Sh. Saifuddinov, 1957; Surma in Domodi Nomdor (Famous

Son-in-Law), by S. Urbakh, 1961; and Malohat in Bozgasht (Return), by

Y. Sabzanov, 1967. Kabirova also participated in operettas and

achieved great success. The roles of Silva and Maritsa that she played in

the operettas Silva (Silva) and Maritsa (Maritsa), both by I. Kalman are

examples of her dexterity in her craft.

Kabirova became a People's Artist of the Soviet Union in 1977.

She has traveled to and performed in the republics of the former

Soviet Union, as well as in a number of foreign countries.



Kamol Aini

See Aini, Kamol.



Kamol Nasrullo

See Nasrulloev, Kamoljon.



Kamolov, A'zam

Tajik musician, director, and composer A'zam Kamolov was born in

Samarqand in 1912. His first teacher was the famous Tajik  dutor player,

Muhiddin Mavlonov. Kamolov's career began in 1927 as a member of

the havaskoron amateur group.


Iraj Bashiri

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     

134


From 1929 to 1930, he played in many concerts. From 1930 to 1932

he was the Director of the Samarqand Regional Theater. From 1932 to

1936, he was the Director of the Jewish Theater of Samarqand, and be-

tween 1935 and 1938, he was the Director of the Lahuti Theater. From

1938 to 1942, he was the Director of the Local Instruments Ensemble of

the Tajik Philharmonic Society. From 1941 to 1950, he was the Director

of the Aini State Theater for Opera and Ballet. In 1941, he participated

in the Decade of Tajik Literature in Moscow and directed Kovai



Ohingar  (Kaveh the Blacksmith) and Shurishi Vose' (The Vose' Upris-

ing), by S. A. Balasanian; as well as Du Gul (Two Flowers), by A. S.

Lenskii;  Lola ( Tulip), by S. Saidmurodov; and Guli Surkh (Red Rose),

by R. Glier.

Kamolov, who participated in many local concerts, was an accom-

plished nai (flute) player. Qarotegin  (Qarotegin) and Pakhtachin

Dukhtar (The Cotton-Picking Girl) are examples of his work in this re-

gard.


Kamolov became a People's Artist of Tajikistan in 1941 and was

decorated with the Order of Lenin and the Red Banner of Labor. He

died in Dushanbe on October 14, 1971.



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