The renaissance analzye the influence of humanism on the visual arts in the italian renaissance


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THE RENAISSANCE

  • ANALZYE THE INFLUENCE OF HUMANISM ON THE VISUAL ARTS IN THE ITALIAN RENAISSANCE

  • TO WHAT EXTENT DID WOMEN PARTICIPATE IN THE RENAISSANCE

  • DISCUSS HOW RENAISSANCE IDEAS ARE EXPRESSED IN THE ITALIAN ART OF THE PEROID


CONTRAST WITH LATE MIDDLE AGES

  • MEDIEVAL

    • Religion Dominates
    • Man should be well versed in one subject
    • Latin
    • Handwritten
    • Gothic
    • Divorce—No
    • Marriage – economic


RENAISSANCE

  • RENAISSANCE

    • Humanism
    • Virtu
    • New Monarchs
    • Vernacular
    • Individual
    • Greek and Roman Classics
    • Bronze
    • Secular
    • Merchants
    • Printing Press
    • Marriages -- Romance


ITALIAN RENAISSANCE

  • Florence (Quattrocentro)

    • Massive Patronage (Medici Family)
    • Center of Renaissance in 14th and 15th Centuries
    • Medici’s – Banking
  • Rome (Cinquecento or High Renaissance)

    • Renaissance Popes – Secular
    • Pope Alexander VI
    • St. Peter’s Cathedral
  • Painting

  • Sculpture

    • Free standing to be seen in the round
    • Glorified body (nude)
    • Greek and Roman influence
  • Architecture

    • Used Greek temple, columns, Roman arches and domes
    • Simplicity and balance


Lorenzo Ghiberti

  • Lorenzo Ghiberti

  • Donatello

    • Bronze statue of David
    • Free standing and in the nude
  • Sandro Botticelli

    • Birth of Venus
    • Classical Mythology
  • Leonardo da Vinci

    • Renaissance Man
    • Mona Lisa and Last Supper
  • Raphael

  • Michelangelo

    • Statue of David glorifies human body
    • Pieta is most perfect marble statue
    • Dome of St. Peter’s Cathedral
    • Sistine Chapel


Mannerism

  • Mannerism

    • Reaction against Renaissance ideals of balance, symmetry, simplicity and realistic use of color
    • Used unnatural colors while shapes were elongated or exaggerated
  • El Greco (Spain)



ITALIAN HUMANISM

  • Revival of antiquity (Greece and Rome)

  • Virtu – Excelling in all of one’s pursuits

  • Civic Humanism – Education should prepare leaders to be active in civic affairs

  • Petrarch

    • Father of Humanism
    • Sonnets to Laura
    • One of the Big 3 (Dante and Boccacio)
  • Dante

    • Divine Comedy
    • Vernacular
  • Boccacio

    • Decameron
    • Social Behavior of Youth during Black Plague (Sex)


Lorenzo Valla

  • Lorenzo Valla

    • Expert on Latin Language
    • On the False Donation of Constantine proved land given to Church was based on fraud
    • Latin Vulgate errors discovered
  • Pico della Mirandola

    • Oration on the Dignity of Man
    • Humans have potential for greatness
    • Free will
  • Baldassare Castiglione

    • The Book of the Courtier
    • True Renaissance Man has physical and intellectual ability living an active life


NORTHERN RENAISSANCE

  • Christian Humanism

    • Emphasis on early Church Writings
    • How to improve society and reform the Church
    • Led to criticisms of the Church
  • Erasmus

    • Master of the Greek Language
    • In Praise of Folly wanted to reform the Church
    • Satirized the immorality and hypocrisy of the Church
    • Influenced Martin Luther
  • Sir Thomas More

    • Utopia
    • Accumulation of property was root cause of society’s ills
  • William Shakespeare

  • Miquel Cervantes

    • Don Quixote


Flemish Style of Art

  • Flemish Style of Art

    • More detail
    • Oil Paints
    • Preoccupied with death
    • Ordinary People

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