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Dustmuhammadov, Damir

Tajik composer Damir Vohidovich Dustmuhammadov was born in

Tashkent on August 6, 1941.

Dustmuhammadov graduated from the Dushanbe Institute of Dra-

matic Arts in 1963, and from the Moscow State Conservatory in 1970.

He served as the Secretary of the Union of Composers of Tajikistan, as

well as a teacher at the State Institute of Arts, and as the Director of the

Dushanbe Institute of Music. Until 1979, he was the Director of the

Aini State Theater for Opera and Ballet. In 1976, he became the Associ-

ate Chair of the Union of Composers of Tajikistan. In 1986, he became

the Head of the Union of Composers of Tajikistan. He became an As-

sistant Professor in 1991 in the Dushanbe Institute of Dramatic Arts,

and a full professor in 1998.


Prominent Tajik Figures of the Twentieth Century

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     

75

Dustmuhammadov has created a noteworthy amount of materials for



contemporary music--operas, symphonies, quartets, and concerts using

various instruments. His contributions to opera include La'nat Kardai



Khalq (M. Farhat's Libretta, Cursed by the People, 1973), Modar

(Mother, 1968), Abadzinda (M. Farhat's poem, "Eternally Alive," 1969),



Modar-Zamin (M. Qano'at's poem, "Motherland," 1974), Ovozi Khalq

(M. Mirshakar's poem, "The Voice of the People," 1975). His more re-

cent contributions include "Idi Navruz" ("The Navruz Celebration"),

"Gularusak" ("The Flower Doll"), "Nishoni Oli Somon" ("The Emblem

of the Samanids"), "Farzandi in Millat Manam" ("I am the Offspring of

This Nation"), and "Surudi Anjumani Tojikoni Jahon" ("The anthem of

the Tajiks of the World").

Dustmuhammadov is the recipient of the Lenin Komsomol Prize for

Tajikistan in 1970 and the Rudaki State Prize. He is recognized as a

Distinguished Contributor to Art. He also received the Red Banner of

Courage.

He has traveled to Afghanistan, Malaysia, Finland, Senegal, India,

Pakistan, and Austria.

Dustmuhammadov, Zainuddin

Tajik author and journalist Zainuddin Dustmuhammadov was born

in the village of Peter in the city of Konibodom of Khujand province in

1932.


He graduated from Khujand State University with a degree in Uzbek

language and literature in 1957. Between 1954 and 1957, he worked at



Haqiqati Leninobod. Then, from 1960 to 1963, he worked at Tojikistoni

Shavravi and with Tajikistan State Publications. His first story, "Yoqut"

("Ruby"), was published in 1968. He joined the Union of Writers of

Tajikistan in 1976. His other contributions include Dar Domoni Ufuq

(In the Arms of the Horizon, 1973), Maro Bubakhshid Mardum (Forgive



Me, People, 1978), and Barghoi Khazon (Autumn Leaves, 1980).

Dzhuraev, Abdulhamid

See Juraev, Abdulhamid.



76

E

Egamov, Dodokhon

Tajik author and journalist Dodokhon Egamov, also referred to as

Nodir, was born into a merchant family in the village of Varukh in the

town of Isfara in Khujand province, on April 1, 1951.

Egamov graduated from Tajikistan State University with a degree in

journalism in 1974. For a while, he was employed by Komsomoli Toji-



kiston, Javononi Tojikiston and Adabiyot va San'at.

Egamov's first stories, which belong mostly to the satire genre, were

published in Javononi Tojikiston. His contributions include Korvoni

Khanda (The Caravan of Laughter, 1984), Labkhandi Nodir (A Rare

Smile, 1987), and Gahvorabakhsh, yo Khod Qissai Zangirii Khudam

(Relinquishing the Cradle, or the Story of My Own Wedding, 1988).

Egamov joined the Union of Writers of the Soviet Union in 1988.



Erkaboev, Rustam

See Irkaboev, Rustam.



Erkaev, Mullo

See Irkaev, Mullo.



Eshanqulov, Ubaydullo

Tajik agriculturalist Ubaydullo Eshanqulov was born in the village

of Ghazantarak in Ghonchi on March 6, 1931. He is one of the founders

of citrus cultivation in Central Asia. He joined the CPSU in 1963.

Eshanqulov graduated from the Tajik Institute of Agriculture in

1957. He was a Scientific Worker from 1957 to 1962, and then became

the Director of the Experimental Division of Vakhsh in 1962. He was a

candidate for the doctorate degree in agriculture in 1967. He remained

in that position until 1978. Between 1978 and 1987, he was the Director

of the Institute of Research on Orchards and Vineyards.

Eshanqulov's research deals with aspects of the development of vari-

ous citrus plants. Under his supervision, lemons and oranges were culti-



Prominent Tajik Figures of the Twentieth Century

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     

77

vated in the marshes of southern Tajikistan. Thereafter, this method of



cultivation of citrus became common throughout Central Asia. His con-

tributions include Mevahoi Tsitrusi dar Tojikiton (Citrus Fruits in Taji-



kistan, Dushanbe, 1965); Mevahoi Garmidusti Tojikiston (Warm-Loving

Fruits of Tajikistan, Dushanbe, 1973); Tavsiyaho Oid ba Parvarishi

Ziroathoi Tsitrusi dar RSS Tojikiston (Recommendations Regarding the

Cultivation of Citrus Plants in the SSR of Tajikistan, Dushanbe, 1980);

Transheinaya kul'tura limona (The  Trench Agriculture Applied to

Lemon Culture, Dushanbe, 1982); and Kul'tura tsitrusovikh v Tadzhiki-

stane (The Citrus Culture in Tajikistan, Dushanbe, 1982).

Eshanqulov received the Ibn Sina State Prize in 1974, as well as two

Orders of he Red Banner of Labor, the Badge of Honor, and the Order

of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of Tajikistan.

He retired in 1987.


78

F

Faiziev, Abdulhaq

Tajik geologist Abdulhaq Rajabovich Faiziev was born in the village

of Yor in Panjakent on March 15, 1938.

Faiziev graduated from Tajikistan State University in 1959, and until

1960, was an intern in the Department of Geology and Petrography of

Tajikistan State University. In 1968, he became an Assistant Professor

in the same department. He received his doctorate degree in geology in

1982 and became a professor in 1983. In 1985, he became the Dean of

the Faculty of Geology of Tajikistan State University.

Faiziev's research deals with the mineralogy of the fluoride mines in

various parts of Tajikistan. The contributions of Faiziev include Miner-

alogia i osobennosti genezisa fliuoritovikh mestorozhdenii iugozapad-

nogo Karategina (Mineralogy and the Specifics of the Appearance of

Fluoride Mines in Southwest Gharotegin, Dushanbe, 1972).

Faizullo, Habibullo

Tajik author and poet Habibullo Faizullo was born in Khavaling in

the town of Vose' of Kulab province in 1945.

Faizullo graduated from the Tajikistan State Pedagogical Institute in

1966, and from the Gorkii Literature Institute in Moscow in 1973.

Thereafter, he worked at Ma'orif va Madaniyyat, Javononi Tojikiston,

and Dairatul Ma'orifi Shavravii Tojik. His early poems were published

in the 1960s. The themes of his poems deal with patriotism. His contri-

butions include "Qatrai Boron" ("Raindrop, " 1966), "Dunyoi Javoni"

("Youthful Days," 1971), "Rozi Daryo" ("The Secret of the Sea, "

1974), "Didori Orizuho" ("Visiting Desires, " 1979), "Obshori Oftob"

("The Waterfall of the Sun," 1981), and "Armughon" ("Gift," 1987).

Faizullo joined the Union of the Writers of Tajikistan in 1976.

He died in 1980.



Faizulloev, Bahodur

Tajik author Bahodur Faizulloev was born into a family of workers

of Uroteppa on September 26, 1938. He joined the CPSU in 1964.


Prominent Tajik Figures of the Twentieth Century

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     

79

Faizulloev graduated from Tajikistan State University in 1957 and



worked at Haqiqati Uzbekistan and Tojikistoni Soveti. In 1967, he be-

came the editor of the literary and artistic division of Khorpushtak. His

stories are mainly satirical. His contributions include "Kami Mo u

Karami Shumo" ("Our Shortcoming Versus Your Generosity," 1970);

"Yak Daqiqa Birun Baroid" ("Step Out for a Minute," 1975); "Ob-

sofkunak" ("The Sieve," 1980); and "Kamkori Sirtaradud" ("Little

Work, Much Traffic," 1983).

Faizulloev joined the Union of Writers of the Soviet Union in 1975.



Faizulloev, Boboqul

Tajik singer, instrumentalist, and master of maqoms (modes)

Boboqul Faizulloev, also referred to as Boboqulaka, was born in the

village of Archiman of Ghizhduvon in Bukhara in 1899. He began study

of Shashmaqom in early childhood. He went to Bukhara when he was

14 and studied under the famous tambourine player, Saidjon Avaz. At

the beginning of the 1930s, he became a teacher of music at Ghizhdu-

von. Sometime after that, he was invited by Sadriddin Aini to accom-

pany other master musicians to Dushanbe. In 1936, he was the first to

play a Shashmaqom piece on Soviet radio. After the formation of the

Radio Tajikistan Shashmaqom Ensemble in 1946, he became one of the

leaders of this group.

For his preparation of the complete Shashmaqom, in cooperation

with Sh. Sahibov, Sh. Shahobov, and V. Belyaev, he received the Taji-

kistan Rudaki State Prize in 1972.

Faizulloev became a People's Artist of Tajikistan in 1947. He is the

recipient of the Medal of Lenin, and the Badge of Honor.

He died on February 27, 1964, in Dushanbe.



Faizulloev, Ibod

Tajik author and journalist Ibod Faizulloev was born in the village of

Char Kuh of Isfara, in Khujand province on April 12, 1935.

Faizulloev graduated from Tajikistan State University with a degree

in Tajiki language and literature in 1959. Between 1959 and 1963, he

worked for Tojikistoni Shavravi. Then, from 1977 to 1979, he served as

the Chief Editor of the same paper. In 1979, he became the Chief of the

Education Department of the Central Committee of the Communist

Party of Tajikistan. His stories, which deal with the social and political

problems of Tajik society, have been in print since 1958. He is also a



Iraj Bashiri

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     

80

satirist. His contributions include "Favvora" ("The Fountain," 1964),



"Rohhoi Zindagi" ("Paths in Life," 1966), "Ru ba Oftob" ("Facing the

Sun," 1968), "Sidoqat" ("Truthfulness," 1968), "Gulkhani Dusti" ("Rose

Garden of Friendship," 1969), "Pidaron va Farzandon" ("Fathers and

Offspring," 1971), "Az Jibha" ("From the Front," 1973), "Oshiyoni

Baland" ("The Lofty Perch," 1974), "Dar Otash" ("In the Fire," 1975),

"Qissai Bishai Sabz" ("The Tale of the Green Woods," 1977), and

"Savgand" ("Oath," 1983).

Faizulloev joined the Union of the Writers of the Soviet Union in

1974.

Farhat, Muhiddin

Tajik poet Muhiddin Farhat, also referred to as Hasanov, was born

on August 7, 1924, into a farming family in the village of Khojanais-

avor in Khujand. He contributed to the war effort from 1941 to 1945.

He joined the CPSU in 1948.

Farhat graduated from the Leninabad Pedagogical State Institute in

1948. In 1953 and 1954, he was Head of the Literary and Artistic Divi-

sion of Tojikistoni Surkh. During 1954 and 1955, he was a literary con-

tributor to Sharqi Surkh. Between 1955 and 1959, he was the Editor of

Pioniri Tojikiston. From 1960 to 1969, he was the Chief Editor of Taji-

kistan State Publications. In 1970, he became the Chief Editor of the



Soviet Tajik Encyclopedia.  His first poems appeared in the 1930s in the

local Khujand paper, Bo Rohi Lenin. His first poetry collection, Gulhoi



Shodi (Flowers of Happiness), appeared in 1948. His other contribu-

tions include "Dust Midoram" ("I Love," 1950); "Nazmi Ozodi"

("Poetry of Freedom," 1955); "Taronahoi Muhabbat" ("Songs of Love,"

1962); "Rudi Kuhi" ("The Mountain River," 1964); "Chashmai Bahor"

("The Spring Fountain," 1972); "Kitobi Dusti" ("The Book of Friend-

ship," 1976); and "Gilosi Safid" ("The White Cherry," 1981).

The themes of Farhat's poetry are centered on life in the Soviet

Union, the promotion of peace, education, and friendship, and the bene-

fits of socialism. He is also interested in depicting nature, love, and

truthfulness. The events of World War I have a special place in his

compositions. In these regards, his contributions include "Zuri Khalq"

(People Power), "Maktubi Modaron" ("Mothers' Letter"), "Javobi

Pisaron" ("The Sons' Response"), "Salom, Tojikiston" ("Hello, Tajiki-

stan"), and "Boroni Bahori" ("Spring Rain").



Prominent Tajik Figures of the Twentieth Century

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     

81

Farhat joined the Union of Writers of the Soviet Union in 1947, and



he also received the Badge of Honor, three Orders of the Presidium of

the Supreme Soviet of Tajikistan and of Belarus.  Farhat died in

Dushanbe on May 30, 1984.

Farrukh Burhon

See Mahkamov, Burhon.



Farzona

See Khojaeva, Inoyat



Firuz, Bahrom

Tajik author and poet Bahrom Boboevich Firuz was born into the

family of a teacher in the village of Bazarkat of Samarqand in 1939.

He graduated from the Samarqand Pedagogical Institute in 1956, and

from the Khujand State University in 1962. For a while, he taught at the

latter institution. Between 1964 and 1978, he contributed to Komsomoli



Tojikiston,  Madaniyati Tojikiston, Sadoi Sharq, as well as to Sozmoni

Sado va Simoi Tojikiston, as well as to Irfon and Adib Publishers. His

first collection of poetry, entitled Rozhoi Mahabbat-Rozhoi Shabi

Mahtobi (The Secrets of Love, the Secrets of the Moonlit Night), was

published in 1967.

Firuz's stories deal with the moral and ethical problems of the con-

temporary Tajik youth. After 1970, he shifted from poetry to prose. His

other works include "Silsila" ("Dynasty," 1973), "Ba Dunboli Sitora"

("In Pursuit of Sitora," 1976), "Ganj dar Vairona" ("Treasure in the

Ruins," 1977), "Rukhsora" ("Visage," 1978), "Tu Tanho Nisti" ("You

Are Not Alone," 1980), "Haqiqati Talkh" ("Bitter Truth," 1980), "Tor

va Pud" ("The Warp and Woof," 1983), and "Agar U Mard Bud" ("If

He Were a Man," 1988).

He joined the Union of Writers of the Soviet Union in 1971.

Foteh Niyozi

See Niyozi, Foteh.



Iraj Bashiri

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     

82

Fozilov, Mullojon

Tajik linguist Mullojon Fozilovich Fozilov was born to a merchant

family in Konibodom of Khujand province in 1914. He joined the

CPSU in 1944.

Fozilov graduated from Leningrad State University in 1940, then

participated in the Second World War. From 1951, he served as a pro-

fessor of Tajiki language and literature at the Rudaki Language and Lit-

erature Institute of the Academy of Sciences of Tajikistan. As of 1952,

Fozilov was an Associate Member of the Academy of Sciences of Taji-

kistan. His contributions include Kalamahoi Tasviri dar Zaboni Tojiki

(Illustrative Words in the Tajiki Language, 1956) and Farhangi Ibora-



thoi Rikhta dar Zaboni Imruzi Tojik ( A Dictionary of Frozen Idioms in

Tajiki, 2 volumes, 1963-64). He is mostly remembered for his Pand va

Hikmat (Advice and Philosophy), which was in its third printing in

1995.


Fozilov received the Order of the Patriotic War, the Badge of Honor,

and other medals.

He passed away in Konibodom in 1977.

Fozilova, Tuhfa

Tajik artist Tuhfa Fozilova was born into a family of workers in

Konibodom in 1917. Her career began among the havaskoron amateur

groups of Konibodom and the theater of that town (Leninabad). Her

first role was Lolakhon, in K. Yashin's work of the same name. She

joined the CPSU in 1941.

In 1933, she joined the Tashkent Music Theater, but in the following

year returned to the Leninabad Drama and Music Theater. Then, in

1934, she moved to Stalinabad and began contributing to the promotion

of Tajik opera and ballet. Her other roles include Halima in Halima, by

Gh. Zafari; Gulchihra in Orshin Mololon (Arshin Malalan), by U.

Hojibekov; and others.

Starting in 1940, Fozilova participated in the Tajik Theater as a

singer and actor. Her roles include Qumri in Lola, by S. Urbakh and S.

Balasanian; Gulizor and Nushofarin in Shurishi Vose' (The Vose' Up-

rising) and Kovai Ohingar (Kaveh the Blacksmith), by S. Balasanian;

Roziya in Roziya(Razia), by Z. Shahidi; and others. In 1949, she joined

the Lahuti State Academy of Dramatic Arts. The most memorable char-

acters that she created at this time include Guli in Alisher Navo'i, by

Uighun and I. Sulton; Mahtob and Gulnor and Poshokhon in Dukhtari


Prominent Tajik Figures of the Twentieth Century

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     

83

Nokom (Unfulfilled Girl), Dokhunda (Dokhunda), and Dilhoi Suzon

(Burning Hearts), by S. Aini and J. Ikromi; and many others.

She has also played in several TajikFilm productions.

Fozilova became a People's Artist of the Soviet Union in 1957, and

won the Rudaki State Prize in 1979. She also received the Order of

Lenin and the Friendship Among People's award, as well as other

medals. The Konibodom Theater is in her name.

Fozilova died in Dushanbe on February 3, 1984.


84

G

Gadoev, Hoshim

Tajik actor and director Hoshim Gadoev, also referred to as Hoshim

Gado, was born in May 10, 1937 in Kulab. After finishing middle

school (1956), he entered the Lunacharskii Institute of Theater in

Moscow.


After graduating in 1960, he joined the Musical and Comic Theater

of Leninabad. In 1961, he joined the Lahuti State Academy of Dramatic

Arts. His acting in K. Gotstsi's Shah Gavazn (King Buck) clearly

pointed to his talent as an upcoming actor. At the Lahuti State Academy

of Dramatic Arts, he performed dramatic, tragic, and romantic roles.

Some of his performances were deep and matchless. Among his memo-

rable roles are Lolaev in Irodai Zan (Woman's Resolve), by A. Sidqi,

1961; Sodiq in Surudi Kuhsor (The Song of  the Mountains), by Gh.

Abdullo, 1962; Ferdinand in Makr va Mahabbat (Cunning and Love),

by F. Schiller, 1962; Suhrob in Rustam va Suhrob (Rustam and Suhrab),

by Gh. Abdullo, 1967; Divona in Shabi Giriftani Moh (The Night of the

Eclipse of the Moon), by M. Karim, 1972; and others.

Gadoev is a master in the portrayal of characters with deep social

and cultural roots. He probes each character's background and interprets

the role in light of the character's psychological state.

He entered the world of film in 1964, appearing in many TajikFilm

productions. His roles in film include Komil in 12 So'ati Hayot (The 12



Hours of Life, 1964), Safar in Guriza (Refugee, 1969), Suhrob in

Rustam va Suhrob (Rustam and Suhrab, 1972), and many others.

Beginning as early as 1961, Gadoev tried his hand at directing and

brought such works as F. Ansori's Ijoranishin (Tenant) and A. Pushkin's

Foji'ahoi Khurd (Small Calamities) to stage.

Gadoev became a People's Artist of Tajikistan in 1970, and won the

Rudaki State Prize in 1972.



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