P rominent t ajik f igures of the

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Iraj Bashiri



Sobirov, Sulton

Tajik chemist Sulton Sobirovich Sobirov was born in Khujand on

January 21, 1933. He joined the CPSU in 1972.

Sobirov graduated from Leninabad Medical Institute, and the

Chemical and Pharmaceutical Institute of Leningrad in 1963. From

1963 to 1967, he was a post-graduate student. Then, between 1967 and

1970, he was an Assistant Professor in the Department of Biochemistry

of Tajikistan State Medical Institute. In 1970, he became the Director of

the Department of Organic Chemistry of the same institute.

Sobirov's research deals with the problems of the synthesis of pri-

mary, secondary, and tertiary alcohol with acetylene and diacetylene.

He has synthesized more than 400 new compounds most of which have

passed required tests.

Sobirov, Temur

Tajik mathematician Temur Sobirov was born in the village of

Sufion in Orjonikidzeobod on April 3, 1940. He joined the CPSU in


Sobirov graduated from Tajikistan State University with a degree in

physics and mathematics in 1961. For a while, he worked in the Physics

and Mathematics Division of the Academy of Sciences of Tajikistan;

then he entered the University of Voronezh as a post-graduate student.

From 1968 to 1975, he served as a senior instructor. Between 1975 and

1977, he was the Head of the Department of Algebra and Geometry of

the Pedagogical Institute of Voronezh. He received his doctorate in

mathematics and physics in 1977. In the same year, he also was pro-

moted to professor.

Sobirov's research dealt with differential equations. His main contri-

butions, including the following, were in his training of the Tajikistani

cadres Issledovanie po teorii rozhdenia malikh periodicheskikh reshenii

iz sostoiania ravnovesia v nelineinikh sistemakh differentsial'nikh urav-

nenii (Research in the Theory of Short-period Resolution in a Nonlinear

Structure in a Differential Exchange, Moscow, 1981).

Sobirov died in Orjonikidzeobod on June 23, 1977.

Sobirov, Tohir

Tajik actor and movie director Tohir Mukhtarovich Sobirov was

born in Dushanbe on December 21, 1929.

Prominent Tajik Figures of the Twentieth Century



Sobirov graduated from the Tashkent Acting and Painting Institute

in 1951, and from the State Theater of Dramatic Arts Named After

Lunacharskii in 1956. He began his movie career in such roles as Tagi

in Roh (Road), for MosFilm in 1955; Sakhat in Bahori  Takror Nasha-

vanda (Unrepeatable Spring), also for MosFilm, 1956; Yodgor in

Dokhunda, 1957); Olim in Man bo Dukhtari Vokhurdam (I Met a Girl,

1957); and Shohzodai Maftun in Nasriddin dar Khujand (Nasriddin in

Khujand, 1960). He was an Assistant Director in many films.

Sobirov's other contributions include Vaqti Zangirii Pisaram Rasid

(Time for My Son's Wedding Is Here, 1960); Fidokoron (The Devotees,

1962); Margi Sudkhur (The Death of the Money Lender, 1968); Khionat

(Treason, 1967); and others.

In later years, Sobirov was attracted to the works of S. Aini. Based

on Aini's Ghulomon (Slaves) and Yoddoshtho (Reminiscences), Sobirov

created the first six-part color film entitled Hejbudagon Har Chiz

Gardand (The Nobodies Become Somebody). From 1962 to 1966, he

was Director of the Association of Cinematographers of Tajikistan.

Sobirov became a People's Artist of Tajikistan in 1966, and received

the Rudaki State Prize in 1980. He was the recipient of the Badge of

Honor and a number of other medals.

Sobirova, Malika

Tajik actor and ballerina Malika Abdurahmonovna Sobirova was

born into a family of musicians in Dushanbe on May 22, 1942.

Between 1953 and 1961, she studied at the Leningrad Choreography

Academy. Then, from 1963 to the end of her life she was a soloist artist

at the Aini Theater for Opera and Ballet. She worked at the Great Soviet

Theater in 1962 and 1963 under the direction of G. Ulanova and per-

fected her skills. She was one of the outstanding representatives of the

Russian school of classical dance. Her characters were complete and

multi-dimensional. They included the loyal and hurt Odette, cunning

and ravishing Odila, and coquettish and carefree Liza. She also created

a series of distinct characters for the national ballet. For expanding

character's horizons, she combined classical elements with traditional

ones. Because of her ability to combine technique with knowledge of

acting, she could perform romantic roles with ease. These roles ap-

peared in Zhizel'ShuraliRomeo va Julietta,  Laili va MajnunTemur-

malik, and others.

Iraj Bashiri



Sobirova was also successful in the performance of psychologically

deep characters. In the characters of Zhizelle in Zhizel'(Zhizel), Zarrina

in Qissai Kuhsor (The Story of the Mountain), and Sa'oda in Pisari

Vatan (Son of the Homeland), she projected some of the most poignant

elements of loyalty and artistry.

Sobirova's concert activities began in 1964. The following are the

roles that she performed: Odetta in Kuli Quvon (Swan Lake), by P.

Tchaikowsky, 1962); Zhizelle in Zhizel' (Zhizel),  by A. Adan, 1963;

Kitri in Don-Kikhot (Don Quixote), by L. Minkus, 1968; and many


Sobirova also contributed to a number of artistic and documentary

motion pictures including 1002 Shab (1002 Nights, 1966); Malika

(Queen, 1967); and Qissai Sharqi (Eastern Tale, 1972).

Sobirova became a People's Artist of the Soviet Union in 1947. She

won the Conservatory Prize in Classical Ballet in Varna in 1964, the

Rudaki State Prize in 1967, and the International Ballet Concourse in

1969. She was the recipient of a number of national accolades, includ-

ing the Lenin Komsomol Prize (1967), the Order of the Red Banner of

Labor, the Badge of Honor, and many other medals.

Sobirova died in 1982.

Sobirzoda, Abdulhay

Tajik poet Abdulhay Sobirzoda was born in 1869 in the village of

Chahormaghzak in Qarotegin . He received his early education first

from his father, and later, at the schools of Quqand. Most of his life was

spent as a farmer in Qarotegin. His legacy consists of two works: one is

divan (collection of poems) with 170 ghazals, several mukhammases,

and 74 ruba'is. The other is a Munojotnoma (Book of Incantations). The

theme of his poetry deals with the atrocities of oppressive rulers, praise

for love, and general ethical concerns.

Sobirzoda died in Qarotegin in 1951.

Sodiqov, Ma'ruf

Tajik historian Ma'ruf Sodiqovich Sodiqov was born on December

21, 1908, into a family of poor farmers in the village of Rugund in

Uroteppa. He joined the CPSU in 1929.

Sodiqov graduated from the Central Asian Communist University in

1930 and from the Communist University of Eastern Laborers in Mos-

Prominent Tajik Figures of the Twentieth Century



cow in 1936. Between 1925 and 1927, he was the Acting Chair of the

Union of Joiners (in animal husbandry) of Uroteppa. From 1931 until

1938, he was Second Secretary of the Dushanbe Party Committee, as

well as the acting Editor of Tojikistoni Surkh. He was a Lecturer for the

Party Committee of Stalinabad from 1939 to 1941. Then, between 1941

and 1946, he was Secretary of the Party Committee of Gharm. From

1946 to 1949, he was a participant at the Advanced Party School of the

Central Committee of the Communist Party in Moscow. From 1949 to

1951, he was an instructor at the Central Committee of the Communist

Party. In 1951 and 1952, he was the First Acting Director of the Donish

Republican Association. In 1952, he became a teacher at the Depart-

ment of History of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union at the

Tajikistan State University. He received his doctorate in history in 1976,

and became a professor in 1978.

Sodiqov's research deals with the historical experience of the Com-

munist Party regarding the socialist structural changes in Tajik society.

His main contribution is Tajribai Ta'rikhii KPSS Oid ba Sokhtmoni Sot-

siolism dar Tojikiston: 1917-1959 (The Historical Experience of the

Communist Party of the Soviet Union in Building Socialism in Tajiki-

stan: 1917-1959, Dushanbe, 1967).

Sodiqov received the Order of Lenin Prize, and the Honorary Order

of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of Tajikistan.


See Bobosharifov, Sodirkhon.

Soleh, Muhammadzamon

Tajik author Muhammadzamon Soleh, also known as Boboev, was

born into a scholarly family in the village of Padrogh in Mascho on

January 5, 1951. He received his early education in Mascho.

Soleh graduated from Tajikistan State University with a degree in

language and literature in 1978. Thereafter, he contributed to the literary

and dramatic programs of the Committee on Radio and Television.

From 1978 to 1981, he worked at the Lahuti State Academy of Dra-

matic Arts. From 1981 to 1989, he contributed to Madaniyati Toji-

kiston. From 1989 to 1991, he served the Department of Translations

and Publications of the Ministry of Education. In 1992-1993, he super-

vised the literary division of the Experimental "Ahorun" Theater.

Iraj Bashiri



Soleh's first stories appeared in the 1980s. His first collection of sto-

ries entitled Sabri Kismar (Kismar's Patience) was published  in 1985.

His second collection entitled Ohangi Shahri Ishq (The Music of the

City of Love) was published in 1989. His third collection Ardoviraf-

noma (Book of Ardaviraf) was published in 1999. Soleh's most recent

work is Divori Khuroson (The Khurasan Wall ). At the present he

works for the Dewashtich Publishers.

Soliev, Maqsud

Tajik painter Maqsud Soliev was born in 1887 in the village of

Shaikhburhon in Khujand. He learned painting from his father, Hoji


Between 1952 to 1957, alongside National Painters Ojil Faiozov,

Rahim Shaikh Rajabov, and others, Soliev contributed to the painting of

the Civilization Palace of the Arbob village of Khujand. He also super-

vised the work of the younger painters. During the length of his career,

he continued the tradition of the painters before him and enhanced their

work by adding innovative dimensions of his own. These latter included

various types of traditional designs involving exact use of geometry.

His contributions include the decoration of Choikhonai Muisapidon

(Old People's Teahouse) in Leninabad, decoration of the Shaikhburhon

Choikhona (Shaikhburhon Teahouse), and the decoration of the Lenina-

bad Pushkin Comedy Theater.

Soliev became a Distinguished Artist of Tajikistan in 1957. He was a

recipient of the Rudaki State Prize in 1964, for the decoration of the

Leninabad Pushkin Comedy Theater. He was also received the Honor-

ary Order of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of Tajikistan.

Solihov, A'zam

Tajik composer A'zam Solihov, son of Fozil Solihov, was born in

Dushanbe on December 19, 1941. He joined the CPSU in 1967.

Solihov graduated from the Dushanbe Music School in 1963. From

1966 to 1971, he studied composition and polyphony at the Tashkent

Conservatory. In 1971, he became a teacher at the Dushanbe Music

School. He is a prolific composer and specializes in the shorter music

genre. The following are some of his contributions : "Khotirai Modar"

("The Memory of Mother," 1969); "Sadoi Osio" ("The Voice of Asia,"

1970); "Qahramoni" ("Heroism," 1977); and "Javoni" ("Youth," 1975).

Prominent Tajik Figures of the Twentieth Century



The themes of Solihov's compositions vary a great deal. He also has

provided the music for a number of spectacles, including Zadukhord

dar Biobon (Fight in the Desert), by M. Mirshakar, 1974, and

Abadzinda (Everlastingly Alive), by S. Safarov, 1975.

Solihov's style is fluent and simple. He pays particular attention to

the intricacies of the national music. He was honored on the occasion of

the 100


 Anniversary of the Birth of V. I. Lenin, and also received other


Solihov, Fozil

Tajik composer and music conductor Fozil Solihov was born in the

village of Jinoz in Tashkent on May 10, 1914. He joined the CPSU in


From 1926 to 1930, Solihov studied at the Tashkent Technical

Music School, and the following year, at the Leninabad Technical

School. In 1940, he studied at the Union of Composers of Tajikistan;

then, from 1946 to 1949, at the Moscow Conservatory's National Com-

positors' Division. He is one of the main founders of orchestras using

national instruments at the Philharmonic Society of Tajikistan. Between

1931 and 1938, he was a xylophone player, and from 1938 to the end of

his life, he was the Director of the Lahuti State Theater for Dramatic

Arts. He also served as the symphony director of the Philharmonic

Society of Tajikistan, and the artistic leader of the Lute Ensemble of the

Pamir Singers and Dancers. He was the first Tajik composer to be at-

tracted to the symphony orchestra. His first People's song is the Uighur

song "Dar Labi Bom" ("On the Edge of the Roof"). His other sympho-

nies include "Marsh" ("March"), "Rapsodia i Tojiki" ("Tajiki Rap-

sody"), and "Dostoni Simfoni" ("The Story of the Symphony"). He also

created links between the native instruments and between music and the

music and instruments of other peoples and nations.

Solihov also wrote music for several plays, including Shodmon

(Merry), by S. Ulughzoda; Nairanghoi Maisara (Left-Wing Ruses), by

H. Hakimzoda; Tui (Celebration), by S. Ghani; and Hayot va 'Ishq (Life

and Love), by F. Ansori.

Solihov became a People's Artist of Tajikistan in 1974. He was the

recipient of two Badges of Honor and a number of other medals.

Solihov died in Dushanbe on January 27, 1976.

Iraj Bashiri




See Hamroev, Obloqul


See Javharzoda, Abdullo.

Sulaymoni, Otojon

Tajik poet Otojon Sulaymoni, also referred to as Sulaymonov and

Payrav, was born in Bukhara on April 15, 1899. He received his early

education first in the Bukhara schools, then in Merv and Kagan where

he became acquainted with Russian literature.

Sulaymoni graduated from the Kagan Institute of Natural Sciences in

1917. After the fall of the Bukharan Emirate in 1920, he was appointed

the Second Secretary for the Embassy of the Soviet Socialist Republic

of Bukhara in Kabul. After 1925, he worked for the State Publications

of Tajikistan.

Sulaymoni's poetic career began with "Shukufahoi Irfon" ("The

Blossoms of Gnosis, 1926) and "Qalam" ("The Pen, 1928). His other

contributions include "Takhti Khunin" ("Blood-Stained Throne, 1931);

"Jumhurii Tojikiston va Matbu'oti Ranjbarii Tojik" ("The Republic of

Tajikistan and the Tajik Labor Press, 1931); "Shukufai Adabiyyot"

("The Blossom of Literature, 1931); Majmu'ai Ash'or (Collection of

Poems, 1934); Divoni Payravi Sulaymoni (The Collected Poems of Pay-

rav Sulaymoni, 1971); Guzidai Osori Payravi Sulaymoni (Selected

Works of Payrav Sulaymoni, 1984); "Munorai Marg" ("The Minaret of

Death," unfinished), and "Dukhtari Chingiz" ("The Daughter of


Sulaymoni died in Samarqand on June 9, 1933.

Sulaymonov, Otojon

See Sulaymoni, Otojon.

 Sulaymonova, Gulchihra

Tajik poet Gulchihra Sulaymonova was born on January 1, 1928, in

Bukhara, to the family of Otojon Sulaymonov.

Sulaymonova graduated from the Bukhara Pedagogical Institute in

1947, and for a while, taught at the middle schools there. She moved to

Prominent Tajik Figures of the Twentieth Century



Dushanbe in 1948 as a teacher of language and literature at the Peda-

gogical School. Thereafter, she worked at various levels of management

at the state publications.

Sulaymonova's forté is children's literature. Indeed, she is the fore-

most Tajik poet in the genre. Her contributions include "Imruz Id"

("Today Is the New Year," 1957); "Du Bikh Olu" ("Two Cherry Trees,"

1962); "Nargess" ("Primrose," 1966); "Sibi Khubon" ("The Apple of the

Fair," 1974); "Shaddai Marjon" ("A String of Corals," 1975); and

"Ayyomi Guli Lolah" ("The Days of the Tulip Flowers," 1982).

Sulaymonova joined the Union of Writers of the Soviet Union in

1957. She is a recipient of the Honorary Order of the Presidium of the

Supreme Soviet of Tajikistan, and a number of medals.

Sultonov, Sobir

Tajik poet Sobir Sultonov, also referred to as Sobir Sulton, was born

into a farming family in the village of Shavkat Poyon in the Falghar

district of Zarafshan province on May 9, 1934. He received his early

education in his native town and in Samarqand.

Sultonov graduated from the Dushanbe Pedagogical Institute in

1958. Between 1958 and 1962, he worked at Javononi Tojikiston. In

1965, he joined Radio and Television of Tajikistan as an art and music

specialist, a position that he holds to this day.

Sultonov began his career as a poet with a poem that he published in

Javononi Tojikiston in 1956. Thereafter, many of his poems were

quickly picked up not only by other newspapers and journals, but also

by singers and music composers. His contributions include "Subhi

Umid" ("Morning of Hope," 1973), "Chupondara" ("Shepherd's Val-

ley," 1978), "Taronai Dil" ("A Song from the Heart," 1983), "Oshioni

Mihr"(Love Nest," 1986), "Kui Murod" ("Alley of Desire," 1993), and

"Paiyomi Khurshed" ("The Message of the Sun, 2001).

Sultonov joined the Union of Writers of the Soviet Union in 1984.

Sultonova, Toji

Tajik actor Toji Sultonova, also referred to Toji Sulton, was born in

Khujand in 1918. From 1929 to 1933, she studied at the Factory School

of the Kombinat and performed with the Kombinat amateur group.

In 1934, Sultonova was invited to the Pushkin Music and Drama

Theater of Leninabad. She worked there until 1976, when she retired.

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