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Ghafforov, Razzoq

Tajik linguist Razzoq Ghafforov was born into a merchant family of

the village of Khaimar, Samarqand, on January 15, 1932.


Prominent Tajik Figures of the Twentieth Century

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     

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Ghafforov graduated from the Samarqand Pedagogical Institute in



1949 and from the Leninabad Pedagogical Institute in 1953. He taught

middle school from 1949 to 1951. From 1953 to 1954, he was Instructor

of People's Education of Samarqand. Between 1954 and 1959, he was a

Teacher in the Department of Tajik Philology at Samarqand State Uni-

versity. He was a Scientific Worker in the Language and Literature In-

stitute of the Academy of Sciences of Tajikistan from 1959 to 1965. In

1965, he became the Director of the History of Tajiki Language and

Dialectology of the same institute. He received his doctorate degree in

philology in 1979, and became a professor in 1984.

Ghafforov's contributions include "Zabon va Uslubi Rahim Jalil"

("The  Language and Style of Rahim Jalil," 1966); "Lenin dar Borai

Zabon" ("Lenin  On Language," 1966); "Revolutsiai Oktiobr va Zaboni

Adabii Tojik" ("The  October Revolution and Literary Tajiki," 1970);

"Navisanda va Zabon" ("Author  and Language," 1977); "Ustodi



Buzurgi Sukhan" ("The Great Master of Language," 1978); and "Shivaii

Janubii Zaboni Tojiki" ("The Southern Dialect of Tajiki," 1979).

Ghafforova, Munzifa

Tajik philosopher Munzifa Qahhorovna Ghafforova was born in

Khujand on November 4, 1924. She joined the CPSU in 1965.

Ghafforova graduated from the Leninabad Pedagogical Institute in

1944. She was a Secretary of the Komsomol Committee of Leninabad

from 1944 to 1947, and Director of the Tajikistan branch of the Cultural

Committee of the Communist Party. She was a post-graduate student of

philosophy between 1952 and 1955 at the Academy of Sciences of

Tajikistan. Following that, in 1955 and 1957, she was a senior teacher

in the Department of Marxism-Leninism of the Dushanbe Pedagogical

Institute (women's section). She was an Assistant Professor at the same

institute from 1957 until 1962. From 1962 to 1974, she was the Head of

the Department of Philosophy. She received her doctorate in philosophy

in 1968, and became a professor in 1970. In 1975, she became the Dean

of the Institute.

Ghafforova's research deals with the development of the personality

of women in the Soviet East. Her contributions include Dukhovnii oblik

zhenshchini Sovietskogo Vostoka (The Spiritual Aspect of the Women of

Soviet East, Dushanbe, 1969), and Zanoni Respublikai Kuhiston (The

Women of the Mountain Republic, Dushanbe, 1974).


Iraj Bashiri

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     

86

Ghafforova became a Distinguished Scientific Contributor to Tajik



Culture in 1974. She received two Orders of the Red Banner of Labor,

the Order of Friendship Among People, and the Honorary Order of the

Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of Tajikistan.

Ghafurov, Bobojon

Tajik politician and Orientalist Bobojon Ghafurovich Ghafurov was

born in the village of Isfisar in Khujand on December 31, 1909. He

joined the CPSU in 1932.

Ghafurov graduated from the High Juridical School in Samarqand in

1930 and following that he worked at both the People’s Commissariat

of Justice and the Qizil  Tajikistan journal. In 1935 he graduated from

the All-Soviet Communist Institute of Journalism and thereafter became

the Deputy Editor and Editor of the Uzbek Language journal Qizil Taji-

kistan. From 1938 to 1941 he was a post-graduate student at the Insti-

tute of History of the Academy of Sciences of the Soviet Union in Mos-

cow. In 1941, he was appointed Propaganda and Agitation Secretary for

the Communist Party. From 1944 to 1946, he was the Second Secretary

and, from 1946 to 1956, he was the First Secretary of the Central Com-

mittee of the Communist Party of Tajikistan. From 1956 to the end of

his life, Ghafurov served as the Director of the Institute of Oriental

Studies of the Academy of Sciences of the Soviet Union, and the Editor

of the Asia and Africa journal. He completed his doctoral dissertation,

entitled Istoria Sekti ismailitov (History of the Isma’ili Sect) in 1941.

Ghafurov’s research deals with an understanding of the history of the

freedom movements of the Eastern Peoples, the political aims of the

Communist Party of the Soviet Union, and the ancient and medieval

history of the Peoples of the East. Recognizing the importance of



Shashmaqom classical music in Tajik culture, Ghafurov supported the

transcription of the maqoms for posterity. He also supervised the publi-

cation of the five-volume History of the Tajiks in Russian which was

published between 1963 and 1965.

Ghafurov’s contributions include Istoria Sekti ismailitov (History of

the Isma’ili Sect, Moscow, 1941), Ta’rikhi Mukhtasari Khalqi Tojik (A

Brief History of the Tajiks, Stalinabad, 1947). This work was translated

into Russian and went through three reprints. An expanded version ap-

peared in 3 volumes between 1963 and 1965 under the title Tojikon:


Prominent Tajik Figures of the Twentieth Century

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     

87

Ta’rikhi Qadimtarin Qadim va Sadahoi Miona (The Tajiks: Their



Ancient and Medieval History, Moscow, 1972).

Ghafurov, like Sadriddin Aini, is recognized as a Tajik hero. His list

of accomplishments, awards, and accolades includes six Orders of

Lenin, medals of the October Revolution, Red Banner of Labor of

Mongolia, Jawaharlal Nehru Prize. Honorary Member of Oriental

Studies in Poland, and the Head of the International Firdowsi Prize

Committee. The city of Sovetobod in the Lenin District and one of the

streets of Dushanbe are named after him. Also, a scholarship was

created in his name, and a library was dedicated to him in the Academy

of Sciences of the USSR.

Ghafurov died in Dushanbe on August 12, 1977.

Ghafurova, Roziya

Tajik poet Roziya Ghafurova, also referred to as Ozod, was born on

January 18, 1893, to a merchant family in Khujand. She is the mother of

the famed Tajik scholar Bobojon Ghafurov. Ghafurova received her

early education in the traditional schools and became a teacher. Her

poetic career began during World War II, when she composed patriotic

verses urging the warriors of the motherland on. Among her works,

mention can be made of "Qahramoni Odil" ("Just Champion," 1943),

"Mahabbat ba Vatan" ("Love for the Country," 1944), "Gulistoni 'Ishq"

("The Rose Garden of Love," 1946), "Az Vodihoi Taloi" ("From the

Golden Valleys," 1948), "Iqbol" ("Fortune," 1951), and "Zindabod

Sulh" ("Long Live Peace," 1954).

Ghafurova

 

joined


 

the


 

Union of Writers of Tajikistan in 1944.

She died in Khujand in 1957.

Ghani Abdullo

See Abdullo, Ghani.



Ghaniev, Burhon

Tajik satirist Burhon Ghaniev, also referred to as Burhon Ghani, was

born in the village of Rogif in Maschoh on May 1, 1938.

Ghaniev graduated from the Tajikistan State University in 1962, and

in the same year became employed by the satirical journal Khorpushtak.

Although his career as a satirist begins in 1965, Ghaniev's first collec-

tion, entitled Khushomad Guionro Aziz Dorid (Respect the Sycophants),


Iraj Bashiri

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     

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does not appear until 1977. His other contributions include Har Khel



Kasro Yak Khiol (Different Persons, Different Takes, 1977), Az Har

Kalla Yak Sido (A Sound from Every Head, 1982), and Khishi Padar

(Father's Relative, 1987).

Ghaniev's satires touch almost all the lower levels of society, in-

cluding the sycophants, the flatterers, the parasites, and the liars. He

also pays special attention to life's shortcomings.

Ghaniev


 

joined


 

the


 

Union of


 

Writers


 

of

 



the

 

Soviet



 

Union


 

in 1978.


Ghaniev, Samad

Tajik satirist and playwright Samad Ghaniev, also referred to as

Samad Ghani, was born to a family of artists in Samarqand in 1908. He

received his early education in his place of birth, and worked for the

local media and for Tashkent journals until 1941, when he moved to

Dushanbe. He joined the CPSU in 1942.

Ghaniev began his career as a playwright in the 1930s. His Piruzi

(Victory, with Isma'il Akram, 1935), Vatan Duston (Patriots, with Foteh

Niyozi, 1938), Arus (Bride, 1957), and Vijdon (Conscience, 1958) were

all staged in Dushanbe, Samarqand, Bukhara, and Khujand.

In the 1950s, Ghaniev turned his attention to satire by contributing to

Khorpushtak,  Sadoi Sharq, and Krokodil. His contributions include

"Shikar Khanda" ("Sweet Smile," 1983), "Tabassum" ("Smile," 1959),

"Gul Khandon" ("Pleasant Smile," 1964), "Mowji Shukh" ("Playful

Wave," 1966) and "Arvoh" ("Spirits," 1969).

Ghaniev joined the Union of Writers of the Soviet Union in 1960.

He received two Orders of the Red Banner of Labor, three Orders of the

Badge of Honor, and the Order of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet

of Tajikistan.

Ghaniev died in Dushanbe in 1974.

Ghoibov, Abdullo

Tajik physician Abdullo Ghoibovich Ghoibov was born in the dis-

trict of Ghonchi in Leninabad on January 10, 1922. He contributed to

the victory in the Great War. He joined the CPSU in 1976.

Ghoibov graduated from the Tajikistan State Medical Institute in

1951, and until 1953, was a medical expert at the court of Uroteppa. He

was an intern from 1953 to 1956; a post-graduate student from 1957 to

1960; and a Lecturer from 1961 to 1967. Between 1967 and 1970, he

was Associate Professor of the Department of Medical Law at the Taji-


Prominent Tajik Figures of the Twentieth Century

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     

89

kistan State Medical Institute. In 1973, he became the Director of the



same institute.

Ghoibov is one of the founders of the School for Medical Law Ex-

perts. He received his doctorate degree in 1976 and became a professor

in 1977. In 1977, he became the Chief Expert for the Ministry of Health

of the Republic. Between 1978 and 1982, he served as a member of the

Problems Committee at the Presidium of the Soviet Union, and of the

Presidium of the Association of Medical Lawyers.

He is the recipient of the Honorary Order of the Presidium of the

Supreme Soviet of Tajikistan.

Ghoibov, Mahmad

Tajik poet Mahmad Murodalievich Ghoibov, also referred to as

Muhammad Ghoib, was born into a farming family in the village of

Alijon in Danghara, Kulab, on March 16, 1954. He joined the CPSU in

1984.

Ghoibov graduated from the Kulab State Institute with a degree in



Mathematics and Physics in 1977. He was a reporter as well as an in-

vestigator for the Kulab Radio and Television Committee.

Ghoibov's first poems were published in Kulab newspapers in 1972.

The themes of his works are centered on the Tajik rustic scene and ethi-

cal predicaments of the rural people. He joined the Union of Writers of

Tajikistan in 1982. His contributions include "Rohi Diha" ("The Road

to the Village," 1981), "Ruzhoi Boroni" ("Rainy Days," 1985),

"Mihrgioh" ("Love Potion," 1986), and "Khirmani Moh" ("Harvest

Moon," 1989).

Ghoibov joined the Union of Writers of the Soviet Union in 1982.



Ghulomaliev, Ghulomhaidar

Tajik choreographer, composer, and instrumentalist Ghulomhaidar

Ghulomaliev was born into a farming family in the village of Vamar in

Rushon, Badakhshan, in 1904. He received his early education in

Badakhshan. In 1933, he established the Rushon amateur group. In

1940 and 1941, he performed as a member of the Pamir music and

dance ensemble of the Tajik Philharmonic Society. He joined the CPSU

in 1943. Thereafter, until the end of his life, he was the leader of the

same group. He contributed to Tajik music and dance both as a chore-

ographer and a composer.



Iraj Bashiri

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     

90

Ghulomaliev's contributions include "Nola Kunam" ("Let Me



Moan"), "Salom az Badakhshon" ("Hello from Badakhshan"), "Pakh-

takoron" ("Cotton Workers"), "Mahbuba" ("Beloved"), "Surudi Mihnat"

("Song of Labor"), Bahori Badakhshon ("Spring in Badakhshan"), and

"Surud dar Vasfi Moskva" ("Anthem in Praise of Moscow").

Ghulomaliev participated in the 1941 and 1957 festivals of Tajik

music and dance in Moscow. One of the founders of professional music

and dance groups in Soviet Badakhshan, Ghulomaliev became a

People's Artist of the Soviet Union in 1957. He is the recipient of the

Order of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of Tajikistan.

Ghulomaliev died in Moscow on April 19, 1961; he is buried in

Dushanbe.

Ghulomov, Minhoj

Tajik psychologist Minhoj Ghulomov was born in Samarqand on

September 3, 1929. He joined the CPSU in 1953.

Ghulomov graduated from the Samarqand Medical Institute in 1952.

He was an intern from 1952 to 1960 at the Moscow Institute of Scien-

tific Research and a post-graduate student in general psychology. Be-

tween 1957 and 1960, he was a Lecturer. In 1960, he became the

Director of the Department of Psychology, and later, the Dean of the

Tajikistan State Medical Institute. He received his doctorate degree in

medicine in 1965, and became a professor in 1966.

Ghulomov's research is in contemporary psychology. He was the

first to discover the relationship between the early stages of Kandiskii

Syndrome and schizophrenia.

Ghulomov became a Distinguished Doctor of Tajikistan in 1964, and

a Distinguished Contributor to Science in Tajikistan in 1974. In addi-

tion, he was awarded the Ibn Sina State Award in 1977. Ghulomov was

also decorated with the Badge of Honor and the Order of the October

Revolution.

Ghulomov was murdered in Dushanbe on May 6, 1996.

Gulnazar

See Keldiev, Gulnazar.



Gulrukhsor Safi

See Safieva, Gulrukhsor.



91

H

Habib Yusufi

See Yusufov, Habibullo .



Habibov, Abdullo

Tajik politician Abdullo Habibov was born in Kulab on May 1,

1940.

From 1978 to 1981, Habibov studied history at the Academy of



Social Sciences of the Central Committee of the Communist Party. In

1981 and 1982, he was the Secretary of the Communist Party of

Dushanbe. Thereafter, he became the Head of the Political Division of

the Internal Affairs of the Republic. In 1990, he was dismissed from this

office. In April 1992, he became the Head of the Legislative Committee

of the Supreme Soviet of Tajikistan.



Habibulloev, Zuhur

Tajik painter Zuhur Nurjonovich Habibulloev was born in Dushanbe

on January 4, 1932. He joined the CPSU in 1960.

Habibulloev graduated from the Dushanbe Painting School in 1953,

then from the Leninabad Advanced School of Fine Arts in 1959. His

paintings depict life in all its aspects, especially its freedom. He has cre-

ated a series of monuments. For instance, in Sokhtmoni GES-i Norak

(The GES Building at Norak, 1961, he depicts the figures who have

harnessed the restive forces of nature.

Labor has a special place in Habibulloev's works, especially the un-

encumbered labor of villagers as depicted in "Tiramohi Chupononi

Qabodiyon" ("Qabodion Shepherd's Summer," 1975) and "Ma'rakai

Pashmtarosji dar Qabodiyon" ("The Shearing Ceremony in Qabodion,"

1977). The many valleys of Tajikistan provide scenes of natural beauty

in such contributions as "Ramaroni dar Bahoron" ("Moving the Flock in

Spring,"


 

1964); "Bahor" ("Spring," 1967); and "Nai" ("The Flute,"

1967).

His still-life paintings, such as "Taiori ba Id" ("New Year Prepara-



tion," 1969), depict the real life of the Tajiks as a people. He is also a

Iraj Bashiri

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     

92

master in creating monumental works in cooperation with other paint-



ers, some of which decorate government buildings, train stations, and

the teahouses of the republic.

Habibulloev became a member of the Union of Painters of the Soviet

Union in 1960, was recognized as a Distinguished Contributor to Tajik

Art in 1967, and became a People's Painter of Tajikistan in 1987. He

also received the Honorary Order of the Presidium of the Supreme

Soviet of Tajikistan.

Hadisa

See Qurbonova, Hadisa.



Haidarov, Ghafur

Tajik historian Ghafur Haidarov was born in Khujand on January 15,

1927. He joined the CPSU in 1947.

Haidarov graduated from the Leninabad Institute of History in 1947.

He was a teacher between 1947 and 1955. In 1956, he became Head of

the Department of History of the Soviet Union of the Leninabad Insti-

tute of History. He received his doctorate degree in history in 1969 and

became a professor in 1970.

Haidarov's research focuses on the problems associated with build-

ing socialism and with the correspondence of Tajik society with Lenin's

national policies. His contributions include Bor'ba za ustanovlenie i up-

rochenie Sovetskoi vlasti v Severnom Tadzhikistane --1917-1923 gg.

(Struggle for the Establishment of Soviet Rule in Northern Tajikistan--



1917-1923, Leningrad, 1967) and Ocherki istorii sotsialisticheskogo

stroitel'stva v Severnom Tadzhikistane (Studies Related to the History of

Socialist Construction in Northern Tajikistan, Dushanbe, 1974).

Haidarov was recognized as a Distinguished Contributor to Tajik

Culture in 1960. He was decorated with the Order of Lenin and was

awarded the Honorary Order of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of

Tajikistan.

Haidarov, Karim

Tajik pharmacologist Karim Haidarov was born into a farming fam-

ily in the village of Khojaboikul in Orjonikidzeobod on May 9, 1934.

He joined the CPSU in 1954.



Prominent Tajik Figures of the Twentieth Century

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     

93

After graduating from the Tajikistan State Medical Institute in 1959,



Haidarov worked at the Norak Hospital. In 1963, he was a Junior and

later a Senior Scientific Worker. In 1968, he became the Director of

Pharmacology of the Institute of Chemistry of the Academy of Sciences

of Tajikistan. He received his doctorate degree in medicine in 1972, and

became a professor in 1982. He is the Head of the Association of the

Pharmacologists of Tajikistan.

Haidarov's research deals with pharmacology of medicinal plants

and with the chemical synthesis of these plants. His contributions in-

clude Prirodnaia apteka (Natural Medicinal Drugs, Dushanbe, 1970)

and Polimeri v meditsine (Polymers in Medicine, Dushanbe, 1975).




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