P rominent t ajik f igures of the


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Rajabzoda

See Rajabov, Askarali.



Rashid Abdullo

See Abdullo, Rashid.



Iraj Bashiri

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     

274


Rashid Olimov

See Olimov, Rashid.



Rasulov, Jabbor

Tajik politician Jabbor Rasulov was born into a family of workers in

Khujand on July 10, 1913. He joined the CPSU in 1939. He served both

the Supreme Soviet of the USSR and the Supreme Soviet of Tajikistan

from the 1940s to the 1970s.

Rasulov graduated from the Central Asian Cotton Production Insti-

tute in 1934. Between 1934 and 38, he was an agronomist. From 1938

to 1941, he was Acting Public Commissar of Agriculture. In 1941, he

became a Representative of the Commissariat for Production for the

Soviet Union in Tajikistan, where he served until 1945. From 1945 to

1946, he was the Public Commissar for Agriculture in the Republic.

Between 1946 and 1955, he was the Head of the Cabinet of Ministers of

the Republic. Then he became the Acting Minister of Agriculture of the

Soviet Union until 1958. From 1958 until 1960, he was the Secretary of

the Central Committee of the Communist Party of Tajikistan, following

which he became the Extraordinary Ambassador of the Soviet Union in

the Republic of Togo (1960-61). He returned to become the First Sec-

retary of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of Tajikistan

from 1961 to 1982.

Rasulov was distinguished as a Hero of Socialist Labor in 1981. He

received nine Orders of Lenin, the October Revolution Award, the Red

Banner of Labor Award, and other medals and accolades.

Rasulov died in Dushanbe on April 4, 1982.

Rasulov, Muhammadjon

Tajik pathophysiologist and one of the main advocates of improving

health and well-being in Tajikistan, Muhammadjon Yabqubovich

Rasulov was born on August 25, 1920, in Khujand. He joined the CPSU

in 1944.

Rasulov graduated from Tajikistan State Medical Institute in 1943.

From 1943 to 1948, he was the Acting Minister of Health and Well-

Being of Tajikistan, and a professor at the Tajikistan State Medical In-

stitute. Between 1949 and 1954, he was a Scientific Worker in the De-

partment of Physiology and Pathology at the Academy of Sciences of

the Soviet Union, Tajikistan Branch. From 1955 to 1971, he was the Di-


Prominent Tajik Figures of the Twentieth Century

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     

275


rector of and a Scientific Worker at the Dushanbe Institute of Epide-

meology and Hygiene. Following this he became Director of the Medi-

cal Library of the Ministry of Health and Well-Being of Tajikistan

(1971-81).

Rasulov's research deals with normal physiology, pathophysiology,

and history of medicine. One of his main contributions is a four-volume

dictionary of medical terms. From 1954 until 1982, he was the Chief

Editor of Nigahdorii Tandurustii Tojikiston (Health and Well-Being of



Tajikistan). Rasulov's contributions include Dissertatsii uchionikh

Tadzhikistana po meditsine (Tajik Scholars' Thesis on Medicine,

Dushanbe, 1964, and Meditsinskii slovar' (A Medical Dictionary,

Dushanbe, 1974.

Rasulov became a Distinguished Medical Doctor in 1960. He also

received the Red Banner of Labor, other medals, and the Honorary Or-

der of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of Tajikistan.

Rasulov retired in 1981.

Rasulova, Muharram

Tajik botanist Muharram Rasulovna Rasulova was born into a family

of workers in Ichujand on June 17, 1926. She joined the CPSU in 1951.

Between 1941 and 1943, Rasulova was a Laboratory Assistant at a

Leninabad cotton factory. Then, from 1943 until 1945, she was a stu-

dent. From 1945 to 1947, she was a Laboratory Assistant at the

Women's Pedagogical Institute, when she became a Lecturer and Senior

instructor of the Department of Geography of the same institute (1947-

1951). From 1951 to 1958, she began as a post-graduate student and

later became a Scientific Worker. Between 1958 and 1976, she was Di-

rector of the Flora and Taxonomy of the Institute of Botanics of the Re-

public. In 1977, she became the Director of the same institute. She be-

came a member of the Academy of Sciences of Tajikistan in 1981.

Rasulova's research deals with the flora, taxonomy, and the geogra-

phy of plants in Tajikistan. She has provided botanical descriptions for

over thirty types of beans. Her contributions include Opredelitel' odno-



letnikh bobovikh Tadzhikistana (The One-Year Old Tajik Bean Deter-

minant, Dushanbe, 1967).

Rasulova received the Honorary Order of the Presidium of the

Supreme Soviet of Tajikistan.


Iraj Bashiri

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     

276


Raufova, Nigina

Tajik singer-composer Nigina Raufova was born on May 21, 1945 in

the village of Shirmon in Faizabad.

Raufova began her career in the 1960s among the amateur artist

groups of the Kombinat of Weavers of Dushanbe. In 1971, she began

her career as a singer as part of the Ensemble of Rubob (lute) players. In

1975, she began singing for Radio and Television of Tajikistan.

Raufova's repertoire includes many of the popular songs of the peo-

ples of the Soviet Union (especially the Tajiks, Uzbeks, Azeris, Turk-

mens, and Russians) and abroad (Afghanistan, Iran, and the Arabian

lands). As part of the Ensemble of Rubob players, she traveled to Bela-

rus and Maldova. In 1978, as a member of the Lola Dance Ensemble,

she traveled to France where the group gave a concert. Her skill is par-

ticularly apparent when she works with the creations of traditional

Tajiki lyrics like "Askarbacha" ("Boy Soldier"), by Kh. Abdulloev;

"Bui Gul" ("The Fragrance of Flower"), by Z. Shahidi; "'Ishqi Khubon"

("The Love of the Beloved"), by Safarmamadov; "Sarzamini Mo" ("Our

Land"), by M. Jum'aev; "Kosh Mididam Turo" ("I Wish I Could See

You"), by J. Obidov; and others.

Raufova became Tajikistan's Popular Singer-Composer in 1977. She

is a recipient of the 100

th

 Anniversary of the Birth of Lenin Prize, and



the Honorary Order of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of Tajiki-

stan, as well as the Red Banner of Courage.



Ravshan Rahmoni

See Rahmonov, Ravshan.



Rustamov, Sharofuddin

Tajik scholar and linguist Sharofuddin Rustamov was born in the

village of Nikanot in the Panjakent district of the Zarafshan province

May 1, 1931. He joined the CPSU in 1955.

Rustamov graduated from the Dushanbe Pedagogical Institute in

1954. In 1964, he was appointed the Director of the Contemporary Lan-

guage Department of the Rudaki Institute of Languages and Literatures.

Rustamov's research deals with various aspects of Persian and Tajiki

languages including the reasons for the deterioration of the status of the

languages and various ways of preventing foreign vocabulary from en-

tering the languages.


Prominent Tajik Figures of the Twentieth Century

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     

277


His major works include "Ism" ("Name," 1961) and "Zabon va

Zamon" ("Language and Time," 1981).

Rustamov received the Red Banner of Courage, the 100

th

 Anniver-



sary of the Birth of Lenin Prize, and the Honorary Order of the Presid-

ium of the Supreme Soviet of Tajikistan.



278

S

Safar Abdullo

See Abdullo, Safar.

Safarov, Ashur

Tajik poet Ashur Safarov, also referred to as Ashur Safar, was born

into a farming family in the village of Rubotingak of Kulab on May 1,

1930.


Safarov graduated from the Kulab Pedagogical Institute in 1953. He

first became a journalist, then a teacher in the Kulab schools. He

worked at Haqiqati Kulab, where his first poems, satirical in the main,

were published in the late 1950s. Later on, his poems were published in

a collection, entitled Gapi Podor (Words with Feet, 1987). His contri-

butions include "Ibtidoi Roh" ("The Beginning of the Road," 1964), "Il-

hom" ("Inspiration," 1970), "Khandai Gulho" ("The Laughter of the

Flowers," 1973), "Guli Mahtob" ("Moon-Beam Flower," 1983), and

"Bazmi Sidoqat" ("The Celebration of Truth," 1984). A collection of his

poems, entitled Samarai Umr (The Fruit of Life ), was published in Rus-

sian in Moscow in 1984.

Safarov joined the Union of Writers of the Soviet Union in 1967.



Safarov, Ghoib

Tajik poet Ghoib Safarov, also referred to as Safarzoda, was born in

the village of Kaduchi in the district of Vose' in Kulab province Febru-

ary 20, 1940.

Safarov graduated from the Dushanbe Pedagogical Institute with a

degree in Persian language and literature in 1962. Thereafter, until the

end of his life, he worked for Tojikistoni Soveti (later on called

Jumhuriyyat). His contributions include several telling accounts of the

need for a revival of ancient national traditions, especially the Tajiki

language. One such article was "Tarovati Zindagi dar Zeboi Ast" ("The

Freshness of Life Lies in Beauty"). It appeared in Tojikistoni Soveti in

1968. As a result of the publication of this article, the Soviet regime put

a great deal of pressure on Safarov to change his stance, but he refused

to comply.


Prominent Tajik Figures of the Twentieth Century

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     

279


Safarov's first poem was published in 1958. Thereafter, many poems

appeared stressing the themes of patriotism, Tajik aspirations, love of

mother, and the value of friendship. "Korvoni Orizu" ("The Caravan of

Desire," 1969); "Oshioni Oftob" ("An Acquaintance of the Sun," 1972);

and "Mirosi Javoni" ("The Heritage of Youth," 1978) are among his

other contributions.

Safarov joined the Union of Writers of the Soviet Union in 1971. He

was a recipient of the Honorary Order of the Presidium of the Supreme

Soviet of Tajikistan.

Safarov died in Kaduchi in an automobile accident on July 19, 1972.



Safarov, Habib

Tajik biologist Habib Murodovich Safarov was born into a family of

workers in the village of Khavaling in Khatlan on June 20, 1937. He

joined the CPSU in 1965.

A graduate of the Tajikistan State University, between 1962 and

1972, Safarov was an animal physiology intern, a Lecturer, a post-

graduate student (1964-67), and then an Assistant Professor. In 1977, he

became the Dean of the Faculty of Biology of the same institution. He

became a doctor of biology in 1983, and a professor in 1984.

Safarov's research deals with the development of conditional

reflexes.

Safarov, Sulton

Tajik playwright Sulton Safarov was born into a farming family in

the village of Dargh in Aini in 1935. He joined the CPSU in 1961.

Safarov graduated from the Shevchenko School of Advanced

Theater in Moscow in 1958. From 1958 to 1965, he was an actor at the

Lahuti Theater for the Academy of Dramatic Arts, as well as the Chief

Inspector of Artistic Control and the Chief Editor of the literary and

music branch of the Tajik Radio and Television Committee. After com-

pleting his studies at the Academy of Sociology of the Central Com-

mittee of the Communist Party (1965-68), he became the Chief Con-

troller of Artistic Creations at the Ministry of Culture of Tajikistan. He

was also the Director of the Cultural Division of the Central Committee

of the Communist Party of Tajikistan, as well as the Director of Tajik-

Film, and the Prorector of the Institute of Arts of Tajikistan.



Iraj Bashiri

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     

280


In 1980, he became the First Assistant to the Minister of Culture of

Tajikistan. Safarov's early contributions include, "Khatkashon" ("The

Mailman," 1957); "Du Rafiq" ("Two Friends," 1960); and "Sadoqat"

("Truthfulness," 1961). His "Subhi Khujand" ("The Khujand Morning,"

1964), depicts the events of the Khujand Uprising of 1916. His other

contributions include, "Qarzi Vijdon" ("Debt of Conscience," 1965);

"Bivatan" ("Homeless," 1971); "Baroi Vatan" ("For the Motherland,"

1973); and "Mahabbat va Adovat" ("Love and Enmity," 1976); and

many others.

Safarov joined the Union of Writers of the Soviet Union in 1962. He

was the recipient of the Honorary Order of the Presidium of the

Supreme Soviet of Tajikistan, as well as a number of other medals.



Safarzoda

See Safarov, Ghoib.



Safia Hakimova

See Hakimova, Sa'diniso.



Safieva, Gulrukhsor

Tajik poet and author Gulrukhsor Safieva, also referred to as

Gulrukhsor Safi, was born in the village of Yakhch in Komsomolabad

on December 17, 1947. She joined the CPSU in 1968.

Safieva graduated from the Tajikistan State University with a degree

in Persian language and literature in 1968, and was employed by Kom-



somoli Tojikiston. In 1972, she became the Chief Editor of Pioniri Toji-

kiston. In 1981, Safieva was appointed the Director of the Union of

Writers of Tajikistan, and in 1987, the Chief of the Cultural Foundation

of Tajikistan.

Safieva's first poem was published locally in Qarotegini Shavravi in

1962. "Az Shabi Dirav" ("From the Harvest Night," 1975); "Motami

Safid" ("The White Wake," 1983); and "Takhti Sangin" ("Stone

Throne," 1989 are among her early works. Her poetry collection, Marzi

Nomus ( The Limit of Honor), originally published in 1987, was repub-

lished in 1990 under the title of Zanoni Sabz Bahor (The Women of



Sabz Bahar). This collection depicts the plight of the women of the Ku-

histan region during the Second World War.



Prominent Tajik Figures of the Twentieth Century

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     

281


In 1991, protesting the Tajik Parliament's lack of respect for the law,

Safieva participated in a hunger strike. Her major works include

"Bunafsha" ("Violet," 1970); "Khonai Pidar" ("Father's House," 1973);

"Afsonai Kuhi" ("Mountain Legend," 1975); "Dunyoi Dil" ("The Uni-

verse of the Heart," 1977), "Ikhlos" ("Sincerity," 1980); "Otashi Sughd"

("The Sughd Fire," 1981); "Oinai Ruz" ("The Mirror of the Day,"

1984); "Ruhi Uryon" ("Naked Soul," 1983); "Kabkho" ("The Par-

tridges," 1983); "Ruhi Bokhtar" ("The Spirit of the West," 1987);

"Zilzila" ("Earthquake," 1995); and many others.

Safieva joined the Union of Writers of the Soviet Union in 1971, and

garnered the Komsomoli Lenin Prize in 1978. She also received the Red

Banner of Courage and the 100

th

 Anniversary of the Birth of Lenin



Prize.

Saidali Ma'mur

See Ma'murov, Saidali.



Saidmurodov, Habibullo

Tajik economist Habibullo Murodovich Saidmurodov was born in

Uroteppa on July 30, 1933. He joined the CPSU in 1958.

Saidmurodov graduated from Tajikistan State University in 1955.

From 1955 to 1958, he was an instructor of history at the same institu-

tion. He was a post-graduate student between 1958 and 1962. In 1963,

he became a Scientific Worker (until 1973) in the Department of Soci-

ology and Political Economics. In 1973, he was Director of the Asso-

ciation Dealing with Productions Forces. He received his doctorate de-

gree in economics in 1972, and became a professor in 1976. In the same

year, he became the Chief Scientific Secretary of the Presidium of the

Academy of Sciences of Tajikistan, dealing with the development and

economic interrelationship between agriculture and industry, especially

in southern Tajikistan.

Saidmurodov's contributions include, Munosibathoi Iqtisodi dar

Khojagii Qishloqi Tojikiston (Economic Relations in Tajik Agriculture,

Dushanbe, 1965); Razvitie ekonomiki Sovetskogo Tadzhikistana (Eco-

nomic Advances of Soviet Tajikistan, Dushanbe, 1970); Ocherki Istorii

narodnogo khoziastva Tadzhikistana 1917-1965 gg. (An Essay on the

Economic Structure of Tajikistan's Agriculture--1817-1965, Dushanbe,

1967); Vaz'iyyati Hozira va Perspektivahoi Taraqiyoti Kompleksi Teri-



Iraj Bashiri

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     

282


toriyovi u Istihsolii Janubi Tojikiston (The Present Situation and Per-

spectives Regarding the Production Advances in the Territorial Com-

plex in Southern Tajikistan, Dushanbe, 1980).

Saidmurodov received the Badge of Honor, and the Honorary Order

of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of Tajikistan.

Saidmurodov, Saidsulton

Tajik motion picture director and playwright Saidsulton

Saidmurodov was born into the family of a People's Artist in Isfara on

May 5, 1905.

Saidmurodov graduated from the Moscow Labor Faculty Named

After M. I. Kalinin in 1927. In 1928 and 1929, he was the Director of

Education of Isfara. From 1929 to 1940, he was an instructor at the De-

velopmental Division of the Central Executive Committee of Tajikistan.

He began his creative work in the 1930s with the play entitled Shurishi

Vose' (The Vose' Uprising, 1935). One of the founders of the theater of

dramatic arts in Tajikistan, Saidmurodov has contributed the following

plays: Ruzhoi Guzashta (Bygone Days, 1939); Khari Jannati (Paradise

Donkey, 1941); and others.

Some of Saidmurodov's plays depict the lives of the coal miners of

Shurob. These include, Zafar va Zarrina (Zafar and Zarrina, 1939) and

Gahvorai Zarrin (Golden Cradle, 1974).

Saidmurodov joined the Union of Writers of the Soviet Union in

1943. He became a Distinguished Artist of Tajikistan in 1957, and was

a recipient of the Red Banner of Labor, the Badge of Honor, and the

Honorary Order of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of Tajikistan.

Saidmurodov died in Dushanbe on March 15, 1983.



Saidov

See Nuri, Said Abdullo.



Saidov, Abdurahmon

Tajik actor and director Abdurahmon Saidov was born into a family

of retailers in Bukhara in 1910.

Saidov joined the First Tajik State Theater (later the Lahuti Acad-

emy for Dramatic Arts) in 1930. He was actively involved in the pro-

motion of professional Tajik theater until he went to the front. His talent

and skill are particularly evident in the romantic, heroic, tragic, and co-


Prominent Tajik Figures of the Twentieth Century

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     

283


medic roles that he created. These roles include, Tabib in Hujum (On-

slaught), by Ian; Ferdinand in Makr va Mahabbat (Cunning and Love),

by F. Schiller; Suhrob in Rustam va Suhrob (Rustam and Suhrab), by A.

Pirmuhammadzoda; and others.

Saidov created many young characters in romantic situations. He

also directed. His directorial debut was with Balvo (Riot), by D.

Furmonov and S. Polimonov.

Later on, Saidov achieved great success with his comedic plays. The

spectacles he created include Maisara (Left Wing), by H. Hakimzoda

and Arusi Panj Suma (The Five-"Sum" Bride), by M. Urdubodi.

Saidov became a Distinguished Tajik Artist in 1939. He died in 1945

in Bukhara.



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