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Abdurahmonov, Muin

Tajik obstetrician Muin Kamolovich Abdurahmonov was born in

Dushanbe on November 30, 1933. He joined the CPSU in 1967.

Abdurahmonov graduated from the Kuybishev State Medical In-

stitute in 1957. In 1957 and 1958, he served as a regiment doctor in the

Soviet Army. From 1959 to 1963, he was on the staff of the National

Medical Corps at the Academy of Sciences of Tajikistan. Between 1964

and 1976, he served as the delivery physician at the Republic hospitals.

He received his doctorate degree in medicine in 1974. In 1980, he

became a Lecturer at the Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology of

the Tajikistan State Medical Institute, as well as the Chief Obstetrician-

Gynecologist of the Dushanbe Pedagogical Institute.

Abdurahmonov's research deals with the interaction of vitamins

during normal and not so normal pregnancies and with the various

stages of pregnancy. His contributions include "Rol' vitaminov v eti-

ologii i patogeneze gipokhromnoi anemii u beremennikh" ("The Role of

Vitamins in the Aetiology and Pathogenesis of the Lame, Anaemic or


Prominent Tajik Figures of the Twentieth Century

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     

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Pregnant Women," in Voprosi klinicheskoi meditsini (Questions of



Clinical Medicine, Dushanbe, 1970); Posobie po organizatsii raboti

akusher-ginekologa gorodskoi zhenskoi konsul'tatsii (Assistance for

Organizing the Treatment of Women's Diseases in Hospitals, Dushanbe,

1979).


Abdurahmonov was recognized as a Distinguished Physician of the

Soviet Union in 1957.



Abdurazzoqov, Habibullo

Tajik actor and director Habibullo Abdurazzoqov was born in Kulab

on November 7, 1937.

Abdurazzoqov graduated from the Lunacharskiii State Institute for

Dramatic Arts in 1960 and became an actor at the Pushkin Comedy-

Music Theater in Leninabad. From 1964 to 1969, he was an actor at the

Lahuti State Theater for Dramatic Arts. From 1969 to 1971, he was the

Chief Director of the Pushkin Comedy-Music Theater in Leninabad.

The following year, he was the director for the Vohidov State Youth

Theater. Between 1973 and 1975, he joined the TajikFilm Studios as an

actor. In 1975, he rejoined the Lahuti State Theater for Dramatic Arts.

From 1987 to 1991, he was the Head of the Union of Theater Workers

of Tajikistan, and Vice-Chair of the Union of Theater Workers of the

Soviet Union.

Abdurazzoqov was one of the best actors for the creation of national

and classical figures of Tajik culture. The roles he created include the

following: Lubim Tortsov in Kambaghali Aib Nist (Poverty Is Not a

Shame), by A. Ostrovskii, 1960; Yodgor in Dokhunda (Dokhunda), by

J. Ikromi, 1961; Faizullojon in Irodai Zan (A Woman's Resolve), by A.

Sidqi, 1962; Merkutsio in Romeo va Julietta (Romeo and Juliet) and

Otello in Othello, both by W. Shakespeare, 1963; Afrosiyob in Rustam



va Suhrob (Rustam and Suhrab), by Gh. Abdullo, 1966; Nizomiddin in

Dilhoi Suzon (Burning Hearts), by J. Ikromi, 1967; and many others.

The productions created by Abdurazzoqov are national to the core.

They include Khudorahmati (May God Bless!), by B. Nushij, 1966;

Rustam va Suhrob (Rustam and Suhrab), by Gh. Abdullo, 1967; Kupruk

(Bridge), by F. Niyozi, 1969; Karim--Divona (Crazy Karim), by T.

Ahmadkhonov, 1969; Sado va Tobut (Sound and Coffin), by A. Qahhor,

1975; Vaqti ki Shahr Khufta Bud (When the Town Was Asleep), by A.



Iraj Bashiri

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     

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Chkheidze, 1980; and Vopasin Arusi Amir al-Mu'minin (The Last Bride



of the Commander of the Faithful), by F. Muhammadiev, 1983.

Abdurazzoqov was instrumental in the development of the Tajik

theater, especially with regard to training young actors, forming en-

sembles and traveling abroad on promotional tours.

Abdurazzoqov joined the Union of Cinematographers of the Soviet

Union in 1976. He became a People's Artist of Tajikistan in 1987, and

received the Red Banner of Courage (1964), the Order of Lenin,

Friendship Among People, the Dusti (Friendship) Prize, and the Hon-

orary Order of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of Tajikistan.

He has traveled to Afghanistan, Pakistan, India, Turkey, England,

France, and Germany.

Abdurazzoqov has retired but continues to work.



Abdusalomov, Islom

Tajik bird specialist and biologist Islom Abdurahmonovich

Abdusalomov was born in Samarqand on February 13, 1929. He joined

the CPSU in 1952.

Abdusalomov graduated from the department of Biology and Soil

Sciences of the Uzbekistan State University in 1950. In 1958, he de-

fended his dissertation and was appointed the Director of the Land

Animals with Vertebrae Division of the Institute of Zoology of the

Academy of Sciences of Tajikistan. From 1967 to 1972, he was the

Director of that Institute. In 1972, he defended his dissertation entitled



Biologia va Khususiyyathoi ba Tarzi Amudi Joigirshavii Parrandagoni

Tojikiston (The Biology and the Properties of the Positioning of Birds at

Different Heights in Tajikistan). He received his doctorate degree in

biology in 1972 and became a Corresponding Member of the Academy

of Sciences of Tajikistan in 1976.

Abdusalomov has written a number of scientific works about the

birds of Tajikistan and their habitat. His Fauna Tadzhikskoi SSR, Ptitsi

(Tajikistan SSR, Fauna and Birds) was published in Dushanbe between

1971 and 1973.

Abulhaev, Raqib

Tajik historian Raqib Abulhaev was born in the village of Urmetan

in the Aini district of Sughd on February 10, 1938. He received his

early education in school district No. 2 in Urmetan.



Prominent Tajik Figures of the Twentieth Century

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     

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Abulhaev graduated from the Tajikistan State University with a degree



in history and philology in 1961. Since then, he has worked in the

Institute of History, Archaeology, and Ethnography of the Academy of

Sciences of Tajikistan. He received his doctorate degree in history in

1999, and at the same time was awarded the title of "Master of Sciences

and Technology."

Abulhaev's contributions include Mustahkam Gardidani Hokimiyyati



Shavravi dar Bolo Obi Zarafshon (The Consolidation of Soviet Rule in

the Upper Zarafshan Valley, 1972), Subhi Zarafshon (Zarafshan

Morning, 1983), Charoghi Ma'rifat (The Light of Knowledge, 1985),

Inkishofi Obyori va Azkhudkunii Zaminhoi Nov dar Tojikiston (The

Expansion of Irrigation and Inclusion of New Land in Tajikistan, 1988),

and others.

He is a Distinguished Contributor to Science and Technology in

Tajikistan (1999).



Adash Istad

See Istadov, Adash.



Adhamov, Akobir

Tajik physicist and mathematician Akobir Adhamovich Adhamov

was born in Samarqand on September 4, 1928. He joined the CPSU in

1959.


Adhamov graduated from the State University of Uzbekistan in 1949

and was a post-graduate student at the Moscow State Institute from

1950 to 1953. In 1957, he became a Corresponding Member of the

Academy of Sciences of Tajikistan. From 1954 to 1965, he was a Senior

Instructor at the Tajikistan State University, Director of the Department

of General Physics, and the Dean of the Faculty of Physics and

Mathematics. He received his doctorate degree in physics and

mathematics in 1964, and became a professor in 1966. In 1968, he be-

came an Academician at the Academy of Sciences of Tajikistan.

Under Adhamov's supervision, a number of ultrasonic and other

electricity-related laboratories were established at the Institute of

Physics. Adhamov's research made inroads into molecular, acoustic,

and theoretic views regarding wave expansion in liquids.

Adhamov combined his research with his pedagogical efforts and

taught his views to students at the advanced levels of physics at the


Iraj Bashiri

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     

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University. Many graduate and post-graduate students and, indeed,



many faculty benefited from his research and teaching techniques. In

addition, he held many prominent physics- and mathematics-related

positions at the national level. Adhamov's contributions include Pri-

menenie metoda funktsii Grina v klassicheskoi statisticheskoi me-

khanike (Corresponding the Grin Functional Principles to the Me-

chanics of Category and Number, Dushanbe, 1975).

Adhamov was decorated with the Badge of Honor and several other

medals.

Afsahzoda, A'lokhon

Tajik literary critic and intellectual A'lokhon Afsahzoda was born

into a farming family in the village of Voru of Panjakent on November

10, 1935. He joined the CPSU in 1964.

Afsahzoda graduated from Tajikistan State University in 1961 with a

degree in Persian and Tajiki language and literature. Subsequently, he

worked as a Laboratory Assistant and a Junior and Senior Scientific

Worker in the Manuscripts Division of the Department of Oriental

Studies of the Academy of Sciences of Tajikistan. In 1971, he became

the Director of the Text and Publications Division of the Academy. He

received his doctorate degree in philology in 1981.

Afsahzoda has published a considerable number of books and arti-

cles on Tajik literature of the past and present. His forté, however, is the

works of Jami in relation to which he published Laili va Majnuni



Abdulrahmoni Jomi (Abdulrahmon Jami's Layli and Majnun, 1970).

In 1980, he published Abdulrahmon Jomi (Abdulrahmon Jami) an

autobiography of the poet. His other Jami-related works include Ruzgor

va Osori Abdulrahmon Jomi (The Time and Works of Abdulrahmon

Jami, 1980), Tahavvoli Afkori Jomi (The Development of Jami's

Thought, 1981), and Osori Jomi (Jami's Collected Works, in eight

volumes, 1986-1987). Afsahzoda's other contributions include Hofizi



Shirozi (Hafiz of Shiraz, 1971), Kamoli Khujandi (Kamol Khujandi,

1976), Iftikhori Sharq (The Pride of the Orient, 1983), Akademisian



Abdulghani Mirzoev (Academician Abdulghani Mirzoev, 1984), Ad-

abiyoti Forsi va Tojiki dar Nimai Duvvumi Sadai 15 Milodi (Persian

and Tajiki Literatures During the Second Half of the 15

th

 Century,

1985), Zindagi dar Teatr (Life in Theater, 1985), Dar Safi Buzurgon

(Among the Great Ones, 1986), Paivandi Qarnho (The Connection of


Prominent Tajik Figures of the Twentieth Century

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     

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Centuries, 1987), Nizomii Ganjavi (Nizami of Ganja, 1995), and Kor-



voni Sukhan (The Caravan of Words, 1995).

Afsar

See Tabarov, Nur.



Ahmad Abdullo

See Abdulloev, Ahmad.



Ahmad Makhdum Kallah

See Donish, Ahmad.



Ahmadov, A'lamkhon

Tajik physician A'lamkhon Ahmadov was born in Kulab on Febru-

ary 1, 1952. He received his early education in Kulab.

Ahmadov graduated from the Faculty of Medicine of the Tajikistan

State University in 1975 and from the Moscow Health Leaders Spe-

cialist Services in 1987. From 1975 to 1977, he served as an intern and

a physician in Kulab. From 1977 to 1988, he was the Director of the

Emergency Ward, Chief Physician of the Kulab hospital, and Director

of the Health Division of Kulab. From 1988 to 1990, he was the

Associate Director of the Health Division of Khatlan Province. In 1990,

he became the Deputy Minister of Health of the Republic of Tajikistan.

In 1992, he became the Minister of Health of the Republic. Ahmadov

defended his thesis in 1996 and his doctoral dissertation in 2000.

Ahmadov's contributions include Zahri Af'i (Viper Poison,

Dushanbe, 1997); Anatomioi Odam (Human Anatomy, Dushanbe,

1996); Bimorihoi Siroiati (Contagious Diseases, Dushanbe, 2000);



Mavvodi Dorui va Ijozai Istifodai On dar Tibbi Jumhuri (Medicinal

Drugs and Permission for Their Use in the Republic ), Dushanbe, 1999);

and Rustanihoi Tibobatii Mastaki Bordorshavanda (Medicinal



Properties of the Pregnant Darnel, Dushanbe, 2000).

Ahmadov has traveled to the United States, Iran, Denmark, Ger-

many, Israel, England, and other places. He is the recipient of several

state prizes, including the Medal of Renown Service in 1990 and 1995.



Iraj Bashiri

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     

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Ahmadov, Bakhtiyor

Tajik oncologist Bakhtiyor Pochomirovich Ahmadov was born into

a family of workers in Khujand on June 26, 1933.

Ahmadov graduated from the Tajikistan State Medical Institute in

1956. From 1957 to 1959, he was the Chief Doctor of the Leninabad

Oncology Dispensary, as well as the Director of Oncology for all the

districts of northern Tajikistan. Between 1960 and 1963, he was a post-

graduate student at the Clinical and Experimental Oncology Institute of

the Academy of Sciences of the Soviet Union (Moscow). The following

year, he became the Director of the Surgery Division of the Oncology

Dispensary of the Republic. He was also an Assistant Professor at the

Department of Clinical Surgery of the Medical Institute, as well as the

Chief Oncologist at the Ministry of Health. Between 1965 and 1973, he

served as the Head of the Oncology Association and as the Associate

Director of the Union of Surgeons of the Republic. In 1973, he became

the Head of the Oncology Department of the Tajikistan State Medical

Institute. He received his doctorate degree in medicine in 1977.

Ahmadov's research deals with the diagnosis and treatment of

stomach cancer and the swelling of the skeleton in people with cancer.

His contributions include Anatomiya sosudov opukholei (The Anatomy

of the Swelling of Veins, Dushanbe, 1974); Bibliografia Otechestvennoi

literaturi po raku zheludka za 50 let (Bibliography of State Literature

on Stomach Cancer Written in the Last 50 Years, Dushanbe, 1957).

 Ahmadov, Dodojon

The first Tajik endocrinologist, Dodojon Mahmudovich Ahmadov

was born in Khujand on December 15, 1915. He joined the CPSU in

1949.


Ahmadov graduated from the Treatment Department of the Tajiki-

stan State Medical Institute in 1939. Between 1940 and 1945, he con-

tributed to the war effort as a Major in the Medical Corps. For the next

decade, he worked in various medical institutions in Leninabad. From

1949 to 1955, he served as the Acting Minister of Health of Tajikistan.

Ahmadov defended his dissertation in 1959 and, in 1960, became the

Head of the endocrinologists of the Republic. Also from 1959 until

1970, he was the Chief Doctor of endocrinology at the Republic level.

Ahmadov was decorated with the Order of the Red Star, the Badge

of Honor, and several medals awarded by the Presidium of the Supreme



Prominent Tajik Figures of the Twentieth Century

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     

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Soviet of Tajikistan. He was also recognized as a Distinguished



Scientific Contributor to Health in Tajikistan in the 1960s.

Ahmadov died in Dushanbe on January 28, 1975.



Ahmadov, Homid

Tajik historian Homid Ahmadov was born in Konibodom in 1932.

He joined the CPSU in 1955.

Ahmadov graduated from Tajikistan State University in 1953. In

1954, he became the Head of the Division for Marxist-Leninist Studies

of the same institute. Between 1962 and 1974, he served as the Head of

the Department of Soviet History of Tajikistan State University. In

April 1974, he was appointed the Dean of Tajikistan State University's

Evening School. Finally, in 1975, he became the Head of the

Department of the History of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union.

He received his doctorate degree in history in 1978 and his

professorship in 1978.

Ahmadov's contributions include KPSS--Tashkilotchii Jam'bast va

Jori Kardani Tajribai Pishqadam dar Pakhtakori (The Communist

Party of the Soviet Union--the Role of the Collector and the Distributor

of First-Hand Information Among Cotton Workers, 1969), Bo Rohi

Asosi (Using The Basic Method, 1973), and KPSS dar Muboriza Baroi

Intensifikatsiyoi Pakhtakori (Communist Party of the Soviet Union in Its

Battle for the Intensification of Cotton Planting, 1976), and others.

Ahmadov, Karim

Tajik physiologist Karim Yusufovich Ahmadov was born in

Khujand on November 19, 1917. He joined the CPSU in 1943.

Ahmadov graduated from the Tashkent State Medical Institute in

1941. He joined the war effort and served as the main medical doctor

for his regiment until 1945. He became an intern in 1947 and, in 1948,

he became the representative of the United Congresses of Physiologists.

Between 1953 and 1957, Ahmadov was the Minister of Health; in 1959,

he was an Assistant Professor; and in 1966, he became the Head of the

Committee organizing the 30

th

 Congress of Physiologists of Central



Asia and Kazakhstan held in Dushanbe. In 1967, Ahmadov became the

Head of the Department of Normal Physiology of the Republic. In the

same year he received his doctorate degree in medicine. In 1968 he

became a professor.



Iraj Bashiri

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     

18

Ahmadov has made great contributions to the study of mechanisms



that deal with facilitating breathing in thin air, especially in the high-

lands of Badakhshan. His contributions include Dikhanie cheloveka pri



visokogornoi gipoksii (Human Breathing Under High Mountain

Hypoxia, Dushanbe, 1971).

Ahmadov received eight orders and a number of medals.



Ahmadov, Sharif

Tajik historian Sharif Ahmadov was born into a merchant family in

Khujand on August 14, 1930.

Ahmadov graduated from the Faculty of History of Leninabad

Pedagogical Institute in 1953. From 1956 to 1977, he served as a

Lecturer, Senior Instructor, and Assistant Professor in the Department

of the History of the Soviet Union. Between 1977 and 1987, he taught

general history at the Department of History. He received his doctorate

degree in history in 1985 and became a professor of Tajik History and

Methodology in 1987.

Ahmadov's research deals with the problems of socialist competition

and the contributions of the Tajiks as a people to the building of

socialism. He is one of the contributors to Ta'rikhi Leninabad (The

History of Leninabad). His other contributions include Sotsialis-

ticheskoe sorevnovanie v promishlennosti Tadzhikistana 1917-1937

(Socialist Competition in Tajik Industry 1917-1937, Dushanbe, 1983).

Ahmadov was recognized as a Distinguished Contributor to Tajik

Culture in 1967.




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