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Mansurov, Hamid

Tajik therapist Hamid Huseinovich Mansurov was born on Decem-

ber 20, 1925, in Samarqand. He joined the CPSU in 1948.

Mansurov graduated from the Samarqand Medical Institute in 1947.

Thereafter, he became a post-graduate working under the supervision of

A. L. Miasnikov. Between 1951 and 1954, he was an Assistant Profes-

sor in, as well as the Director of, the Department of Therapeutics of the

Tajikistan State Medical Institute Hospital. From 1954 to 1975, he was

a therapist at the Academy of Sciences of the Soviet Union. He became

a Corresponding Member of the Academy of Sciences of Tajikistan,

and a professor in 1961. He became an Academician there in 1978.

Mansurov's research deals with gastroenterology--mostly cardiology,

hematology, and pulmonology.

Mansurov's contributions include Instrumental'naia Diagnostika



zabolevania pecheni (Diagnostic Instruments of Liver Disease, Mos-

cow, 1965); "Bolezni pecheni i zhelchnikh putei," in Spravochnik



terapeveta ("Liver Diseases and Bile,in Therapeutics Encyclopedia,

Moscow, 1973).

Mansurov received the Order of Lenin and other medals.

Mansurova, Farida

Tajik physician Farida Homidovna Mansurova was born on May 2,

1952, into a family of physicians of Samarqand. She is the daughter of

Academic Homid Mansurov, and the late Irina Gafarovna Mansurova.



Iraj Bashiri

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      

168


She received her early education in Russian schools between 1959 and

1969.


Mansurova graduated from the Tajikistan State Medical Institute in

1975. From 1975 to 1977, Mansurova was an intern in the Department

of Internal Medicine of the Tajikistan State Medical Institute. Between

1977 and 1982, she was a Scientific Worker in the Division of Bio-

chemistry of Medicine at the Scientific Institute of Gastroenterology.

From 1982 until January 2002, she was the Head of the Biochemistry

Division of the Tajikistan State Medical Institute.

Mansurova defended her scientific work at the Sechenov Academy

of Moscow in 1984, and in 1998, defended her doctoratal dissertation

with distinction at Tajikistan State Medical Institute. Since February 1,

2002, Mansurova has been Assistant Director of the Research Institute

of Gastroenterology.

Mansurova's contributions include a study in 1995 for a new treat-

ment of an illness usually referred to as the Mirochnic-Mansurov dis-

ease.

Mansurova, Irina

Tajik biochemist Irina Jafarovna Mansurova was born in Bukhara on

November 15, 1925.

Mansurova graduated from the Samarqand Medical Institute in 1948.

Between 1951 and 1959, she was an intern at the Department of Conta-

gious Diseases at the Tajikistan State Medical Institute. Between 1959

and 1976, she was a Senior Scientific Worker and, later Director of the

Biochemistry Division of Medical Research of the Republic. She be-

came a doctor of medicine in 1967, and a professor in 1969. In 1976,

she became the Director of the Biochemical Laboratories in the Nature

Preservation Division of the Academy of Sciences of Tajikistan.

Mansurova was the first in the Soviet Union to discover the princi-

ples governing the resolution of microchemical points on the liver--

points that can be extracted with special needles from the fabric of the

liver. She also worked with the various types of ferment constellations.

Under Mansurov's supervision, the reasons for the prolongation of dis-

eases, as well as the effects of herbal medicine in transformation of

matter in organisms was studied. The three-volume Eksperimental'naya



patologiya pecheni (Experimental Liver Pathology) was published un-

der her supervision. Mansurova's other contributions include Biokhimia



Prominent Tajik Figures of the Twentieth Century

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     

169


pecheni pri bolezni Botkina i botkinskikh tsirrozakh (The Biochemistry

of the Liver During Hepatitis and Psoriasis of the Liver, Dushanbe,

1964) and Izbrannie lektsii po klinicheskoi biokhimii (Selected Lectures



About Biochemistry, Dushanbe, 1971).

Mansurova was recognized as a Distinguished Contributor to Health

Services of the Soviet Union in 1967. She was decorated with a number

of medals.



Mansurova, Muborak

Tajik biologist Muborak Umarovna Mansurova was born on Sep-

tember 11, 1920, in Bukhara..

Mansurova graduated from the Central Asian Institute in Tashkent in

1942 with a degree in biology. For a while, after graduation, she worked

at a silkworm farm in Bukhara. In 1946, she became the Director of

Silkworm Production and, later, Instructor of Anatomy and Zoology at

the Institute of Agriculture of the Republic of Tajikistan. In 1969, she

became the Director of the Department of Anatomy and Histology of

the same institute. She received her doctorate in biology in 1973, and

became a professor in 1974

Mansurova's research deals with the morphology of domesticated

animals. Her dissertation, which she defended in 1973, is entitled

Taghiroti Khususiyyathoi Anatomiu Histology va Khimiyovii Gusfan-

doni Hisori Vobasta ba Sinnu Sol (Changes in the Specifics of the Anat-

omy, Histology, Chemistry, and Physiology of the Skeletal Frame of

Hisari Sheep with Respect to Aging). In 1974, she started a study of the

Pamiri bison. Mansurov's other contributions include Khimicheskii



sostav kostnoi tkani razlichnikh porod i klassov ovets razvodimikh v

Tadzhikistane (The Chemical Bone Structure of the Various Types of

Sheep Raised in Tajikistan, Dushanbe, 1960).

Mansurova received the Badge of Honor, as well as other medals.



Ma'ruf Bobojon

See Bobojonov, Ma'ruf.



Marupov, Rahim

Tajik physicist Rahim Marupov was born in Uroteppa on November

27, 1936.


Iraj Bashiri

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      

170


Marupov graduated from the Tajikistan State University in 1959.

From 1961 to 1963, he was a graduate student at the Academy of Sci-

ences of Belarus. Thereafter, he was a Senior Scientific Worker (1964-

66) and the Acting Director of the scientific affairs of the Faculty of

Physics and Technology of the Academy of Sciences of Tajikistan

(1966-86). He received his doctorate degree in technology in 1984. In

1986, he became the Director of the Spectroscopy Laboratory of the

same institute.

Marupov's research deals with the physical structure of different

polymers and the spectroscopy of cotton yarn. His contributions include



Spektroskopia khlopa (Spectroscopy of Cotton, Moscow, 1976) and

Spektroskopia voloknoobrazyushchikh polimerov (Spectroscopy of

Mahin-nakh Polymers, Dushanbe, 1977).

Marupov is the recipient of the Red Banner of Courage and the 100

th

Anniversary of the Birth of Lenin Prize.



Masov, Rahim

Tajik historian Rahim Masovich Masov was born into a farming

family in the village of Mdekharv of Vanj, Badakhshan, on September

1, 1939. He grew up in Vanj, and received his early education at an in-

ternational school there. He joined the CPSU in 1976.

Masov graduated from Tajikistan State University with a degree in

history in 1961. In the same year he became a Senior Lecturer at the In-

stitute of History and Archaeology and Anthropology of the Academy

of Sciences of Tajikistan. Masov defended his doctorate dissertation at

the Institute of History of the Academy of Sciences of the Soviet Union

in 1967, and his post-doctorate dissertation at the same institution in

1980. In 1988, he became Director of the Institute of History, Archae-

ology and Ethnography, of the Academy of Sciences of Tajikistan.

Masov's research has opened new vistas in understanding Tajik his-

tory, especially with regard to historiography and proper use of source

materials. He has especially paved the way for the study of Tajik history

during the Soviet period. Today, he is the historian par excellence for

contemporary Tajik history. Three works by Masov have contributed

immensely to our understanding of the history of the Tajiks in recent

decades. Their importance lies in the fact that they probe the less clear

aspects of Soviet involvement in Tajik affairs, and document processes

that thus far had been safeguarded in Soviet archives. He is the Chief



Prominent Tajik Figures of the Twentieth Century

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     

171


Editor of the multi-volume Ta'rikhi Khalqi Tojik (The History of the

Tajik People).

Masov's contributions include Istoriografia sotsiolisticheskovo preo-



brazovanie sel'kovo khoziostvo v Tadzhikistone (Historiographical

Problems of Agriculture in the Organization of the Kolkhozes of Tajiki-

stan, Dushanbe, 1974); Istoriografia sotsiolisticheskovo stroitel'stva v

Tadzhikistone

(The History of Socialist Historiography in Tajikistan, Dushanbe,

1988); Ta'rikhi Tabar Taqsim ( The History of a National Catastrophe,

Dushanbe, 1991); Tojikon: Ta'rikhi Komilan



 

Serri

 

(Tajiks:



 

A

 

Top Secret

History, Dushanbe, 1995).

Maston Sherali

See Sheraliev, Maston.



Ma'sumi, Nosirjon

Tajik intellectual and poet Nosirjon Asadovish Ma'sumi was born

into a family of steel workers in Hissar on May 2, 1915. He joined the

CPSU in 1945.

Ma'sumi graduated from the two-year Language Instruction Institute

in 1928, and from the Samarqand Pedagogical Institute in 1936. In be-

tween, he taught at the Panjakent Technical Institute for six years. In

1940, he completed a degree at the Dushanbe Pedagogical College con-

centrating on the Persian and Tajiki languages and literatures. Between

1940 and 1948, he served at the same college as an Assistant Director.

From 1948 to 1953, he was the Director of the Literature Division of the

Academy of Sciences of Tajikistan.

Ma'sumi's early poems were published in Baroi Adabiyoti Soveti in

1935. In the 1940s, he contributed several anti-Fascist pieces, of which

his 1944 "Mulki Sa'odat" ("The Land of Prosperity") is an example.

Ma'sumi's own youth is the subject of a piece in verse entitled "Dar

Javonii Man" ("During My Youth").

Another area in which Ma'sumi made a worthy contribution is in

shedding light on the lives of his predecessors. Authors about whom

Ma'sumi has provided information include S. Aini, Lahuti, Mirzo

Tursunzoda, Yusefi, Pulodi, Ansori, and Rahimi. About the latter, he

provided a volume entitled Muhammadjon Rahimi (Muhammadjon



Rahimi, 1961).

Iraj Bashiri

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      

172


Ma'sumi's major contributions, however, are in the area of linguistics

and literary criticism. The following works are examples of his studies

in these fields: "Dar Borai Vaz'iyyat va Digarguniho dar Tarkibi

Lughavii Zaboni Adabii Tojik dar Sadahoi 10 to19 Milodi" ("About the

Situation and the Changes in the Semantic Construction of Literary

Tajiki During the 10

th

 to the 19



th

 Centuries," 1951), "Khislathoi Asosii

Inkishofi Zaboni Adabii Tojik dar Avokhiri Sadai 19 va Avoili Sadai

20" ("The Essential Peculiarities of the Discovery of Literary Tajiki of

the End of the 19

th

 and Beginning of the 20



th

 Centuries," 1955), Folklori



Tojik (Tajik Folklore, 1952), Zaboni Adabii Tojik dar Oghozi Sadai 20

Milodi (Literary Tajiki at the Beginning of the 20

th

 Century, 1954),

Pisateli Tadzhikistana (Tajik Intellectuals), Dushanbe, 1981.

Ma'sumi joined the Union of Writers of the Soviet Union in 1940.

He received two Orders of the Badge of Honor, and the Honorary Order

of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of Tajikistan.

 

Ma'sumi died in Dushanbe in 1974.



Mavjuda

See Hakimova, Mavjuda.



Mavlonov, Sharof

Tajik chemist Sharof Mavlonovich Mavlonov was born in Samar-

qand on May 6, 1935. He joined the CPSU in 1966.

Mavlonov graduated from the Samarqand State University in 1958.

From 1958 to 1961, he was a post-graduate student at the Academy of

Sciences of Tajikistan. In 1962, he became the Director of the Semi-

conductor Physics Laboratories of the Institute of Physics and Technol-

ogy of the Academy of Sciences of Tajikistan. He became a doctor of

chemistry in 1980.

Mavlonov studies the physical and chemical processes of crystalliza-

tion and segregation of mixtures and determines their use as technical

devices in electronics. His contributions include Segregatsionnoe Yavle-



nie pri kristallizatsii poluprovodnikov (The Separation Processes Dur-

ing the Crystallization of the Semi-conductors), Dushanbe, 1979.

Mavlonov is the recipient of the Red Banner of Courage and the

100

th

 Anniversary of the Birth of Lenin Prize.



Prominent Tajik Figures of the Twentieth Century

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     

173


Mavlonova, Hanifa

Tajik singer Hanifa Mavlonova was born in Leninabad on January

30, 1924. She is the daughter of People's Musician Muhiddin

Mavlonov. She joined the CPSU in 1952.

Attracted to music from an early age, Mavlonova graduated from

Leninabad Institute of Music in 1936. From 1952 to 1959, she studied at

the Moscow Conservatory. Thereafter she worked at the Youth Theater

(1937-1939) and at the Leninabad Musical Theater (1939-1943). Her

role as Sanavbar in R. Jalil's Sanavbar (Sanavbar) launched her career.

In 1943, she became a soloist at the Aini State Theater for Opera and

Ballet. Her best roles at this theater include Mahin in A. S. Lenskii's

Mahin va Zuhro (Mahin and Zuhro), Tatiana, Liza and Maria in

Tchaikovsky's Evgeni Onigin (Evgeni Onegin), Desdemona in G.

Verdi's Otello (Othello), Gulru in Sh. Saifiddinov's Pulod va Gulru

(Pulod and Gulru), Niso in Balasanian's Bakhtiyor va Niso (Bakhtiar



and Nisa), Malohat in Y. Sabzanov's Bozgasht (Return), Surma in S.

Urbakh's, Domodi Nomdor (Famous Son-in-Law), and others.

Mavlonova's voice is strong, rich, pleasant, and impressive. She por-

trays the characters she plays naturally and expresses their feelings with

clarity. She has appeared in concerts and on radio and television, and

has performed Tajik, as well as western characters. She has also

contributed to the development of cadre for opera in the same way that

she has contributed to the development of other genres. In 1967, she be-

came an Assistant Professor in the Department of Voice and Training

for Opera of the Tajik State Institute of Arts. Soon after, she became the

Director that institute.

Mavlonova became a People's Artist of the Soviet Union in 1968.

She received the Order of Lenin, the Red Banner of Labor, the Badge of

Honor, and a number of medals.



Mehmon Bakhti

See Muhabbatzoda, Mehmon



Mirojov, Ghiosiddin

Tajik physician Ghiosiddin Qudbiddinovich Mirojov was born in

Gharm on October 12, 1944. He joined the CPSU in 1983.

Mirojov graduated from the Tajikistan State Medical Institute in

1968. From 1968 to 1971, he was a post-graduate student at the Mos-


Iraj Bashiri

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      

174


cow Medical Institute. In 1971 and 1972, he was a Senior Scientific

Worker at the Institute of Gasteroenterology of the Academy of

Sciences of Tajikistan. In 1972, he became Acting Director and Head of

the Morphology Division of the same institute. He received his doctor-

ate degree in medicine in 1981.

Mirojov's research deals with the morphology of the liver and the

various causes of its malfunction, including the use of alcoholic bever-

ages and the "B" jaundice virus. In cooperation with H. H. Mansurov,

he discovered the clinical and morphological properties of hereditary

fibers of the liver, and suggested principles for its diagnosis. Mirojov's

contribution, which he shares with H. H. Mansurov, is entitled "Markeri

virusa gepatita B v tkani pecheni nositelei HBs-antigena" ("Symptoms

of Hepatitis B in the Structure of the Patients' Livers") in Arkhiv

Patologii, No. 4, 1984.

Mirojov became a Distinguished Physician of the Soviet Union in

1977, and a member of the Association of Pathologists and Gastroen-

terologists of the Soviet Union in 1983.



Miroqilov, Temur

Tajik economist Temur Mirzohidovich Miroqilov was born on No-

vember 7, 1929, in the city of Quqand (in present-day Uzbekistan). He

joined the CPSU in 1953.

Miroqilov graduated from the Dushanbe Pedagogical Institute in

1952. Between 1952 and 1953, he was a Lecturer at the Department of

Political Economy of the same institute. He became a doctor in econom-

ics in 1969, and a professor in 1971.

Miroqilov's research, beginning in 1955, deals with the socialist

economy's establishment of checks and balances in industry. His contri-

butions include Hisobi Khojagi va Daromadnoki, Arzish va Arzishi Asli

(Agricultural Accounts and Benefit, Worth and Original Worth, 1961),



Hisobi Khojagi va Rohhoi Mustahkam Kardani On dar Sano'at (Agri-

cultural Accounts and Methods for Solidifying Them in Industry, 1966),

and Hisobi Khojagi dar Kolkhozho (Agricultural Accounts in the Kolk-



hoz System, 1969). His other contributions include Khozraschiotnie

fondi potreblenia kak forma raspredeleniya po trudu (The Sources for

Agricultural Accounts As a Means for Division According to Labor,

Dushanbe, 1969); and O sisteme khozraschiotnikh kategorii (About



Rural Bookkeeping Patterns, Dushanbe, 1975).

Prominent Tajik Figures of the Twentieth Century

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     

175


Miroqilov's work has been noticed by the other Central Asian repub-

lics of the former Soviet Union, and has been implemented in the as-

sessment of their industrial accounts.

Miroqilov received the Badge of Honor, the Honorary Order of the

Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of Tajikistan and other medals.



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