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Iraj Bashiri

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     

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Iranian, and Azerbaijani dances. He is also credited with contributing to

the establishment of the Aini Theater for Opera and Ballet, as well as

the Tajik Philharmonic Orchestra.

Valamatzoda won the Soviet Union State Prize in 1949, the Rudaki

State Prize in 1975, and became a People's Artist of the Soviet Union in

1976. He garnered the Order of Lenin, three Orders of the Red Banner

of Labor, and other medals.

Valijon, Samad

Tajik intellectual Samad Valijon was born in 1936 in the Vorukh

village of Isfara in northern Tajikistan.

Valijon graduated from the Konibodom Pedagogical Institute in

1956, and from the Khujand Pedagogical Institute with a degree in Per-

sian language & literature in 1961. Until 1976, when he received his

doctorate degree, he taught at that institute. His research centered on an

understanding of the relationship among Tajikistan and the other Soviet

republics and was carried out at the Rudaki Research Institute of the

Academy of Sciences of Tajikistan. His contributions include "Paivand-

hoi Adabi Chun 'Omilhoi Muhimmi Inkishofi Adabiyyot" ("Literary

Connection an Important Means of Discovering Literature," 1975);

"Masoili Ravobiti Adabii Khalqhoi Tojik va Ozari dar Sadai Nuzda"

("Problems of Literary Connections Between the Tajiks and the Azeris

in the 19

th

 Century," 1975); "Tushai Hamdili" ("The Benefits of Being



Sympathetic," 1989); "Az Qa'ri Khazar to Avji Zuhal" ("From the

Depths of the Caspian to the Heights of Saturn," 1992); and "Firdowsi

dar Qafqoz" ("Firdowsi in the Caucasus," 1994).

Valizoda, Saidali

Tajik poet and singer Saidali Valizoda was born on October 10,

1900, in the village of Chughurak in the Vose' district. Little is known

about his early life other than that he spent a great deal of his life as a

farmer and that he studied at the traditional schools of his native

Khavaling.

He published his first poem under the penname of Dihqoni Faqir

(Poor Farmer). His fame as a singer brought him in contact with some

of the great authors of his time, including Lahuti, Mirsaid Mirshakar,

Dihoti, and Tursunzoda. One of his early poems, which he also sang, is

"Dihqononi Jabrdida" ("Oppressed Peasants"). His most famous poem,


Prominent Tajik Figures of the Twentieth Century

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     

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however, is "Lenin-- Barodar, Rahnumo" ("Lenin--Brother, Leader"). It

was published in 1922, during the lifetime of Lenin.

In addition to "Jangi Buzurgi Vatan" ("The Great Patriotic war"), he

contributed the following: "Taronaho" ("Songs," 1942), "Nozimi Vatan"

("The Motherland Organizer," 1953), "Dar Vodii Mihnat" ("In the Do-

main of Labor," 1955), "Du Dodaron" ("Two Brothers," 1960), Shi'rho



va Dostonho (Poems and Stories, 1965), "Oshiqi Bahor" ("In Love with

Spring," 1970), and "Chashmai Ilhom" ("Fountain of Inspiration,"

1971).

Valizoda joined the Union of Writers of the Soviet Union in 1943.



He became a People's Distinguished Artist of Tajikistan in 1945, and

a People's Singer of Tajikistan in 1960. He also won two Badges of

Honor, medals, and the Honorary Order of the Presidium of the

Supreme Soviet of Tajikistan.

Valizoda died on December 12, 1971, in Kulab.

Vazirov, Zakir

Tajik politician Zakir Vazirov was born in the village of Urfad in the

Vakhie Valley in Tavildara in 1948.

Vazirov graduated from the Dushanbe Pedagogical Institute with a

degree in history in 1970. Thereafter, he worked in the same institute,

first as a Lecturer and later as the Head of the Department of Philoso-

phy. He became the Head of the Department of Higher Education in

1991. In 1992, Vazirov joined the Opposition and, under their auspices,

became the Minister of Education in the Government of National Rec-

onciliation. After the defeat of the Opposition, he received his doctorate

degree in Islamic Philosophy in 1995. He then chaired the State Book

Chamber, and was the Head of the Department of Philosophy and Cul-

tural Studies of the Tajik Institute of Commerce. After the signing of

the General Agreement on the Establishment of Peace and National Ac-

cord, according to which the Opposition was entitled to 30 percent of

government posts, Vazirov's position was revived. In October 1998, he

became Tajikistan's Vice-Premier. The following year, however, he

again left government work once.



Vohidov, Mahmud

Tajik actor and movie director Mahmud Vohidov was born into a

family of farmers of the industrial center of Shaidon in Asht province

on October 10, 1939.



Iraj Bashiri

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     

344


Vohidov graduated from the Moscow State Institute of Drama in

1960. In 1961, he worked for a year as an actor at the Leninabad Music

and Dramatic Theater. During that same year, he also became involved

in the Lahuti State Academy of Dramatic Arts in Dushanbe. His pierc-

ing voice and his exact portrayal of the characters' emotional, psycho-

logical and emotional states impressed his audiences the most. The fol-

lowing are some of the roles he undertook: Mitia in Kambaghali Aib

Nist (Poverty is not a Shame), by A. Ostrovskii, 1960; Durandarte in

Shah Gavazn (King Buck), by K. Gotstsi, 1960; Neznomov in Gu-

nahkoroni Bigunoh (Guiltless Sinners), by A. Ostrovskii, 1962 and

1974; Kassio in Otello (Othello), and Romeo in Romeo va Julietta (Ro-



meo and Juliet), by W. Shakespeare, 1963; Beyli in Hurriat (Freedom),

by Gh. Abdullo, 1964); Motzart in Foji'ahoi Khurd (Small Calamities),

by A. Pushkin, 1966; Azizi in Duil (The Duel), by Boijiev, 1967;

Bizhan in Bizhan va Manizha ( Bizhan and Manizheh), by H. Khushki-

nobi, 1970); Ezop in Ezup (Ezup), by G. Figeyredu, 1971; Rudaki in

Rudaki (Rudaki), by S. Ulughzoda, 1973; Mambet in Qullaii Fudziyama

(Ascent of Mount Fuji), by Ch. Aitmatov and Gh. Muhammadjonov,

1974; Usmon Khoja in Garnizon Taslim Namishavad (The Garrison

Does not Surrender), by J. Ikromi, 1974; Khizrkhon in Faryodi 'Ishq

(The Lament of Love), by Gh. Abdullo, 1975; Solomakhin in Mashvarat

(Consultation), by A. Gelman, 1976; and Yasan in Medeyai Evripid

(Media of Euripides, 1977); and others.

Vohidov is the founder of the one-man theater in Tajikistan. Under

this format, he created a number of performances like Guftugu bo Khud

(Talking to Oneself), based on the Rubaiyyot (Quatrains), by Omar

Khayyam, 1967; Vatan va Farzandon (Country and Offspring, 1969);



'Ishqi Zindagi (Zest for Life, 1971); and others.

Vohidov's directorial dexterity is apparent in the spectacle Allomai



Adham va Digaron (Alloma Adham and Others), by S. Ulughzoda,

1976. He also played in Zumrad (Zumrad) in 1961, and Hassan in Has-



sani Arrobakash (Hassan the Cartman, 1965); Dostoni Rustam (The

Story of Rustam, 1971); and Sitorai dar Torikiston (A Star in Dark-

house, 1972).

Vohidov became a People's Artist of Tajikistan in 1973. He won the

Rudaki State Prize in 1972, the Badge of Honor, as well as almost all

the accolades awarded by the Republic of Tajikistan.



Prominent Tajik Figures of the Twentieth Century

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     

345


Vohidov died in Baghdad under mysterious circumstances on No-

vember 9, 1977. He is buried in Dushanbe.



Vositov

See Vositzoda, Abdujalil.



Vositzoda, Abdujalil

Tajik poet Abdujalil Vositzoda, also referred to as Vositov, was born

on February 20, 1929, into a family of farmers in Khujand.

Vositzoda graduated from the literary division of Khujand Peda-

gogical Institute in 1949. Between 1956 and 1981, he contributed regu-

larly to two newspapers: Bo Rohi Lenin and Tojikistoni Soveti. Between

1981 and 1987, he was the Director of Irfon Publication. In 1987, he

became the Editor of the children's division of Adib Publications.

Vositzoda's early poems were published in the local newspapers in

the late 1940s. His collections of verse include Shi'rho dar borai Tabi'at

(Poems About Nature, 1955); Dar Sohili Syr (On the Bank of the Syr,

1958); and Javobi Savsan (Savsan's Reply, 1958). Vositzoda's prose

works include the following collections: Dil Oro (Sweetheart, 1964);

O'inai Dil (The Mirror of the Heart, 1979); Guftor bo Dil (Dialog with

the Heart, 1982); and Masnadi Iqbol (The Throne of Fortune, 1987).

Vositzoda joined the Union of Writers of Tajikistan in 1957.



346

Y

Ya'qubov, Yusufshoh

Tajik archeologist Yusufshoh Ya'qubov was born in Darvoz on No-

vember 18, 1937, into a family of farmers.

Ya'qubov graduated from the Institute of History of Tajikistan State

University in 1960. He received his doctorate degree in 1988 and be-

came a member of the Academy of Sciences of Tajikistan in 1991.

Ya'qubov started his career in the 1960s as the head laboratory assistant

in the Institute of History of the Academy of Sciences of Tajikistan.

From 1963 to 1966, he was a graduate student in the Institute of History

of the Academy of Sciences of Tajikistan.  From 1966 to 1970, he was a

Junior Scientific Worker at the Academy. In 1970, he defended his the-

sis entitled Pargar dar Asrhoi VII-VIII (Pargar in the Seventh and

Eighth Centuries) at the Oriental Studies Division of Moscow Univer-

sity. In 1988, he defended his dissertation entitled Dehahoi Sughd Asri



V-VIII Milodi (Sughdian Villages during the Fifth to the Eighth Cen-

turies After Christ).

Ya'qubov's contributions include Pargar dar Asri VII-VIII (Pargar

during the Seventh and Eighth Centuries), Dushanbe, 1979; Dehahoi

Sughd dar Asrhoi V-VIII Milodi (The Sughdian Villages of the Fifth to

the Eighth Centuries After Christ), Dushanbe, 1988; Dini qadimi Sugh-



dion (The Old Religion of the Sughdians), Dushanbe, 1996; Tojikon

(The Tajiks), Dushanbe, 1994; and Ta'rikhi Khalqi Tojik Ibtidoi Asri



Miona (History of the Tajiks at the Beginning of the Middle Ages),

Dushanbe, 2000.

Ya'qubov is recognized as a Distinguished Contributor to Tajik

science.


Yakubov, Abdullo

Tajik toxicologist Abdullo Yakubovich Yakubov was born in

Khujand on May 16, 1932.

Yakubov graduated from Tajikistan State Institute of Medicine in

1958. Until 1984, he worked on epidemiology and hygiene at the Insti-

tute of Scientific Research of the Republic's Ministry of Health. He re-

ceived his doctorate degree in medicine in 1981. In 1984, he became the


Prominent Tajik Figures of the Twentieth Century

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     

347


Director of the Department of Animal Hygiene and Veterinarian Affairs

of the Institute of Agriculture of the Republic. He also was appointed

Head of Toxicology of the Ministry of Health of Tajikistan.

Yakubov's research deals with problems of hygiene, especially the

use of pesticides in cotton farming and herding, as well as the impact of

chemicals on the lives of farming and herding communities. Yakubov's

other contributions include Voprosi vodosnabzhenia v sviazi s prime-

neniem pestitsidov (Problems of Irrigation in Relation to the Use of

Pesticides, Dushanbe, 1972).

Yakubov was recognized as an Distinguished Contributor to Medical

Science at the Union level.

Yakubova, Muhiba

Tajik biologist Muhiba Muhsinovna Yakubova was born in Bukhara

on January 22, 1937. She joined the CPSU in 1967.

Yakubova graduated from Tajikistan State University in 1959. From

1961 to 1968, she was a Scientific Worker in the Physiology and Biol-

ogy of Plants Institute of the Academy of Sciences of Tajikistan. Be-

tween 1968 and 1973, she was an Assistant Professor of the Department

of Plant Physiology. In 1974, she became Head of the Department of

Biochemistry of Tajikistan State University. She received her doctorate

degree in biology in 1984 and became a professor in 1986.

Yakubova's research deals with the organization of the interaction of

biochemical agents, especially in relation to photosynthesis.

Yakubova became a Distinguished Educator of Tajikistan in 1976.

Yaqubova, Munira

Tajik pediatrician Munira Yaqubova was born on July 1, 1932, in

Bukhara.

Yaqubova graduated from Tajikistan State Medical Institute in 1956,

then continued her studies in the children's wards of the same institute.

From 1958 to 1963, she was first Associate Director, and later Director

of the Dushanbe Children's Hospital No. 2. In 1963, she became the

Head of the Department of Pediatrics of the Medical Institute. She be-

came a doctor in 1972, and a professor in the same year.

Yaqubova has written extensively on children's diseases and super-

vised such journals as Tandurusti (Health) and Pediatria (Pediatrics).

Yaqubova's contributions include Osnovnie Kliniko-rentgenologicheskie



Iraj Bashiri

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     

348


metodi diagnostiki kholetsistitov u detei, (Diagnosis and Treatment of

Kidney Disease in Children, Dushanbe, 1966).

Yodgori, Shohmuzaffar

Tajik poet Shah Muzaffar Yodgori was born in the village of

Buzkushak in the district of Vose' in the Kulab province, on January 1,

1940.


Yodgori graduated from Tajikistan State University with a degree in

Persian language and literature in 1962. He worked at Tojikistoni Soveti

from 1962 to 1976. In 1978, he became the Chief Editor of Rohi Lenini

of Kulab.

Yodgori's first poems were published in 1958. His contributions in-

clude "Yak Shokha Gul" ("A Rose Stem," 1970), "Sohili Bakht" ("The

Shore of Fortune," 1977), "Dargohi Dihqon" ("The Farmer's Thresh-

old," 1980), "Farzandon" ("Offspring," 1982), and "Simoi Khalq" ("The

Face of the Masses," 1984). Many of his other poems appear in the

journals of the time.

Yodgori joined the Union of Writers of the Soviet Union in 1974.

Yusufbekov, Khudoyor

Tajik agriculturalist Khudoyor Yusufbekovich Yusufbekov was born

in the village of Pish of Shughnan, Badakhshan, on December 10, 1928.

He joined the CPSU in 1966.

Yusufbekov graduated from the Faculty of Agronomy of Tajikistan,

Institute of Agriculture, in 1954. From 1954 to 1957, he was a Senior

Scientific Worker in the Botanical Gardens in Pamir for the Academy

of Sciences of Tajikistan. Between 1957 and 1960, he was the Director

of the Institute of Biology of Pamir. He received his doctorate degree in

agriculture in 1969. Already a Corresponding Member since 1968, he

became an Academician of the Academy of Sciences of Tajikistan in

1976. From 1981 to 1986, he was Dean of the Tajikistan Institute of

Agriculture. In 1986, he became the Academic Secretary of the Biology

Division of the Academy of Sciences of Tajikistan. Yusufbekov's re-

search deals with the natural environment of the Pamirs, especially fo-

cusing on strategies to increase the amount of grazing grass in the area.

Yusufbekov's contributions include Rastitel'nost' Zapadnogo Pamira

i opit eyo rekonstruktsii (West Pamir Plants and Experiments for Their

Revival, with O. E. Agakhanianits, Dushanbe, 1975).


Prominent Tajik Figures of the Twentieth Century

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     

349


Yusufbekov became a Distinguished Contributor to Science in Taji-

kistan in 1978. He also won the Red Banner of Labor, a medal Named

After S. I. Vabilov, and the Honorary Order of the Presidium of the

Supreme Soviet of Tajikistan.



Yusufbekov, Rustambek

Tajik economist Rustambek Yusufbekov was born in the village of

Rin in Ishkoshim on December 31, 1923. He joined the CPSU in 1945.

Yusufbekov graduated from Dushanbe Pedagogical Institute in 1950.

He was a teacher and director of the Party Committee of Ishkashim

from 1940 to 1947. Then, between 1951 and 1954, he was a post-gradu-

ate student of the Academy of Sociology at the Central Committee of

the Communist Party of the Soviet Union. From 1954 to 1956, he was a

teacher of political economy at the Party School, Central Committee of

the Communist Party of Tajikistan. From 1956 until 1959, he was the

Director of the Department of Political Economy at Tajikistan State

University. From 1959 to 1962, he was the Acting Director of the sci-

entific branch of the schools of the Central Committee of the Commu-

nist Party of Tajikistan. He became a Corresponding Member of the

Academy of Sciences of Tajikistan in 1966, a professor in 1969, and a

Doctor of Economics in 1971. Between 1963 to 1974, he was the Min-

ister of Education of Tajikistan, and from 1974 to 1984, the Acting Di-

rector of the Cabinet of Ministers of Tajikistan. In 1984, he became a

Professor in the Department of Economics of Tajikistan State Univer-

sity.


Yusufbekov's contributions include Ekonomicheskie problemi

sovershenstvovania narodnogo obrazovania (Economic Difficulties of

Completing People's Education, Dushanbe, 1971) and Tadzhikistan v

edinoi semie (Tajikistan in the Unique Family, Frunze, 1984).

Yusufbekov became a Distinguished Scientific Contributor to Tajik

culture in 1983. He is the recipient of two Orders of the Red Banner of

Labor, two Badges of Honor, medals, and the Honorary Order of the

Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of Tajikistan.

Yusufi Akbarzoda

See Akbarov, Yusuf.



Iraj Bashiri

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     

350


Yusufov, Habibullo

Tajik poet Habibullo Yusufov, also referred to as Habib Yusufi, was

born into a scholarly family in Samarqand on February 4, 1916.

Yusufov graduated from the Philology Department of the Uzbekistan

Institute in 1940. His studies concentrated on ancient Greek literature

and 19


th

 century Russian literature. In the same year, he came to

Dushanbe and worked as a Scientific Worker in the History, Language

and Literature Institute of the Academy of Sciences of Tajikistan. In

1942, he was called to the front, and in 1943, graduated from the Army

Academy.


Yusufov began writing poetry in 1936. His first collection of poetry,

Taronai Vatan (Song of the Motherland) was published in 1939. A lyri-

cist, Yusufov combines political themes with themes of love; this adds

to the sincerity and effectiveness of his poetry. The homeland and love

for it dominate his poetry.

Yusufov's Majmu'ai Shi'rho (Collected Poems) was published in

Dushanbe in 1962; his 1977 Rohi Notamom (Unfinished Road) ap-

peared in two volumes in 1987. His Slovo o Zhizn (The Song of Life)

was published in Moscow.

Yusufov joined the Union of Writers of the Soviet Union in 1939.

He received the medal for the Defense of Leningrad (1943), Order of

the Red Star (1944 ), and the Prize Named After N. Ostrovskii (1967).

Yusufov died in Poland on February 22, 1945.




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