P rominent t ajik f igures of the


Download 2.89 Mb.

bet13/49
Sana18.04.2017
Hajmi2.89 Mb.
1   ...   9   10   11   12   13   14   15   16   ...   49

Haidarshoev, Muhammadali

Tajik poet Muhammadali Haidarashoev, known also as Haidarsho,

was born into a family of workers in Khorugh, Badakhshan, in 1928. He

joined the CPSU in 1957.

Haidrashoev graduated with a degree in Tajiki language and litera-

ture from the State University of Tajikistan in 1955. Between 1974 and

1980, he was the Editor of Komunisti Tojikiston. His contributions in-

clude Guli Aghba (Flower of Aghba, Dushanbe, 1988).

Haidarshoev's career as a poet dates to 1950. The main feature of his

poetry is satire. His contributions include "Hamkalosihoi Man" ("My

Classmates," 1958), "Sadoi Bahor" ("Spring Sound,"

 

1966), "Bachcha-



hoi Maskav" ("The Children of Moscow," 1966) "Gulkhandai Zamin"

("The Smile of the Earth," 1974), "Kuhi La'l" ("The Mountain of Lapis-

Lazuli," 1982), "Bayozi Sangin" ("The Heavy Notebook," 1984),

"Majmu'ai Hakoyahoi Tanzi Khoristoni Khorposht" ("A Collection of

Satirical Stories of the Thorny Land of the Hedgehog," 1983), and

"Pomiri Man" ("My Pamir," 1978).

Haidarshoev joined the Union of Writers of the Soviet Union in

1963.


Hakimov, Askar

Tajik poet and literary critic Askar Olimovich Hakimov, also re-

ferred to as Askar Hakim, was born in Khujand on October 10, 1946.

He joined the CPSU in 1977.

Hakimov graduated from Tajikistan State University in 1967 with a

degree in Persian language and literature. For a while, he was an em-



Iraj Bashiri

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     

94

ployee of the Committee of Sado va Simoi Tojikiston (Voice and



Vision of Tajikistan). Between 1974 and 1978, he was the Associate

Editor of the Sadoi Sharq monthly, and from 1980 to 1984, he was the

Chief Editor of Madaniyati Tojikiston (present-day Adabiyot va San'at).

He defended his doctorate dissertation entitled Nav Ovari Dar Nazm

(Innovation in Poetry) in 1974. He has written many articles on literary

criticism which have been published in Tajikistan's newspapers and

journals. The themes of his works are centered on problems of educa-

tion, traditional mores of the Tajiks, and patriotism. His contributions

include Shi'r va Zindagi (Poetry and Life, 1978), Qalamravi Sukhan

(The Realm of Speech, 1982),  Shi'r va Zamon  (Poetry and Time, 1978),

and Barguzidai Ash'ori Askar Hakim (The Best Poems of Askar Hakim,

1995).


Hakimov joined the Union of Writers of the Soviet Union in 1976,

became the secretary of the Union in 1978, and the Director of the

Union of Writers of Tajikistan in 1991. He became a People's Poet of

Tajikistan and Distinguished Contributor to Tajik Culture, as well as a

winner of the Rudaki State Prize. He also received the Order of the Red

Banner of Courage.



Hakimov, Foteh

Tajik physicist Foteh Kholiqovich Hakimov was born in Dushanbe

on April 20, 1937. He joined the CPSU in 1970.

In 1963 and 1964, Hakimov was Senior Teacher at the Department

of Theoretical Physics. In 1964 and 1965, he was Dean of the Faculty of

Physics and Mathematics of Tajikistan State University. From 1965 to

1968, he was Head of the Department of Theoretical Physics, and in

1967 to 1969, he worked at the Kabul Polytechnic Institute. He received

his doctorate degree in physics and mathematics in 1980, and became a

professor in 1982, and a Corresponding Member of the Academy of

Sciences of Tajikistan in 1987.

Hakimov's research deals with the plasma theory, especially with re-

gard to the effect of increase in heat in plasma on the distribution func-

tion.


Hakimov has participated in many conferences.

Prominent Tajik Figures of the Twentieth Century

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     

95

Hakimova, Mavjuda

Tajik poet Mavjuda Hakimova, also known as Mavjuda, was born

into a worker's family in Leninabad on May 5, 1932. She joined the

CPSU in 1962.

Hakimova graduated from Tajikistan State University in 1958 and

worked as a literary worker between 1958 and 1962. Between 1962 and

1970, she was the Editor of Pioniri Tojikiston. In 1970 and 1971, she

became the Editor of Komsomoli Tojikiston. In 1974, she took on the

editorship of Mash'al.

Hakimova's early poems appeared in 1951. Her contributions include

"Surudi Sahar" ("Midnight Song," 1964), "Ilhom" ("Inspiration," 1970),

"Moshinai Moshinsavor" ("A Machine on a Machine," 1972), "Ba Sui

Nur" ("Towards the Light," 1976), "Nabzi Roh" ("The Pulse of the

Road," 1977), and others.

In addition, Hakimova has produced a series of essays on contempo-

rary Soviet life. These include "Zistan Mikhohad" ("It Wants to Live,"

1973), "Soyai Gunoh" ("The Shadow of Sin," 1974), "Intizori" ("Wait-

ing," 1975), and others.

Hakimova joined the Union of Writers of the Soviet Union in 1965.

She received the Badge of Honor, the Friendship Among Nations, and

the 100


th

 Anniversary of the Birth of Lenin awards.

Hakimova passed away in 1993.

Hakimova, Sa'diniso

Tajik obstetrician and gynecologist Sa'diniso Hafizovna Hakimova,

also referred to as Safia Hakimova, was born in the village of Puledon

in Konibodom on December 20, 1924. She joined the CPSU in 1953.

Hakimova graduated from the Tajikistan State Medical Institute in

1943 and became an USSR Distinguished Contributor to Health in

1945. For the next year, she served in the regional hospitals (Qurghon-

teppa and Kulab) as an intern. She defended her thesis in 1950, in Mos-

cow, and received her doctorate degree in medicine in 1958. In the same

year, she became the leader of a Health Division in Qurghonteppa. She

became a professor in 1962 and a Corresponding Member of the Acad-

emy of Sciences of the Soviet Union in 1969. In 1980, she became the

Head of the Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology at the Tajikistan

State Medical Institute. She was also the Head of the Research Institute



Iraj Bashiri

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     

96

for the Well -Being of Mothers and Children. In April 1990, due to in-



ternal political pressure, she resigned from the party.

Hakimova's research deals with the regularization of the function of

the endocrine glands during childbirth, especially in relation to hormo-

nal activities. She also studies the effect of altitude on the development

of reproductive organs, and the decrease in the amount of blood in

pregnant women. Hakimova is the founder of the School of Obstetrics

and Gynecology of Tajikistan. Her contributions include Osnovi en-

dokrinologicheskoi ginekologii (Bases for the Scientific Study of Endo-

crinology in Female Diseases, with Zh. Makin, Moscow, 1966),  and

Zalozhniki Imperii (Hostages of the Empire, 1999), about the situation

of the Tajiks in the Soviet Union.

 Hakimova was recognized as a Tajikistan Distinguished Scientific

Contributor in 1968. She is the recipient of the Badge of Honor, the

Honorary Order of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of Tajikistan,

the Order of Friendship Among Nations, and the Order of the Commit-

tee for Keeping the Peace.

Halimsho Salimsho

See Alimshoev, Salimsho.



Hamdamov, Amon

Tajik composer Amon Sultonovich Hamdamov was born in Samar-

qand on May 5, 1918. From 1941 to 1945, he contributed to the war

effort. He joined the CPSU in 1947.

From 1935 to 1937, Hamdamov was an instrumentalist playing na-

tive instruments at the Lahuti Theater for the Dramatic Arts and then,

from 1938 to 1941, he was Concert Master of the orchestra of native in-

struments. Although he graduated from Moscow State Conservatory in

1958, he was the Director, Chief Director, and Artistic Leader of the

native Tajik instruments at the State Committee for Radio and Televi-

sion from 1946 to 1979. In addition, during 1962 and 1976, he was

Acting Chair of the Union of Composers of Tajikistan.

In 1980, Hamdamov became a teacher and Assistant Professor at the

Department of Instrumental Composition of the Institute of Arts of

Tajikistan. His early contributions include the following songs:

"Shoioni Hayot" ("Worthy of Life"), "Tojikiston" ("Tajikistan"), and

"Ruzi dar Kolkhoz" ("A Day in the Collective Farm"). In the 1960s, he


Prominent Tajik Figures of the Twentieth Century

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     

97

created a number of pieces for the symphony orchestra. "Khush on



Zamon" ("Remembering Those Days") is one of them. He also has sev-

eral long vocal pieces, including Subhi Vatan (The Morning of the



Fatherland), and Sharaf ba Mihnat (Nobility in Labor). He also was ac-

tive in the reconstruction of native musical instruments, and created a

number of colorful spectacles.

Hamdamov became a member of the Union of Composers of the

Soviet Union in 1958. He became a Distinguished Artist of Tajikistan in

1968, and a People's Artist of Tajikistan in 1978. He was the recipient

of two Orders of the Badge of Honor, and the Honorary Order of the

Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of Tajikistan.



Hamidov, Majid

Tajik singer Majid Hamidov was born in Namangan in present-day

Uzbekistan, on February 16, 1907. He learned the art of singing and

composing from his uncle, Turdiali Rasulov, a famous singer in

Namangan. Hiss father was also involved in the profession. In 1932,

Hamidov came to the Vakhsh Valley.

In 1935, Hamidov began working at the Stalinabad Theater. In 1941,

he participated in the first Decade of Tajik Art in Moscow, and from

1941 to 1961, he served as a singer at the Tajik Philharmonic Society.

He was a singer between 1961 to 1969 at the State Committee for Radio

and Television.

Hamidov is particularly skilled at performing classical Tajik music,

especially the Shashmaqom. He is also a poet and writes many of the

songs he performs.

Hamidov became a People's Singer of Tajikistan in 1947.

Hamidov, Nabijon

Tajik physician and therapist Nabijon Hamidov was born in Khujand

on September 6, 1934.

Hamidov graduated from Tajikistan State Medical Institute in 1957

and remained there for the next two years working at the clinic of the

Department of Internal Diseases. In 1963, he became a Lecturer. In

1964, he became an Assistant Professor. He received his doctorate de-

gree in medicine in 1973 and became a professor in 1975. He also be-

came the Head of the Department of Internal Diseases of the Faculty of

Pediatrics of Tajikistan State Medical Institute.



Iraj Bashiri

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     

98

Hamidov's research deals with the heart and vein systems.



He became a Distinguished Contributor to Health at the Union Level

in 1974.


Hamroev, Obloqul

Tajik novelist Obloqul Hamroev, also known by the penname of

Sorbon, was born into the family of a collective farmer in the village of

Amondara in Panjakent province of Zarafshan in January 27, 1940.

Hamroev graduated in 1963 from Tajikistan State University with a

degree in Persian language and literature. Between 1963 and 1982, he

taught at the Tajikistan State University. He also worked at Sado va

Simoi Tojikiston, Irfon Publications, and for Madaniyati Tojikiston.

After 1982, he served as the Associate Prose Editor of the Union of

Writers of Tajikistan.

Hamroev's first collection of stories was published in 1969. It was

entitled Gap dar Dil (Not Everything Is Said). His other stories are

centered on events of the October Revolution and of the Second World

War. Hamroev's other works include Zangi Avval (The First Session,

1970), Sangi Sipar (The Shield Rock, 1973), Kowli (The Gypsy, 1975),

Shinil (Overcoat, 1980), Sabo (Saba, 1980), Hunarpisha (Actor, 1984),

Zarafshon (The  Zarafshan Region, two volumes, 1988), and Dashti

Moron (The Desert of the Snakes, 1991).

Hamroev's stories deal with the lives of women; the delight of rural

life; establishment of Soviet power, especially in the Zarafshan Valley;

and the difficulties that the Tajiks experienced in World War II. His sto-

ries made Hamroev extremely popular in the 1970s.

He joined the Union of Writers of the Soviet Union in 1971.



Hamroev, Said

Tajik composer Said Hamroev was born in Ghizhduvon, in present-

day Uzbekistan, on November 22, 1935. He studied first at the Native

Instruments Division (1951-55) and then at the Composer's Division of

the Stalinabad School (1959-61).

From 1961 to 1963, he studied composing at the Tashkent Conser-

vatory. He created a number of monumental operas and musical works,

including Sherak (Sherak, 1970), Bizhan va Manizheh (Bizhan and



Manizheh, 1975), Javoni (Youth, 1975), and others.

 He also has contributed music to several spectacles staged at the

Musical Comedy Theater of Leninabad and the Lahuti State Theater at


Prominent Tajik Figures of the Twentieth Century

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     

99

the Academy of Dramatic Arts. Symphonic music plays a major role in



his creations. His contributions, which are among the best in contempo-

rary Tajik music, include "Surudi Vopasin" ("The Last Song," 1972);

"Ba Khorirai Ahmadi Donish" ("In Memory of Ahmad Donish," 1978);

and "Shikori Okharin" ("The Last Hunt," 1977).

In addition, Hamroev has created a number of smaller works both for

the national and the local stage. The following are some of his songs:

"Diloro Yak Vatan Doram" ("Mine Is a Wonderful Homeland"), "Aziz

Moskvai Man" ("My Dear Moscow"), "Mui Tillorang" ("Golden Hair"),

"Bahor Omad" ("Spring Is Here"), "Turki Parichihra" ("Beautiful

Turk"), and others.

Hamroev joined the Union of the Composers of the Soviet Union in

1970. He died in Dushanbe on November 20, 1984.



Hamza, Kamol

Tajik culture specialist Kamol Hamza was born in the Shamtich vil-

lage of the region of Aini on August 10, 1960. He received his early

education in a general education institution in his place of birth.

Hamza graduated with distinction from the Faculty of Tajik Philol-

ogy of Dushanbe Pedagogical Institute in 1982. From 1982 to 1985, he

was a Scientific Worker at the Language and Literature Institute of the

Academy of Sciences of Tajikistan. Between 1985 to 1989, he served in

Afghanistan as a translator. In 1989, he was appointed to the Tajikistan

Cultural Foundation. There, he began as a culture specialist and eventu-

ally became the Director of the Foundation, a position that he currently

holds.


Hamza's research deals with the archaeology of Tajikistan, espe-

cially Tajik tomb structures, as well as cultural relations among Iranian

peoples. Hamza's contributions include, Chahordah Mazor (Fourteen

Tombs) and Dorad Sadaf Gavhar bar Lab (It is the Shell that Carries

the Pearl). Neither has either date or place of publication.

He has traveled to Afghanistan, Iran, and Japan.



Haqnazar, Qoib

Tajik poet Qoib Haqnazar was born in the village of Oftobi in Kulab

province in 1943. He joined the CPSU in 1966.

Haqnazar graduated from Kulab Pedagogical Institute with a degree

in Persian language and literature in 1966. Subsequently, he worked at


Iraj Bashiri

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     

100


Haqiqati Kulab, Ma'orif va Madaniyat, and Rohi Lenin. Between 1974

and 1980, he was the Director of Sado va Simoi Kulab. His first verses

were published in 1960. His poetry is written mostly with social themes

in mind. His contributions include  Tushai Roh (Something for the Road,

1972), Ramzi Hayot (The Secret of Life, 1978), Nigohi Garm (Warm

Look, 1981), Zinati Roh (The Ornament for the Road, 1983), Asri Giyoh

(The Age of Plants, 1985), and Toji Oftob (The Crown of the Sun,

1986).

Haqnazar joined the Union of Writers of the Soviet Union in 1976.



Hasanov

See Farhat, Muhiddin.



Hasanov, Abdurahim

Tajik geologist Abdurahim Hasanov was born in Dushanbe on Janu-

ary 1, 1933. He joined the CPSU in 1960.

Hasanov graduated from Tajikistan State University in 1954. Be-

tween 1952 and 1961, he was a Senior Laboratory Assistant, and later

Senior Instructor at the Department of Mineralogy and Petrography of

the Faculty of Medical Sciences of Tajikistan State University. In 1963,

he became an Assistant Professor; in 1964, he was a Senior Scientific

Worker; in 1966, he became Head of the Department of Mineralogy and

Petrography. He received his doctorate degree in geology and mineral-

ogy in 1970, and became a professor in 1971. From 1980 until 1985, he

was the Dean of the Faculty of Geology of Tajikistan State University,

and in 1985, he became the Director of the Faculty of Geology of Taji-

kistan State University.

Hasanov's research deals with the problems of mineralogy, geology

and petrography in relation to mines in Central Tajikistan. His contri-

butions include Geologia va Progrese Ilmi-Tekhniki (Geology and Ad-

vances in Science and Technology, Dushanbe, 1981); Ba'zi Fikr u Mu-

lohizaho dar borai Zilzila (Some Thoughts and Considerations Re-

garding Earthquakes, Dushanbe, 1982); Petrologia i rudonosnost' me-

tasomaticheskikh kompleksov Tsentral'nogo Tadzhikistana (Mineralogy

and the Metacosmetic Complex of Mine Ownership in Central Tajiki-

stan, Dushanbe, 1966).

Hasanov is a recipient of the Red Banner of Courage and the 100

th

Anniversary of the Birth of Lenin Prize.



Prominent Tajik Figures of the Twentieth Century

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     

101


Hasanov, Faizali

Tajik singer Faizali Hasanov was born into a farming family in the

village of Songonel in Kulab on June 16, 1948. Hasanov learned the in-

tricacies of the art of singing from People's Singer of Tajikistan Odina

Hoshimov.

Hasanov graduated from the Dushanbe School of Music in 1988 and

from the Dushanbe Pedagogical Institute in 1972. He worked as a singer

at the People's Theater of Moscow until 1975. In the same year,

Hasanov became the Director of the School of Music of the District of

Moscow. He specialized in singing folksongs with a high degree of skill

and had a unique music style. His contributions include "Tarki

'Ishqbozi" ("Abandoning Love"), a song based on the poetry of Hafiz;

"Khush Namioyad Maro" ("It Does Not Please Me"), "Tiri Mizhgon"

("The Arrow of the Eyelids"), "Soqari Hasti" ("The Cup of Existence")

"Vatani Mo" ("Our Fatherland"), "Savgand" ("Oath"); and "Khabar

Bigir" ("Find Out").

Hasanov became a People's Singer of Tajikistan in 1978. He was the

recipient of the Honorary Order of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet

of Tajikistan.



Do'stlaringiz bilan baham:
1   ...   9   10   11   12   13   14   15   16   ...   49


Ma'lumotlar bazasi mualliflik huquqi bilan himoyalangan ©fayllar.org 2017
ma'muriyatiga murojaat qiling