P rominent t ajik f igures of the


Download 2.89 Mb.

bet26/49
Sana18.04.2017
Hajmi2.89 Mb.
1   ...   22   23   24   25   26   27   28   29   ...   49

Najmuddinov, Muti'ullo

Tajik author and journalist Muti'ullo Najmuddinov was born in 1927

to a teacher's family in the village of Varzik of the district of Chust in

Namangan. He joined the CPSU in 1959.

Najmuddinov graduated from Tajikistan State University in 1954.

For a while, he worked for Tojikistoni Shavravi, Komsomoli Tojikiston,



Ma'orif va Madaniyat. In 1982, he joined the staff of the Ministry of

Education. A follower of the school of socialist realism, he joined the

Union of Writers of Tajikistan in 1968.

The themes of Najmuddinov's stories deal with contemporary issues

and his characters arise from among the active members of present-day

Tajikistan. His contributions include "Odamoni Sarbaland" ("Proud

People," 1964); "Ghulomi Sarbaland" ("Proud Slave," 1965); "Daryo

Majroi Nav Mijuyad" ("The River Seeks a New Outlet," 1968);

"Odamoni Zamini Barumand" ("People of a Brave Land," 1982); "Si

Qissa" ("Three Stories," 1986); and "Razzoqi Olam" ("Caterer to the

World," 1989).

Najmuddinov received the Honorary Order of the Presidium of the

Supreme Soviets of Tajikistan and Uzbekistan, the 100

th

 Anniversary of



the Birth of Lenin Prize, and the Red Banner of Courage.

Narziqulov, Ibodullo

Tajik economist Ibodullo Qosimovich Narziqulov was born on

November 12, 1909, in Samarqand. He joined the CPSU in 1931.

Narziqulov graduated from the Leningrad Technical Institute in

1931, and from the Leningrad Industrial Institute in 1935. From 1937 to

1938, he was the economist for the bread division of the People's

Commissariat of the Food Industry. From 1938 to 1941, he was the


Iraj Bashiri

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     

200


economist, and the Head of the Division of Planning of the Economy of

Food Industries. From 1941 to 1943, he was Assistant Director of the

People's Commissariat. From 1943 to 1950, he was a post-graduate

student at the Institute of Economics of the Academy of Sciences of

Tajikistan. In 1950, he became the Head of the Presidium of the Tajik

Division of the Soviet Union. He became a member of the Academy of

Sciences of Tajikistan in 1953. In 1956 and 1957, he was the Acting

Director of the Cabinet of Ministers of the Republic. From 1957 to

1966, he was the First Associate of the President of the Academy of

Sciences of Tajikistan. Then from 1960 to 1968, he was the Acting

President of the Academy.

He became a Distinguished Scientific Worker of Tajikistan in 1964.

Narziqulov's research deals with the history of Tajik industry, industrial

forces, and the problems arising from the establishment of regional

complexes in southern Tajikistan. His contributions include V. I. Lenin i

razvitie proizvoditel'nikh sil sovetskogo gosudarstva (V. I. Lenin and the

Increase in Soviet Governmental Production Forces, 1969).

Narziqulov was recognized with two Orders of the Red Banner of

Labor, the Badge of Honor, and the Honorary Order of the Presidium of

the Supreme Soviet of Tajikistan.

Narziqulov died in Dushanbe on April 3, 1973.

Narzulloev, Bahrullo

Tajik physicist Bahrullo Narzulloevich Narzulloev was born on May

2, 1927, in Samarqand. He joined the CPSU in 1958.

Narzulloev graduated from the Samarqand State University in 1948.

In 1954 and 1955, he was a Senior Scientific Worker in the Earthquake

and Seismology Institute of the Academy of Sciences of Tajikistan. In

1955, he became the Director of Experimental Physics. Between 1956

and 1958, he was the Dean of the Faculty of Physics and Mathematics.

In 1968, he became the Prorector of Scientific Affairs. He received his

doctorate degree in physics in 1969 and became a professor in 1970.

From 1978 to 1982, he was the Director of the Department of Hard

Substances at Tajikistan State University.

Narzulloev's research dealt with the solidification of matter. In this

respect, he studied the impact of the outside world, be it chemical or

physical, on matter.


Prominent Tajik Figures of the Twentieth Century

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     

201


In 1977, he became a Distinguished Contributor to Tajik Science,

and Education.

Narzulloev died in Dushanbe on June 17, 1982.

Nasriddinov, Husayn

Tajik composer Husayn Nasriddinov was born into a family of

musicians in Hissar on December 10, 1929. He received his education

in music from his father, Nasriddin Ghafurov (a famous singer from

Hissar) and his early general education at the Orjonikidzeobod

Pedagogical School (1949-53).

Nasriddinov career was launched when he participated in a general

music competition in Dushanbe in 1952, where he garnered high marks.

He also was a participant at the 40

th

 Anniversary of the Republic of



Tajikistan, held at the Kremlin in 1964. Nasriddinov made many trips to

the other Soviet republics with the purpose of promoting Tajik music.

Had he not become a musician, Nasriddinov would have made a

fantastic teacher. He graduated from the Dushanbe Pedagogical Institute

in 1971. His repertoire holds more than 500 songs, mostly classical and

popular songs. He has put the works of some 40 Tajik poets, including

those by Nozim, Shavkat, Saido, and Vasli into music. In addition, he

created musicals from a number of famous Tajik stories including the



Qumrinoma (Book of the Ringdove) of Jalal al-Din Rumi, Nasihatnoma

(Book of Advice) of Nasir Khosrow, and stories from Sa'di's Guliston

(Rose Garden).

Nazriev is a versatile poet and musician. Both the themes of his

songs and the venues in which they are created vary in content and in

genre. He became a People's Singer of Tajikistan in 1963, and received

the Honorary Order of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of

Tajikistan.



Nasrulloev, Kamoljon

Tajik poet Kamoljon Nasrulloev, also referred to as Kamol Nasrullo,

was born into a scholarly family in the village of Panjrud in the

Panjakent district of Zarafshan province on December 25, 1950.

Nasrulloev graduated from the Dushanbe Pedagogical Institute in

1971. Between 1974 and 1976, he worked for the monthly Mash'al, and

from 1976 to 1981 for Sadoi Sharq. Thereafter, until 1986, he was the


Iraj Bashiri

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     

202


Director of the Targhibi Adabiyot Foundation at the Union of Writers of

Tajikistan. In 1986, he became the Chief Editor of Chashme.

Nasrulloev's first poems were published in late 1960s. He composes

his poetry in both the traditional and the modern genres. His

contributions include "Bargi Zuf" ("The Hyssop Leaf," 1981) and

"Guzargohi Dil" ("Pathway of the Heart," 1983). His other contributions

are "Nomai Boli Kabutar" ("The Pigeon-wing Letter," 1986); "Nomai

ba Oftob" ("A Letter to the Sun," 1988); "Bui Vatan" ("The Fragrance

of the Motherland," 1994); and "To Dami Nolaho Garmand" ("For a

While the Laments Are Warm," 1994). He is also the author of "Roh

Sui Oftob" ("Pathway to the Sun"), about the construction of the Baikal-

Amur railway and "Chehrai Bakht" ("The Face of Fortune"), about

peace and friendship among people.

Nasrulloev's style is simple and the theme of his poetry consists of

the aspirations of the Communists, the labor of the farmers, and the

kindness of the younger generation.

Nasrulloev joined the Union of Writers of the Soviet Union in 1979.

Nazarov, Abdushukur

Tajik economist Abdushukur Abdurahimovich Nazarov was born in

Leninabad on May 10, 1944.

Nazarov graduated from Moscow State University in 1967. In 1967

and 1968, he was the Scientific Secretary to the Optimal Planning and

Production Association at the Academy of Sciences of Tajikistan. From

1969 to 1972, he was a post-graduate student at the Center for

Economics and Mathematics of the Academy of Sciences of the Soviet

Union. From 1974 to 1981, he was the Head of the Economics Division

of the Institute of Economics of the Academy of Sciences of Tajikistan.

In 1981, he became the Director of the Productivity Division of the

Tajik branch of the Research Institute of the State Committee of the

Soviet Union regarding labor and social issues. He received his

doctorate degree in economics in 1983.

Nazarov's research deals with the theoretical aspects of socialist

labor, especially factors affecting increase in labor productivity. His

contributions include Hosilnokii Mihnat Muhimtarin Omili Samarai

Istihsolot (Labor Productivity As the Most Important Factor in

Production Results, Dushanbe, 1978) and "Analiz sotsial'no-

ekonomicheskikh faktorov rosta proizvoditel'nosti truda" ("An Analysis



Prominent Tajik Figures of the Twentieth Century

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     

203


of Socio-Economic Factors in the Rise of Labor Benefits," Planovoe

Khozyaistvo, No. 9, 1980).

Nazarov, Haqnazar

Tajik historian Haqnazar Nazarov was born to a family of workers in

the village of Sangvor of Tavildara on April 20, 1931. He joined the

CPSU in 1957.

Nazarov graduated from Tajikistan State University with a degree in

history in 1953. In 1953 and 1954, he was a teacher at the Kulab

Pedagogical Institute. From 1955 to 1958, he was a post-graduate

student at Tajikistan State University. Between 1958 and 1963, he was a

Senior Scientific Worker at the Institute of Oriental Studies of the

Academy of Sciences of Tajikistan. He was an Assistant Professor in

the Department of Modern History at Tajikistan State University from

1963 to 1981. He received his doctorate in history in 1979. In 1981, he

became the Director of Oriental Studies of the Academy of Sciences of

Tajikistan. Since 1993 he has been serving the Academy of Sciences of

Tajikistan as the leading researcher in the Institute of Oriental Studies

and Written Heritage.

Nazarov's research deals with the history of the peoples of Tajikistan

and Afghanistan and their interactions over the centuries, especially at

the end of the 19

th

 and beginning of the 20



th

 centuries. He is particularly

interested in the people's quest for freedom, and the resulting

establishment of liberal institutions. His contributions include Ravobiti



Bukhoro va Afghoniston az Barpo Shudani Davlati Duroniho to

Ghaltidani Amorati Bukhoro (The Relations Between Bukhara and

Afghanistan from the Establishment of the Durrani Dynasty to the Fall

of Bukhara, 1963); K kharakteristike narodnikh dvizhenii kontsa XIX v.

v Afganistane (A Description of the People's Movements in Afghanistan

During the Latter Part of the 19

th

 Century, 1968); Iz istorii dvizhenii

narodnikh mass Afganistana v nachale XX v. (Concerning the History

of the People's Movements in Afghanistan at the Beginning of the 20

th

Century, 1969); Narodnie i prosvetitel'sko-antifeodal'nie dvizhenia v

Afganistane konets XIX-nach. XX vekov (Peoples Movements and Anti-

Feudalism in Afghanistan [End of 19

th

 and Beginning of 20

th

 Centuries],

1976).


Iraj Bashiri

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     

204


Nazarov was recognized as Distinguished Contributor to Science in

Tajikistan and a Distinguished Contributor to Education in the Soviet

Union. He also received the Red Banner of Labor.

Nazarov has traveled to Afghanistan, Iran, and the republics of the

former Soviet Union.

Nazarov, Mihrubon

Tajik statesman and playwright Mihrubon Nazarov was born in 1922

in the village of Shidz in the Rushon province of Badakhshan.

Nazarov graduated from the Stalinabad (Dushanbe) Institute of Fine

Arts in 1940. He also graduated from the University of Leningrad in

1951 with a degree in Dramatic Studies. He spent a few years in

government administration, including working as the Minister of

Education between 1966 and 1979 and Director of the Tursunzoda

Institute of Fine Arts between 1979 and 1982. Throughout his literary

career, he produced and directed many productions, including some 30

plays which he directed in the theaters of Khorugh, Dushanbe, and

Kabul. Nazarov's contributions include San'ati Khalqi Tojik (The Art of



the Tajik People, 1961), Dustii Khalqi Tojik bo Khalqi Rus (The

Friendship of the Tajiks with the Russians, 1968), Hunar Insonhoro ba

Ham Nazdik Mikunad (Art Brings Human Beings Together, 1973),

Orizu (Desire, 1964), Dasti Dust (A Friend's Hand, 1968), and Shikasti

Odat (Breaking a Habit, 1970).

Nazarov died in 1994 in Dushanbe.



Nazarov, Odil

Tajik conductor and composer Odil Nazarov was born on August 23,

1929, in Khujand. He joined the CPSU in 1963.

Nazarov graduated from the Leninabad Music School in 1945.

However, starting in 1943, he was already performing for the Leninabad

Orchestra. In 1957, he became the conductor of the same orchestra. In

1965, he became the Chief Conductor.

Nazarov is also a teacher. He began teaching in 1945 and continued

teaching throughout his musical career. His contributions include

"Marshi Idona" ("Celebration March"), which was composed on the

occasion of the 20

th

 anniversary of the Republic in 1949, "Mutribon"



("Musicians"), based on the poetry of M. Aminzoda, "Ba Dodi Dil

Prominent Tajik Figures of the Twentieth Century

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     

205


Biras" ("Consider the Case"), "Overturai Idona" ("Celebratory

Overture"), and many others.

Nazarov's composing talent is particularly noteworthy in "Ghulomi

Siyoh" ("Black Slave"), by I. V. Ikoninkov, "Shahlo" ("Shahla"), by A.

Shukuhi and H. Askar, and "Isiyoni Aruson" ("The Revolt of the

Brides"), by Said Ahmad.

Nazarov became a People's Artist of Tajikistan in 1960, and a

member of the Union of Composers of the Soviet Union in 1977. He

was decorated with a number of medals.

Nazarov, Talbak

Tajik economist and politician Talbak Nazarov was born on March

15, 1938, in the village of Kangurt of Danghara in the province of

Kulab. He joined the CPSU in 1963.

Nazarov graduated from the Leningrad Economics Institute in 1960.

Between 1960 and 1982, he was a teacher, post-graduate researcher,

and Director of the Department of Finance and Credit, as well as the

Dean and Pro-rector of Tajik State University. He received his doctorate

degree in economics in 1975, and became a professor in 1976. He

became a Corresponding Member of the Academy of Sciences of

Tajikistan in 1981, From 1980 to 1982, he was the Minister of

Education of Tajikistan. From 1988 to 1990, he was the First Deputy

Chairman of the Council of Ministers. In 1991, he became the Minister

of Foreign Affairs of Tajikistan.

Nazarov's research deals with finances, government budget, and

credit issues. His publications include Korkhonahoi Sano'ati dar



Sharoiti Nav (Industrial Plants in the New Conditions, 1969), V. I.

Lenin dar borai Moliyai Sotsializm va Mas'alahoi Havasmandonii

Iqtisodii Istihsolot (V. I. Lenin about Socialist Capital and the Problems

of Economic Industrial Stimulation, 1971), Financial Credit Methods of

the Efficiency of Capital Investment, 1982), Razvitie gosudarstvennogo

biudzheta Tadzhikskoi SSR posle perestroiki upravlenia narodnim

khoziaistvom (Financial progress of the Government of Tajikistan After

the Reconstruction of Agriculture, 1964), and O fonde razvitia

proizvodstva (About the "fond" (reserve) for Economic Progress,

1976).


Nazarov received the Badge of Honor and other medals.

Iraj Bashiri

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     

206


Nazarova, Khairi

Tajik actor Khairi Nazarova was born into a merchant's family in

Khujand on October 13, 1923.

From 1942 to 1951, she performed as a dancer and singer at the

People's Theater of Qurghonteppa. She also played a number of roles

including Zuhro in Tohir va Zuhro (Tohir and Zuhro), by S. Abdullo;

Oikhon in Nairanghoi Maisara (Left-Field Tricks), by H. Hamza; and

Raihon in Arusi Panjsuma (The Five-"Sum" Bride); by M. Urdubodi.

In 1951, discovered by Director Mitelman, Nazarova was invited to

the Lahuti State Theater of the Academy of Dramatic Arts. There, she

became acquainted with major actors like M. Qosimov, A. Burhonov,

and T. Fozilova, and learned a great deal about the intricacies of acting,

whereupon she became a well-known artist. She was particularly

impressive in roles that delve into the inner world of characters. A

sensitive actor, Nazarova played her roles naturally and credibly. The

outstanding roles that she created include Kumri in Dil Dili Zainab

(Heart-Heart of Zainab), by Sh. Qiomov and A. Moroz, 1955; Nigina in

Rudaki (Rudaki), by S. Ulughzoda, 1958; Masha in Soati Burji Kremel

(The Kremlin Tower Clock), by N. Pogodin, 1960; Arkhonta in



Muborizon ( Fighters), by S. Karas, 1976; and Zebunniso in Zebunniso

by Sh. Qiomov and M. Sherali, 1977, as well as roles in King Lear and



Romeo and Juliet, by W. Shakespeare.

Nazarova played in a number of motion pictures and created

memorable roles in TajikFilm productions. These include Dusti Man

Navruzov (My Friend Navruzov, 1957), Vazifai Oli (Excellent Duty,

1958); and Duvozdah Soati Hayot (The Twelve Hours of Life, 1964).

She also contributed to the dubbing of over three hundred films.

Nazarova became a People's Artist of Tajikistan in 1964. She has

traveled to Afghanistan, Russia, Iran, Turkey, Cyprus, Tunis, France,

Italy, Malta, India, and Egypt. She is retired and lives in Dushanbe.



Nazarshoev, Moyonsho

Tajik historian Moyonsho Nazarshoev was born into a farmer's

family in Badakhshan on December 17, 1929. He joined the CPSU in

1953.


From 1947 to 1952, Nazarshoev studied at the Dushanbe

Pedagogical Institute. Then, for a year, he studied sociology at the State

University of Central Asia (Tashkent). Between 1953 and 1960, he was

a senior instructor of the History of Communism at the Kulab



Prominent Tajik Figures of the Twentieth Century

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     

207


Pedagogical Institute. From 1958 to 1960, he was the Director of the

Department of Marxism-Leninism of the same institute. From 1960 to

1962, he was a senior teacher at Tajikistan State University,

simultaneously serving as the Secretary of the Party. In 1962, he

became the Director of the Ideology Division of the Central Committee

of the Republic. From 1963 to 1970, he was the First Secretary of the

Communist Party of Badakhshan. In 1970, he became the Prorector of

the Scientific Studies of Tajikistan State University. He received his

doctorate degree in history in 1980.

Nazarshoev's research deals with the leadership and structure of the

Communist Party of Badakhshan and with the spread of Communist

ideology in the Pamirs. His contributions include Tashkiloti Partiyovii



Badakhshoni Kuhi dar Muboriza Baroi Inkishofi Ma'orifi Khalq dar

Pomir (The Party Structure of Gorno-Badakhshan in the Struggle for

the Development of Education Among the Peoples of the Pamirs, 1971),

Tantanai Idiahoi Lenini Revolutsiyoi Madani dar Pomir (Echoes of the

Revolutionary Ideas of Lenin in the Pamirs, 1974), Partiinaia

organizatsia Pamira v bor'be za sotsializm i kommunizm ( Pamir Party

Structure in the Struggle for Socialism and Communism, 1970), and

Sotsial'no-ekonomicheskoe polozhenie dorevoliutsionnogo Pamira (The

Social and Economical Situation in Pamir Before the Revolution, 1975).

Nazarshoev was decorated with the Red Banner of Labor, the Red

Banner of Courage, and the Honorary Order of the Presidium of the

Supreme Soviet of Tajikistan.




Do'stlaringiz bilan baham:
1   ...   22   23   24   25   26   27   28   29   ...   49


Ma'lumotlar bazasi mualliflik huquqi bilan himoyalangan ©fayllar.org 2017
ma'muriyatiga murojaat qiling