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Rahimov, Abdusalom

Tajik actor-director Abdusalom Rahimov was born in Leninabad on

January 9, 1917.

Rahimov graduated from the Moscow State Theater of Arts Institute

Named After Lunacharskii in 1941, and from the Tajikistan State Uni-

versity with a degree in history and philology in 1955. He was actor-di-

rector from 1940 to 1951 at the Lahuti Academy of Dramatic Arts.

During this same time, he also performed at the Russian theater Named

After Mayakovskii. Between 1952 and 1956, he was the Chief Editor

for music and literature for the Republic's radio. He was also the artistic

leader of the Tajikistan Philharmonic Society. A versatile actor, skilled

in both dramatic and comedy roles, Rahimov has an impressive reper-

toire. The roles he has created include Lodoviko in Otello (Othello), by

W. Shakespeare, 1941; Odina and Safar in Kaltadoroni Surkh (The Red



Club Wielders), by S. Ulughzoda, 1941; and others.

Prominent Tajik Figures of the Twentieth Century

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     

259


Rahimov's activities in the motion picture genre that began in 1936

are centered essentially on dubbing pictures. His voice appears in more

than 1000 roles. He has directed the dubbing of 120 and translated 75

films. The motion picture roles he has created include Qurbon Sa'idov

in Sarnagun Gashtani Amorat (The Fall of the Emirate, 1955); the poet

Murodi in Qismati Sho'ir (The Lot of the Poet,

 

1960); Qozikalon in



Margi Sudkhur (The Death of the Money Lender, 1965); and others.

The motion pictures Rahimov has directed include Zumrad (Zumrad

(Winner of Awards, 1961); Duvozdah Soati Haiot (The Twelve Hours of

Life, 1964); Khokistari Suzon (Burning Ashes, 1973); and others.

Rahimov became a People's Artist of Tajikistan in 1961. He was a

member of the Board of Directors of Cinematographers of Tajikistan, as

well as a recipient of the Red Banner of Labor, the Badge of Honor

Awards, and the Friendship Among People Award.

Rahimov, Qodir

Tajik plaster carver and fine art painter Qodir Rahimov was born in

Dushanbe in 1956. At an early age, he learned the skill of artistic plaster

carving (ganchkori), an art form of his native land, as well as Iran, Tur-

key, and the Middle East, by watching the old masters at work.

Rahimov graduated from the Tajikistan Art University, as well as

from the Fine Arts University in Leningrad. Later on, he became a

Member of the Union of Artists of the Soviet Union. He has partici-

pated in exhibitions in Moscow, Leningrad, Dresden, Hamburg, Peking,

Tokyo, and Berlin, and has mounted personal exhibitions in Thailand,

Algeria, Peru, France, Bulgaria, and Italy.

Rahimov lived in Boulder, Colorado, from December 1997 to June

1998. He, along with three of his colleagues, were there to build a

genuine Tajik teahouse. He contributed four paintings to the teahouse, a

gift from Tajikistan to Dushanbe's Sister City. He also fabricated and

installed four carved plaster panels around the paintings.

Qodir and his wife Marina have lived in Moscow since 1986.

Rahimov, Rashid

Tajik economist Rashid Karimovich Rahimov was born in Khujand

on May 4, 1932. He joined the CPSU in 1959.

Rahimov graduated from the Leninabad Cooperative Technical

School in 1949 and from the Moscow Institute of Sociology Named


Iraj Bashiri

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     

260


After Plekhanov in 1953. From 1954 to 1957, he was a post-graduate

student. In 1957 and 1958, he was Assistant to the Acting President of

the Academy of Sciences of Tajikistan, and then from 1953 to 1963, the

Director of Industrial Division there. For one year (1963-1964), he was

the Director of the Economics Division. In 1964, he became the Direc-

tor of the Institute of Economics of the Academy of Sciences of Tajiki-

stan. He received his doctorate degree in economics in 1969, became a

professor in 1970, and a Corresponding Member of the Academy of

Sciences of Tajikistan in 1973.

Rahimov's research deals with the problems of repeated use of

stocks in basic production, the expansion of the republic's industry and

the improvement in people's social status. His contributions include Os-



novnie proizvodstvennie fondi promishlennosti Tadzhikistana (Basic

Sources for Industrial Production in Tajikistan, Dushanbe, 1962); Prob-

lemi effektivnosti i puti razvitia ekonomiki Tadzhikistana (The Difficul-

ties and Methods for Economic Progress in Tajikistan, Dushanbe,

1976).


Rahimov received the Badge of Honor, medals, and the Honorary

Order of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of Tajikistan.



Rahimov, Sa'dullo

Tajik philosopher Sa'dullo Khayrulloevich Rahimov was born on

November 8, 1951, into a scholarly family in the village of Qozkhur in

the Ramitan district of Bukhara. He received his early education in the

traditional schools of Qozkhur and later in Dushanbe.

After finishing high school, Rahimov worked at the Tajik Kino

Studio as an assistant director for a year. Following that, he attended

courses dealing with theater and drama. He also entered college to com-

plete his education.

Rahimov graduated from Tajikistan State University with a degree in

philosophy in 1974. He then combined his studies in philosophy and

law with research in aesthetics. After he defended his thesis on aesthet-

ics, he became the Scientific Secretary of the Faculty of Philosophy and

Law of the Academy of Sciences of Tajikistan. In 1987, after publishing

a series of articles on Tajik cinema, he was appointed the Director of

TajikFilm. He remained in that position until 1997, when he was ap-

pointed the Vice-President of the Committee on Television and Radio.


Prominent Tajik Figures of the Twentieth Century

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     

261


He continued in this position until 1999, when he decided to return to

his study of aesthetics, and to teaching.

Rahimov's contributions include seven documentary films and a long

list of publications on the theater and cinema of Tajikistan. His publica-

tions include Maqomi Inson dar Avesto (Man's Status in the Avesta,

Paris, 1997); Sukuti Guyo (Eloquent Silence, Dushanbe, 2001); Murad



Kambaghali (Death to Poverty, Dushanbe, 2001); and Sinamoi Tojik

Solhoi 1986-1988 (Tajik Cinema During 1986-1988, Dushanbe, 2001).

Rahimov has received the Union of Cinematographers Prize in 1984.

Rahimov has traveled to Syria, France, Afghanistan, Iran, and Russia.

Rahimov, Sattor

Tajik surgeon Sattor Imomqulovich Rahimov was born in Bukhara

on August 14, 1922.

Rahimov graduated from Bukhara's Assistant Surgeon School in

1939 and worked as an Assistant Surgeon for a year. From 1940 to

1946, he fought at the war front. After the war, he worked as an intern

at a surgical clinic until 1951. From 1954 to 1956, he was an Intern at

the Department of Topographic Anatomy and Practical Surgery. From

1956 to 1972, he was an Assistant, Assistant Professor, and Director of

the Department of General Surgery in the Pediatrics Division of Tajiki-

stan State Medical Institute. He became a doctor of medicine in 1971,

and a professor in the same year.

Rahimov's research deals with stroke and with the increase in blood

at high elevations. His contributions include Narushenia funktsii



pecheni pri khirurgicheskikh zabolevaniyakh (Liver Malfunction During

Surgery, Dushanbe, 1966).

Rahimov was decorated with medals. He died in Dushanbe on

August 15, 1972.

Rahimov, Sayf

Tajik cinematographer and author Sayf Rahimov, also referred to as

Sayf Rahim, was born into a farming family in the village of Dektur in

the Khavaling district of Kulab on November 20, 1953. After complet-

ing Middle School, he joined the Kulab Music and Drama Theater as an

actor. In 1974, he became a porter for the Krupskaia Sash Factory in

Dushanbe.


Iraj Bashiri

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     

262


Rahimov graduated from Tajikistan State University with a degree in

Persian Language and Literature in 1975. Soon after, he became an As-

sistant Cinematographer at Tajik Television. He also was employed as

an Editor in the Drama and Music Division of the Studio. Between 1980

and 1981, he was the propaganda Editor for Tajikistan State Radio. In

1983, he was both the Chief Editor/writer of music for Radio Tajikistan

and the literary Editor of Tojikistoni Soveti. Between 1975 and 1983,

Rahimov served on the State Committee for Radio and Television. In

1999, he became the Minister of Radio and Television of Tajikistan. In

this capacity, he revamped state programming and introduced a number

of programming initiatives with lasting influence on the future direction

of Tajik broadcasting.

Rahimov has a style of writing unique to himself. His stories delve

deeply into the realities of life and, with a philosopher's eye, identify re-

curring problems. His study of the youth culture of Tajikistan is par-

ticularly of great importance.

Rahimov's first story entitled Sitorahoi Sari Tanur (Stars Over the

Oven Pit) was first published in the monthly Sadoi Sharq in 1982. In

1984, it was published again as a part of a collection of short stories un-

der the same title. By the time his Az Yodho, Az Yodho... (Memories, O

Memories) was published in 1988, Rahimov was already recognized as

a trend-setter for Tajik prose of the end of the 20

th

 century.



Many of Rahimov's poems have been published in Moscow and

translated into different languages of the Republics of the Former Soviet

Union. Rahimov's award-winning feature film entitled Sitorahoi Sari

Tanur was based on his psychological probing originally set forth in his

novella of the same name.

Rahimov joined the Union of Writers of the Soviet Union in 1987.

He was assassinated in Dushanbe in 2000.



Rahimov, Yahyo

Tajik doctor of anatomy Yahyo Abdulloevich Rahimov was born in

Khujand on September 15, 1916. He joined the CPSU in 1944.

During 1931 and 1932, he worked on the Vakhsh railroad. Between

1932 and 1938, he was a student and secretary of the Komsomol Orga-

nization of the Leninabad School for Assistant Surgeons. From 1938 to

1942, he was a student at the Ashkabad State Institute of Medicine. In

1942 and 1943, he was a student at Tajikistan State Institute of Medi-



Prominent Tajik Figures of the Twentieth Century

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     

263


cine; between 1943 and 1946, he was an Intern at the Department of

Anatomy of the same institute. From 1946 to 1949, he carried out post-

graduate work at the Institute of Normal Morphology and Patheology of

the Academy of Medicine of the Soviet Union. He was first an Assistant

Professor then served as Director of the Department of Normal Anat-

omy, and as the Dean of the Tajikistan State Medical Institute between

1950 and 1957. He became a member of the Academy of Sciences of

Tajikistan in 1951, a doctor of medicine in 1967, and a professor in the

same year. He served as Minister of Health and Well-being of the Re-

public from 1957 to 1963.

Rahimov's research deals with comparative anatomy, especially with

the chest cavity of infants, as well as with the morphology of inner or-

gans in high altitude. He has studied the anatomy of 604 infants, known

as the 8 rows. His contributions include Morfologia vnutrennikh or-



ganov v usloviakh visokogor'ia (The Morphology of Internal Organs in

High Altitude Conditions, Dushanbe, 1968), and Ocherki po funktsion-

al'noi anatomii (Studies on Functional Anatomy, Dushanbe, 1982).

Rahimov was recognized as a Distinguished Scientist in 1957, and

was decorated with the Order of Lenin, the Red Banner of Labor, and

the Badge of Honor.



Rahimzoda, Boqi

Tajik poet Boqi Rahimzoda was born on May 15, 1910, into a relig-

ious family in Gharm in southern Tajikistan. Rahimzoda went to

Dushanbe in 1928. After working in a cotton factory for a while, he

moved on to Samarqand.

Rahimzoda graduated from the Samarqand Pedagogical Institute in

1931, then returned to Gharm as a teacher. In 1938, he graduated from

the Tashkent Pedagogical Institute, and in 1941, from the Dushanbe

Pedagogical Institute. In 1948, he became the director of the poetry di-

vision of the Union of Writers of Tajikistan. A friend of Sadriddin Aini,

Abulqosim Lahuti, Bobojon Ghafurov, and Mirzo Tursunzoda,

Rahimzoda excelled in quatrains. Some Tajik song writers have drawn

on his verses for their compositions.

Rahimzoda's major works include the collections Ilhom (Inspira-



tion,1973); Ba Jibha (To the Front, 1945); Kuhistoni Durakhshon

(Shining Highland, 1948); as well as several plays including Rohi Tai



Shuda (The Road Traversed, 1966) and Qissai Kuhsor (The Story of the

Iraj Bashiri

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     

264


Highlands, 1970). Rahimzoda's collected works were published in two

volumes in Dushanbe in 1981.

Rahimzoda joined the Union of Writers of the Soviet Union in 1940.

He was the winner of the Rudaki State Prize in 1974. He was decorated

with two Orders of the Red Banner of Labor, two Badges of Honor, and

four other medals.

Rahimzoda died in Dushanbe in 1982.

Rahmat Nazri

See Nazriev, Rahmat.



Rahmatova, Nuqra

Tajik singer-composer Nuqra Rahmatova was born in the village of

Bartang of Rushon, Badakhshan, on January 2, 1942. She received her

early education in public schools.

Rahmatova's career began as an amateur singer and dancer. In 1958,

she became the soloist for the Tarona Ensemble and danced for the

Tajikistan State Philharmonic Society. Between 1963 and 1967, she was

a student of voice at Dushanbe Institute of Music. In 1967, she became

the soloist for the Maqomkhoni Ensemble. Her repertoire consisted of

the popular songs of the Soviet Union (Tajik, Uzbek, Azeri, Russian),

as well as of eastern lands (Afghanistan, Iran, the Arab lands). As a

member of the State Philharmonic Society, she has performed in con-

certs in Afghanistan, Mongolia, Syria, and Iraq.

Rahmatova's forté is in performing songs based on lyrics. She played

the role of the girl from the highlands in the 1960 production of Kovai

Ohangar (Kaveh the Blacksmith). She participated in the 1957 Youth

Festival in Moscow, as well as in the 10

th

 Anniversary of Tajik Litera-



ture in Kyrgyzstan in 1976.

Rahmatova became a People's Artist of Tajikistan in 1977 and won

the Prizes of the Central Committee of the Union of Workers and of

Radio and Television.

Although retired, Rahmatova continues to participate in major con-

certs and events. Most recently, she was invited by the Agha Khan Fund

to go to Europe with a group of Badakhshani artists.


Prominent Tajik Figures of the Twentieth Century

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     

265


Rahmatulloev, Hojiqul

Tajik actor-director Hojiqul Rahmatulloev was born in Bukhara on

May 15, 1909. He began his acting career at the age of 12. He joined the

CPSU in 1958.

In 1921, he studied at the Bukhara Pedagogical Institute while acting

with an amateur group called Forobi, sponsored by the Ministry of

Culture of the Republic.

Rahmatulloev's first role was that of a girl called Ocia in U. Hojibe-

kov's Orshin Mololon (Arshin Malalan). In 1922, he became an actor in

the Bukhara State Theater. After finishing the second course in the

Pedagogical School, he went to Moscow and entered the Institute of

Theater Arts. Upon finishing his studies, he joined the Hamza Theater.

From 1936 to 1971, he was actor-director at the Lahuti Academy of

Dramatic arts. Here he created a series of outstanding characters, in-

cluding, Mirbadal, Khorkash, and Bal'ami in Shodmon (Happy, 1939),

Kaltadoroni Surkh (Red Club Wielders, 1941) and Rudaki (Rudaki,

1958).


During 1964 and 1965, he worked as director and consultant for the

National Theater of Afghanistan.

Rahmatulloev's characters are focused, well-mannered, and well-in-

tentioned. He pays particular attention to the psychological aspects of

his characters. In addition, Rahmatulloev has brought the works of

many of the major writers of Tajikistan to the stage. These include, Dili



Modar (A Mother's Heart, 1942); Shabi Bistu Hashtum (The 28

th

 Night,

1946); Dukhtari Nokom (Unfulfilled Girl, 1950); and others.

He has also played a number of major characters in motion pictures.

These include Rudaki in Qismati Sho'ir (The Lot of the Poet, 1959);

Ruhom in Bairaqi Ohingar (The Banner of the Blacksmith, 1961);

Kaikovus in Dostoni Rustam (The Story of Rustam, 1972); and others.

Rahmatulloev was recognized as a People's Artist of Tajikistan in

1957. He also received the Red Banner of Labor, the Badge of Honor,

five medals, and the Honorary Award of the Presidium of the Supreme

Soviet of Tajikistan.

Rahmatulloev died on March 25, 1993.

Rahmonov

See Bahori, Abdumalik.



Iraj Bashiri

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     

266


Rahmonov, Abujabbor

Tajik literary scholar and critic Abujabbor Azizovich Rahmonov was

born on March 15, 1959, in the Khatlan kolkhoz of Kulab. He received

his early education in Tajiki schools of the region.

Rahmonov graduated, with distinction from Tajikistan State Univer-

sity with a degree in philology in 1983. For the next two years, he

worked as a Lecturer at the Department of Soviet Tajik Literature. From

1985 to 1987, he served the Soviet State in Afghanistan. In 1989, he be-

gan work as a trainee in the Department of Soviet Tajik Literature. He

successfully defended his thesis in 1995, and worked at the same de-

partment, first as a Lecturer, and later as an Assistant Professor.

From 1995 to 1999, he was the Director of the Instructions Division

of the Tajikistan State University. After a year of paid leave, he de-

fended his doctorate dissertation at the Institute of Languages and Lit-

eratures of the Academy of Sciences of Tajikistan in 1999. Since No-

vember of that year, he has served as a Professor of Modern Persian-

Tajiki Literature. Since July 2000, he has also served in the Translation

Bureau at the Office of the President of the Republic.

Rahmonov's contributions include "Ma'rifati Zamon" ("Wisdom of

the Ages," 1995); "Pindorhoi Asotiri dar Adabiyoti Tojiki" ("Mythical

Concepts in Tajik Literature," 1999); and "Nazariyya va Sairi Ta'rikhii

Usturasozii Forsi-tojiki" ("Theory and the Historical Development of

Perso-Tajik Mythology," 1999).



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