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Berdieva, Turdikhon

Tajik Orientalist and linguist Turdikhon Ishonovna Berdieva was

born into a family of workers in Konibodom on June 7, 1942. She

joined the CPSU in 1971.

Berdieva graduated from the Tajikistan State University in 1963. In

1967, she began teaching at the Department of Arabic of the Faculty of

Oriental Languages of Tajikistan State University. She received her

doctorate degree in philology in 1983 and became a professor in 1986.

Berdieva's research deals with Arabic vocabulary and structural ele-

ments that have found their way into the Tajiki language. She is also in-

terested in sociolinguistics and issues of preventing foreign words from

entering the Tajiki language. Berdieva's contributions include Leksika i



grammaticheskie elementi arabskogo iazika v tadzhikskom (Arabic

Words and Grammatical Compositions in Tajiki, Dushanbe, 1968).

Berdieva was recognized as a Distinguished Contributor to Tajik

education in 1984.

Boboev

See Soleh, Muhammadzamon.



Boboev, Adham

Tajik physicist Adham Safarovich Boboev was born in the village of

Zimtud of Panjakent on June 11, 1935. He joined the CPSU in 1971.


Prominent Tajik Figures of the Twentieth Century

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     

51

Boboev graduated from the Dushanbe Pedagogical Institute, with a



degree in Physics in 1957. From 1958 to 1960, he studied at the Ad-

vanced Political and Military School of the Cabinet of Ministers of the

Soviet Union. From 1961 to 1964, he was a post-graduate student at the

Institute of Physics of the Academy of Sciences of Azerbaijan. Between

1966 and 1968, he was the Head of the Department of Physics of the In-

stitute of Agriculture of Tajikistan. He received his doctorate degree in

physics and mathematics in 1981 and became a professor in 1983.

Boboev's research deals with light absorption and light distribution

of phosphoric crystals, principles of the creation of very thin surfaces

(40-50 Å); and the electro-physical properties of such surfaces. He has

patented more than ten inventions, five of which have been tested and

employed.

Boboev's contributions include Vujud Nadoshtani Quvvai Joziba

(Lack of the Existence of Gravity, Dushanbe, 1983); Oidi Yagonagii



Kehjahon va Mihjahon (On the Unity of the Large and Small Universes,

Dushanbe, 1991); Oidi Massai Orom va Zarioi Oddi (On Silent Mass



and Normal Charge, Dushanbe, 1994); Nazari Jadid ba Amvoji Elek-

tromagnetiki (A New Theory in Electromagnetic Waves, Dushanbe,

1998)); and Dili Uryon (Naked Heart, Dushanbe, 2001).

Boboev joined the Union of Journalists of the Soviet Union in 1965,

and the Scientific Association of Soviet Physicists dealing with liquid

crystals in 1979.

Boboev is retired, no retirement date is available.



Boboev, Yuri

Tajik scholar and literary critic Yuri Boboev was born in Samarqand

in 1917. He joined the CPSU in 1948.

Boboev graduated from the University of Samarqand with a degree

in Persian and Tajiki languages and literatures in 1945. In 1947, he

joined the staff of Dushanbe Pedagogical Institute. In 1952, he became

a Scientific Worker at the Academy of Sciences of Tajikistan. He has

written a considerable number of articles on literary criticism, especially

dealing with the works of Sadriddin Aini, Tursunzoda, Lahuti, and

Ikromi. His contributions include "Aini: Ustodi Barrasi dar Tafakkur"

("Aini: A Master Investigator of Thought," 1956), "Mirzo Tursunzoda"

("Mirzo Tursunzoda, " 1961), "Sipahsolori Nazm" ("The Commander of

Verse, " 1971), "Adabiyoti Shavravii" "Tojik" ("Soviet Tajik Literature,


Iraj Bashiri

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     

52

with Nosirjon Ma'sumi, " 1985-1987), "Hizb, Zamon va Adabiyot"



("Party, Time, and Literature, " 1964), "Hayot, Qahramon va Adabiyot"

("Life, the Hero, and Literature, " 1978), "Simo va Mahorat" ("Appear-

ance and Skill, " 1979), and "Muqaddamai Shinokhti Adabiyot" ("Intro-

duction to Literary Criticism, " 1974).

He has received two medals and the Order of the Presidium of the

Supreme Soviet of Tajikistan.



Boboeva, Khosiat

Tajik historian Khosiat Qosimovna Boboeva was born into a mer-

chant family in Khujand on December 5, 1923. She joined the CPSU in

1942.


Boboeva graduated from the Faculty of Natural Sciences of the Leni-

nabad Pedagogical Institute in 1942. From 1942 to 1946, she worked at

the Stalinabad Party offices, and from 1947 to 1951, she was a post-

graduate student at the University of Moscow. In 1954, she became the

Party Committee Secretary of the Leninabad region. In 1956, she be-

came an Assistant Professor at the Tajikistan State University and, in

1959, she was promoted to the Head of the Department of the History of

the Communist Party of the Soviet Union and Political Economy of the

Tajikistan State Medical Institute. She received her doctorate degree in

history in 1974 and became a professor in 1978.

Boboeva's research deals with the history of the formation of work-

ers' organizations and their unification with the farmers of the Republic.

She is also interested in the role of the Communist Party of Tajikistan in

both the formal organizations and the coming together of the factory

and farm workers. Boboeva's contributions include Soyuz rabochego

klassa i krest'ianstva Tadzhikistana v period postroenii sotsializma (The

Union of Workers and Farmers of Tajikistan During the Socialist Era,

Dushanbe, 1974); and Okhrana zdorovia naroda--sostavnaia chast' sot-



sial'noi programmi Kommunisticheskoi partii (People's Healthcare: A

Major Part of the Program of the Communist Party, Dushanbe, 1984).

Boboeva was recognized as a Distinguished Contributor to Tajik

Education in 1963. She is a recipient of the Badge of Honor and the

Order of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of Tajikistan.



Prominent Tajik Figures of the Twentieth Century

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     

53

Bobojonov, Ma'ruf

Tajik author Ma'ruf Bobojonov, also referred to as Ma'ruf Bobojon,

was born into a scholarly family in the village of Haidar in Khujand on

November 3, 1945. He joined the CPSU in 1975.

Bobojonov graduated from the Tajikistan State University in 1967.

For a while, he worked for Tojikistoni Soveti, then joined the Commit-

tee for Radio and Television of Tajikistan. In 1986, he became the Di-

rector of the Bureau of Literary and Artistic Persuasions at the Union of

Writers of Tajikistan.

Bobojonov's writing career began in the 1960s. His contributions in-

clude Khishti Avval (The First Brick, 1971), Shabi Okhirin (The Last



Night, 1973), Jufti Kabutar (The Pigeon's Mate, 1981), Asiri Haftum

(The Seventh Slave, 1985), as well as the essays "Hodi Kenjaev" ("Hadi

Kenjaev," 1970),"Farzandi  Zamin" ("The Offspring of the Land,"

1974), and others.

The Second World War plays a major role in Bobojonov's stories.

His characters are mostly young people chosen from among the workers

in the kolkhoz to symbolize the effort expended for the creation of a

progressive socialist society.

He joined the Union of Writers of the Soviet Union in 1975. He is

the recipient of the Order of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of

Tajikistan.

Bobojonov, Ne'matjon

Tajik lawyer Ne'matjon Bobojonov was born into a family of farm-

ers in the village of Unji of Khujand on July 7, 1939.

Bobojonov graduated from Tajikistan State University in 1962.

From 1961 to 1963, he was a senior consultant at the Justice Division of

the Supreme Soviet of the Republic of Tajikistan. In 1963 and 1964, he

was the Senior Consultant at the Justice Division of the Presidium of the

Supreme Soviet of the Republic of Tajikistan. From 1964 to 1966, he

was a post-graduate student at the Department of State Law and Soviet

Structures of the Tajikistan State University. In 1967 and 1968, he was

a Senior Instructor at the same institution. From 1972 to 1978, he served

as an Assistant Professor, Acting Dean, and Head of the Department of

Law of the Institute of Agriculture. He received his doctorate degree in

1986 and became a professor in 1987.



Iraj Bashiri

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     

54

Bobojonov's research deals with the problems of national govern-



ment, friendly relations with the other republics in the Soviet Union,

and the place of each republic within the larger Soviet system. Bobo-

jonov's contributions include Rastsivet Tadzhikskoi SSR v Soyuze SSR

(The Blossoming of Tajikistan During the Soviet Era, Dushanbe, 1974);



Dar Oilai Barodaronai Khalqhoi SSSR ( In the Brotherly Family of the

Peoples of the Soviet Union, Dushanbe, 1982); Sotsializmi Mutaraqqi

va Yagonagii Internatsionalii Respublikahoi Soveti (Progressive So-

cialism and the International Union of the Soviet Republics, Dushanbe,

1985); and Obrazovanie GVAO--torzhestvo leninskoi natsional'noi



politiki (The Establishment of GVAO--Lenin's National-Political Vic-

tory, Dushanbe, 1985).

Bobojonov, Pulod

Tajik astrophysicist Pulod Bobojonovich Bobojonov was born in Uro-

teppa on October 15, 1930. He joined the CPSU in 1955.

Bobojonov graduated from the Leninabad Pedagogical Institute in

1949, and became a candidate at the Academy of Sciences of Tajikistan

and Moscow State University (1950-1954). Thereafter, until 1958, he

served as the main astronomer at the Observatory. In 1958 and 1959, he

was the Head of the Institute of Meteorology and Astrophysics of the

Academy of Sciences of Tajikistan. Between 1959 and 1971, he served

as the Director of that Institute. In 1970, he received his doctorate in

physics and mathematics. In 1971, he became the Dean of Tajikistan

State University, and he became a professor in 1973.

Bobojonov's studies examine the orbit, physical nature and division

of matter in inter-stellar space. He has determined the orbit of over 400

meteors and has discovered over 20 meteor cells. Between 1968 and

1970, Bobojonov was the leader of an expedition to Somalia; he became

the first in the world to measure the track changes of meteors. Under his

supervision, the Institute of Astrophysics of the Academy of Sciences

built an observatory for observing meteors, which became the founda-

tion for the study of the principle of observing and photographing and

locating meteors at the National level.

Bobojonov participated in many congresses and headed some. He

was awarded a number of medals. Bobojonov's contributions include

Issledovanie skorostei izverzhenia veshchestva iz yaderkomet (Research

on the Velocity of Matter of the Center of a Comet, Stalinabad, 1955);


Prominent Tajik Figures of the Twentieth Century

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     

55

and Metodi i nekotorie rezul'tati fotograficheskikh issledovanii mete-



orov (Principles and Some Results of Research on Photographing

Meteors, Moscow, 1963).

Bobojonov received the Red Banner of Labor, the Badge of Honor,

and a medal named after S. I. Vavilov.

Bobokalonova, Jonon

Tajik literary critic Jonon Bobokalonova was born into a worker's

family in the village of Pulodon in Konibodom on September 13, 1929.

She joined the CPSU in 1958.

Bobokalonova graduated from the Dushanbe Pedagogical Institute in

1949. In 1954, she joined the Department of Tajik Literature of the

same institute, teaching the history of Tajik literature, with emphasis on

children's literature. Her contributions, which began in 1950, include



Ba'zi Mulohizaho dar Borai Adabiyoti Bachagonai Tojik (Some Consid-

erations Regarding Literature for Tajik Children, 1954), Asarhoi

Bachagonai M. Mirshakar dar Solhoi Pas az Jang (M. Mirshakar's

Post-War Stories for Children, 1956), and others. She received her doc-

torate degree in philology in 1983 and became a professor in 1985.

Bobokalonova's research deals with the history of the development

of children's literature in Tajikistan. She is also interested in a compara-

tive study of this literature with similar literatures produced in the other

republics of the Soviet Union. Her other contributions include Materi-



alho Oid ba Adabiyoti Bachagonai Tojik (Materials Pertaining to Lit-

erature for Tajik Children, Dushanbe, 1975); Vassofi Buzurgi Zindagi

(The Great Life Expositionist, Dushanbe, 1985); and Tadzhiskaya



Detskaya Literatura (Tajik Children's Literature, Dushanbe, 1982).

\Bobokhojaev, Islom

Tajik physician Islom Yakubovich Bobokhojaev was born in Khu-

jand on August 25, 1915. He joined the CPSU in 1943.

Bobokhojaev graduated from the Tashkent Medical Institute in 1937

and joined the warfront where he served as a military doctor until 1943.

From 1943 to 1947, he was the Head of the Healthcare Division of

Leninabad. From 1947 to 1953, he served as the Acting Minister of

Health in the Republic, and from 1958 to 1961, he was the Head Physi-

cian of the Republic hospitals. Then, from 1961 to 1972, he worked in

the Public Institute of the Study of Social Hygiene.



Iraj Bashiri

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     

56

Bobokhojaev has published a number of studies dealing with the es-



tablishment of health organizations in the Republic. He became a doctor

of medicine in 1972, and a professor in 1977. He is one of the first to

establish a health service at the republic level.

Bobokhojaev has received the Badge of Honor, the Order of the Pa-

triotic War 2

nd

 class, and the Order of the Presidium of the Supreme



Soviet of Tajikistan.

Bobokhojaev, Muhammad

Tajik therapeutist Muhammad Bobokhojaev was born in Khujand on

November 19, 1924. From 1942 to 1946, he served at the war front. He

joined the CPSU in 1945.

Bobokhojaev graduated from Tajikistan State Medical Institute in

1951; for a while, thereafter, he worked at the same institute. In 1964,

he became the Director of the Department of Therapeutics of the Fac-

ulty of Pediatrics. He became a doctor of medicine in 1964, and a pro-

fessor in 1965. In 1975, he became the Head of the Department of

Dushanbe Hospital No. 1 and the Head Therapist and Hematologist of

the Ministry of Health and Well-being of the Republic. Bobokhojaev's

research is focused on the problems of cardiology, hematology, and en-

zymology. Under Bobokhojaev's supervision, a center for hematology

at Dushanbe and branches of cardiorheumatology in all districts of the

republic were established. Bobokhojaev's contributions include Kasali-

hoi Dilu Ragho va Pishgirii Onho (Diseases of the Heart and Veins and

Methods of Preventing Them, Dushanbe, 1977); and Zdrovoe serdtse i

visokogorie (Healthy Heart and High Altitude Conditions, Dushanbe,

1975).


Bobokhojaev was decorated with a number of medals.

Bobokhojaev, Sunnat

Tajik geologist Sunnat Madalievich Bobokhojaev was born on May

25, 1929, in the village in Pulodon of Konibodom. He joined the CPSU

in 1964.


Bobokhojaev graduated from the Tashkent State University of Cen-

tral Asia in 1950. He is a specialist in petrogeology and the geochemis-

try of magma. From 1950 to 1956, he studied the emergence and the

metallurgy of the magma zones of Takob and Yosro. He became a

doctor of geology and mineralogy in 1974. Beginning in 1975, he stud-


Prominent Tajik Figures of the Twentieth Century

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     

57

ied the magma and the geochemical value of fossil fuel in the Qaroma-



zor region, looking for gold, silver, and lead.

His contributions include Petrologia i osobennosti geokhimicheskoi



spetsializatsii intruzivnikh kompleksov Vostochnogo Karamazara (Sev-

ernii Tadzhikistan) (Mineralogy and the Geo-Chemical Properties of

the Intrusive Complexes of Eastern Karamazor in Central Tajikistan,

Dushanbe, 1975); and Graniti shaidanskogo tipa (Marble of the Shay-



don Type, Dushanbe, 1976).

Bobokhojaev is a recipient of the Badge of Honor.



Bobokhonov, Mansur

Tajik historian Mansur Bobokhonov was born into a worker's family

in Konibodom on August 28, 1931. He joined the CPSU in 1955.

From 1948 to 1953, he worked in the Department of History of the

Tajikistan State University. Between 1948 and 1953, he was a post-

graduate student. From 1956 to 1958, he was a Lecturer in the Depart-

ment of Soviet History of the Tajikistan State University, where, from

1958 to 1962, he taught Soviet history. In 1966, Bobokhonov became

the Dean of the Faculty of History of Tajikistan State University. He be-

came a doctor of history in 1974, and a professor in 1977.

Bobokhonov's contributions include Bidorii Siosii Omma dar Arafai

Oktiobr (Public Consciousness on the Eve of the October Revolution,

1966) and Vaz'iyyati Ijtimo'i u Iqtisodii Tojikistoni Shimoli dar Arafai



Oktiobr (The Social and Economical Situation of Northern Tajikistan

on the Eve of the October Revolution, 1970); Poezdi Agitatsionii "Kras-

nii Vostok"--Qosidi Lenin (The Agitation Train "Red East"--The Mes-

senger of Lenin, Dushanbe, 1971); and Zaminahoi Ittifoqi Revoliutsionii

Mehnatkashoni Kishvari Turkiston Bo Proletarioti Rossiya (Back-

ground of the Revolutionary Union of Turkistan's Workers with the

Proletariat of Russia, Dushanbe, 1975).

Boboqulaka

See Faizuloev, Boboqul.



Boboqulov, Ahmad

Tajik artist Ahmad Boboqulov, the son of the famed master of



Shashmaqom, Boboqul Faizulloev, was born in Dushanbe on January

17, 1931. After completing Middle School (1949),



Iraj Bashiri

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     

58

Boboqulov graduated from the Moscow Conservatory for Voice in



1954 and completed post-graduate work in 1962. His voice was that of

a dramatic tenor. Between 1954 and 1966, Boboqulov was the soloist

for the Aini Theater for Opera and Ballet. Between 1955 and 1966, he

was the soloist for the State Philharmonic Society of Tajikistan. Begin-

ning in 1967, he served as an Assistant Professor of Voice at the

Dushanbe Pedagogical Institute, and became a professor in 1977. He is

a master in the performance of Arias, romances, and songs in general;

he imbues his performances with feelings of warmth, genuineness, and

sincerity. Boboqulov mastered operas in Russian, European languages,

and Tajiki.

Boboqulov's major roles include Kararodosi in Toska (Toska), by G.

Puccini, 1970; Kanio in Maskharabozho (Clowns), by R. Leoncavallo,

1967; Zamon in Dukhtari az Dushanbe (A Girl from Dushanbe, 1968

and Komdi va Madan (Komdi and Madan), by Z. Shahidi, 1966; Rudaki

in Rudaki (Rudaki), by Sh. Saifiddinov, 1976; Vodimon in

Iolonta(Iolanta), by P. Tchaikovsky, 1976; and others.

Boboqulov's voice is rich and clear. He teaches the tradition of



Shashmaqom as he has received it from his father. His main written

contribution is Asarhoi Vokolii Zhonrhoi Gunogun Baroi Ovozi Tenor

(Voice Contributions for Various Genres of Tenor, 1976).

He was a People's Artist of the Soviet Union in 1971. He is a recipi-

ent of the Order of Lenin, the Red Banner of Labor, and other medals.

Ahmad Boboqulov passed away in 1990.




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