Involuntary Resettlement Assessment and Measures


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7.9     Disclosure 
116.  To keep more transparency in planning and for further active involvement of the LARP 
and other stakeholders, project information will be disseminated through disclosure of 
resettlement planning documents. Each DP will be provided information regarding specific 
entitlements. Following the finalization of LARP, a leaflet/pamphlet will be prepared and will be 
translated into Russian and distributed to all the DPs. The pamphlet will specifically cover a brief 
project description, compensation eligibility and entitlement including the entitlement matrix, 
schedule of LARP implementation and the compensation rates (see draft pamphlet in Appendix 
1).  The final LARP will be available to the Project Implementation Unit (PIU) in both English and 
Russian. The same will be available for the DPs as and when asked for. A copy of the final 

 
 
 
44 
LARP will be disclosed in ADB’s website and the same will be disclosed in the web site of 
MOTC both in English and in Russian.  

 
 
 
45
 
8.0 
LARP PREPARATION, IMPLEMENTATION AND CAPACITY BUILDING 
8.1 General 
117.  The implementation of the LARP will be scheduled according to overall project 
implementation. All activities related to land acquisition and resettlement must be planned to 
ensure that compensation is paid prior to displacement and commencement of civil works. 
Public consultation, internal monitoring and grievance redress will be undertaken intermittently 
throughout the project duration. However, the schedule is subject to modification depending on 
the progress of project activities. The project LAR activities are divided in to three broad 
categories based on the stages of work and process of implementation.  The details of activities 
involved in these three phases are the project preparation phase, the LARP implementation 
phase and the Monitoring & Evaluation phase. 
 
118.  To allow for the effective execution of all LAR related tasks, the services of an 
International Social/Resettlement Specialist are included in the Terms of Reference for 
consultants in the Project Administration Manual. These specialists will be responsible for 
imparting the on-the-job training and guidance to officials. The Working Group for the LAR 
activities has been consulted and initial training was imparted during the preparation of this 
LARP. The specialist will give guidance on: 
 

  Principles and procedures of land acquisition as per Tajikistan Laws and ADB’s 
safeguards  on Involuntary Resettlement; 

  Public consultation and participation; 

  Entitlements and compensation & assistance disbursement mechanisms; 

  Grievance redress; and  

  Monitoring of resettlement operations. 
8.2 
LARP Implementation Phase 
119.  Full implementation of the final LARP will be confirmed by a compliance reports. The 
implementation phase follows various steps in a sequence which includes both the preparation 
and implantation phase. Detailed steps are described in table 8.1
 
Table 8.1: Steps for LAR Activities 
Step Action 
Responsibility 
     A)  LARP PREPARATION  
 

Identification of project and finalization of Preliminary Design  
PPTA consultant/MOTC 

Identification  and Setting up of various institutions such as Land Commission, 
Working Group , MBTI etc concerned for the LAR planning and implementation 
including deputation of designated officials in PIU 
PPTA consultant/MOTC 

Imparting initial level of training on LAR issues especially ADB’s policy 
requirement on Involuntary Resettlement and applicable laws of Tajikistan 
Resettlement Specialists 
under PPTA consultant/ PIU

Preparation of  first draft compensation policy including the its provisions for 
compensation and assistance in the project , especially eligibility and various 
entitlements and  discussions with MOTC 
Resettlement Specialists 
under PPTA consultant  

 
 
 
46 
Step Action 
Responsibility 

Initiation of first hand discussion on provision for cash compensation for land loss 
with PIU and Working Group 
Resettlement Specialists 
under PPTA consultant 

Formation of survey team and imparting training to the survey team on LAR 
activities especially on data collection through census and socio-economic survey 
Resettlement Specialists 
under PPTA consultant 

Carry out Census and Socio-Economic Survey ( Base Line Information) of 
affected people based on the preliminary design available as part of the feasibility 
stage 
Resettlement Specialists 
under PPTA consultant/ 
designated PIU staff/Local 
level land commission staff/ 
hukumats  

Carry out Public consultation  
LAR Team under the PPTA 
consultants 

Collection of unit rates from buildings and structures from the local MBTI officials 
LAR Team under the PPTA 
consultants 
10  Integrate data from Census and socio-economic data into the LARP. 
Resettlement Specialists 
under PPTA consultant 
11 
Preparation and submission of  LARP to ADB and MOTC for comments and 
approval 
Resettlement Specialists 
under PPTA consultant 
B) LARP FINALIZATION - Yet to be done 
 

Finalization of design and freezing of final alignment and its Right of Way 
demarcated with due approval from MOTC   
PIU/ Design/Build 
Contractor 

Finalization of the compensation policy with due approval from ADB and MOTC 
on the eligibility and entitlement  
PIU/MOTC/Working 
Group/ADB 

Updating of impacts  
LAR Team/Project 
Management and 
Supervision Consultants/ 
Design/ Build Contractor /  
PIU/Working Group  

Preparation of micro plan for each affected asset 
LAR Team/LAR 
Team/Project Management 
and Supervision 
Consultants/ PIU/Working 
Group/ Land Commission 

Identification of alternate land parcel and Preparation of land micro land plan for 
each affected land in case of land for land compensation   
LAR Team under Detailed 
Design/ PIU/Working 
Group/Land Commission 

Valuation of land in case cash for land loss 
LAR Team/Project 
Management and 
Supervision 
Consultants/PIU/Working 
Group/Land Commission/ 
Independent Valuer if 
available and authorized by 
the government 

 
 
 
47
Step Action 
Responsibility 

Public consultation and information sharing on LAR activities  
LAR Team under Detailed 
Design/PIU/Working Group 

Collection of updated unit cost for the lost assets 
LAR Team under Detailed 
Design/ PIU/ MBTI/ Working 
Group 
   C)  LARP IMPLEMENTATION 
 

Issuance of Identity Cards to DPs based on the micro plan 
PIU/Working Group through 
the help of Hukumats 

Detailed Schedule for compensation action plan 
PIU/MOTC/  

Distribution of Relocation Notices to DPs  
PIU/Working Group through 
the help of Hukumats 

Disbursement of compensation amount (cheque) for Land Compensation 
PIU/MOTC/Working Group 
through the help of 
Hukumats 

Disbursement of Cheques for other Compensation & Assistance/ Rehabilitation 
PIU/MOTC/Working Group 
through the help of 
Hukumats 

Demolishing/ Relocation of Affected Structures/Assets  
PIU/MOTC/Working Group 
through the help of 
Hukumats 

External Review of LARP Implementation through submission of  a compliance 
report 
PIU/MOTC though the help 
of Independent Monitor 

Availing no objection from ADB if RP Implementation found satisfactory  
ADB 

Notice to proceed for civil works is issued 
ADB/MOTC 
     D)  POST-IMPLEMENTATION TASKS 
 

Independent evaluation of LARP  
IM 
     E)  CYCLICAL/CONTINUOUS TASKS 
 
1 Internal 
monitoring. 
Quarterly reporting to ADB 
PIU/MOTC 

External Monitoring. Semi-annual reporting to ADB 
IM 
3 Grievances 
Redress/Law 
Suites 
PIU/MOTC/Working 
Group/Court 

Inter-agency coordination and Communication with DP 
PIU/MOTC/Working Group 
 
 
 
 
 
 

 
 
 
48 
8.3 
Monitoring and Evaluation Period 
120.  Internal monitoring will be the responsibility of the PIU and will start early during the 
project when implementation of LARP starts and will continue till the completion of the project. 
Independent monitoring and evaluation will start immediately after the commencement of 
construction and will be carried out intermittently on a half yearly basis by an Independent 
Monitor. 
 
8.4 
LARP Implementation Schedule 
121.  A tentative schedule of actions for LARP implementation for the project has been 
prepared, taking into account the funding arrangements of ADB and the co-financing institutions 
and the manner in which the two proposed civil works packages are programmed. The initial 
implementation schedule displayed in Table 8.3 provides for the progression of the LARP 
actions in a logical and coordinated manner linked to the project specific dates for approval, 
Grant negotiations and commencement of the civil works. The schedule can be adjusted during 
final alignment of the design and build project works. 
 
8.5 Key 
Actions 
122.  In order to finalize compensation arrangements for affected persons that meet the 
requirements of ADB resettlement safeguards and Government of Tajikistan law, the 
development of an inclusive compensation method that will allow affected people to attain the 
same level or an improved level of well-being as they have without the project will be necessary. 
The MOTC Working Group was established to determine the appropriate valuations and briefed 
on ADB resettlement policy. To further the discussions of the working group, and meet the 
needs of the project, conclusion of compensation methodologies will be required. Proposed 
bases for methodologies are given in section 0 and the tasks and the outcomes needed are 
described in table 8.2
 
Table 8.2: Key Tasks for LARP development  
Task 
Actions 
Outcomes needed 
Examine the feasibility of 
compensation of affected 
land with alternative land 
Identify, with district administrations, extent and location of 
land that can be prepared for production and then allocated 
to affected persons.  
Determine the improvements necessary to land to bring it 
into production 
In respect of land that may be available for re-allocation, 
determine potential affected households to whom the land 
can be allocated 
Where recipients of re-allocated land will incur higher costs 
in operating the new land, such as increased travel costs to 
the land and to markets, determine appropriate allowances 
to make good this increased cost.  
Conclusion on 
feasibility of methods of 
compensation of 
affected land with 
alternative land, and 
detailed procedures for 
the process of re-
allocation 
Finalize a proposed 
methodology for the 
valuation of land use rights 
to enable compensation in 
monetary terms 
Engage an independent valuer to assess the monetary value 
of use rights to agricultural, residential and commercial land. 
For agricultural land, determine a basis of valuation, based 
on the level of compensation required to re-establish  
livelihood. 
A methodology for 
valuation, agreed by 
the Working Group 

 
 
 
49
 
8.6 Capacity 
Building 
128.  As this is the first large scale LARP to be impmented in Tajikistan and as the EA and the 
local institutions responsible for land acquisition and resettlement have little experience with the 
ADB resettlement safeguards robust capacity building will be provided during the 
implementation pf the LARP. This will be done in form of on the job-assistance to be provided 
by a resettlent officer located at the ADB resident Mission and through the the implementation of 
a country-wide capacity building program including (i) provision of training; (ii) improvement of 
governance mechanisms and administration for resettlement, policy alignment, and enhanced 
LAR procedures, and (iii) improvements of technical instruments for LAR.
21
  
                                                            
21
 ADB. RETA 7433-REG – Mainstreaming Land Acquisition and Resettlement Safeguards in the Central 
and West Asia Region, 2009 

 
 
 
50 
 
Table 8.3:  Implementation schedule 
 
2008
2009 2010 2011 2012 
TASKS 
N  D J
F M A M J
J
A S O N D J
F M A M J  J  A  S O N D J
F M A M J
J
A S O N D J
F M A M J 
LARP PREPARATION 
 
                 
                 
                                     
 
           
Surveys and public consultation  
                 
                 
                                     
 
           
Establishment of working group 
                 
   
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
     
Draft  LARP submission to ADB and MOTC. 
                 
   
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
     
Followup surveys and discussion on 
compensation policy  
                 
   
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
     
Submission of revised draft LARP to ADB and 
MOTC 
                 
   
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
     
Approval of revised draft LARP by ADB and 
Government 
                 
   
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
     
Draft LARP/pamphlet Disclosure 
                 
   
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
     
Project appraisal 
                 
   
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
     
Design and build Contract awards signing 
                 
   
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
     
LARP Finalization 
                 
   
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
     
Engagement and Mobilization Resettlement 
Specialists from Supervision Consultants 
                 
   
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
     
Final verification survey/  determination of plot 
requirements of affected households/shops final 
survey of replacement plots  
                 
   
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
     
compensation rates updates / finalization of 
action plan for provision of replacement plots / 
final DP consultation  
                 
   
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
     
Submission of Final LARP to ADB and MOTC 
                 
   
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
     
Approval of Final LARP by ADB and 
Government and disclosure 
                 
   
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
     
Allocation of LARP funds 
                 
   
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
     
LARP implementation 
                 
   
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
     
Hiring of IM 
                 
   
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
     
Issuance of Identity Cards to DPs  
                 
   
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
     
Disbursement of compensation for  DPS in 
Section 5  
                 
   
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
     
Disbursement of compensation and 
rehabilitation and development of replacement 
plots for DPs in Sections 2-4 
 
                 
   
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
     
Demolishing/ Relocation of Affected structures  
                 
   
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
     

 
 
 
51
2008
2009 2010 2011 2012 
TASKS 
N  D J
F M A M J
J
A S O N D J
F M A M J  J  A  S O N D J
F M A M J
J
A S O N D J
F M A M J 
IM compliance report 
a. Section 

b. Sections 
2-4 
 
                 
   
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
     
No objection to construction from ADB  
a. 
 Section 5 
b. Sections 2-4 
                 
   
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
     
Start of the Civil Work for Section 5 
 
                 
                 
                                     
 
           
Start of Civil Work for Sections 2-4 
 
                 
                 
                                     
 
           
OTHER CONTINUOUS ACTIVITIES 
 
                 
                 
                                     
 
           
Complaints redress and consultation 
                 
                 
                                     
 
           

 
 
 
52 
9.0 RESETTLEMENT 
BUDGET AND FINANCING 
9.1 General 
123.  This resettlement budget is a preliminary cost estimate to be updated after all 
compensation provisions including compensation for residential land have been approved. The 
unit costs for various items and losses have been considered through surveys and consultation 
with relevant government departments and DPs. The cost estimate includes lost assets 
compensation, allowances for vulnerable DPs, the cost of services of a registered land valuer 
and a contingency. Costs will be verified following detailed design. 
 
9.2 
Sources of Financing 
124.  Costs for lost assets compensation and income rehabilitation will be provided as counter-part 
funds by the Government of Tajikistan. Funds for allowances specifically required by ADB such as 
severe impacts, vulnerable AH and relocation allowances will be provided under the Grant. 
 
9.3 Compensation 
9.3.1  Allowance for loss of agricultural land use rights 
125.  Compensation to holders of use rights of affected agricultural land is based on the 
productivity of land based on the type of crop cultivated on the affected land and on the average 
gross market value (inclusive of inputs and labor) of the crop over the year of impacts. The 
replacement cost of the land is determined by the following formula: 
Compensation Amount = Yield per m
2
 x Area affected x Gross market value of the crop x 5 years (in 
case of  annual crops or wines) or x 1 year in case of perennial crops. 
126.  Affected areas, yields and crop values have been determined and verified by the district 
administrations. Compensation values for agricultural areas are given in tables 9.1 and 9.2.
 
 
Table 9.1: Allowance for loss of use-rights on agricultural land used as orchards 
Crop Type
22
 
Total  
Area 
(m
2

Number 
of Trees 
Productivity
(Kg/tree) 
Unit 
value 
(TJS/kg) 
Value 1 
year crop 
(TJS) 
Average 
Compensation 
per m
2
 (TJS) 
Fruit Trees 
 
 
Orchard (Apple) 
9,120 
120
180
5.00
108,000 
Orchard (Cherry) 
9,120 
133
50
8.00
53,200 
Orchard (Sm Cherry) 
7,410 
100
45
6.00
27,000 
Orchard (Peach) 
2,850 
40
80
5.00
16,000 
Total 28,500 
393
 
 
204,200 
7.16
 
 
 
 
 
                                                            
22
    For Orchard, calculation is based on the number of affected trees situated in the affected orchards with an 
average annual yield of 180 kg per apple tree, 50 kg per cherry tree, 45 kg per small cherry tree, and 80 kg per 
peach tree. Moreover, computation for lost income from the orchard is computed for 1 year. 

 
 
 
53
Table 9.2: Allowance for loss of use-rights on agricultural land planted with annual crops 
 
Crop Type
23
 
Total  
Area 
(m
2

Productivity
(Kg/ha) 
Unit 
value 
(TJS/kg) 
Value 1 
year crop 
(TJS) 
Value x 5 
years 
Average 
Compensation 
per m

(TJS) 
Annual Crops 
 
 
Wheat 140,020 
4,500
0.91
57,338.2
286,691 
Lucerne 6,445 
1,200
3.50
2,706.9
13,535 
Vineyard 4,200 
5,000
0.88
1,848.0
9,240 
Onion  
2,500 
4,000
1.25
1,250.0
6,250 
Vegetables 2,455 
18,750
0.82
3,774.6
18,873 
Tomatoes 1,200 
1,600
0.70
134.4
672 
Flax  
600 
1200
3.50
252.0
1,260 
Potato  
600 
17,500
0.48
504.0
2,520 
Total 158,020 
 
 
67,808.1
339,040 
2.15
 
 
 
 
9.3.2  Replacement Plot Preparation and Rehabilitation Allowance for loss 
of Residential/Commercial Land use rights 
127.  DPs losing land use rights on residential/commercial lands will be compensated either 
through the allocation of replacement land or provision of cash allowance. Six households and 9 
small shops with no sufficient land to re-establish their houses and shops will be provided with 
replacement plots, while the remaining 215 households/shops will be provided with cash 
allowance for the loss of land use rights.    
 
 
   
a.  Preparation of Replacement Plot  
 
128.  The 6 households losing residential lands will each receive 800 m
2
 while those losing 
plot for their businesses will be provided with replacement plots appropriate to their business 
requirements (Appendix 5E shows the households that will be provided with replacement plots). 
Support for the preparation of each replacement plot will be provided to ensure that DPs are 
able to rebuild their structures and re-establish their households/shops on these new site. Costs 
related to power supply connection, land filling and clearing and provision of sanitation facilities 
will be shouldered by the Project.. During the preparation of the detailed design, the PIU, with 
support from the Design Consultant, will estimate the cost for plot preparation and include in the 
Project cost. Table 9.3 below shows the estimated cost for the preparation of replacement plots. 
 
  
 
 
 
 
 
 
                                                            
23
    For Orchard, calculation is based on the average number of 134 fruit trees per hectare in the Project area with 
an average annual yield of 180 kg per apple tree, 50 kg per cherry tree, 45 kg per small cherry tree, and 80 kg per 
peach tree. Moreover, computation for lost income from the orchard is computed for 1 year. 

 
 
 
54 
 
 
Table 9.3:  Assistance for Preparation of Replacement Plots 
 
Category of DP 
No. 
Affected 
Area (m
2

Replacement Plot
Estimated 
Cost of Plot 
Preparation 
per Plot (TJS) 
Total
1. DP without 
sufficient land to 
rebuild 
 
  
 
 
     a.  DP losing 
residential plots  

827   800 m
2
 residential plot 
for each DP (4,800 m2 
total)  
 
2,700 16,200
     b.  DP losing plot 
for shop (n=9) 

2,747
Plot based on proposal/ 
requirement of DP 
2,700 24,300
Total  
3,574
 
 
40,500
   
Note: Cost of preparation will be updated based on actual preparation requirement of each replacement 
plot. 
 
 
   
b.  Rehabilitation Cash Allowance for Loss of Land Use Right 
 
129.  The other households losing a combined total of 36,665 m
2
 will be provided with cash 
allowance as rehabilitation assistance for their loss of land use rights. Cash rehabilitation 
assistance will be based on the current lease rate of $ 0.10 per m
2
 multiplied by 25 years or a 
unit rate of $2.5 m
2
. See table 9.4
 
Table 9.4: Allowances for loss of Residential/commercial land use rights 
 
Category of DP 
Number 
Affected Area 
(m
2

Compensation/ 
Allowance 
Total TJS
2. DP with marginal land loss 
and has sufficient land to rebuild 
 
214 36,422 
 
 
$2.5 per m

 
 
91,055
 
 
9.3.3  Compensation for structures and improvements 
 
130.  Compensation for structures has been determined in respect of each affected structure 
by a committee comprising of engineers from the district administrations and MBTI for each 
district. Affected quantities and compensation rates have been determined in respect of each 
structure, therefore no unut prices are provided below. Tables 9.5 and 9.6 summarize the total 
quantities and agreed compensation for the affected structures. Details on compensation unit 
rates for each structure are presented in Appendices 5 and 6. 
 
 

 
 
 
55
Table 9.5: Houses, Shops, Sheds and Outbuildings 
Item Quantity 
Area 
affected 
(m
3

Areaffected 
(m
3

Total TJS 
Buildings type1 
1   
173.00
82,698
Buildings Type2 
26   
3,790.00
526,991
Buildings type 3 
68   
12,429.60
1,637,831
Sheds 67 
2,967.20
222,657
Outbuildings 122 
6,738.56
 
958,866
Total  
 
 
 
3,429,043
 
 
Table 9.6: Walls and Fences 
Item 
Quantity 
Square meters 
Cubic meters 
Total TJS 
Walls 127 
 
2,514.5 
302,124 
Fences 125 
4,737.46 
 
97,946 
Total  
   
400,070 
 
131.  In addition, a number of miscellaneous structures were identified and valued. These 
included pumps, ovens and wells, and had a total value of TJS 29,894. The total compensation 
value for buildilngs, fences and miscellaneous structures is TJS 3,859,007.  
 
9.3.4  Compensation for Annual Crops 
 
132.  Compensation for losses of annual crops will be paid in cash at full market rate for 1 
year’s yield. Table 9.7 summarizes the total quantities and agreed compensation for the 
affected crops.  
    Table 
9.7: 
Annual 
Crop 
Losses 
Compensation 
 
 
Crop Type 
Total  Area 
(m
2

Productivity 
(Kg x ha) 
Unit value 
(TJS/kg) 
Value 1 year crop 
(TJS) 
Wheat 
140,020 4,500 0.91 
57,338.19 
Vegetables 2,455 
18,750 
0.82 
3,774.56 
Lucerne 
6,445 1,200 3.50 2,706.90 
Onion 
 
2,500 4,000 1.25 1,250.00 
Potato  
600 
17,500 
0.48 
504.00 
Flax 
 
600 1,200 3.50  252.00 
Tomatoes 
1,200 1,600 0.70  134.40 
Total 153,820 
 
 
65,960.05 
 
 
 
 
 
 

 
 
 
56 
9.3.5  Compensation for Perennial Crops 
133.  Fruit trees and vines losses are compensated based on lost income based on the value 
of annual crop of the tree x the number of years needed to regrow the tree at productive stage.  
 
Table 9.8:  Fruit trees Compensation 
Tree Type 
Number of 
Trees  
Area 
(sqm) 
Yearly 
yield (kg.) 
x  tree 
Yield x Ha 
(kg) 
Current Market 
Value of Product 
per kg (TJS/kg) 
Value 1 
Year 
(TJS) 
 Years to 
Re-grow 
Value x  
Years to 
Re-grow 
(TJS) 
Apple  
 
 
 
   
 
 (3-5 years)  
108 
 
180 
 
5 somoni 
97,200 

97,200
 (6 years up) 
12 
 
180 
 
5 somoni 
10,800 

32,400
Cherry  
 
 
 
 
 
 
 (3-5 years) 
120 
 
50 
 
8 somoni 
48,000 

48,000
 (6 years up) 
13 
 
50 
 
8 somoni 
5,200 

10,400
Small cherry 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 (3-5 years) 
90 
 
45 
 
6 somoni 
24,300 

24,300
 (6 years up) 
10 
 
45 
 
6 somoni 
2,700 

5,400
Peach  
 
 
 
 
 
 
 (3-5 years) 
36 
 
80 
 
5 somoni 
14,400 

14,400
 (6 years up) 

 
80 
 
5 somoni 
1,600 

3,200
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Grapes 
 
4,200 
 
8,000 
2 Sonomi  
 

13,340
Total 393 
 
 
  
383,600 
248,640
 
9.3.6  Compensation for Business Losses  
134.  All business losses are deemed permanent and are entitled to cash compensation equal 
to one year of net income. The assessment of the compensation for DP with tax recors has 
been based on on the actual yearly income. For DP without tax records the compensation has 
been given based on one year of the maximum-non taxable salary in Tajikistan  (TJS288). The 
amounts required for each business types losses are given in table 9.9. The amounts combine 
compensation for DP with tax declaration and DP without tax declaration. The detailed 
compensation given to each DP is detailed in Appendix 5C.
 
 

 
 
 
57
Table 9.9: Types of Business and Compensation  
Business Type 
Number 
 Compensation (TJS) 
Shops 18 
 
116,389 
Cafés / Canteens 

50,556 
Butcher 3 
21,000 
Fuel stations 

245,816 
Spare parts traders 

27,900 
Snack food outlet 

14,200 
Pharmacy 1 
5,000 
Total 36 
 
480,861 
 
 
 
9.4 Allowances 
9.4.1  Severe Impact Allowances 
135.  Severely impacted households, are deemed to be those that will lose more than 10% of 
their income source. In the case of business losses, affected households receive a full year’s 
income and it is therefore assumed that the severity of impact is addressed by that 
compensation. Severe impact allowances will be payable to DPs losing more 10% or more of 
their agricultural land. The entitlement of severely impacted DPs consists of (i) a further cash 
payment equivalent to one year’s crop value (ii) a rehabilitation allowance equal to six months’ 
minimum salary. The minimum salary is taken as the average monthly wage published by the 
Government of Tajikistan’s Statistical Agency for 2008, which is TJS231 per month.
 
 
Table 9.10: Severe Impact Allowances 
Rehabilitation Allowance (TJS) 
Households 
eligible for severe 
impacts 
allowances 
Sum of value 
of 1 yr crop 
production 
(TJS) 
Rate 
Total 
Total value of severe 
impact allowances (TJS) 
56 14,190 
1,386  77,616 
91,806 
 
9.4.2  Allowances for Vulnerable DPs 
136.  The unit cost for vulnerable DP allowances is based on the two months of the minimum 
salary, again deemed to be TJS 231 / month. 
 
Table 9.11: Allowances for Vulnerable Households 
Vulnerable DP Allowance (TJS) 
No. of vulnerable households  
Rate 
Total 
228 462 
105,336 
 
 
9.4.3 Resettlement 
Allowances 
137.  Among the 6 households that will will need a replacement plot, two will each get 800 sqm 
of vacant land adjacent to their remaining plot. Four others will each be provided with an 800 m2 
of land within 100 to 200 m away from their current plots. All the nine businesses that need to 
relocate can be provided with a plot along the road adjacent to or very near their current shops.  

 
 
 
58 
Each relocatee will receive a resettlement allowance of 3 months at minimum salary 
(TJS231/month).  The 4 households who need to relocate to a different plot will be provided with 
an additional TJS100 for renting a truck. The total cost of this item is TJS10,795.  
 
 
Table 9.12: Allowances for Resettling Households 
Category of Households and 
businesses to be provided with 
replacement plots  
Number  
Resettlement 
Allowance 
During the 
Transition 
Period 
Transporation 
Allowance 
(TJS) 
Total 
Allowance
(TJS) 
a. households with replacement plots  
    adjacent to their remaining plot 

231 TJS per 
mo x 3 
months
- 1,386
b. households with replacement plots within
   200 meters from their previous plot 

231 TJS per 
mo x 3 
months
100 TJS 
3,172
c. businesses with replacement plots 
    adjacent to their remaining plot 

231 TJS per 
mo x 3 
months
- 6,237
Total 15 
 
10,795
 
 
9.5 
Support for LARP Implementation 
9.5.1  Resettlement Specialists  
138.  Provision has been made in the consultancy services for specialist support within a team 
that will undertake bid preparation, procurement and resettlement services prior to the 
commencement of construction. Three months of an international specialist and three months of 
a local resettlement specialist are included in this phase.  
139.  A further consulting package, providing project management, works supervision and 
sector governance support includes the provision for an international resettlement specialist for 
ten months and a local resettlement specialist for nine months.  
 
9.5.2 Independent 
Monitor 
140.  Provision has been made in the cost estimates for consulting services for the selection of 
an independent monitor (by ADB), to verify LARP preparation, monitor LARP implementation 
and carry out post implementation evaluation. 
  
 
9.6 
Summary of Costs 
141.  Costs will be revised after detailed design and prior to the implementation. Based on the 
available the total land acquisition and resettlement cost for the Project is TJS7,004,808.
 
These 
costs include 20% contingency. The summary costs are provided in table 9.13 while table 9.14 
shows the estimated compensation cost per road section. 
 
 

 
 
 
59
 
Table 9.13: LARP Budget 
 
ITEM 
TOTAL (in TJS) 
1. Rehabilitation Assistance for Loss of Land Use Right 
 
   a.  Cash Allowance 
 
       - agricultural Land 
543,240.0 
       - Residential / Commercial Land 
91,055 
   b.  Preparation for allocated residential/commercial plot 
40,500 
2. Compensation for Structure Losses 
 
   a. Buildings  
 3,429,043 
   b. Walls and Fences 
 400,070 
   c. Other structures 
29,894 
3. Compensation for Crop Losses 
 
   a. annual crops  
65,960
 
   b.  perennial crops/fruit trees 
248,640 
4. Compensation for Businesses Losses 
480,861 
5.  Allowances 
 
   a.  Allowance for Severely Affected DPs 
91,806 
   b.  Allowance for Vulnerable DPs 
105,336 
   c.  Relocation allowance 
10,795 
 
 
Total compensation Costs 
5,537,200 
 
 
Support Costs 
300,000 
Total 
5,837,200 
Contingency20% 
1,167,440 
Grand Total 
7,004,640 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

 
 
 
60 
Table 9.14: Estimated Compensation Budget Requirement per Road Section 
Compensation 
Section 2 
Section 3 
Section 4 
Section 5 
Total 
1. Rehabilitation Assistance 
for Loss of Land Use Right 
 
   a.  Cash Allowance 
 
       - agricultural Land 
117,920
301,670
110,200
13,450 543,240.0
       - Residential /  
         Commercial Land 
35,897
27,785
27,373
 91,055
   b.  Preparation for allocated 
        residential/comml plot 
16,200
10,800
13,500
 
40,500
2. Compensation for 
Structure Losses 
1,114,649
1,934,373
809,985
  
3,859,007
3. Compensation for Crop 
Losses 
 
   a. annual crops  
6,344
39,686
17,240
2,690 
65,960
   b.  perennial crops/ fruit 
trees 
100,100
108,800
26,500
13,340 
 
248,640
4. Compensation for 
Businesses Losses 
318,667
95,177
67,017

 
480,861
5.  Allowances 
 
   a. severe impact allowance 
27,877
51,094
12,835
- 91,806
   b. vulnerable DP allowance 
40,194
36,498
27,720
924 105,336
   c. relocation allowance 
4,258
2,872
3,665
- 10,795
Total compensation Costs 
1,782,106
2,608,755
1,115,935
30,404  
5,537,200

 
 
 
61
 
10.0  MONITORING AND EVALUATION 
10.1  
Introduction 
142.  Monitoring & Evaluation (M&E) are important activities to ensure proper and timely 
implementation of LARP on schedule and within the given budget. The purpose of M&E is to 
provide feedback to all stakeholders on progress made in view of timely and comprehensive 
implementation of the LARP and to identify problems as early as possible to facilitate well-timed 
adjustment of implementation arrangements. The objectives are: (i) to ensure that the standard 
of living of APs are restored or improved; (ii) to ascertain whether activities are progressing as 
per schedule and that timelines are being met; (iii) to assess if compensation, rehabilitation 
measures are sufficient; (iv) to identify problems or potential problems; and (v) to identify 
methods of responding immediately to mitigate problems. LAR tasks under the project will be 
subjected to both internal and external monitoring. Internal monitoring will be conducted by 
PIU/MOTC. External monitoring will be assigned to an Independent Monitor (IM) to be hired by 
MOTC and approved by ADB. The IM will be selected among NGOs, academic Institutions, or 
consulting firms. An outline Terms of Reference for IM is attached in Appendix 4. 
10.2 Internal 
Monitoring 
143.  Internal monitoring will be carried out routinely by PIU/MOTC with the help of the 
resettlement specialists. The results will be communicated to ADB through the quarterly project 
implementation reports. Indicators for internal monitoring will be those related to process and 
immediate outputs and results. This information will be collected directly from the PIU and 
Hukumat to assess the progress and results of LARP implementation, and to adjust the work 
program, if necessary. The quarterly reports will be incorporated in the standard supervision 
reports to ADB. Specific monitoring benchmarks will be: 

 
Information campaign and consultation with DPs; 

 
Status of land acquisition and payments on land compensation; 

 
Compensation for affected structures and other assets; 

 
Relocation of DPs; 

 
Payments for loss of income; 

 
Selection and distribution of replacement land areas; and 

 
Income restoration activities 
 
144.  The above information will be collected by PIU which is responsible for monitoring the 
day-to-day resettlement activities of the project by carrying out the following tasks:  

 
Review of census information for all DPs;  

 
Consultation and informal interviews with DPs;  

 
In-depth case studies;  

 
Sample survey of DPs;  

 
Key informant interviews; and 

 
Community public meetings.  
 

 
 
 
62 
10.3 External 
Monitoring 
145.  External monitoring will be carried out twice a year, and its results communicated to 
PIU/MOTC and ADB through semi-annual reports. A suitably qualified Independent Monitor (IM) 
will be appointed. Indicators for External Monitoring tasks will include: 
 
Verification and Monitoring Plan Preparation 

  Review of the socio-economic baseline survey information of pre-displaced persons; 

  Identification and selection of impact indicators; 

  Consultation with DPs, officials and community leaders as appropriate 

  Preparation of a Monitoring Plan, detailing how compliance with the LARP will be 
objectively verified, taking account any proposed phasing of the project. 
Compliance Monitoring 

  The IM will, on the basis of indicators identified in the Monitoring Plan, assess 
compliance with the LARP and prepare conclusive reports for the PIU 
Evaluation 
146.  The IM will carry out a post-implementation evaluation of the LARP about a year after 
completion of its implementation, primarily to find out if the objectives of the LARP have been 
attained or not.  The benchmark data of socioeconomic survey of severely affected DPs 
conducted during the preparation of the LARP will be used to compare the pre and post project 
conditions.  The IM will recommend appropriate supplemental assistance for the DPs should the 
outcome of the study show that the objectives of the LARP have not been attained. A broad 
monitoring matrix comprising the monitoring indicators is given in Table 10.1  
 
Table 10.1: Monitoring Indicators 
 
S. N. 
LAR Activities 
Progress  Remarks
Pre Construction Activities and LAR Activities 

Assessment of Resettlement impacts due to changes in project 
design (If required) 
 
 

Preparation/ updating of Resettlement Plan based on changes in 
project design 
 
 

Approval of updated LARP from ADB 
 
 

Circulation of information leaflet 
 
 

Capacity building of LAR team in PIU/Hukumat 
 
 

Verification of DPs Census list; assessment on compensation 
and assistance, and readjustment 
 
 
LARP Implementation 

Payment of Compensation to DPs 
 
 

Disbursement of assistance to title holders 
 
 

Disbursement of special assistance to Vulnerable groups 
 
 

Replacement/ shifting of community property resources 
 
 

 
 
 
63
S. N. 
LAR Activities 
Progress  Remarks
 
Reinstallation of public utilities 
 
 

Records of Grievance Redressal 
 
 
Social Measures during Construction as per Contract Provisions 

Prohibition of employment or use of children as labour 
 
 

Prohibition of Forced or Compulsory Labour 
 
 

Ensure equal pay for equal work to both men and women 
 
 

Implementation of all statutory provisions on labour like health, 
safety, welfare, sanitation, and working conditions 
 
 

Maintenance of employment records of workers 
 
 

Awareness Program on HIV/AIDS 
 
 
 
 
 
 

 
 
 
64 
APPENDIX 1:   INFORMATION PAMPHLET 
 
Dushanbe-Uzbekistan Border Road Project 
 (funded by the Asian Development Bank) 
 
Executing Agency: Ministry of Transport and Communications 
Expected start of Implementation Spring 2012 
 
(i) Project 
Description 
1. 
The Dushanbe-Tursunzade-Uzbekistan border road traverses the districts, or rayons of 
Rudaki, Gissar, Shakhrinav, and Tursunzade in this order as the road moves west from 
Dushanbe down the Gissar valley. The total length of the road is 61.5 kilometers (km). The road 
heads west, south-west from Dushanbe to the Uzbekistan border in eastern Uzbekistan. It is the 
main route for road traffic and transported goods to Uzbekistan and Turkmenistan from 
Dushanbe and the southern regions of Tajikistan including agricultural produce from the Gissar 
valley. It is the route for most Tajik imports and exports to and from the port of Bandar Abas in 
Iran. Consideration of the mid-point traffic volumes, levels of service and the environment 
through which the road passes lends to dividing the road into five sections/packages for design 
and implementation purposes. These road sections are (1) Avicenna Monument to West Gate, 
(2) West Gate to Gissar Junction, (3) Gissar Junction to Shakhrinav roundabout, (4) Shakhrinav 
roundabout to Tursunzade Junction and (5) Tursunzade Junction to the Uzbekistan Border. The 
summary details of various road sections are described in table A1.1.   
 
Table-A1.1: Summary Details of Various Sections 


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