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Iraj Bashiri

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     

118


Ishoqi, Yusuf

Tajik otolaryngologist Yusuf Bashirkhonovich Ishoqi was born in

Khujand on July 21, 1932. He joined the CPSU in 1957.

Ishoqi graduated from the Tajik State Medical Institute in 1954. In

1958, he became a Lecturer, and in 1961, an Assistant Professor and the

Chief Physician for Hospital No. 4. He became a medical doctor in

1968, a professor in 1969, and a Corresponding Member of the Acad-

emy of Sciences of the Soviet Union in 1978. From 1969 to 1973, he

was the Pro-Rector of the Tajikistan State Medical Institute. Between

1973 and 1990, he was Rector of the same institute. He was one of the

founders of Health Services in Tajikistan.

Ishoqi's research is devoted to diseases of the ear, nose, and throat.

His emphasis is on the impact of mountain conditions on those parts of

the body. Ishoqi's contributions include Yadoviti zhivotnie (Poisonous



Animals, Dushanbe, 1964); Yad zmen Giorzi (The Poison of the Gurza

Snake, Dushanbe, 1968).

Ishoqi was winner of the Ibn Sina State Prize in 1979, and was rec-

ognized as a Distinguished Contributor to Science in 1987. He is the re-

cipient of the Order of Lenin, the Red Banner of Labor, and other

medals.

Ishoqi was killed on May 6, 1996.



Ishoqova, Bahman

Tajik singer Bahman Berahovna Ishoqova, also known as Barno

Ishoqova, was born on May 12, 1927, in Tashkent.

Ishoqova's career began as a member of the havaskoron amateur

group; later on, she became a professional singer. From 1943 to 1945,

she was a soloist for Radio Uzbekistan. In 1950, she became a soloist

for various groups of singers, and in 1964, she joined the Tajik Radio

and Television's ensemble as a soloist. Here she performed popular lo-

cal, as well as classical, pieces. She is particularly gifted in the perform-

ance of classical music, especially the Shashmaqom. Her voice is soft,

exciting, pleasant, and rich. The "Nola" mode, in particular, serves as a

good example. Her repertoire includes the following modes: "Mughul-

chai Dugoh," "Nasri Ushshoq," "Navruzi Sabo," "Ushshoqi Samar-

qand," and "Talqini Bayot." She has also worked with the creations of

Tajik composers. In this respect, her contributions include "Intizori"


Prominent Tajik Figures of the Twentieth Century

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     

119


(Waiting; music by F. Shahobov, lyrics by A. Shujuhi), "Didadida"

(Seeing; music by Kh. Abdulloev, lyrics by Navoi) "Dorad Havas" (One

Desires; music by Z. Shahidi, lyrics by B. Rahimzoda), and others.

Ishoqova became a People's Artist of Tajikistan in 1967 and received

the Red Banner of Labor. She passed away, no date is available.

Ishoqova, Barno

See Ishoqova, Bahman.



Iskandarov, Akbarsho

Tajik politician Akbarsho Iskandarov was born in the Darvoz district

of the Badakhshan Autonomous region in 1951.

Iskandarov graduated from the Tajik State University--through cor-

respondence--with a degree in economics in 1979. His working career

began in 1970 as a member of the Executive Committee of the CPT in

Qala'-i Khum. From 1982 to 1986, he worked in the Qala'-i Khum and

the Badakhshan provincial committees of the CPT. Again through cor-

respondence, he graduated from the Tashkent Communist Party Insti-

tute in 1986. From 1987 to 1990, he served as the first secretary of the

Vanj district committee of the CPT, then as the chair of the Badakhshan

Provincial Executive Committee. He was appointed Deputy Chair of the

Supreme Soviet of Tajikistan in the same year.

An altercation between the Supreme Soviet Head, Safarali Kenjaev,

and the Interior Minister, Mamadayoz Navjavonov, resulted in Ken-

jaev's ousting and the promotion of Iskandarov to the chairmanship of

the Supreme Soviet of Tajikistan in 1992. After the resignation of

President Rahmon Nabiev at gunpoint in the Dushanbe Airport, Iskan-

darov became the Acting President of the Republic as well. Iskandarov

resigned these positions after the defeat of the Opposition in November

1992. From 1993 to 2000, he was Tajikistan's Ambassador to Turk-

menistan. Since March 2000, he has been Tajikistan's Ambassador to

Kazakhstan.

Iskandarov, Bahodur

Tajik historian Bahodur Iskandarovich Iskandarov was born into a

poor farming family in the village of Sochariz in Shughnon, Badakh-

shan, on April 12, 1912.



Iraj Bashiri

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     

120


Iskandarov graduated from the Tashkent Pedagogical Institute in

1930 and from the Leninabad Institute of History, Philosophy, and Lin-

guistics in 1936. From 1936 to 1940, he taught at the Dushanbe Peda-

gogical Institute. Then, between 1941 and 1947, he joined the war ef-

fort. In 1950, he became a Scientific Worker and in 1962, the Director

of the Donish Institute of History of the Academy of Sciences of Tajiki-

stan. He received his doctorate degree in 1961, became a professor and

a Corresponding Member of the Academy of Sciences of Tajikistan in

1966, and a member of the Academy of Sciences of Tajikistan in 1973.

Iskandarov's studies in history are centered on the political, eco-

nomical, and social history of Noble Bukhara and the Pamir region

during the second part of the 19th and beginning of the 20th centuries.

He is one of the contributors to Ta'rikhi Khalqi Tojik (History of the

Tajiks, 1963-1965). Iskandarov's other contributions include O neko-

torikh izmeneniakh v ekonomike Vostochnoi Bukhari na rubezhe 19-20

vv. ( About Some Changes in the Economics of the Emirate of Bukhara

at the End of the 19

th

 and Beginning of the 20

th

 Centuries, Stalinabad,

1958); Iz istorii Bukharskogo emirata (From the History of the Emirate



of Bukhara, Moscow, 1958); Vostochnaia Bukhara i Pamir v period

presoedinenia Srednei Azii k Rossii (Eastern Bukhara and the Pamirs

During the Second Half of 19

th

 CenturyStalinabad,  1960).

Iskandarov received the Ibn Sina State Prize in 1973, as well as the

Order of the Red Star and the Order of the Patriotic War 1

st

 degree. He



was also the recipient of the Red Banner of Labor, the Badge of Honor

and the Honorary Order of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of

Tajikistan.

Islomov, Ikrom

Tajik pathophysiologist Ikrom Islomov was born on October 20,

1921, in Khujand. Between 1941 and 1945, he participated in the Sec-

ond World War.

Islomov graduated from Tajikistan State Medical Institute in 1951

and became an Lecturer in the Department of Pathophysiology in the

same institute. He received his doctorate degree in 1974. In 1957, he

became the Head of the Department of Animal Anatomy of the Institute

of Agriculture. In 1961, he became the Head of the Department of

Pathophysiology of the Tajikistan State Medical Institute.



Prominent Tajik Figures of the Twentieth Century

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     

121


Islomov's research deals with problems related to the use of radioac-

tive isotopes in medicine, as well as with intravenous transfusion when

micro-circulation processes are no longer operative.

Islomov was recognized as a Distinguished Contributor to the Health

Services of Tajikistan. He is a recipient of two Orders and seven

medals.


Ismati, Obid

Tajik satirist Obid Ismati was born into a family of clerics in 1905,

in Samarqand. He was educated first in the traditional schools, and later

(1919) in the newly established Soviet schools.

After completing the Samarqand Pedagogical Institute, he taught in

Samarqand's first Soviet school. He finished the Pedagogical Institute of

Tashkent in 1922, before he moved to Dushanbe.

Ismati's career was not long but full. Between 1928 and 1945, he

worked as director of teacher training schools and the director of lan-

guage, dictation, and terminology. He was also a literary consultant for

the Tajik theater.

Ismati's creative period began in the early 1920s. His literary works

include Mughchaho (The Mughchas, 1930), Bahori Kolkhuzi (The

Spring of the Collective Farm, 1930), A Collection of Songs, 1934), and

Mo Misozim (We Build, 1939). Freedom and praise of the innovations

of the Soviet System appear repeatedly as the main themes of Ismati's

poems: "Revolution and Victory," "The Song of the Red Soldier," "We

Build," and "Fiery Salute."

In the 1930s, Ismati also wrote some satiric pieces that were pub-

lished in the journal Mullo Mushfiqi, and some populist materials that

were published in 1934 in Adabiyoti Dahanaki.

Ismati joined the Union of Writers of the Soviet Union in 1934. He

died on March 15, 1945, in Stalinabad (Dushanbe).

Ismoilov, Isroiljon

Tajik physicist Isroiljon Ismoilov was born in Samarqand on Octo-

ber 27, 1939.

Ismoilov graduated from Samarqand State Institute in 1962. From

1963 to 1968, he was first a Junior Scientific Worker and then a post-

graduate student at the Institute of Physics of the Academy of Sciences

of the Soviet Union. From 1961 to 1971, he was the Senior Scientific


Iraj Bashiri

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     

122


Worker at the Academy of Sciences of Tajikistan. In 1971, he became

the Head of the Quantum Electric Laboratories of the same institution.

He received his doctorate degree in physics and mathematics in 1981.

Ismoilov's research deals with laser rays and the luminosity of indium

phosphate and its solvents.

Islomov's contributions include Inzhektsionnie izluchatel'nie prebori



na osnove mnogokomponentnikh poluprovodnikovikh tverdikh rastvorov

(Injection Light Sources Based on Hard, Multi-Mass Semiconductors,

1979).

Ismoilov is a recipient of a number of medals.



Ismoilov, Mahmud

Tajik botanist Mahmud Ismoilov was born in Samarqand on October

1, 1929. He joined the CPSU in 1953.

Ismoilov graduated from the Department of Geology and Geography

of the University of Uzbekistan in 1949. From 1953 to 1960, he was a

graduate student and Scientific Worker at the Institute of Botany of the

Academy of Sciences of Tajikistan. Then, between 1960 and 1967, he

was the Director of the Botanical Gardens of the same institute. In 1967,

he became the Director of the Department of Botany of the Tajikistan

State University. He received his doctorate degree in biology in 1975

and became a professor in 1977.

Ismoilov's research is devoted to an understanding of the problems

of phytoserology, dendrology, and the structure of the plants of

Tajikistan and Central Asia. Ismoilov's contributions include Ocherk



drevesnoi i kustarnikovoi rastitel'nosti yugo-zapadnikh otrogov

Darvazskogo khrebta (An  Essay on the Medicinal Trees and Plants in

the Southeastern Regions of Darvoz, Dushanbe, 1971).

Ismoilova, Lolaniso

Tajik biologist Lolaniso Ibrohimovna Ismoilova was born into a

worker's family in Dushanbe on October 4, 1929. She joined the CPSU

in 1965.


Ismoilova graduated from the Department of Biology of the Tajiki-

stan State University in 1953. In 1970, she became an Assistant Profes-

sor in the Department of Histology. In 1974, she was promoted to the

Head of the Department of Biology and General Genetics of the Tajiki-

stan State Medical Institute. She received her doctorate degree in biol-

ogy in 1986.



Prominent Tajik Figures of the Twentieth Century

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     

123


Ismoilova's research deals with the structure and function of lymph

nodes subjected to fire. Her contributions include Muhofizati Muhiti



Atrof va Iflosshavi va Salomati Inson (Environmental Upkeep and Peo-

ple's Health, 1984) and Kratkii russko-tadzhikskii-dari slovar' po

biologii (A Short Russian-Tajiki-Dari Dictionary of Biology, Dushanbe,

1973).


Isoeva, Bozgul

Tajik ballerina Bozgul Mamedova Isoeva was born in Dushanbe on

November 3, 1937. Isoeva grew up in an orphanage in Shahri Nov.

From 1949 to 1958, she studied at the Leninabad Institute of Chore-

ography. In 1958, she became a soloist for the Aini State Theater for

Opera and Ballet. Here she created a number of classical and Soviet

roles, including Zhizel in Zhizel (Zhizal), by A. Adan; Odetto Odillia in

Kuli Quvon (Swan Lake), by P. Tchaikovsky; Kitri va Mercedes in Don-

Kikhote (Don Quioxote), by L. Minkus; Volsi Kalon (The Great Dance),

by I. Strauss, and others.

In addition to these, Isoeva has a number of concert spectacles of her

own, including Qu (Swan), by K. Sen-Sans, Navo (Lament), by Kh.

Gliok, and others.

Isoeva became a People's Artist of Tajikistan in 1971.



Isoeva, Mayram

Tajik actor Mayram Ne'matovna Isoeva was born in the village of

Sari Khosor in Kulab on May 1, 1937. She joined the CPSU in 1971.

Isoeva graduated from middle school in Dushanbe in 1954. From

1956 to 1960, she studied at the Lunacharskii Institute of Dramatic Arts.

After a year at the Pushkin Musical and Comedy Theater in Leninabad,

she joined the Lahuti Academy of Dramatic Arts. Her repertoire con-

sists mostly of tragic roles. The characters she portrays are mainly rav-

ishing, determined, and noble women. Her acting was noticed early,

when, as a part of her dissertation, she played Arina in Kambaghali Aib



Nist (Poverty is Not a Shame), by A. N. Ostrovskii and Smeroldina in

Shoh-Gavazn (King-Buck), by K. Gotstsi. Her other roles include Emilia

in Otello (Othello), by W. Shakespeare; Mavjuda in Irodai Zan

(Woman's Resolve), by A. Sidqi; Bakhmal and Tahmina in Surudi

Kuhsor (The Song of the Highlands) and Rustam va Suhrob (Rustam

and Suhrab), by Gh. Abdullo, and many others.


Iraj Bashiri

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     

124


Isoeva was also a film actor appearing in a number of TajikFilm

productions. She became a People's Artist of Tajikistan in 1979, and

was recognized as a Distinguished Contributor to Tajik Education. She

won the Nohid Prize, and received the Red Banner of Courage, the 100

th

Anniversary of Lenin Prize, and the Honorary Order of the Presidium of



the Supreme Soviet of Tajikistan.

Isomatov, Ma'ruf

Tajik historian Ma'ruf Marajabovich Isomatov was born in the Asht

District of the region of Sughd on January 23, 1966. He received his

early education in the village of Ponghaz in Asht (1983).

Isomatov graduated from Tajikistan State University in 1990 with a

degree in history and anthropology. In 1990, he was Distinguished Edu-

cator of Tajikistan. In 1994, he defended his doctoral dissertation enti-

tled "Ta'rikhi Tabari"-i Abuali Bal'ami Hamchun Sarchshmai Omuzishi



Munosibathoi Sosonion va Haitolion (Asrhoi 4-6) ("The History of

Tabari" by Abuali Bal'ami as a Source for the Study of the Relations

between the Sassanians and the Hephthalites during the 4

th

 to 6

th

 Centu-

ries).

He served in the Soviet Army in the Democratic Republic of Ger-

many during 1984 and 1986. From 1990 to 1993, he did post-graduate

work at Tajikistan State University. In 1993 and 1994, he was Head of

the Association of the Young Scholars of the Faculty of History. From

1994 to 1996, he was the Associate Dean of the Research Division of

the History Faculty. In 1995, he was Assistant Professor of History at

the Tajikistan State University. In addition, from 1990 to the present he

has been the Associate Dean of the Instruction Division of the History

Faculty.


Isomatov's research deals with the developmental stages of the for-

mation of government among the Tajiks, emphasizing the role that the

Tajiks have played in Central Asia. Isomatov's contributions include

Sotim Ulughzoda--Tarqibgari Ta'rikhi Khalqi Tojik (Sotim Ulughzoda--

Promoter of The History of the Tajiks, with V. Ibrohimov, Dushanbe,

1991); Sahmguzoroni Ilm u Farhang (Contributors to Science and



Culture, with R. Nabieva, Dushanbe, 1998); "Sughdion dar Tarsimi

Sotim Ulughzoda" ("The Sughdian as Depicted by Sotim Ulughzoda"),



The Avesta Conference Proceedings, in press.

Prominent Tajik Figures of the Twentieth Century

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     

125


Isomatov is the recipient of the Order of Sharaf (1999), the Order of

Ismoili Somoni (1998), the Union of Journalists Prize (1999), and Dis-

tinguished Contributor to Education in Tajikistan (1998).

Isomatov has traveled to Iran and Russia.



Istadov, Adash

Tajik science fiction writer Adash Istadov, also referred to as Adash

Istad, was born into a family of workers in the village of Urtashik of

Samarqand on September 7, 1946. After graduating from Samarqand

State University (1969), he served as the literary manager of Komsomoli

Tojikiston (1969-1973), and as the Secretary of the State Committee for

Radio and Television of Tajikistan (1973-81). In 1981, he became the

artistic Editor of the journals Adabiyot va San'at and Madaniyati Toji-

kiston. In recent years, Istadov has been a local correspondent for the

Tajik Services of Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty.

Istadov's creative period begins in the mid-1960s, with publications

in the field of science fiction. His works in this field include the collec-

tion Mavji Khiolot ( The Wave of Imagination, 1970). His other collec-

tions include  Surudi Oftob (The Hymn of the Sun, 1971),  Zamon (Time,

1978), Zamir (Memory, 1978), Darakhti Pakhtachormaghz (The  Cot-

ton-Walnut Tree, 1981), Parvozi Mi'mor (The Flight of the Architect,

1985), and Ba'd az Hazor Sol (After a Thousand Years, 1986). The

themes of Istadov's collections of short stories are complex. They deal

with man's future problems, including the clash of science and technol-

ogy with social order and ethics.

Istadov is interested in the heritage of the Tajiks as well. In addition

to Hakoyaho az Ruzgori Borbad (Stories from the Time of Borbad,

1990), he has written four other stories on the same traditional theme.

He joined the Union of Writers of the Soviet Union in 1979.


126

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